Monthly Archives: October 2014

Creative Writing for a Year

Homeschoolers, I’m hosting a Nationwide Homeschool Writing Contest on my Philadelphia Homeschool Blog!  Click here to find out more about it and print out the entry form: http://phillyhomeschool.wordpress.com/2014/10/15/homeschool-writing-contest-2014/  phbwritinglogo

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A Year of Creative Writing

I enjoy writing, so naturally I make writing a regular part of our homeschool week.  Following is an outline that we use on a yearly basis, as well as tips for developing good writing habits.

WRITING TIPS:

  • Daily Journal: Those who write well, write a lot.  Consider having your child(ren) keep a daily journal.  Here your student(s) can write about daily occurrences or anything on their minds.  How much should they write in their journal?  A good rule of thumb is to have the number of sentences in their journals match the grade they are in.  (i.e. If they are in 2nd grade, they should write at least 2 sentences in their journals.  If they are in 7th grade, there should be at least 7 sentences in their journals.)
  • Use a Thesaurus: Teach kids at a young age how to use a thesaurus.  Good writers need to be able to use a variety of different words that convey similar meanings.  Kids as young as 8 can be taught to use a simple thesaurus.  Many thesauruses are available online for students.  http://www.thesaurus.com/ If you use Microsoft Word, a thesaurus comes as part of the software package.
  • Write with Pictures: A good way to teach writing to young children is to start with pictures.  Take a blank piece of paper and fold it in half; then fold it again.  Open it up and you will have 4 squares.  Ask your K – 3 grade child to draw a picture in each square.  Then have him write 1 – 3 sentences under each picture explaining what is happening.
  • Read & Write: Good writers are also good readers.  If your student needs to write an essay, have him read examples of good essays.  If he is writing fiction, have him read excellent fiction.  Newspaper article?  Have your student read a few columns in a newspaper or magazine.  Poetry?  Have him read poetry written by the best!
  • Think & Write:  Good writers are creative thinkers.  Most people cannot write immediately; they must sit and think first.  Encourage your student to think and let his imagination run wild a bit before he sits down to write.  The following questions can be considered: What will my topic be?  Who can I interview? Who will my hero be?  Who will be my villain?  Where will my story take place?  What “twists” can I include in my writing to entertain my readers?

1 YEAR PLAN:

September:  ESSAY MONTH.  Once a week have your student write an essay.  Five paragraph, three proof essays are a good place to start.  If you are unfamiliar with this type of essay, here a few links explaining how these essays should be written: http://www.brighthubeducation.com/help-with-writing/2999-how-to-write-a-good-five-paragraph-essay/  and http://www.education.com/magazine/article/Introducing_Five_Paragraph_Studies/.  Usually the introduction and conclusion are the hardest parts of the essay to write, so if your student is new to writing essays, consider having him write the three (middle) supporting paragraphs first.  Then have him go back and write the introduction and conclusion at the end.   In need of essay topics for your student?  Check out the following links for essay ideas:

October/November:  STORY MONTHS.  During these months students should be reading outstanding literature.  For a list of my own personal recommendations listed by grade level, click here: http://phillyhomeschool.wordpress.com/2012/03/14/literature-picks/ Once a week have your student work on a piece of fiction.  I have my students develop their stories over a period of four weeks.  Consequently, their stories are basically divided into “chapters”.  They are instructed to end each chapter with a cliff-hanger.  This link describes what cliff-hangers are: https://www.google.com/search?q=what+is+a+cliff+hanger&ie=utf-8&oe=utf-8&aq=t&rls=org.mozilla:en-US:official&client=firefox-a&channel=nts.  Every year I host a Nationwide “Homeschool Writing Contest” on my Philadelphia Homeschool blog, and I recently posted this year’s contest.  (To see this year’s contest link, please click here: http://phillyhomeschool.wordpress.com/2014/10/15/homeschool-writing-contest-2014/)  I’ve found my kids do well with stories if they are given a story-starter.  Here are ones we’ve used in the past:

