Knights

Week 7: Knights (450 AD to 1500 AD)

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Read K – 3: Knights in Shining Armor by Gail Gibbons

4– 6: Knights & Castles by Will Osborne & Mary Pope Osborne (Chps 6 – 8)

7– 8: In the Time of Knights by Shelley Tanaka

Discuss:

  • What was the first stage in becoming a knight? (boy became a page at age 7)
  • What was a page’s responsibilities? (learn how to fight & hunt, played games of skill; served master)
  • What was the second stage in becoming a knight? (boy became squire around age 14)
  • What was a squire’s responsibilities? (handled weapons, became skilled horseman, served master, went to battle with master)
  • How did a squire become a knight? (years of practice, around age 21, special “dubbing ceremony; given title “Sir” before name)
  • What was a knight’s coat of arms? (symbol on knight’s shield)
  • What was a knight’s most valuable possession? (his horse)
  • What weapons did a knight use? (lance, sword, flail, battle-ax, mace)
  • What armor did a knight wear in the early middle ages? (hauberk: tunic made of chain mail & steel helmet)
  • What armor did a knight wear in the late middle ages? (plate armor, helmet with a visor)
  • What was a tournament? (festival where knights tested each other’s skill by fighting with blunted swords & lances)
  • What was the “Code of Chivalry”? (promise of knight to be generous to the poor, protect their faith & church, defend the helpless, honor their lady)
  • Can people be dubbed knights today? Why? (yes, for performing a great deed that benefits others)

Questions for grades 4 – 8:

  • T/F Most knights came from wealthy families. (True)
  • What was a joust? (game where knights on horseback tried to knock their opponent off his horse with a lance)
  • T/F Knights could be killed in tournaments. (true)

Activities: K – 3: Using the blank shield and coat of arms printables from this site, create your own shield. http://www.activityvillage.co.uk/knight_printables.htm If you like, you can also create your own helmet using an empty ice cream container by following the directions on this site: http://usscouts.org/bbugle/bb0610/bb_packdenactivities.html. (Scroll down page for helmet instructions.)  Tin foil can be used instead of silver spray paint.

4 – 6: Complete the Knights & Castles Crossword and the Knights & Castles Wordsearch listed on this site: http://bogglesworldesl.com/knights.htm

7 – 8: Using the pages on this site for help: http://www.fleurdelis.com/meanings.htm and http://www.fleurdelis.com/symbolism.htm design your own coat of arms. Make sure you use appropriate colors for the meaning you wish to convey, and use four of the symbolic items mentioned. Then, write a brief essay describing why you’ve chosen the color scheme and symbols you have for your coat of arms.

Copyright July 24th, 2014 by Gwen Fredette

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Filed under Charlotte Mason, Dark & Middle Ages

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