History Test: Westward Expansion

WEEK 17:  Westward Expansion History Test

NOTE: Following is the Westward Expansion History Test.  7th and 8th graders should be able to do all of this test.  4th through 6th graders should be able to do most of the test.   K – 3rd graders will be able to do a lot of this test orally.   Each question is worth 2 points.  This test is OPTIONAL.   Please feel free to skip it; scale it; eliminate parts of it; use it merely as a review, or do whatever best suits your family!  If you choose to give your children this test, I would recommend reviewing the “Discussion Questions” from the last 16 weeks’ lesson plans the day before you give the test.

Following the test you will find a teachers’ answer key.

Name: ______________________________ Date: ______________

Westward Expansion History Test

Fill in the Blank with the correct answer(s):

1. What important man (who later became president) came up with much of the plans for the Constitution? ______________________________________________________

2. Where did the Constitutional convention meet? ___________________

3. Who was president of the Constitutional Convention? _______________

4. What important historical figure urged the delegates to sign the Constitution even if they didn’t agree with all of it? ______________________________________________________

5. What are the first 10 Amendments of the Constitution called? ______________________________________________

6. According to the 5th Amendment, a person is innocent until proven ______?

7. What did the cotton gin do? __________________________________  ___________________________________

8. What famous document did Thomas Jefferson write? ________________  ____________________________________

9. The huge piece of land Thomas Jefferson purchased from Napoleon was called   __________________________________?

10. What day did Thomas Jefferson die? ___________________________

11. Who were the leaders of the Corps of Discovery? ___________________

12. What famous Native American woman helped the Corps of Discovery? ________________________________________

13. What great American city had many of its buildings burned during the War of 1812? ________________________________

14. What is the name of our National Anthem and who wrote it? ________________________________________________ and ___________________________________________

15. What famous canal was built across the state of New York in the 1800’s? ________________________________________

16. What animal pulled the barges of this canal? _______________________

17. What were Buffalo chips use for? ______________________________

Multiple Choice: Circle the correct answer(s).

18. Which of the following was NOT a problem our country was having before the Constitution was adopted?
A.) Each state had its own money
B.) Couldn’t pay its soldiers
C.) British refused to move out of military posts
D.) No good farmland
E.) No court system

19. The first set of rules America adopted for governing the country (which didn’t work well) was called?
A.) Declaration of Independence
B.) Articles of Confederation
C.) The Constitution
D.) The Federalist Papers

20. What are the three branches of government? (circle three)
A.) The Executive Branch
B.) The Federal Branch
C.) The Legislative Branch
D.) The Judicial Branch

21. Changes to the Constitution are called?
A.) Laws
B.) Bills
C.) Amendments
D.) None of the above

22. Which of the following is NOT one of the 5 basic freedoms listed in the first Amendment?
A.) Freedom of Religion
B.) Freedom of Speech
C.) Freedom from Slavery
D.) Freedom of the Press

23. What was the Cumberland Gap?
A.) Path through the Rocky Mountains
B.) Path where the Erie Canal was built
C.) Path through the Appalachian Mountains
D.) None of the above

24. What famous hunter/explorer built the Wilderness Road and started a new settlement in Kentucky?
A.) Meriwether Lewis
B.) William Clark
C.) Thomas Jefferson
D.) Daniel Boone

25. During what war were Eli Whitney’s muskets used?
A.) Revolutionary War
B.) War of 1812
C.) World War I
D.) All of the Above

26. Thomas Jefferson was our country’s _________ president.
A.) First
B.) Second
C.) Third
D.) Fourth

27. James Madison was our country’s __________ president.
A.) Second
B.) Third
C.) Fourth
D.) Fifth

28. Thomas Jefferson asked the Corps of the Discovery to ……
A.) To find a northwest passage to the Pacific Ocean
B.) To explore the land and find out about the animals and plants living there and to journal about their experiences.
C.) To meet & establish friendly relationships with the Native Americans they met.
D.) All of the above.

29. Which of the following was NOT a supply the Corps of Discovery brought on their mission?
A.) Guns & ammunition
B.) Oxen
C.) Gifts for American Indians
D.) A large keel boat

30. Which of the following was NOT a danger the Corps faced?
A.) Death of York
B.) Lack of Food
C.) Grizzly bears
D.) Some Indian tribes were unfriendly & dangerous

31. Which of the following was NOT a new animal the Corps of discovery encountered?
A.) Deer
B.) Prairie Dogs
C.) Grizzly Bears
D.) Buffalo

32. The Native American woman traveling with the Corps of Discovery was a great help to the men. How?
A.) She saved boxes of supplies that had fallen in the river.
B.) She dug up edible roots to eat.
C.) She translated and helped them find their way across the territory.
D.) She acted as a sign of “peace” because she was a woman carrying a baby.
E.) All of the Above

33. Why did America declare War on Great Britain? (Circle all that apply.)
A.) Britain was arming Native Americans and encouraging them to attack Americans.
B.) America believed in slavery.
C.) British soldiers wouldn’t leave the country.
D.) The British prevented our ships from trading with France.