  • I know.  I shouldn’t have been snooping around in my cousin’s room.  But I couldn’t believe it when I found _____________ hidden _______________.  What did you find?  A love letter?  A puppy?  Drugs?  A door to another planet?  Something else?  Tell us about it!
  • “Help!  Help!” my sister screamed frantically. I groaned.  What a drama queen!  What could it be this time?  Reluctantly, I followed the sounds of her cries …    What was wrong?  Did she break a nail?  Spy a cockroach?  Did her boyfriend dump her?  Was she kidnapped by bandits?  Abducted by aliens?  Cornered by a fire-breathing dragon?  Something worse?  Tell us about it!
  • (This year’s story starter!)   ___(Character Name)____  looked around, but realized with a sudden dread there was no way out.  He/She was trapped!  Where was your character trapped?  In a pit?  In a closet?  In a lie?  In medieval Europe surrounded by fire-breathing dragons?  What or who is your character?  Yourself?  A person?  A puppy?  A bug?  An alien from an alternate universe?  Tell us about it!  (Link to this year’s contest: http://phillyhomeschool.wordpress.com/2014/10/15/homeschool-writing-contest-2014/)
  • More story starter ideas:  http://www.scholastic.com/teachers/story-starters/
  • More story starter ideas: http://www.thestorystarter.com/jr.htm
  • More story starter ideas: http://www.brucevanpatter.com/storykitchen.html
  • More story starter ideas: http://journalbuddies.com/creative-writing-2/creative-writing-story-starters/

December/January: JOURNALISM MONTHS.  Once a week have your student pretend he is a newspaper reporter and must report on events occurring within your family, homeschool group, neighborhood, etc.  Your student must interview others for his article and include at least 2 quotes.  Our family often writes a newspaper called “The Daily Buggle”.  The kids report on some sort of insect or spider found outside (or more often inside!) the house.  They include quotes from family members who discovered the insect and from those who killed it, or set it loose outside, etc.  If your student has a flare for photography, he can make that part of his writing assignment.  The following other ideas often make good “Homeschool Newspaper” stories:

  • Sporting Events
  • Music/Drama/Creative Arts Events
  • Field Trips
  • Co-op Events
  • Interviews with relatives/friends on a variety of topics

February: POETRY MONTH:  Once a week have your student create their own poetry.  Spend at least two days a week reading works by famous poets.

March/April: REPORT MONTHS:  Kids hate writing reports, but they will have to do many of them in high school and college.  So it’s important to begin the report writing experience as early as possible.

  • Early Elementary (Grades 1 – 3) – Book Reports:  Book reports are one of the easiest ways to introduce report writing to young children.  The following sites have book report forms that make writing reports simple:  http://edhelper.com/book_report_forms.htm  and http://www.classroomjr.com/printable-book-report-forms/book-report-form/
  • Middle Elementary (Grades 4 – 6) – Research Reports:  At this age students can be introduced to simple research reports.  Possible topics include: favorite land creature, sea animal, insect, sport, country, etc.  Bibliographies should be included in final drafts.
  • Upper Elementary (Grades 7 – 8) – Research Reports :  Junior High students can include statistics, graphs and tables in their reports.  Reports should include subtopics.  Depending on the topic chosen, they can also include a final essay in their report, sharing their own perspectives about the chosen topic.  Possible report ideas include:                                          * Favorite author or artist: (subtopics: biography, short summaries of several works, why this is student’s favorite author/artist)                                * World Religion: (subtopics: overview, different religious branches and summaries of each, how it compares and contrasts to Christianity (or own religion)                                                                                                                         *  Today’s Issues (abortion, obesity in America, adoption, divorce in America, immigration, terrorism, etc.) [subtopics: overview, statistics nationwide and statewide, how it may affect future generations, student’s personal experience or opinions).

May/June: FREE WRITING:  The end of the school year is a great time to catch up on a variety of subjects and to experience great field trips.  Make writing a part of your weekly assignments if you can, otherwise, no worries.  During these months kids can write on topics of their own choosing.

Hope this outline is a help to you!

Copyright October 12th, 2014 by Gwen Fredette.   Reposted on October 26th, 2014 from Philadelphia Homeschool Blog.

