Monthly Archives: August 2013

Greek & Roman Gods

Week 3: Greek & Roman Gods


READ:  K – 6:  The Gods and Goddesses of Olympus by Aliki

7 – 8:  D’Aulaires’ Book of Greek Myths by Ingri & Edgar Parin D’Aulaire (pgs 1 – 70 only)



  • Who were the Titans? (the first 12 children of Gaea earth and Uranus sky)
  • Describe the Cyclopes & the Hecatoncheirs? (monsters born to Gaea & Uranus.)
  • Why did Uranus throw the Cyclopes & Hecatoncheirs to the Underworld? (they were ugly)
  • After overthrowing Uranus, why did Cronus eat his children? (afraid one of them would overthrow him)
  • How did Zeus survive? (mother tricked Cronus into eating a stone, hid away Zeus)
  • How did Cronus throw up his other children? (tricked into eating/drinking a magical herb)
  • What was Zeus the god of? (head god, god of sky & weather)
  • What Poseidon the god of? (sea)
  • What was Hades the god of? (underworld; death)
  • Why was Hera always mad at Zeus? (he was always with many other women)
  • What was Hephaestus the god of? (metal working, chariots, weapons, & tools)
  • What was Aphrodite the goddess of? (love)
  • Describe Eros? (cupid; baby god; shot arrows of love and desire into people)
  • What was Ares the god of? (War)
  • What was Athena the goddess of? (wisdom)
  • What was Hermes the god of? (messenger, thieves, herald)
  • What was Artemis the goddess of? Who was her twin brother?(moon, wildlife, hunting, chastity; Apollo)
  • What was Apollo the god of? (sun, music, poetry)
  • Describe the story of Demeter & Persephone? (Hades wanted to marry Persephone and kidnapped her.  Demeter controlled the seasons and made everything die and turn to winter; Zeus ordered Hades to send Persephone back but she had eaten 4 seeds from the underworld so every year she now spends 8 months with her mother (Spring – Fall) and 4 months down below (winter)
  • What was Dionysus the god of? (wine)
  • What was Hestia the goddess of? (hearth, protector of households)
  • Where did the Ancient Greek gods live? (Mount Olympus)
  • Why do you think the Ancient Greeks & Romans had so many gods? (answers will vary)

Questions for Grades 5 – 8:  The Ancient Greeks & Romans had the same gods, but different names for those gods.  Check out this site to find the Roman names:  Discuss: Do any of these Roman names look familiar? Does this surprise you?  Why or Why not?



 K – 2: Fill in the Gods & Goddesses of Olympus chart.  Click here to access it: Gods & Goddesses of Olympus K-2 In the “symbol” section draw a picture to represent what each god controls.  (ex: Poseiden – Draw a picture of water.)

3 – 4: Fill in the Gods & Goddesses of Olympus chart.  Click here to access it: GODS & Goddesses of Olympus 3-4 In the “symbol” section draw a picture to represent what each god controls.  (ex: Poseiden – Draw a picture of water.)

5 – 8:  Fill in the Gods & Goddesses of Olympus chart.  Click here to access it:  GODS & Goddesses of Olympus 5-8   In the “symbol” section draw a picture to represent what each god controls.  (ex: Poseiden – Draw a picture of water.).:  Use this website: to find the Roman names for the Olympian gods and goddesses.


Copyright August 16th, 2013 by Gwen Fredette

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Overview of Ancient Greece (Part II)

Week 2: Overview of Ancient Greece (Part II)


READ:  K – 5:  The Greeks: Life in Ancient Greece by Michelle Levine (Chps 4 – end)

6 – 8:  Your Travel Guide to Ancient Greece by Nancy Day (pgs  42 – end)


  • Describe some art and entertainment in Ancient Greece? (statues, pottery, temples, buildings, plays, poetry, music).
  • What were The Iliad and The Odyssey? (2 famous poems/stories from ancient Greece)
  • What were Greek Philosophers? (men who tried to understand the purpose of life & understand the world)
  • Name 3 famous Greek Philosophers? (Aristotle, Plato, & Socrates)
  • T/F Ancient Greeks studied math, science, medicine & astronomy. (True)
  • T/F Athens was the world’s first democracy.  (True)
  • What is a democracy? (People choose leaders and voted on important decisions rather than be led by a king)
  • Who was the most successful leader of the Ancient Greek world? (Alexander the Great)
  • When did the Ancient Greeks lose power? (when they were conquered by the Romans)
  • How was the Greek alphabet similar to our own? (a sound for each vowel & consonant sound)


 K – 2: Take a piece of paper and fold it in half and then in half again.  In the 4 quadrants draw 4 pictures of things the Ancient Greeks did.

