Ancient Olympics

Week 6: Ancient Olympics

 

READ:  K – 2:  Olympia: Warrior Athletes of Ancient Greece by Dyan Blacklock (Please note: In Ancient Greece men competed naked. This book contains numerous drawings of naked men.)

3 – 7: Ancient Greece and the Olympics by Mary Pope Osborne (chps 5 – 8 only)

8:  The Ancient Greek Olympics by Richard Woff (Please note:  This book contains numerous drawings of naked men and some drawings of scantily clad women.)



DISCUSS:

  • Where were the Ancient Greek Olympics held? (Olympia, city state Elis)
  • Which God in particular did the Olympics honor? (Zeus)
  • Could there be wars between city-states during the Olympics? (no)
  • Who could compete? (only men, citizens, not slaves)
  • Could murderers compete? (no)
  • Describe the temple of Zeus? (one of 7 wonders of the ancient world; HUGE gold statue)
  • What were some of the events? (running, hoplite race, javelin throwing, discus, long jump, wrestling, pentathlon, boxing, pankration,  horse racing, chariot racing)
  • What could happen to athletes who cheated? (beaten, whipped, or forced to leave games)
  • Describe the hoplite race? (running race while men wore armour)
  • Describe the pankration? (combination of wrestling & boxing – sometimes resulted in death)
  • What did the men wear while competing? (nothing at all!)
  • What did winners get? (wreath crown that symbolized long life,  favor of the gods, fame, etc.)
  • How did the Olympics help the city states of Ancient Greece? (brought unity & peace; less battles between city states)
  • Why did Olympics end? (other countries invaded Greece & destroyed temples; earthquakes & floods)
  • When did the modern Olympics start? (1896)
  • How were the Ancient Olympics different from the modern Olympics? (answers will vary)

 ACTIVITIES: 

K – 2: Take a sheet of paper and fold it in half and then in half again.  In each of the four quadrants, draw a picture of an event from the Ancient Olympics.

3 – 5: Write a paragraph comparing and contrasting the Ancient Olympics with modern Olympics OR pretend you are a newspaper reporter.  Write about an event you saw at the ancient Olympics.

6 – 8:  Write an essay comparing and contrasting the Ancient Olympics with modern Olympics OR pretend you are a newspaper reporter.  Write about an event you saw at the ancient Olympics.

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Copyright September 20th, 2013 by Gwen Fredette

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Filed under Ancient Greece, Charlotte Mason

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