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PHB Homeschool Writing Contest 2014

“PHB” Homeschool Writing Contest!!! 2014  phbwritinglogo

“PHB” Philadelphia Homeschool Blog

I’m thrilled to announce that I’m hosting my third annual Nationwide Homeschool Writing Contest!  Here’s the details:

For Who:  Any child currently being homeschooled (either traditional or virtual charter school) in the U.S. in grades 3 through 8.

How to Enter:  

1)  Read and abide by the Contest Rules.  Please click here to obtain the rules:  Writing Contest Rules

2.) Write a story of 1000 words or less, beginning with this starter:

___(Character Name)____  looked around, but realized with a sudden dread there was no way out.  He/She was trapped! 

Where was your character trapped?  In a pit?  In a closet?  In a lie?  In Medieval Europe surrounded by fire-breathing dragons?  What or who is your character?  Yourself?  Another person?  A puppy?  A bug?  An alien from an alternate universe?  Tell us about it!

3.)  Fill out and mail in your entry form and story.  Please click here to obtain the entry form: 2014 Entry Form Writing Contest

Deadline:  All entries must be post-marked by Saturday, November 22nd.

Where to Send Story:  Please see “Writing Contest Rules” for details.

Categories:   Entries will be separated into 3 categories:

  • Grades 3 & 4
  • Grades 5 & 6
  • Grades 7 & 8

Prizes:  1st, 2nd, & 3rd prizes will be given for each category.

1) 1st prize:

2.) 2nd prize:

3.) 3rd prize:

All entrants: will receive a certificate for participating in the contest.

Winner Notification:  Winners will be notified by email in December, 2014

Judging:  See panel of judges listed below (following the sponsors).

Special Thanks to the Sponsors who helped make this contest possible!

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Institute for Excellence in Writing:  excellenceinwriting.comIEW_logo 4 color stacked 2x2

Whether you are teaching a kindergartener or high schooler, IEW’s enjoyable, effective, and simple-to-use method for teaching writing is guaranteed to work!

Here are the top five reasons families love IEW:

  1. It’s easy to use. We provide easy-to-follow step-by-step instructions for using our materials.
  2. It’s enjoyable. Through video instruction with Andrew Pudewa as your teacher, both you and your children will laugh as you learn.
  3. It’s flexible. Do you have a kindergartener? Do you teach elementary through high school students? IEW works with students spanning a wide range of ages and aptitudes.
  4. It’s a lifelong investment for your children. Structure & Style provides them skills in thinking, writing, and communication.
  5. There’s no risk. We offer a no-time-limit, 100% money-back guarantee.

Our special offer and drawing can be viewed here. http://www.excellenceinwriting.com/files/online_promo.html

Let this be the year your family experiences Excellence in Writing!

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Old Schoolhouse Magazine’s Schoolhouse Teachers.com:  www.SchoolhouseTeachers.comST-new-small

Imagine the overwhelming frustration you would feel if you couldn’t access the right tools for a job you were expected to do.  Do you ever feel that kind of frustration with homeschooling?  Just as a carpenter needs tools, you need the proper equipment in your teaching toolbox. At www.SchoolhouseTeachers.com, you will find an abundance of inspiring lessons and helpful resources to fill your toolbox.  Do you need homeschool inspiration, support, encouragement, or advice?  Take time to discover www.TOSmagazine.com, a FREE digital magazine. On the go?  Read TOS on your mobile device with FREE apps at www.TOSApps.com.  Let TOS supply the tools you need to squelch your frustration and boost gratification!

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Peace Hill Press:  www.peacehillpress.com  TwitterPHPLogo copy

For over a decade, Peace Hill Press has made classical education accessible to parents, teachers, and students. We create resources for teaching reading, history, geography, grammar, and writing, including books by our founders, Susan Wise Bauer and Jessie Wise (authors of The Well-Trained Mind, a bestselling guide to education at home). Whether you’re a veteran educator or a nervous first-timer, Peace Hill Press will give you the tools and confidence you need to bring classical education to the next generation.

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Silver Lining Press: http://slphomeschool.wordpress.com/ gokoldschoolhouse

Glory of Kings Science Curriculum for Grades K – 3 (Created by Yours Truly!)

*Christian Curriculum

* Literature-Based

*Uses Popular Science Books

*For Multiple Ages

*Simple, Easy to Use!

*Fun, Hands-on

*Creative Projects

*Only $10 per E-copy; $20 per hard copy!

