Revolutionary War (Part I)

Week 9: Revolutionary War (Part I)

 

READ:  K – 5:  Liberty or Death: The American Revolution (pgs 1 – 32) by Betsy & Giulio Maestro

6 – 8: The American Revolution (pgs 1 – 51) by Michael Weber

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DISCUSS:

  • Why did the British begin taxing the colonies? (They were in debt from French & Indian war)
  • Explain the Stamp Act? (all official papers sold in colonies had to have a British stamp on them)
  • What does the idea “no taxation without representation” mean? (colonists felt British shouldn’t tax them if they had no representative in Parliament who could speak for them)
  • Why did the British government remove the stamp tax? (colonists refused to buy them; letters were sent to the King asking him to remove the tax)
  • What does the word “boycott” mean? (refuse to buy goods).  Why did the colonists boycott British goods? (new taxes were put on these products from Britain)
  • Describe the Boston Massacre? (British soldiers & colonists began arguing.  Colonists began throwing snowballs & shouting threats; shots were fired & 5 colonists were killed)
  • How did colonists get around the tax on British tea? (they began drinking Dutch tea)
  • Why did colonists throw British tea into the harbor? (angry because British ships blocked Dutch ships from entering the harbor.)
  • Why did King George III close the port of Boston? (angry because the tea shipments thrown into the harbor were worth thousands of pounds.)
  • What other “intolerable acts” did his soldiers enforce? (took away Massachusett’s government power, banned town meetings, & forced families to house British soldiers)
  • What were militias and minutemen? (volunteer fighting units; ready within a minute’s notice)
  • Why did the British want to arrest Sam Adams & John Hancock? (spoke out against British laws)
  • Describe the Battles of Lexington & Concord? (British went through the towns looking for hidden weapons; a shot was fired and a battle began; the colonists lost 50 men but they had fought admirably against one of the greatest armies in the world)
  • Who was chosen as commander-in-chief of the new American army? (George Washington)
  • Who won the Battle of Bunker Hill? (the British, but the Americans killed 200 and wounded almost half of the British soldiers)
  • Describe some of the challenges Washington faced as commander-in-chief? (not enough supplies, not enough men, not enough weapons, not enough food, not enough warm clothing & blankets for cold winters, disease, men had farms and businesses to attend to, weren’t used to being soldiers, didn’t always obey orders)
  • Who wrote most of the Declaration of Independence? (Thomas Jefferson)
  • T/F Battles between the British & Americans didn’t start until after the Declaration. (False)
  • Which army had control of New York through most of the war? (British)
  • Describe Washington’s attack on Christmas night? (Hessians (hired German soldiers) had spent the night eating & drinking; Washington took them by surprise)
  • Why did Congress send Ben Franklin to France? (to ask for their help in the war)

 ACTIVITIES:

K – 8: Print this worksheet from eduplace.com by clicking HERE.  Using maps from the book you read, do the following:  Mark a small black star where Philadelphia (Continental Congress) should be; Put a small red dot where New York City (major city in the colonies; British won victories here) should be and a dark blue star where Boston (Harbor King George Shut down) should be.  Color the state of Massachusetts light  blue (considered by King George to be the rebellious colony).  Create a “key” for your map, labeling the marks you’ve made.

3 – 8: Do map work listed above and print this worksheet from eduplace.com by clicking HERE.   Label Bunker Hill with a red dot and  Lexington & Concord with orange dots.  Create a key for your map.

7 – 8: Do map work listed above and Go to your original map of the 13 colonies and mark a blue dot where Trenton, New Jersey should be (where Washington defeated the Hessians on Christmas)  Mark a purple dot where Princeton should be. (Washington defeated more British forces.) Add these places to your key.

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Copyright June 15th, 2013 by Gwen Fredette

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