3 – 5:  Write a paragraph of at least four sentences.   Tell four things you learned about the Ancient Greeks.

6 – 8:  Write an essay describing life in Ancient Greece.  Include at least four characteristics of their culture or four of their achievements.


Copyright August 16th, 2013 by Gwen Fredette


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Overview of Ancient Greece (Part I)

Week 1: Overview of Ancient Greece (Part I)


READ:  K – 5:  The Greeks: Life in Ancient Greece by Michelle Levine (Chps 1 – 3)

6 – 8:  Your Travel Guide to Ancient Greece by Nancy Day (pgs 1 – 41)


NOTE:  The books above cover the same material, but not in the same order.  All of the questions listed in today’s lesson are covered in chapters      1 – 3 of The Greeks: Life in Ancient Greece.  Some of these questions are covered in today’s reading requirement for Grades 6 – 8.  For some, a  6 – 8th grader won’t know the answers until they finish the book next week.


  • Name a sea near Ancient Greece? (Mediterranean, Aegean, or Ionian Sea)
  • In Ancient Greece, what were communities of people called? (city-states)
  • Name two famous city-states? (Athens & Sparta)
  • Name some jobs of middle class families in Ancient Greece? (farmers, traders, sellers, craftspeople)
  • What people made up the lower class? (slaves & laborers)
  • What were some common foods in Ancient Greece? (beans, goat cheese, bread, fish, olive oil, wine, & fruit)
  • What did they wear? (loose-fitting clothing called a chiton with a belt)
  • How did people travel? (walking or by boat)
  • Did girls usually go to school? (no)
  • What did boys in Sparta learn? (to be strong soldiers)
  • What did boys in Athens learn? (poetry, play instruments, sports)
  • Name some special events in Ancient Greece? (Drama festivals & Olympics)
  • T/F The Ancient Greeks believed in many gods. (T)
  • What did they build for their gods? (statues, temples, held sacrifices)
  • Name a famous building from Ancient Greece? (Parthenon)
  • T/F The Ancient Greeks always built small simple buildings. (false – many were large and magnificent, parts of some are still standing)
  • Name two types of buildings the ancient Greeks built that are still standing? (temples, theatres)
  • How large were the Ancient Greeks’ theatres? (some were huge – could hold up to 10,000 people)
  • What did they watch at the theatres? (plays)


 K – 8: Create a map of Ancient Greece using this link: CLICK HERE. Be sure to label Sparta, Athens, and either Olympia, or Mount Olympus.  (Use the maps in your reading assignments for help.)   Then using this template,  CLICK HERE, design a piece of Greek pottery that is similar to pictures in your book.  (I would suggest you copy and paste the image onto a word document.  Then it can be enlarged.)


Copyright August 16th, 2013 by Gwen Fredette

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Outline 2013 – 2014 Lesson Plans

OUTLINE: 2013 – 2014 School Year

Greetings Fellow Homeschoolers!

Hope you had a fun and refreshing summer!  It’s almost time for school to begin.  Once again I will be posting history lesson plans.  This Fall I will be posting lessons on Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome.  This Spring I will be posting lessons on the framing of the new American Government (Post Revolutionary War) and the Westward Expansion.  The lessons will be similar in format to lessons you’ve already seen and used from this “U Read Thru History” site.  Each week readings will be suggested for different grade levels, discussion questions will be listed, and activities will be suggested per grade level.   To help homeschoolers get a head start on books they will need for this Fall, I’ll be posting the first three lessons this week.  Then I’ll take a few weeks break and resume posting lessons every week starting in early September.   I hope and pray these lessons will be a blessing to you and your family!