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Special Thanks also to the panel of judges who are helping to make this contest possible:

Marlene Bagnull, Litt.D.: www.writehisanswer.commjb GP FB2-1

Marlene has authored five books including Write His Answer: A Bible Study for Christian Writers, compiled/edited four other books, and made over 1,000 sales to Christian periodicals. She has served on the faculty of over 70 Christian writers’ conferences and taught over 50 writing seminars around the nation. Marlene leads two critique groups and is the publisher and editor at Ampelos Press. In 1983 she founded the Greater Philadelphia Christian Writers Fellowship and directs their yearly conference. In 1997 she began directing the Colorado Christian Writers Conference. Marlene and her husband celebrated their 50th wedding anniversary last November. They have three grown children and three grandchildren.

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Pam was a homeschooling mom for 9 years.  She’s a  published picture book author and is about to become a published novelist.  Hope Springs Books will be releasing her fantasy novel this coming February.  For the last several years Pam has coordinated the “Teens Write” program for the Greater Philadelphia Christian Writers Conference.  She lives in New Jersey, with her husband, Daryl, and daughters, Anna and Mary.
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Michelle Lofton:  Michelle L 2013 - Copy

Michelle is a Christian wife and mother of three who lives and homeschools in Philadelphia. Michelle began her writing career as an obituary writer in NJ.  Armed with a degree in English and Professional Communications from St. Joseph’s University, Michelle has also worked in communications at a Philadelphia independent school, where she served as assistant editor for the school’s semi-annual academic journal, and wrote press releases and articles for publication in area newspapers.  Michelle’s love of the written word has led her to her current part-time positions with a national handwriting curriculum company, and in the author events department of the Free Library of Philadelphia.  When she is not reading or writing, Michelle can often be found practicing with her church’s bell choir, knitting socks for her family, or working out in the swimming pool at her local community center.

Rosario Cintron: www.thelatinalens.wordpress.com & www.mamimusings.wordpress.com.Guest Blog Profile Photo

Rosario currently lives in Langhorne, PA with her husband. Together they have a 3-year-old daughter and baby daughter.  She also has two stepchildren. Rosario is a Believer and stay-at-home mom who keeps busy managing two concurrent blogs: The Latina Lens, which explores the depth of the issues that affect and inform the Hispanic/Latino experience in the U.S.; and, Mami Musings—an honest look at the beautifully complex realities of wifedom and motherhood, with a little adventure thrown in as she tries to inject a little bit of style and beauty into her family’s everyday life as a novice DIYer.

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Julia Melone: http://themelones.blogspot.com/PB120081

Julia is an artist, wife, mother, homemaker, and Jesus-lover who has lived in Philadelphia for ten years. She graduated from Tyler School of Art in 2006 and thrives on creativity in daily life. Her hobbies include writing, photography, graphic design, and spending time with her daughters. She and her husband blog very occasionally at http://themelones.blogspot.com.

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Kay Ben-Avraham:  www.forwantofanail.net  Joy
Kay ben-Avraham works part-time as a freelance writer and editor, ascribes to the Lewis definition of a literary man by re-reading all her favorite books an embarrassing number of times, and rather adores God.  She lives in East Falls with her husband, David, and their toddler Jonathan, whose current interests in life include trains, popcorn, and tea.
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Gwen Fredette:  http://phillyhomeschool.wordpress.com/ and https://ureadthru.wordpress.com/me

I am not a judge this year but will continue to act as the contest coordinator and liaison with the winners. Here’s a quick bio of me:

Gwen lives with her husband and four beautiful children in Philadelphia, PA, and has been homeschooling for over ten years.   In addition to writing weekly for her blogs, Philadelphia Homeschool and U READ Thru History (a free online homeschool history curriculum), Gwen has written three homeschool science curricula and has been busy at work on her first children’s novel.   A committed Christian, Gwen seeks to exalt Christ in all of her work.

