Monthly Archives: January 2015

Slavery & the Underground Railroad

Week 4: Slavery & the Underground Railroad

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Read K – 3: The Drinking Gourd by F.N. Monjo

4 – 5: Meet Addy by Connie Porter (Please also read “A Peek Into the Past” at the end of the book)

6 – 8: Uncle Tom’s Cabin (Young Folks’ Edition ISBN 9781617205163) by Harriet Beecher Stowe AND READ THIS ARTICLE FROM THE INTERNET: https://www.harrietbeecherstowecenter.org/utc/impact.shtml

Note:  Uncle Tom’s Cabin is known as the book that started the Civil War. It is a very powerful book! However, the values and wording in the book reflect those of the times and would be very offensive to most people living in America today. Parents, please read this book prior to assigning it to your children so you can discuss it with them. Because it is a children’s version of the classic, it is a quick read. I also highly recommend reading the actual classic, Uncle Tom’s Cabin. It is beautifully written and full of Christian themes.

Discuss:

  • Why do you think many slaves tried to escape to Canada? (no slavery in Canada)
  • How do you think many slaves were able to figure out how to travel north? (followed the North Star)
  • What was the underground railroad? (Series of houses coordinated by a secret group of people who believed slavery was wrong.   They would hide escaped slaves on their property, and then help escaped slaves get to the next station.  These “stations” stretched across the U.S.)
  • Why were masters so anxious to find escaped slaves? (worth a lot of money)
  • Why did slaves run away? (Many were whipped, beat, or hurt; some knew they or their family would be sold to others. Some just wanted freedom.)
  • T/F It was against the law to help slaves escape. (True)
  • Why did many people lie about hidden slaves and break the law? (They felt that they were saving their lives and that was more important.)
  • At that time, many people thought buying and selling slaves was the same as buying and selling …. ? (animals)

Questions for grades 4 – 8:

  • What did slaves call their owners? (master)
  • What were slaves’ houses like? (dirt floor, no furniture, very small)
  • What were masters’ houses like? (large brick homes, comfortable furniture, soft beds)
  • Describe slaves’ meals and masters’ meals? (Slaves often had barely enough to eat and basically the same food every day; masters had plenty of food and a variety.)
  • Describe slaves’ clothes vs. masters’ clothes. (Slaves often weren’t warm enough; clothes were old and ragged; masters had plenty of warm, good clothing.)
  • T/F Many slaves were separated from their families. (true)
  • What happened to slaves who got caught trying to run away? (whipped, beaten, sometimes even killed)
  • Why was it dangerous to run away with a baby? (baby could cry alerting slave catchers to where slaves were hiding)
  • Why did Addy try to escape to Pennsylvania? (no slavery there)
  • What were abolitionists? (People who wanted to get rid of slavery.)

Questions for grades 6 – 8:

  • What religious group helped many slaves escape on the underground railroad? (the Quakers)
  • Why did some “good masters” separate slave families? (for money)
  • Although most northerners thought slavery was wrong, did they treat African Americans as equals? (no)
  • What happened to slaves when a master died? (They were often sold and separated from each other.)
  • Why were some slaves chained? (so they wouldn’t run away)

Activities:

K – 3:Take a piece of paper and fold it in half. Then fold it again. Unfold your paper. In each of the four squares draw a picture of a slave trying to escape by the Underground Railroad. Write one or two sentences under each picture to explain what’s happening.
4 – 5: Complete the following worksheet: Slavery and Underground RR 45
6 – 8: Complete the following worksheet: slavery and underground rr68

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Copyright January 30th, 2015 by Gwen Fredette

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Harriet Tubman

Week 3: Harriet Tubman

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View K – 3: Harriet Tubman (Nest Animated Hero Classics) OR Read: A Picture Book of Harriet Tubman by David Adler

4 – 8: Go Free or Die by Jeri Ferris

Discuss:

  • What was the Underground Railroad? (series of houses where people let runaway slaves hide as they traveled north to freedom)
  • Why did Harriet run away? (tired of being beat, wanted freedom)
  • Why did Harriet want to make it to Pennsylvania? (free state)
  • What great man from the Old Testament was Harriet compared to? (Moses) Why? (led her people to freedom)
  • How many people did Harriet free from slavery? (over 300)

Questions for Grades 4 – 8:

  • What was Harriet’s home like as a child? (cabin with a dirt floor)
  • How did Harriet get hurt as a young girl? (hit by lead weight; Overseer tried to hit runaway slave but hit Harriet instead.)
  • T/F Harriet had a strong faith in God. (T)
  • T/F Harriet’s husband wanted her to try to escape. (F)
  • How did Harriet find her way north? (North star, moss grows on north side of the tree)
  • What were Abolitionists? (people who tried to abolish slavery)
  • What was the Fugitive Slave Act? (against the law to help a runaway slave; all runaway slaves must be returned to their owners)
  • How did the dogs chasing Harriet lose her scent? (she traveled through water)
  • Why did Harriet sometimes suddenly fall asleep? (wound on her head)
  • Most of the “conductors” on the underground railroad were of what faith? (Quakers)
  • Why did Harriet start taking runaway slaves all the way to Canada? (Fugitive Slave Act)
  • T/F Harriet helped most of her family escape. (T)
  • How did Harriet help during the Civil War? (helped southern slaves, worked as a nurse, worked as a scout, worked as a spy, worked as a cook)

Activities: K – 3:  Create your own Harriet Tubman shadow box similar to this one: http://www.crayola.com/lesson-plans/harriet-tubman-triarama-lesson-plan/ OR this one: http://www.pinterest.com/pin/64809682111719979/ OR Do this coloring page of Harriet Tubman: http://www.pinterest.com/pin/70791025366761144/
4 – 5: Harriet Tubman crossword puzzle: http://gardenofpraise.com/pdf/ibdpuz12.pdf AND Matching worksheet: http://gardenofpraise.com/pdf/matchtub.pdf Matching solution: http://gardenofpraise.com/images6/matchtub.gif
6 – 8: Write a 5 paragraph 3 proof essay on one of the following:

  • What made Harriet Tubman such a heroic person?
  • How was Harriet Tubman like Moses?