Following are two 17- week outlines for the coming school year:

Fall 2013 (World History)

Ancient Greece/Ancient Rome Lesson Plans Outline

  • Week 1: Overview of Ancient Greece (Part I)
  • Week 2: Overview of Ancient Greece (Part II)
  • Week 3: Greek & Roman Gods
  • Week 4: Greek Myths
  • Week 5:  The Odyssey (The Trojan Horse)
  • Week 6: Ancient Olympics
  • Week 7:  Aesop’s Fables
  • Week 8: Greek Philosophers
  • Week 9: Alexander the Great
  • Week 10: Overview of Ancient Rome (Part I)
  • Week 11:  Overview of Ancient Rome (Part II)
  • Week 12: Julius Caesar
  • Week 13: Roman Calendar/Roman Numerals
  • Week 14: Jesus in Rome
  • Week 15: Gladiators
  • Week 16: Pompeii
  • Week 17: Ancient Greece/Ancient Rome Test

Spring 2014 (American History)

New Government & Westward Expansion Lesson Plans Outline

  • Week 1: The Constitution
  • Week 2: The Bill of Rights
  • Week 3: Daniel Boone
  • Week 4: Eli Whitney (& the Cotton Gin)
  • Week 5:  Thomas Jefferson
  • Week 6: Lewis & Clark
  • Week 7:  Sacajawea
  • Week 8: James Madison
  • Week 9: War of 1812
  • Week 10: Story of Star Spangled Banner
  • Week 11:  Erie Canal
  • Week 12: Trail of Tears
  • Week 13: The Amistad
  • Week 14: Sojourner Truth
  • Week 15: Native American History Early 1800’s (Tecumseh’s Rebellion)
  • Week 16:  Wagon Trains
  • Week 17: New Government & Westward Expansion History Test

If you have any questions about these History Lesson Plans, please feel free to email me.  My email is  If you’ve found great resources that might be a help to others using this curriculum, please feel free to write messages on the comments section of each post for others to see.  Thanks!

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Revolutionary War Test


NOTE: Following is the Revolutionary War Test.  7th and 8th graders should be able to do all of this test.  4th through 6th graders should be able to do most of the test.   K – 3rd graders will be able to do a lot of this test orally.   Each question is worth 2 points.  This test is OPTIONAL.   Please feel free to skip it; scale it; eliminate parts of it; use it merely as a review, or do whatever best suits your family!  If you choose to give your children this test, I would recommend reviewing the “Discussion Questions” from the last 16 weeks’ lesson plans the day before you give the test.

Following the test you will find a teachers’ answer key.

Name: _____________________________________________         Date: __________________________

Revolutionary War Test

Fill in the Blank:


1.       1.) Name the king of Great Britain during the Revolutionary War?


2.       2.) Who discovered lightning was a form of electricity?


3.       3.) In what city did the Continental Congress meet?


4.      4.) How many colonies were there during the Revolutionary War?


5.)   Who was the first person to sign the Declaration of Independence?


6.      6.) Who is rumored to be the creator of the first American flag?


7.   7.)  What was the name of Patrick Henry’s most famous speech?


8.)  8.) Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?


9.)  9.)  What continent did most slaves in America come from?


   O   10.)  On what day was the final version of the Declaration approved?


11   11.)  Who was the Commander-in-Chief of the American armies during the Revolutionary War?


12.    12.) During the Revolutionary War, most African-Americans and Native Americans fought for the: (British or Americans?) _____________________________________

13.    13.) Who was the first president of the United States?


14.    14.) Who was the second president of the United States?


15.    15.) Which Native American group had the oldest democracy in America?


16.    16.) Just after the Revolutionary war laws were passed to set slaves free in what part of the colonies (North or South) ?


Circle the Correct Answer:


17.   17.) Why did John Hancock move in with his rich uncle as a boy?

  • A.)   He wanted to be rich
  • B.)    He didn’t get along with his father
  • C.)    His father died; mother was poor; uncle had no children.
  • D.)   His mother died.

18.   18.) What group was John Hancock elected president of?

  • A.)    The Singers of Liberty
  • B.)    The Continental Congress
  • C.)    The Boston Tea Party
  • D.)   The colony of Virginia

19.    19.) Which of the following is NOT one of  Ben Franklin’s accomplishments?

  • A.)   He was a lawyer
  • B.)    He set up fire and police departments
  • C.)    Invented bifocal glasses
  • D.)   Acted as a representative from the colonies to France

20.    20.) Which of the following was NOT one of the jobs Paul Revere did?