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Homeschool Writing Contest Posted by Gwen Fredette on October 15th, 2014

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History Test: Dark & Middle Ages

WEEK 17:  Dark & Middle Ages History Test

NOTE: Following is the Dark & Middle Ages History Test.  7th and 8th graders should be able to do all of this test.  4th through 6th graders should be able to do most of the test.   K – 3rd graders will be able to do a lot of this test orally.   Each question is worth 2 points.  This test is OPTIONAL.   Please feel free to skip it; scale it; eliminate parts of it; use it merely as a review, or do whatever best suits your family!  If you choose to give your children this test, I would recommend reviewing the “Discussion Questions” from the last 16 weeks’ lesson plans the day before you give the test.

Following the test you will find a teachers’ answer key.

History Test: Dark & Middle Ages

 

Name: ____________________________________________________ Date: _______________________________________

Fill in the Blank with the correct answer(s):

1. Who changed the official religion of the Roman Empire to Christianity? ____________________________________
2. Name the two most popular Viking gods: _______________________________________________________
3. Where does the word “Thursday” come from? _____________________________________________________
4. What trickster caused many problems for Thor and his family? __________________________________________
5. What happened to Saint Patrick when he was 16?
_______________________________________________________________________________________
6. Why did Patrick decide to travel back to Ireland many years later?
_______________________________________________________________________________________
7. The bones of a saint, a piece of Jesus’s cross, or other religious items that were said to have powers to heal and perform miracles were called ….
___________________________________
8. What did peasants do for their Lord? What did Lords do for the peasants?
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
9. When an enemy army surrounds a castle, the castle is said to be under …. ________________________________
10. The symbol on a knight’s shield and armor was called the … _________________________________________
11. What was a knight’s most valuable possession? _________________________________________________
12. How did Arthur become king?
___________________________________________________________________________________
13. What two great gifts did Arthur receive from Leodegrance?
___________________________________________________________________________________
14. Clear glass was used in the Middle Ages to invent …?
___________________________________________________________________________________

15. How was colored glass used in the Middle Ages? _______________________________________________
16. What musical instruments did many cathedrals contain during the Middle Ages?_________________________
17. What did Muhammad say he saw in the cave just outside of Mecca? __________________________________
18. What is considered to be the holy book of Islam? _______________________________________________

19. What are the 5 pillars of Islam?
1.) ____________________________________________________
2.) ____________________________________________________
3.) ____________________________________________________
4.) ____________________________________________________
5.) ____________________________________________________

20. How many genies are in the original Aladdin story? _____________________________________________
21. What “Golden City” is the city of great significance to 3 major religions? _______________________________
22. What did Pope Urban II promise to all men who fought in the Crusades?
_______________________________________________________________________________
23. What does the word “Crusade” mean? _____________________________________________________
24. What country did Marco Polo travel to? ____________________________________________________
25. Name two creatures that carried and spread the Black Plague all over Europe?
_______________________________________________________________________________
26. How many people died from the Black Plague in Europe? ________________________________________

Multiple Choice:  Circle the correct answer(s):

27. The period of time from 500 AD to 1500 is known as the “Dark” or “Middle Ages”. Why?
A.) Few cultural advancements, time of many invasions
B.) Fewer people were educated at this time
C.) This age is located in the “middle” of the Roman Empire & the Renaissance.
D.) All of the above.

28. Name 3 great societies of the Middle Ages? (Circle all that apply.)
A.)The Ancient Greeks
B.) The Vikings
C.) European Feudal Society
D.) The Arab Empire

29. The Vikings were experts at building what?
A.) Castles
B.) Ships (longboats)
C.) Stained glass
D.) Roads

30. Vikings raided because they wanted (Circle all that apply.)
A.) Land
B.) Money
C.) Books
D.) Slaves

31. What group of Christian men spent much of their time making copies of the Bible?
A.) Priests                                            C.) Popes
B.) Monks                                            D.) Friars

32. What group of Christian men spent much of their time traveling from place to place, preaching the gospel?
A.) Priests
B.) Monks
C.) Popes
D.) Friars

33. Bishops and Archbishops often said mass in magnificent large churches called ….
A.) Temples
B.) Cathedrals
C.) Mosques
D.) Castles

34. When was someone a “Lord”?
A.) If he gave land.
B.) If he received land.
C.) If he had 100 knights.
D.) If he fought in the Crusades.

35. When was someone a “vassal”?
A.) If he gave land.
B.) If he received land.
C.) If he had 100 knights.
D.) If he fought in the Crusades.