34. What great Indian leader fought against the U.S during the War of 1812?
A.) Tecumseh
B.) Sequoyah
C.) John Ross
D.) Cinque

35. What great Indian leader was head of the Cherokee nation during the Trail of Tears?
A.) Tecumseh
B.) Sequoyah
C.) John Ross
D.) Cinque

36. What great African slave led the revolt on the Amistad slave ship?
A.) Tecumseh
B.) Sequoyah
C.) John Ross
D.) Cinque

37. What Cherokee Indian invented the written Cherokee language?
A.) Tecumseh
B.) Sequoyah
C.) John Ross
D.) Cinque

38. What was NOT something Sojourner Truth preached about?
A.) Killing white slave owners
B.) Trusting in God
C.) Slavery was wrong
D.) Women’s rights

39. What were the most common territories white pioneers traveled to during the mid 1800’s?
(circle all that apply)
A.) Oregon
B.) Oklahoma
C.) Arkansas
D.) California

40. What hardships did pioneers encounter on the trail? (Circle all that apply)
A.) Crossing rivers
B.) Disease
C.) Broken wagon wheels
D.) Storms

41. Which of the following was NOT something people usually carried in their wagons?
A.) Declaration of Independence
B.) Quilts
C.) Guns
D.) Tools

Write “T” if the answer is true.  Write “F” if the answer is false.

42. T/F Initially the Bill of Rights was only written for white men. _____________

43. T/F Eli Whitney did not begin to invent things till he was an adult. ________________

44. T/F Eli Whitney became rich from creating the cotton gin. ____________________

45. T/F Eli Whitney’s cotton gin decreased the need for slaves in America. _______________

46. T/F All the battles of the War of 1812 were fought on U.S. soil. ___________________

47. T/F The war of 1812 ended because the U.S. won all the major battles. _____________________

48. T/F Sojourner Truth was a slave in the South. ______________________________

49. T/F During Sojourner’s life many Northerners began to believe that slavery was wrong and slaves in the North were eventually freed. ____________________________________________

50. T/F Mom is proud of her kids and loves them very much. ____________________

Extra Credit:
Grades 1 – 3: Name 2 ways pioneer children passed the time during the long trip westward.

Grades 4 – 6:
What was the name of the New York governor who built the famous canal during the 1800’s?
What famous president represented the Amistad slaves at the Supreme Court trial?

Grades 7 & 8:
What town did Tecumseh live in? ________________________
Who was Tsali? ____________________________________

Answer Key:

  • 1.  James Madison
  • 2.  Philadelphia
  • 3.  George Washington
  • 4.  Benjamin Franklin
  • 5.  The Bill of Rights
  • 6.  Guilty
  • 7.  It took seeds out of cotton.
  • 8.  The Declaration of Independence
  • 9.  The Louisiana Purchase
  • 10.  4th of July
  • 11.  Lewis & Clark
  • 12.  Sacagawea
  • 13.  Washington D.C.
  • 14.  The Star Spangled Banner; Francis Scott Key
  • 15.  Erie Canal
  • 16.  Mules
  • 17.  Burned for fuel in fires
  • 18.  D
  • 19.  B
  • 20.  A, C, & D
  • 21.  C
  • 22.  C
  • 23.  C
  • 24.  D
  • 25.  B
  • 26.  C
  • 27.  C
  • 28.  D
  • 29.  B
  • 30.  A
  • 31.  A
  • 32.  E
  • 33.  A, C, & D
  • 34.  A
  • 35.  C
  • 36.  D
  • 37.  B
  • 38.  A
  • 39.  A & D
  • 40.  A, B, C, & D
  • 41.  A
  • 42.  T
  • 43.  F
  • 44.  F
  • 45.  F
  • 46.  F
  • 47.  F
  • 48.  F (She was a slave in the North.)
  • 49.  T
  • 50.  T
  • Extra Credit Grades 1 – 3:  School lessons, sewing, walking, playing games, practiced shooting, helped take care of other siblings, helped take care of animals, etc. (answers will vary)
  • Extra Credit Grades 4 – 6:  DeWitt Clinton; John Quincy Adams
  • Extra Credit Grades 7 – 8:  Prophet’s Town; Tsali was a Cherokee Indian living in North Carolina who surrendered to white soldiers, along with his sons, in return for the agreement to leave his people alone.  He and two of his sons were killed.


Copyright April 24th, 2014 by Gwen Fredette


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