  • A.)   Made false teeth
  • B.)    Engraved copper plates & printed pictures
  • C.)    Silversmith
  • D.)  Invented Bifocal Glasses  

21.    21.) Paul Revere made an engraving of British soldiers firing upon innocent colonists in Massachusetts.  This incident was called?

  • A.)   The Boston Tea Party
  • B.)    The Revolutionary War
  • C.)    The Boston Massacre
  • D.)   The New York Massacre

22.    22.) Which of the following was NOT a name the Patriots had for the British soldiers?

  • A.)   Bluecoats
  • B.)    Redcoats
  • C.)    Lobster backs
  • D.)   Bloody backs

23.    23.) This Act passed by the King said that colonists had to provide British soldiers with food, supplies, and give them places to live.  What was it called?

  • A.)   The Stamp Act
  • B.)    Tea Tax
  • C.)    The Quartering Act
  • D.)   The Boycott Act

24.    24.) How did King George punish the colonists for the “Boston Tea Party?”

  • A.)   Sent 5000 new soldiers to Boston
  • B.)    He kept all ships from leaving Boston Harbor and prevented new ships from coming.
  • C.)    He told the colonists they must pay back the debt for the destroyed tea.
  • D.)   All of the Above.

25.    25.) Why did some people want to remain British citizens?

  • A.)    They liked Great Britain’s protection.
  • B.)    They liked trading with Great Britain.
  • C.)    Many people had relatives in Great Britain or went to school there.
  • D.)   All of the Above.

26.    26.) Name some of the difficulties Washington had leading the American army?

  • A.)    Not enough food
  • B.)     No money to pay men
  • C.)     Not enough clothing or guns
  • D.)   All of the Above

27.    27.) What Patriot General became a traitor?

  • A.)   Benedict Arnold
  • B.)    John Hancock
  • C.)    Samuel Adams
  • D.)   Burgoyne

28.    28.) Which of the following was NOT an area or city the British had control of during the Revolutionary war?

  • A.)   New York
  • B.)    Philadelphia
  • C.)    South Carolina
  • D.)   Valley Forge

29.   29.) Which of the following was NOT a way women helped support the Revolutionary War?

  • A.)    Some fought as soldiers
  • B.)    Some attended the Continental Congress
  • C.)    Some sewed blankets, uniforms, & flags
  • D.)   Some acted as spies or delivered important messages.

30.    30.) The last battle of the Revolutionary War was in what city?

  • A.)   Yorktown
  • B.)    New York
  • C.)    Paris
  • D.)   Philadelphia

31.    31.) The treaty the British signed with the Americans was called the:

  • A.)   Treaty of Britain
  • B.)    Treaty of France
  • C.)    Treaty of Paris
  • D.)   Treaty of Philadelphia

32.    32.) During the Revolutionary War, the Great Council made what decision?

  • A.)   They should fight for the British
  • B.)    They should not get involved in the war at all.
  • C.)    They should fight for the colonists.
  • D.)   None of the above.

33.    33.) Which of the following did NOT happen to the Iroquois confederacy?

  • A.)    Many decided to fight for the British.
  • B.)    Many of their homes and villages were destroyed.
  • C.)    Many died of hunger, cold, and disease.
  • D.)   Most were proud of George Washington.

Write “T” if the answer is true; Write “F” if the answer is false.


34.    34.) T/F John Hancock was one of the richest people in the colonies. ___________

35.    35.) T/F Hancock lived in Virginia. _____________

36.   36.) T/F Some loyalists and tax collectors were tarred and feathered. _________

37.    37.) T/F Many of the signers of the Declaration of Independence had slaves. _________

38.    38.) T/F King George was happy to take his troops out of the colonies and give Americans  their own country.  __________

39.    39.) T/F George Washington was a great soldier during the French & Indian war. __________

40.    40.) T/F George Washington never had slaves.  _____________

41.    41.) T/F George Washington won the Revolutionary War with the help of the French.  __________

42.    42.) T/F Battles between the British & Americans didn’t start until after the Declaration of Independence was signed.  __________

43.    43.) T/F  The decision to be independent or not divided many families.  ___________

44.    44.) T/F Many women worked as nurses during the Revolutionary War. ____________

45.    45.) T/F During the Revolutionary War, women did not know how to use guns.  _____________

46.    46.) T/F African-Americans were always slaves in the colonies.  ___________

