Week 6: Ben Franklin (1706 – 1790)
READ: K – 2: A Picture Book of Benjamin Franklin by David Adler
3 – 4: Meet Benjamin Franklin by Maggi Scarf
5 – 6: Benjamin Franklin by Victoria Sherrow
7 -8: The Amazing Mr. Franklin: Or the Boy Who Read Everything by Ruth Ashby
- Where did Ben Franklin live as a boy? (Boston, Massachusetts)
- When Ben was 12, he went to work for his older brother. What did his brother do? (printed a newspaper)
- Ben wrote secret articles for his brother’s newspaper. How did he sign them? (Mistress Silence Dogood)
- Why did he keep his identity secret? (he thought his brother would not publish them if he knew Ben had written them.)
- How did James feel when he found out? (he was angry and wouldn’t publish any more articles)
- Why did Ben leave Boston? (he and his brother didn’t get along)
- To what city did Ben move to? (Philadelphia)
- What newspaper did Ben start in Philly? (Pennsylvania Gazette)
- Name some of Ben’s most famous “wise sayings” (Early to bed, early to rise, makes a man health, wealthy, and wise. Haste makes waste.)
- What are some of Ben’s other accomplishments? (set up fire and police departments, started a lending library, started first hospital in America, postmaster, invented Franklin stove, bifocals (glasses), lightning rod, proved lightning is electricity, acted as a representative from Massachusetts to the colonies, acted as a representative from the colonies to England and France, helped write Declaration of Independence, worked at Constitutional Convention, spoke out against slavery)
K – 2: Take a white piece of paper and fold it in half; then fold it again. In each of the four sections, draw a picture of something Ben Franklin did.
3 – 4: Complete this crossword puzzle about Ben Franklin by clicking HERE.
5 – 6: Read the following pages of quotes by Ben Franklin from “Famous quotes and authors” website by clicking HERE. Copy 2 quotes that you like the most. Then, write a paragraph: of Ben’s 3 major occupations, writer, inventor, and representative, in which one do you think he was most helpful to society?
7 – 8: Read the following pages of quotes by Ben Franklin from “Famous quotes and authors” website by clicking HERE. Copy 2 quotes that you like the most. Then, write an essay: of Ben’s 3 major occupations, writer, inventor, and representative, in which one do you think he was most helpful to society?
Copyright May 25th, 2013 by Gwen Fredette
Week 5: The Declaration of Independence (Part II)
READ: K – 4: The Declaration of Independence by Elaine Landau (Chapters 3 & 4)
5 – 6: Liberty! How the Revolutionary War Began by Lucille Recht Penner OR The Liberty Tree by Lucille Recht Penner (Read page 20 – end)
7 -8: Give Me Liberty! By Russell Freedman (Chps 5 – 9)
- Why did some people want to remain British citizens? (they liked Great Britain’s protection, they liked trading with Great Britain, many had relatives there or went to school there)
- What happened at the Second Continental Congress? (Delegates argued over whether they should declare their independence from Great Britain.)
- Was Great Britain’s army dangerous? (Yes, strongest army in world)
- What were militias and Minutemen? (Groups of men willing to fight for independence; Minutemen could be ready to fight in a minute’s notice.)
- Who was selected as Commander-in-Chief of the militias? (George Washington)
- Who won the Battle of Bunker Hill? Why were the patriots happy? ( The British won, but they lost half of their men)
- Who wrote the Declaration of Independence? (Thomas Jefferson.)
- Why was it brave to sign the Declaration of Independence? (If the men were caught they would be hanged.)
- What did the Declaration say? (That men were entitled to “life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness, that all men were created equal, it also listed many grievances against King.)
- On what day was the final version of the Declaration approved? (July 4, 1776)
- T/F King George was happy to take his troops out of the colonies and give them their own country. (F)
K – 2: Read the 1st sentence of the second paragraph of the Declaration of Independence with your parent (use this site from government archives by clicking HERE , then color in this page from Calvary Williamsport by clicking HERE.
3 – 4: Using the above site from government archives, copy the 1st sentence of the second paragraph of the Declaration of Independence and memorize it, then complete the following wordsearch from kaboose.com by clicking HERE.
5 – 6: (See above website) Copy the 1st sentence of the second paragraph of the Declaration of Independence and memorize it, then complete the following tougher wordsearch from kaboose.com by clicking HERE.
7 – 8: Read the entire Declaration of Independence. (See above website) Copy the 1st sentence of the second paragraph of the Declaration of Independence and memorize it. Then choose 10 complaints listed in the declaration and rewrite them in plain English OR write an essay describing why many colonists favored independence (use the declaration for help) and why many others chose to be loyalists.
