Week 16: Pompeii
READ: K – 5: Pompeii… Buried Alive! by Edith Kunhardt
6 – 7: Pompeii by Richard Platt
8: Bodies from the Ash by James Deem
- Where was Pompeii? (Italy)
- What volcano erupted onto this city? (Mt Vesuvius)
- Did people know it was going to erupt? (no)
- T/F Many people died in Pompeii. (T)
- What did the city become buried under? (ashes)
- What ancient writer wrote about the eruption? (Pliny)
- Describe the plaster casts scientists found? (shapes of people who had died)
- T/F Hundreds of years later a new city/town was built over the top of Pompeii. (T)
- Were people surprised to find that Pompeii was buried under their city? (Yes)
K – 2: Draw a picture of ancient Pompeii as Vesuvius erupted.
3 – 8: Write your own story of a family or shop keeper living in Pompeii during the eruption.
Copyright November 30th, 2013 by Gwen Fredette
Week 15: Gladiators
Read: K – 4: Spend the Day in Ancient Rome by Linda Honan (Chps 8 – 10 only)
5 – 6: The Roman Gladiators by Louise Park and Timothy Love
7 – 8: Gladiator by Richard Watkins (Chps 1 – 8 only)
Note on Entertainment in Ancient Rome:
- At the Circus Maximus, Chariot races were held.
- Romans also liked to watch plays performed at the theatre.
- For their faith, many Christians were sent to the Colosseum to be killed by wild animals.
- Name three types of entertainment for Ancient Romans? (Gladiator fights, Theatre, Chariot Races at Circus Maximus)
- Where did the Gladiator games take place? (at the Colosseum)
- Who did Gladiators fight? (other gladiators, animals)
- Did many people come to watch? (yes, very popular)
- Who were the Gladiators? Why were they chosen to fight? (many slaves or prisoners of war, men convicted of crimes)
- T/F Gladiator games were bloody. (T)
Questions for Grades 7 & 8:
- T/F Gladiators were trained at schools. (T)
- What did Gladiators wear? (usually armor, shield and helmet)
- Some people volunteered to be gladiators. (T)
- Describe the sea battles that were gladiatorial combats? (man-made lakes dug to stage naval battles)
- Name 2 famous leaders that staged sea battles? (Julius Caesar & Augustus Caesar)
- T/F Many Christians were killed by wild animals at the Colosseum. (T)
- T/F It was expensive to watch Gladiator fights. (F)
K – 3: Draw your own picture of a Gladiator fight at the Colosseum.
4 – 6: How were trips to the Colosseum like going to the movies? How were they different? Why do you think the gladiator fights were so popular? Write 3 paragraphs.
7 – 8: Pretend you are a reporter at a Gladiator fight. Write a report on what you saw today.
Copyright November 22nd, 2013 by Gwen Fredette
Week 14: Jesus in Rome
View: All Grades:
The Miracle Maker DVD (This is one of the most biblically accurate DVDs I’ve ever seen of the life of Jesus. It’s excellent!)
- How do you think most Jews felt about the Romans? (didn’t like them)
- How did most Romans feel about the Jews? (didn’t like them)
- What kind of Messiah were the Jews look for? (military leader)
- How was Jesus similar to what they were looking for? How was he different? (had amazing power; wonderful teacher; performed many miracles; did not want to destroy the Romans; preached love and forgiveness; spoke of man’s sin and motives of man’s heart; spoke of heavenly kingdom — not earthly kingdom)
- What miraculous signs did Jesus do? (healed many inside and out, drove out demons, people’s hearts changed)
- Which of Jesus’s parables did you enjoy the most? Why? (answers will vary)
- Who betrayed him? Why? (Judas, Jesus was not the man he hoped he would be; wanted money)
- What did the Romans do to serious criminals? (crucified them)
- Why were the Jewish priests jealous of Jesus? (he had such a great following and he exposed the wickedness of their hearts)
- Why did Jesus really die? (to take away our sins)
- How do we know Jesus rose from the dead? (empty tomb, cloths lying there)
K – 8: Optional Bible memory verses:
- John 14:6 “Jesus answered, “I am the way and the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me.”