47.    47.) T/F Before the Revolutionary War there were only slaves in the Southern colonies.  __________

48.    48.) T/F John Adams and Thomas Jefferson stayed close friends all of their lives. _________

49.    49.) T/F John Adams and Thomas Jefferson both died on the 4th of July. ____________

50.    50.) T/F Mom loves her kids and is very proud of them. ____________


Extra Credit:

What was the name of John Adams’ wife? __________________________

George Washington attacked what group of soldiers on Christmas? _____________________

What tea did the colonists drink to boycott British tea? ___________________________

What was the name of the Native American who defied the Great Council? ________________________________________


Answer Key:

  • 1.  King George III
  • 2.  Ben Franklin
  • 3.  Philadelphia
  • 4.  13
  • 5.  John Hancock
  • 6.  Betsy Ross
  • 7.  “Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death”
  • 8.  Thomas Jefferson
  • 9.  Africa
  • 10.  July 4th, 1776
  • 11.  George Washington
  • 12.  British
  • 13.  George Washington
  • 14.  John Adams
  • 15.  Iroquois
  • 16.  North
  • 17.  C
  • 18.  B
  • 19.  A
  • 20.  D
  • 21.  C
  • 22.  A
  • 23.  C
  • 24.  D
  • 25.  D
  • 26.  D
  • 27.  A
  • 28.  D
  • 29.  B
  • 30.  A
  • 31.  C
  • 32.  B
  • 33.  D
  • 34.  T
  • 35.  F
  • 36.  T
  • 37.  T
  • 38.  F
  • 39.  T
  • 40.  F
  • 41.  T
  • 42.  F
  • 43.  T
  • 44.  T
  • 45.  F
  • 46.  F
  • 47.  F
  • 48.  F
  • 49.  T
  • 50.  T

Extra Credit:

  • Abigail Adams
  • Hessians
  • Dutch Tea
  • Joseph Brant

Copyright August 12th, 2013 by Gwen Fredette


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Iroquois Democracy & American Revolution

Week 16: Iroquois Democracy & American Revolution


WATCH: K – 8:  500 Nations A Jack Leustig Film Hosted by Kevin Costner

Disc 3 Episode 5:

Watch Scene 9 “Haudenosaunee Democracy” to end of Episode 5.

 Note: Many Native Americans at this time wore very little clothing.  Drawings accompany this documentary showing men and women wearing their traditional clothing.  (i.e. There are many images of almost naked male and female Native Americans.)  This documentary is excellent but may be a bit hard for kids in grades K – 3 to understand.)



  • Which Native American group had the oldest democracy in America? (Haudenosaunee or Iroquois)
  • How many tribes were part of this democracy? (5)
  • How did their democracy begin? (“The PeaceMaker” saw the 5 nations often warring against each other; brought message of peace and the “Great Law” which was moral teachings.)
  • Describe the 5 arrows symbolism? (1 arrow can be easily broken; 5 joined together remain strong)
  • What great American was inspired by their democracy? (Ben Franklin)
  • What were their houses like?  Did they live well? (Longhouses – housed up to a dozen families; had fruit trees, corn, dishes, etc.  They lived well.)
  • Who picked the chief of each clan? (women)
  • What was the Great Council? (Each of the 5 clan chiefs met and talked together to make decisions.)
  • What was the council’s decision on the Revolutionary War? (to remain neutral)
  • Who was Joseph Brant? (Native American w/ ties to British; wanted to fight against Americans; defied council and persuaded many Mohawk and Seneca to do the same.)
  • Did the rest of the tribes remain neutral? (no, some sided w/ Americans)
  • What did George Washington’s men do to the neutral Onandaga? (burned houses, fruit trees, corn, etc.)
  • Why did many Native Americans die? (Civil War; hunger, disease, cold)
  • When the British surrendered, did they make provisions for the Iroquois’s land in their peace agreement? (no)

ACTIVITIES: K – 3: Draw your own picture of a scene of the Iroquois (Haudenosaunee)  in the Revolution.

4 – 6: Do you think the Iroquois could have remained neutral if Joseph Brant hadn’t come back from England?  Explain your answer in a paragraph.

7 – 8: Write an essay (5 paragraph- 3 proof)  telling about 3 new things you learned about the Iroquois during the Revolution.


Copyright August 2nd, 2013 by Gwen Fredette

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