36. What important things were located on a Manor? (Circle all that apply.)
A.) Manor house or castle
B.) University
C.) Village for the peasants
D.) Church
E.) Land to farm

37. The great look-out tower in the middle of the castle was called the …
A.) Portcullis
B.) Moat
C.) Keep
D.) Drawbridge

38. How could people defend their castle if it was under attack? (Circle all that apply.)
A.) By dropping boiling oil
B.) By shooting arrows
C.) By shooting cannonballs and explosives
D.) By sending messages to call for help

39. Place the following in chronological order:
A.) Knight, Page, Squire
B.) Squire, Page, Knight
C.) Page, Squire, Knight
D.) Page, Knight, Squire

40. Which of the following was NOT part of the “Code of Chivalry”?
A.) Promise to be generous to the poor
B.) Promise to fight in the Crusades
C.) Promise to defend the helpless
D.) Promise to honor their lady

41. Who was Arthur’s real father?
A.) Uther Pendragon
B.) Merlin Pendragon
C.) Mordred Pendragon
D.) No one knows.

42. What ingredients are needed to make glass? (Circle all that apply.)
A.) Sand
B.) Crystal
C.) Soda ash [which is made by burning plants or hardwood]
D.) Fire & Heat

43. The square structure with a meteorite set into the corner located in Mecca where many Arabs worship is called the ….
A.) Khadijah
B.) Kabah
C.) Quraysh
D.) Jihad

44. A Holy War: Muslims must fight to protect, defend & advance the Muslim community.
This is called …
A.) Khadijah
B.) Kabah
C.) Quraysh
D.) Jihad

45. The numbers we use today (0 – 9) are called Arabic numerals, but where did they originally come from?
A.) The ancient Greeks
B.) The ancient Romans
C.) The Vikings
D.) Hindu mathematicians in India

46. Name two important commanders during the Crusades. (Circle Two)
A.) Shahrazad                           C.) King Richard
B.) Saladin                                 D.) Prince John

47. What famous story began around the time of the Crusades?
A.) Robin Hood
B.) King Arthur
C.) Aladdin
D.) 1001 Arabian Nights

48. What was NOT something Marco Polo said he saw in China?
A.) Giant snakes that walked on squat legs with jaws big enough to swallow a man.
B.) Paper money
C.) Black stones that burned.
D.) Wooly Mammoths

49. During the Middle Ages, what did many people believe was the cause of the Black Plague?
A.) Germs
B.) Punishment of God
C.) Dirty Towns
D.) The Crusades

 

Write “T” if the answer is true.  Write “F” if the answer is false.

50. T/F Mom loves her kids very much and is very proud of them. ________________________

 

Extra Credit:

Grades K – 3:
What was the name of the sword King Arthur received from the Lady in the Lake?
________________________________________
What numbers were used for math before Arabic numerals?
_______________________________________
What great leader did Marco Polo work for in China?
_______________________________________

Grades 4 – 6:
About how long did the Middle Ages last?
________________________________________
What were Viking letters called?
________________________________________
Why did the Crusades begin?
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Grades 7 – 8:

What was the name of King Arthur’s son?
_________________________________________
Explain how Shayryar came to distrust all women?
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Who were the flagellants?
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

Answer Key:

  • 1.  Constantine
  • 2.  Thor & Oden
  • 3.  Thor’s Day
  • 4.  Loki
  • 5.  Captured by pirates
  • 6.  Patrick received a dream in which the people of Ireland were calling him to walk among them again.  He determined that God wanted him to preach the gospel there.
  • 7.  relics
  • 8.  Peasants farmed the land; Lord provided them with protection
  • 9.  siege
  • 10.  Coat of Arms
  • 11.  his horse
  • 12.  pulled a sword from a stone
  • 13.  His daughter, Guinevere, in marriage & Round Table
  • 14.  glasses, magnifying glasses, mirrors
  • 15.  stained glass windows
  • 16.  bells
  • 17.  the angel Gabriel
  • 18.  the Qur’an (Koran)
  • 19.  No God but Allah and Muhammad is his prophet,  Pray facing Mecca five times a day,  Give to the poor, Fast during the month of Ramadan, Make a pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in your life
  • 20.  two
  • 21.  Jerusalem
  • 22.  All their sins would be forgiven
  • 23.  Cross
  • 24.  China
  • 25.  Rats, Fleas
  • 26.  over 20 million; one out of every 3 people died
  • 27.  D
  • 28.  B, C, & D
  • 29.  B
  • 30.  A, B, & D
  • 31.  B
  • 32.  D
  • 33.  B
  • 34.  A
  • 35.  B
  • 36.  A, C, D, & E
  • 37.  C
  • 38.  A, B, & D
  • 39.  C
  • 40.  B
  • 41.  A
  • 42.  A, C, & D
  • 43.  B
  • 44.  D
  • 45.  D
  • 46.  B & C
  • 47.  A
  • 48.  D
  • 49.  B
  • 50.  T

