Week 11: Daily Life (1776) Part I
Note: We will be studying Thomas Jefferson in great detail next year when we study the great expansion of America and the Louisiana Purchase.
READ: K – 5: If you Lived at the Time of the American Revolution by Kay Moore (pgs 1 – 40)
6 – 8: If You Were There in 1776 by Barbara Brenner (pgs 1 – 63)
- How did colonial people dress? (Men & boys – knickers & hats, rich men wore wigs; women & girls wore bonnets and skirts down to their ankles; rich women wore wigs, hoop skirts. Typical townsfolk wore linen & wool, Wealthy citizens wore silk, satin, & lace.)
- Who were the loyalists? (people who sided with the king; wanted to remain British citizens.)
- What were some other names for loyalists? (Royalists, King’s friends, Tories)
- Who were the Patriots? (people who wanted to be independent)
- What were some other names for patriots? (Rebels, Sons of Liberty, Whigs)
- Some loyalists and tax collectors were tarred and feathered. What does this mean? (They were stripped naked, had hot tar poured over them, and then had feathers poured all over them. It was extremely humiliating.)
- T/F The decision to be independent or not divided many families. (True)
K – 3: Go to these sites from usa-printables.com by clicking HERE and HERE and have fun coloring the pages.
4 – 8: Pretend you are Ben Franklin’s brother, running the newspaper in Boston, Massachusetts. Write an article about the Boston Tea Party or about a tax collector you saw that was tarred and feathered.
Copyright June 29th, 2013 by Gwen Fredette
Week 10: Revolutionary War (Part II)
READ: K – 5: Liberty or Death: The American Revolution (pgs 33 – end) by Betsy & Giulio Maestro
6 – 8: The American Revolution (pgs 52 – end) by Michael Weber
- What British general defeated Fort Ticonderoga, Fort Anne, & Fort Edward but then was defeated at Saratoga? (Burgoyne)
- What Patriot General became a traitor? (Benedict Arnold)
- Which army took control of Philadelphia? (British)
- Where did Washington’s army camp after the defeat in Philadelphia? (Valley Forge)
- Describe the good and bad experiences of Washington’s army at Valley Forge? (not enough food, clothes, blankets, etc.; Baron Friedrich von Steuben instructed the troops in military, soldiers learned discipline, became better trained)
- What good news came from France? (decided to help Americans; sent supplies & later, troops)
- Who won most of the battles in the South? (the British)
- Many of the Battles in the South were in which state? (South Carolina)
- What French general came to help the Americans? (Rochambeau)
- In what city did the British officially surrender? (Yorktown)
- How did the Americans win that battle? ( Washington, Von Steuben, Rochambeau & the French surrounded British General Cornwallis; he was trapped; they had no way out and supplies couldn’t get in)
- How did the British feel about being defeated by the Americans? (angry & embarrassed)
- What was the final Peace treaty called? (Treaty of Paris)
K – 3: Congress approved a new flag for the United States on June 14th 1777. Color in this page from patriot coloring pages by clicking HERE and ask your parent to read the caption below it.
4 – 8: Print this worksheet from eduplace.com by clicking HERE. Then label the following battles/places on your map: Fort Ticonderoga, Saratoga, and Yorktown. Draw a triangle at Valley Forge. British victories should be marked in red. Patriot victories/camps should be marked in blue. Next, color in South Carolina red. Many battles were fought in this state and won by the British.
Copyright June 22nd, 2013 by Gwen Fredette
Week 9: Revolutionary War (Part I)
READ: K – 5: Liberty or Death: The American Revolution (pgs 1 – 32) by Betsy & Giulio Maestro
6 – 8: The American Revolution (pgs 1 – 51) by Michael Weber
- Why did the British begin taxing the colonies? (They were in debt from French & Indian war)
- Explain the Stamp Act? (all official papers sold in colonies had to have a British stamp on them)
- What does the idea “no taxation without representation” mean? (colonists felt British shouldn’t tax them if they had no representative in Parliament who could speak for them)
- Why did the British government remove the stamp tax? (colonists refused to buy them; letters were sent to the King asking him to remove the tax)
- What does the word “boycott” mean? (refuse to buy goods). Why did the colonists boycott British goods? (new taxes were put on these products from Britain)
- Describe the Boston Massacre? (British soldiers & colonists began arguing. Colonists began throwing snowballs & shouting threats; shots were fired & 5 colonists were killed)
- How did colonists get around the tax on British tea? (they began drinking Dutch tea)
- Why did colonists throw British tea into the harbor? (angry because British ships blocked Dutch ships from entering the harbor.)
- Why did King George III close the port of Boston? (angry because the tea shipments thrown into the harbor were worth thousands of pounds.)
- What other “intolerable acts” did his soldiers enforce? (took away Massachusett’s government power, banned town meetings, & forced families to house British soldiers)
- What were militias and minutemen? (volunteer fighting units; ready within a minute’s notice)
- Why did the British want to arrest Sam Adams & John Hancock? (spoke out against British laws)
- Describe the Battles of Lexington & Concord? (British went through the towns looking for hidden weapons; a shot was fired and a battle began; the colonists lost 50 men but they had fought admirably against one of the greatest armies in the world)
- Who was chosen as commander-in-chief of the new American army? (George Washington)
- Who won the Battle of Bunker Hill? (the British, but the Americans killed 200 and wounded almost half of the British soldiers)
- Describe some of the challenges Washington faced as commander-in-chief? (not enough supplies, not enough men, not enough weapons, not enough food, not enough warm clothing & blankets for cold winters, disease, men had farms and businesses to attend to, weren’t used to being soldiers, didn’t always obey orders)
- Who wrote most of the Declaration of Independence? (Thomas Jefferson)
- T/F Battles between the British & Americans didn’t start until after the Declaration. (False)
- Which army had control of New York through most of the war? (British)
- Describe Washington’s attack on Christmas night? (Hessians (hired German soldiers) had spent the night eating & drinking; Washington took them by surprise)
- Why did Congress send Ben Franklin to France? (to ask for their help in the war)
K – 8: Print this worksheet from eduplace.com by clicking HERE. Using maps from the book you read, do the following: Mark a small black star where Philadelphia (Continental Congress) should be; Put a small red dot where New York City (major city in the colonies; British won victories here) should be and a dark blue star where Boston (Harbor King George Shut down) should be. Color the state of Massachusetts light blue (considered by King George to be the rebellious colony). Create a “key” for your map, labeling the marks you’ve made.