Copyright May 18th, 2013 by Gwen Fredette
Week 4: The Declaration of Independence (Part I)
READ: K – 4: The Declaration of Independence by Elaine Landau (Chapters 1 & 2)
5 – 6: Liberty! How the Revolutionary War Began by Lucille Recht Penner OR The Liberty Tree by Lucille Recht Penner (Read up to page 19 for either book)
7 -8: Give Me Liberty! By Russell Freedman (Chps 1 – 4)
- What country did the 13 colonies belong to? (Great Britain)
- Who led Great Britain? (King George III)
- Why was Great Britain in debt? (had borrowed money to pay for ships, soldiers, weapons, supplies for French & Indian War)
- How did Great Britain decide to get money to pay their debt? (from taxes)
- Colonists decided to boycott British goods. What does boycott mean? (refuse to buy)
- What was the Quartering Act? (Act that said that colonists had to provide British soldiers with food, supplies, and give them places to live.)
- The colonists stopped buying British tea, but still managed to get tea to drink. How? (Dutch merchants brought tea illegally.)
- What does “Taxation without Representation” mean? (Colonists felt they were being taxed without having someone in Parliament to speak on their behalf.)
- Describe the Boston Massacre? (Colonists threw snowballs, ice, & wood at soldiers, called them names; soldiers shot and killed 5 of them.)
- What were some of the names for the British soldiers? (redcoats, lobster backs, bloody backs)
- Describe the Boston Tea Party. (Group of men disguised themselves as Native Americans, climbed aboard a British ship and dumped its tea into the water. Men were angry about the tax on tea. They refused to buy it and pay the tax. The British ship carrying the tea had refused to leave.)
- How did the King punish Boston citizens for the tea party? (Sent 5000 soldiers to Boston, wouldn’t let any ship in or out of the harbor until the citizens paid for the tea.)
- Why do you think the King passed laws banning public meetings in the colonies? (to keep people from planning rebellious acts.)
- What happened at the First Continental Congress? (Group of men met in Philadelphia and wrote a letter to the king, saying they were loyal to him, but wanted him to respect their rights. They condemned what they felt were “intolerable acts”.)
K – 2: Coloring page from USA printables. Click HERE.
3 – 5: Write a paragraph describing at least 3 things that King George did that angered the colonists.
6 – 8: Write an essay describing at least 3 things that King George did that angered the colonists. Then tell what you think would have angered you the most if you had lived at that time.
Copyright May 12th, 2013 by Gwen Fredette
Week 3: Patrick Henry 1736 – 1799 (Famous Speech 1775)
K – 5: Where was Patrick Henry On the 29th of May? By Jean Fritz
6 – 8: Patrick Henry: American Statesman and Speaker by JoAnn A. Grote
Grade 8 should also read: Book of Great American Speeches for Young People by Suzanne McIntire (pg 17 “Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death”)
OR you can read the speech online by clicking HERE. (Colonial Williamsburg Foundation site.)
- Describe the business Patrick Henry had with his brother? (ran a store; not many people had the money to pay for what they needed; boys didn’t always work as hard as they should have)
- After failing at the store and running a tobacco plantation, what did Patrick decide to do? (become a lawyer.)
- What did Patrick Henry’s father do? (he was a judge)
- What was Patrick’s first big case? (Parsons wanted more money; townsfolks didn’t have the money to pay them; the king of England sided with the Parsons)
- How did Henry feel about speaking before his father and the crowd? (nervous)
- Did his speech start well? (no, he fumbled for words, unable to look at audience)
- How did his speech end? ( with passion, conviction, spoke with highs and lows to stir the crowd)
- How did his life change after this speech? (Became popular and known as great speaker, fought against unfair taxes, became wealthy and had many clients)
- What happened to Henry’s first wife? (lost her mind; died young)
- Describe Henry’s most famous speech? (spoke with passion, modeled chains of slavery and a sword in the heart as he cried, “Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death”)
- How did this speech affect people? (crowd went wild with excitement)
- What job did he have in his later years? (Governor of Virginia)
- What was the Bill of Rights and what did Henry have to do with it? (Listed Americans’ basic rights. Patrick Henry persuaded our founding fathers to eventually add the Bill of Rights to our Constitution.)
- T/F Henry had slaves. (True)
K – 2: Draw a picture of Patrick Henry giving his most famous speech.
3 – 4: Complete word find from Word Search Fun by clicking HERE.
5 – 8: Write an essay on the following: Patrick Henry’s greatest gift to America was his voice. Explain.
Copyright May 4th, 2013 by Gwen Fredette