Monthly Archives: October 2012

Colonial Life (Part I)

Week 12: Colonial Life (Part I)

READ: K – 4:  Colonial Life (A True Book)  by Brendan January pgs 1 – 30 AND Projects About Colonial Life by Morian Broida (See Activities)

5 – 8:  Your Travel Guide to Colonial America by Nancy Day pgs 1 – 49

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These images were obtained from Amazon.com.  No legal image is available to me for Projects About Colonial Life by Morian Broida.

DISCUSS:

  • What were the original 13 colonies? (See pg 15 of Colonial Life or pg 18 of Your Travel Guide to Colonial America – MA, NH, NY, RI, CT, NJ, PA, VA, NC, SC, & GA)
  • Describe early colonial houses? (small, dark, only one main room, usually no windows but paper smeared with grease, some similar to Indian wigwams, others were log cabins made with wood planks)
  • What were some of the early cities and villages? (Jamestown, Plymouth, & Philadelphia, PA)
  • What did colonists wear? (only one or 2 outfits)
  • Where did they get their clothes? (most made their own, wealthy people could buy clothes from England and wore wigs)
  • Why did people come to America? (religious freedom, some wanted land, some wanted to find gold, some people were orphans, slaves and convicts sent from Europe)

ACTIVITIES: All Grades:  Label map of original 13 colonies using map from Eduplace.com.

K – 3: Do the “Hornbook” or “Quill Pen” project from Projects about Colonial Life.  For Materials you’ll need: a large feather, some ink, cardboard, & sheet of clear plastic (like a report cover)

4 – 6: 13 colonies state capitals worksheet from WorksheetLibrary.com.  You may use this map from Eduplace.com for help: MAP.

7 – 8: Write an essay:  Pretend you had the opportunity to spend a week in Colonial America.  What do you think you would like about living then?  What do you think you wouldn’t like?

Copyright October 27, 2012 by Gwen Fredette

To reach next week’s post, Colonial Life (Part II) click HERE.

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Great Songs, Stories, & Speeches of Native Americans

Week 11:  Great Songs, Stories, & Speeches of Native Americans

READ: All Grades: Songs of the Chippewa by John Bierhorst (Choose a few of the songs written in Indian to read or sing to your kids)

 K – 3:  The Boy Who Lived With the Bears and Other Iroquois Stories   by Joseph Bruchac  (read only Chapter on “Boy Who Lived with the Bears” ) AND On The Trail Made of Dawn (Native American Creation Stories) by M.L. Webster  “The Earth Diver” pg 10

4 – 6:   Read Stories above and also the following from On The Trail Made of Dawn: “Spring Defeats Winter” pg 38, “The Theft of Fire” pg 43

7 – 8:  Read all stories above and read the following speeches from The Book of Great American Speeches for Young People by Suzanne McIntire: “Powhatan” pg 5, “Big Mouth” pg 7,  “Canasatego” pg 12, & “Logan” pg 16



These images were obtained from Amazon.com.  No legal image is available to me for Songs of the Chippewa.

DISCUSS:

  • Many Native American stories are about animals.  Why do you think this is the case? (answers will vary)
  • Does the Earth Diver remind you of any Bible stories? Which one and why?  (answers will vary)
  • Which story did you like hearing the best?  Why?
  • What did you think of the Native American song you heard? (explain)
  • Do you like the sound of the Chippewa language? (Why or why not?)

Questions for grades 7 & 8:

  • What do both Powhatan and Big Mouth urge the colonists to do? (live peaceably with them)
  • Why didn’t Canasatego want to send any of his men to college? (they couldn’t learn anything that would help them live and contribute to their tribe.  The couldn’t build a cabin, kill a deer, kill an enemy, couldn’t run, etc.)
  • Logan used to have a friendship with the colonists.  Why did he change his mind about them? (some whites came and murdered his family.)
  • What does he plan to do now? (take revenge)

ACTIVITIES: K – 3: Draw your own pictures to go along with the “The Earth Diver Story”.

4 – 6: Write an essay: Of the stories you read today, which one did you like the best?  Why?

7 – 8: Write an essay:  Of the speeches you read today, which one was most meaningful to you?  Why?

Copyright October 20, 2012 by Gwen Fredette

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William Penn

Week 10: William Penn: Founder of Pennsylvania (1682)

READ: K – 2:  William Penn: A Life of Tolerance  by Jennifer Boothroyd

3 – 4:   The Story of William Penn by Aliki

5 – 8:  William Penn: Founder of Democracy  by Arthur Schlesinger and by Norma Jean Lutz OR William Penn: Founder of Pennsylvania by Ronald Syme

These images were obtained from Amazon.com.  No legal book images are available for William Penn: Founder of Democracy  by Arthur Schlesinger and by Norma Jean Lutz or William Penn: Founder of Pennsylvania by Ronald Syme.
DISCUSS:

  • Describe Penn’s life as a child? (Enjoyed studying; father was an admiral, wealthy family)
  • Why did Penn become a Quaker? (believed people should worship as they choose, wanted to have a true relationship with God, believed in peace, helping others)
  • How did Penn’s father feel about his religious conversion? (furious)
  • What did Penn study at school? (law)
  • Why was Penn imprisoned a number of times? (Quaker beliefs)
  • How did Penn acquire the land of PA? (king owed his father a large sum of money, gave William land in America to cover the debt.)
  • What did William Penn want the land for? (the Quakers)
  • Why was the colony named Pennsylvania? (after the king’s friend and William’s father, “Sylvania” means “woods”, so the name means: Penn’s Woods)
  • What was the original capital city of Pennsylvania? (Philadelphia)
  • Who named it and why? (Penn named in Philadelphia because the name means “city of brotherly love”)
  • Who designed the city of Philadelphia? (Penn)
  • Why was his design important? (It was later followed by others in designing American towns)
  • Describe Penn’s feelings about the Native Americans? (wanted them to be treated fairly; always tried to be kind to them; he learned to speak their language)
  • Why was Penn’s plan of government so important? (His plan was a government for the people, by the people.  It later became the framework for our national government.)

ACTIVITIES: K – 3: Coloring page of William Penn from resources for history teachers.  Click HERE.

4 – 6: Write an essay: Compare and contrast the colony of Pennsylvania with the Virgina colony. Write at least 2 paragraphs.

7 – 8: Write an essay: Compare and contrast the colony of Pennsylvania with the Virginia colony. Write at least one page.

Copyright October 14, 2012 by Gwen Fredette

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Native American Culture (Part II)

Week 9: Native American Culture (Part II)

READ:  K – 4:  Little Runner of the Longhouse  by Betty Baker AND American Indian Crafts Kids Can Do by Carol Griojewski (pg 12; see Activities Below)

5 – 6:   Indians of the Woodland (Before and After the Pilgrims) by Beatrice Siegel  (page 49 to the end) OR Indians of the Northeast Woodlands by Beatrice Siegel (Note:  Parents, this book contains drawings of Native American men and women wearing very little clothing.  You may want to flip through the book first, before assigning it to your child.)

7 – 8:  The Wigwam and the Longhouse by Charlotte and David Yue (Read Chp 5 to the end)


These images were obtained from Amazon.com.

DISCUSS:

  • What types of houses did Native Americans live in? (wigwams or longhouses)
  • Did they move their houses? (yes, could be moved easily)
  • Why? (Sometimes they moved to be near fields for planting; sometimes moved near the woods for hunting, etc.)
  • How were Native American homes made? (With very thin tree trunks that were bent and tied together.  Then, these were covered with bark or mats made from reeds)
  • What’s the difference between a wigwam and a longhouse? (a wigwam was just big enough for one family; the longhouse was for many families – all related to each other by a female head)
  • Name some of the Native American festivals? (Midwinter festival, New Year festival, Planting festival, Maple festival, Green Bean ceremony, Green Corn ceremony)
  • Why were these celebrated? (to thank the Creator or the spirits for the good food)
  • What did Native Americans wear for the festivals? (dressed up in special costumes and masks)
  • What did Native Americans wear for shoes? (moccasins)
  • Name an Indian tribe that lived in longhouses? (Iroquois)
  • What else did Native Americans do at festivals? (told stories, danced, sang, played games)
  • Name some games the Native Americans played? (snow snake – competition to see whose stick would glide farthest on the icy snow; running races, swimming, lacrosse – which is a game played with a racket kind of like a tennis racket; they also gambled with things they had made)  (There is a picture of a lacrosse stick on pg 14 of Little Runner of the Longhouse.)
  • How did Native Americans carry things? (in baskets)
  • What was wampum? (Beads made of shells; they were very important to the Native Americans.  They used them as money, sewed them into belts and jewelry.  Sometimes messages were sewn into the belts.  White belts meant peace.  Dark belts were sent to enemies to challenge them or declare war.)
  • What special sweet did Native Americans like to eat? (maple sugar)
  • How were babies carried? (See pg 32 of Little Runner) (On cradleboards; Babies were kept close to their mothers while they worked.  A mother could carry the baby on her back or hang the cradleboard on a tree so the baby could watch her and see what was going on.)

ACTIVITIES: K – 3: Do Kiowa Cradleboard craft on pg 12 from American Indian Crafts Kids Can Do (see above)  You will need an empty tissue box, hole punch, yarn, fabric, 2 paint stirrers or tongue depressors, glue, beads, colored toothpicks, craft feathers,  & straw.

4 – 8: Make a map of some of the larger Indian tribes that inhabited the original 13 colonies. (The 13 colonies were: Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, & Georgia. Click on each of the 13 states to find out what tribes lived in each state.)  Use this website from native languages.org.  Click HERE.  A blank map can be obtained from eduplace.com.  Click HERE.  OR Make a map of the Indian tribes that inhabited ONE of the original 13 colonies using the site link above and choosing a state from eduplace.com.  Click HERE.

Copyright October 6th, 2012 by Gwen Fredette

To reach last week’s post, Native American Culture (Part I), click HERE.

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