- John 3:16 “For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life.”
- John 3:3 “Jesus replied, “Very truly I tell you, no one can see the kingdom of God unless they are born again.”
All Scripture taken from NIV (New International Version)
Copyright November 16th, 2013 by Gwen Fredette
Week 13: Roman Calendar; Roman Numerals
READ: All Grades: http://www.almanac.com/content/origin-month-names
K – 6: Fun with Roman Numerals OR Roman Numerals both by David Adler
7 – 8: Ancient Computing (Chp 7 only) by Michael Woods
Note: Julius Caesar instituted the 365 day calendar. The original calendar only had 10 months, which is why “Decem” meaning “10” was fitting as the last month. January and February were later added to the beginning of the calendar, which is why December is now the 12th month.
- What is the Roman Numeral for 1? For 5? For 10? (I, V, X)
- How did the Ancient Romans write 4? 9? (IV, IX)
- T/F Roman numerals are still used today. (T)
- Who is July named after? (Julius Caesar)
- Who is August named after? (Augustus)
- What do the months September, October, November, & December stand for? (7,8,9,10)
- Why don’t the numbers match the names of the months listed above? (original calendar was 2 months short. It started with March and ended with December, the 10th month. January & February were later added to the beginning of the calendar, pushing everything back.)
- Who instituted the 365 day calendar? (Julius Caesar)
- What do you think these three days of the week were named after: Sunday, Monday, Saturday? (Sun day, Moon day, Saturn day)
K – 8: Complete the Roman Calendar/Roman Numerals Chart; Click here to access the worksheet: Roman Calendar
Copyright November 8th, 2013 by Gwen Fredette
Week 12: Julius Caesar
READ: K – 5: This article from online: http://rome.mrdonn.org/caesar.html
Note for K – 5: Julius Caesar was stabbed to death by many members of the Senate.
6 – 8: Julius Caesar: The Boy Who Conquered an Empire by Ellen Galford & VIEW excellent you tube video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rFAblvgTGzw
- What are some of the positions Julius Caesar had? (army commander, worked in the Senate, worked as a priest, eventually became dictator)
- How did the common people feel about Julius Caesar? (they loved him, felt that he tried to help them)
- How did Roman soldiers under his command feel about him? (they loved him and were ready to follow him)
- How did the Roman Senate feel about Julius Caesar? (they were worried; Rome was supposed to be a Republic where members of the Senate voted for laws; they didn’t want Caesar to have so much power.)
- What happened to Julius Caesar after he became dictator for life? (He was murdered by many members of the Senate.)
Questions for Grades 6 – 8:
- How old was Julius Caesar when his father died? (16)
- Describe the different views of the Populares and the Optimates? (Populares wanted more power for common people; Optimates wanted senators to have more power.)
- What group did Caesar side with? (Populares)
- Why did Caesar have to hurry out of Rome? (Sulla sided with the Optimates; told Caesar he had to divorce his wife; Caesar said no.)
- Why did Caesar bring his army to Egypt? (to capture his enemy, Pompey, and to put Egypt under Rome’s control)
- Describe Caesar’s relationship with Cleopatra? (fathered her child; left her in charge of Egypt)
- What did Caesar do to show he behaved as a king rather than a “dictator”? (sat on golden throne; statues of himself were put in the temples next to Roman gods.)
- Why did Caesar feel betrayed when he died? (Brutus, who was his friend, helped kill him, )
- Was there a Republic again after he died? (No, Octavian, his great-nephew became emperor)
K – 2: Take a blank piece of paper and fold it in half. On one half draw a picture of Julius Caesar leading his army. On the other half, draw a picture of Caesar on a throne in front of an unhappy Senate.
3 – 5: Write a paragraph describing the good and bad characteristics of Julius Caesar.
6 – 8: Write a one-page summary of Julius Caesar’s life and death. Be sure to discuss his many accomplishments, including how he was viewed by the army, the common people, and the Senate.
Copyright November 1st, 2013 by Gwen Fredette