Week 6: Ancient Olympics
READ: K – 2: Olympia: Warrior Athletes of Ancient Greece by Dyan Blacklock (Please note: In Ancient Greece men competed naked. This book contains numerous drawings of naked men.)
3 – 7: Ancient Greece and the Olympics by Mary Pope Osborne (chps 5 – 8 only)
8: The Ancient Greek Olympics by Richard Woff (Please note: This book contains numerous drawings of naked men and some drawings of scantily clad women.)
- Where were the Ancient Greek Olympics held? (Olympia, city state Elis)
- Which God in particular did the Olympics honor? (Zeus)
- Could there be wars between city-states during the Olympics? (no)
- Who could compete? (only men, citizens, not slaves)
- Could murderers compete? (no)
- Describe the temple of Zeus? (one of 7 wonders of the ancient world; HUGE gold statue)
- What were some of the events? (running, hoplite race, javelin throwing, discus, long jump, wrestling, pentathlon, boxing, pankration, horse racing, chariot racing)
- What could happen to athletes who cheated? (beaten, whipped, or forced to leave games)
- Describe the hoplite race? (running race while men wore armour)
- Describe the pankration? (combination of wrestling & boxing – sometimes resulted in death)
- What did the men wear while competing? (nothing at all!)
- What did winners get? (wreath crown that symbolized long life, favor of the gods, fame, etc.)
- How did the Olympics help the city states of Ancient Greece? (brought unity & peace; less battles between city states)
- Why did Olympics end? (other countries invaded Greece & destroyed temples; earthquakes & floods)
- When did the modern Olympics start? (1896)
- How were the Ancient Olympics different from the modern Olympics? (answers will vary)
K – 2: Take a sheet of paper and fold it in half and then in half again. In each of the four quadrants, draw a picture of an event from the Ancient Olympics.
3 – 5: Write a paragraph comparing and contrasting the Ancient Olympics with modern Olympics OR pretend you are a newspaper reporter. Write about an event you saw at the ancient Olympics.
6 – 8: Write an essay comparing and contrasting the Ancient Olympics with modern Olympics OR pretend you are a newspaper reporter. Write about an event you saw at the ancient Olympics.
Copyright September 20th, 2013 by Gwen Fredette