3 – 8: Do map work listed above and print this worksheet from eduplace.com by clicking HERE. Label Bunker Hill with a red dot and Lexington & Concord with orange dots. Create a key for your map.
7 – 8: Do map work listed above and Go to your original map of the 13 colonies and mark a blue dot where Trenton, New Jersey should be (where Washington defeated the Hessians on Christmas) Mark a purple dot where Princeton should be. (Washington defeated more British forces.) Add these places to your key.
Copyright June 15th, 2013 by Gwen Fredette
Week 8: George Washington (1732 – 1799)
READ: K – 3: President George Washington by David Adler
4 – 6: Meet George Washington by Joan Heilbroner
7 – 8: (Don’t Know Much About Series) George Washington by Kenneth C. Davis
- What tragedy happened when George was a boy? (his father died.)
- What was George’s first job? (surveyor)
- What was the first war George participated in as a soldier? (French & Indian war)
- T/F George Washington was a great soldier during the French & Indian war. (True)
- T/F George Washington never had slaves. (false)
- Why was George Washington chosen to lead the fight against the British? (Because he was a great soldier & hero during French & Indian war)
- Name some of the difficulties Washington had leading the American army? (not enough food, no money to pay men, not enough clothing or guns, men didn’t always follow orders, men not trained, British army often had more soldiers)
- T/F George Washington won the Revolutionary war with the help of the French. (true)
- Why didn’t George want to be king? (believed people should elect leaders)
- T/F George Washington was our country’s 2nd president. (False)
Questions for Grades 4 – 8:
- Describe the battle Washington won after crossing the Delaware. (German soldiers were hired by England. They were feasting on Christmas Day; Washington and his army surprised and defeated them.)
- Describe what happened at Valley Forge? (Many of his men died from cold, lack of food & clothing.)
K – 2: Go to this site at mountvernon.org by clicking HERE. This is a copy of a famous painting of George Washington crossing the Delaware. How do you think this picture is different from how it really happened? Discuss, print, and color the picture. Then, go to these two pages on enchantedlearning.com by clicking HERE and HERE. Color in the pictures of the dollar bill and quarter. Whose picture is on it?
3 – 4: Go to this site at mountvernon.org by clicking HERE. This is a copy of a famous painting of George Washington crossing the Delaware. How do you think this picture is different from how it really happened? Discuss, print, and color the picture. Then, complete this crossword puzzle about George Washington from gardenofpraise.com by clicking HERE.
5 – 6: Write a paragraph telling about at least three hardships George Washington faced.
7 – 8: Write a 5 paragraph three proof essay on what made George Washington a great leader.
Copyright June 8th, 2013 by Gwen Fredette
Week 7: John Adams (1735 – 1826)
READ: K – 6: The Revolutionary John Adams by Cheryl Harness
7 -8: John Adams, Young Revolutionary by Jan Adkins OR John Adams: Second U.S. President by Michael Burgan
- John Adams first became famous doing what job? (acted as a lawyer for the soldiers from the Boston Massacre)
- Who did John marry? (Abigail Adams)
- John became a delegate for the Continental Congress from which state? (Massachusetts)
- Where was the congress held? (Philadelphia)
- Why did the colonists decide to stop trading with England? (felt that Taxation without representation was unfair; port of Boston shut down)
- During the second Continental Congress the men met to find a commander for the army. Who did John nominate? (George Washington)
- Name three men who helped write the Declaration of Independence? (John Adams, Robert Livingston, Roger Sherman, Ben Franklin & Thomas Jefferson)
- On what day did the delegates vote for the Declaration? (4th of July 1776)
- Why was John Adam’s life in danger? (Anyone who signed the Declaration was in danger of being hung if caught)
- Abigail Adams is probably more famous than any other president’s wife. Why? (She was very bright and John’s best friend. He valued her opinions greatly. They often wrote letters back and forth; she gave him advice on various matters and influenced his decisions greatly.)
- John worked as a diplomat in what country? (France) Why? (To gain their support for the War.)
- After the war, John became an ambassador to what country? (England)
- John Adams became our country’s first … (vice president)
- Did he enjoy being Vice President? (no, felt he had very little important things to do)
- When Adams became President what troubles did he have? (He didn’t get along with his Vice President, Thomas Jefferson; France was falling apart in its own Revolution and wanted help from America)
- What new house did the Adams live in as President? (White House)
- Who was John Quincy Adams and what did he do? (John Adams’ son; became 6th president)
- What old rival did John begin writing to again as an old man? (Thomas Jefferson)
- On what day did John Adams and Thomas Jefferson die? (4th of July)
K – 3: Color in the picture of John Adams from Crayola.com by clicking HERE.
4 – 6: Complete the following attached worksheet: John Adams Timeline
7 – 8: Complete the following worksheet from Garden of Praise.com by clicking HERE.
Copyright June 1st, 2013 by Gwen Fredette