Extra Credit K – 3:  Excalibur, Roman Numerals, Kublai Khan

Extra Credit 4 – 6:  1000 years, Runes, Muslims blocked Christians from visiting Jerusalem; Christians wanted to gain control of Jerusalem and take it out of Muslim hands.

Extra Credit: 7 – 8:  Mordred. His first wife and his brother’s wife were unfaithful to them.  Monks who whipped themselves.  They hoped by doing so God would end the Black plague.

Copyright October 10th, 2014 by Gwen Fredette

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Filed under Charlotte Mason, Dark & Middle Ages

Bubonic Plague

Week 16: The Bubonic Plague (The Black Death)

Read K – 5: Read the following articles from the internet:

View 6 – 8: These YouTube videos from the History Channel.  They are very well done, but have some disturbing images.  You may want to view them first before showing them to your children.

Discuss:

  • What creatures carried and spread the disease all over Europe? (bacteria in fleas travelling on rats)
  • How did the rats travel along the trade routes? (by merchant ships)
  • What were the symptoms of the plague? (fever, black ugly swellings in armpits and tops of the legs)
  • What happened to most people who got the disease? (they died)
  • How did it affect Europe? (over 1/3 of the population died: over 20 million people)
  • Were people able to bury their dead? (no; so many people died so quickly, bodies were burned; people left sick to die because of fear they would catch it themselves.)
  • What did people believe was the cause of the disease? (punishment of God)
  • Do people usually die from the disease today? (No, we have vaccines to prevent it and medicine to cure it.)
    Questions for grades 6 – 8:
  • How many days did people live after they caught the disease? (2 – 5 days)
  • How did conditions in Medieval towns encourage the spread of rats? (people rarely took baths, threw trash out their windows, did not keep their towns clean)
  • How did the Pope avoid getting the plague? (surrounded himself with fire)
  • Who were the flagellants? (people who injured themselves in the name of God to atone for mankind’s sin and appease God.)
  • What group of people did many Europeans blame for the disease? (the Jews)

Activities:  K – 3: “Ring Around the Rosy” is a nursery rhyme that actually is about the Black Death. “Ring Around the Rosy” refers to the red/black sores located on the victims. “A Pocket Full of Posies” refers to how people would hold flowers (posies) to their noses because the smell of death was so prevalent. “Ashes, Ashes” refers to the cremation of all the bodies. “We All Fall Down” means “we all die”. (For more on this topic, Google “Ring Around the Rosy, Black Plague.) Fold a piece of paper in half; then fold it again. In each of the four sections draw a picture concerning the four parts of this nursery rhyme.
4 – 8:   Complete ONE of the following writing activities:

  1. Pretend you are a newspaper reporter living during the Middle Ages. Write an article about the Black Plague. OR
  2. Pretend you are a sailor on a Medieval ship. Your best friend, another sailor, has just come down with the Black Plague. Write a story about your 3 day voyage to the next port. OR
  3. Look up one or more of the following Bible passages.  (See below.)  Compare and contrast these plagues with the Bubonic plague.

* 2 Kings 18: 28 – 19:19 & 19:32 – 19:37  (Powerful passage!)

* 2 Samuel Chapter 24

* Exodus 9:8 – 12

Copyright October 3rd, 2014 by Gwen Fredette

 

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Filed under Charlotte Mason, Dark & Middle Ages