The Vikings

Week 2: The Vikings

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Read K – 6:  The Scandinavian Vikings by Louise Park & Timothy Love

7 – 8:  The Real Vikings by Melvin Berger & Gilda Berger

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Discuss:

  •  What countries were the Vikings originally from? (Denmark, Sweden, & Norway)
  • What lands did they conquer & colonize between 800 and 1066 AD? (Scotland, parts of England & Ireland, Iceland)
  • How did people become Viking slaves? (born into slavery or taken prisoner)
  • The Vikings were experts at building what? (ships – longboats)
  • Did most Vikings go out raiding? (no; farmed, hunted, fished, & craftsman)
  • Viking Aristocracy had elaborate burials; what were they buried with? (their ships, possessions, & animals)
  • Why did Vikings raid? (land, money, weapons, slaves)
  • Why do you think Vikings weren’t content with their current land? (much not suitable to farm, very cold)
  • What were prime targets for Viking raids? (monasteries)
  • T/F Vikings were skilled metal workers and had fine weapons and jewelry? (true)
  • T/F Vikings believed in many gods. (true)
  • Where did Vikings gods live? (Asgard)
  • Name 2 popular Viking gods? (Oden & Thor)
  • What famous Viking discovered America? (Leif Eriksson)
  • Name an important king in Viking history who encouraged trade and Christianity? (Canute)
  • What battle marked the decline of the Vikings? (battle of Hastings)
  • Name one reason why Vikings stopped raiding? (spread of Christianity)
  • Describe Viking homes? (longhouses, wooden, thatched roof, fire for cooking, similar to big halls)
  • What were Viking letters called? (Runes)
  • Describe how other European cultures felt about the Vikings? (afraid of them)
  • Where does the word “Thursday” come from? (Thor’s day)

Activities: K – 2: Create a Viking ship using this page: http://www.crayola.co.uk/free-coloring-pages/print/viking-ship-coloring-page/
3 – 4: Use this worksheet to write a sentence using Viking Runes: http://downloads.bbc.co.uk/schools/primaryhistory/worksheets/vikings/rune_stones.pdf
5 – 6:

  1.  Create a map of Viking Homelands and Viking Conquered territories using this blank map: http://www.eduplace.com/ss/maps/pdf/eur_countrynl.pdf and this map for help: http://downloads.bbc.co.uk/rmhttp/schools/primaryhistory/images/vikings/who_were_the_vikings/vk_map_whowerethey.jpg
  2. Then, create a sentence using Viking Runes from this sheet: http://downloads.bbc.co.uk/schools/primaryhistory/worksheets/vikings/rune_stones.pdf

7 – 8:

  1. Create a map of Viking Homelands and Viking settlements using this blank map: http://www.eduplace.com/ss/maps/pdf/eur_countrynl.pdf and this map for help: http://downloads.bbc.co.uk/rmhttp/schools/primaryhistory/images/vikings/who_were_the_vikings/vk_map_whowerethey.jpg
  2. Write your name using Viking Runes. You can use this worksheet for help: http://downloads.bbc.co.uk/schools/primaryhistory/worksheets/vikings/rune_stones.pdf
  3. Then write a short essay describing the positive and negative characteristics of Viking people.

Copyright June 21st, 2014 by Gwen Fredette

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