Copyright January 22, 2015 by Gwen Fredette

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California Gold Rush

Week 2: The California Gold Rush

Read K – 5: Gold Fever by Catherine McMorrow

6 – 8: The Journal of Wong Ming-Chung (My Name is America Series) by Laurence Yep; Be sure to read Epilogue and “Historical Note” at the end of the book.

Discuss:

  • Who found the first gold nugget in California? (James Marshall)
  • Why did his boss, Mr. Sutter, want to keep it a secret? (afraid men would abandon jobs to look for gold)
  • What happened when the secret got out? (Men left jobs to look for gold.)
  • How did people all over the world find out? (President James Polk confirmed reports that much gold was found in California.)
  • Why were many gold seekers called “Forty-Niners”? (Because many came in the year 1849.)
  • Soon thousands of people came to California looking for gold. Where did they come from? (Eastern states, Mexico, Australia, Europe, China)
  • Name the three ways people got to California? (traveled across the states, sailed in ship around bottom of South America, sailed in ship to Panama – then crossed a dangerous jungle and caught a boat on the other side to California.)
  • Describe the dangers men faced with these travels. (danger crossing the plains: took a long time, could run out of food, could freeze in the mountains; danger sailing around bottom of South America: took a long time, could run out of food, freezing weather, storms at sea; danger crossing jungle in Panama: disease, deadly insect bites, etc.)
  • T/F Mostly women traveled to California during the Gold Rush (False)
  • T/F California had a large population before the Gold Rush. (False)
  • T/F An amazing amount of gold was found in California. (True)
  • T/F For most miners, getting the gold out of the earth and streams, was long, hard work. (True)
  • T/F Gambling, prejudice, and lawlessness was widespread in California during the gold rush. (True)

Questions for grades 6 – 8:

  • Why did many Chinese come to California? (Conditions in China very bad; many were starving.)
  • Describe some of the problems Chinese miners faced. (Had to pay special tax just because they were Chinese; if someone stole their property, they couldn’t take them to court because a non-white’s testimony wasn’t valid; Chinese had no legal protection; Chinese were persecuted and bullied by many white miners.)

Activities: All Ages: Trace three main routes most people took to California; Then trace the route the Chinese took to get to California.
K – 2: Gold Rush coloring page: http://www.pinterest.com/pin/125608277079689750/
3 – 4: Gold Rush Booklet: https://www.teachervision.com/tv/printables/TCR/0743932587_78-82.pdf and or Levi Straus worksheet: http://www.educationworld.com/a_lesson/edit/pdfs/edit1310.pdf
5 – 6: Gold Rush Immigrant worksheet: http://www.k12reader.com/reading-comprehension/Gr4_Wk15_Discrimination_Against_Gold_Rush_Immigrants.pdf
AND/OR Levi Straus worksheet: http://www.educationworld.com/a_lesson/edit/pdfs/edit1310.pdf
7 – 8: Three Essay choices:
Essay 1: Describe 3 hardships Wong Ming-Chung faced while working as a miner.
Essay 2: Wong Ming Chung feels torn at the end of the book. He wants to stay and he wants to go home. Why does he feel this way? What would you have chosen to do?
Essay 3: Wong Ming Chung’s father tells him at the end of the book that he knew if anyone could keep his uncle alive it would be him. Do you think his uncle would have made it without him? Describe in detail at least 2 ways Wong Ming Chung was a great help to his uncle.

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Copyright January 16th, 2015 by Gwen Fredette

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The Mexican War

Week 1: The Mexican War

Read K – 4: A Picture Book of Sam Houston by David Adler

5 – 8: The Mexican War by Carrie Nichols Cantor

Note for 5 – 8: The commander in chief of the Texas army and the first president of the Republic of Texas was Sam Houston.

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Discuss:

  • What happened in the battle at the Alamo? (Texans fought for independence from Mexico; they were outnumbered by the Mexican army and killed at the Alamo.)
  • Who was commander-in-chief of the Texas army? (Sam Houston)
  • T/F Texas eventually won independence from Mexico by defeating the Mexican army. (True)
  • Who was the first president of the Republic of Texas? (Sam Houston)
  • Why did Texans want to become part of the United States? (safety from Mexico)
  • Was Texas a free state or slave state? (slave)

Questions for Grades 5 – 8:

  • T/F Before the Mexican War, California, Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, & parts of Colorado and Utah were part of Mexico. (True)
  • What type of government did Mexico have before the Mexican war? (dictatorship)
  • What were some of the issues of conflict between the Texans and the Mexican government? (taxes, slavery, religion, dictatorship vs. democracy; President of Mexico did not want any other Americans moving to Texas.)
  • What was the “manifest destiny”? (Belief that America was destined to stretch from one ocean to the other and have control of all the lands in between.)
  • Why did many Americans want to add Texas to the United States? (more land for America)
  • Why were many Northerners against Texas becoming a state? (Texas was a slave-holding country.)
  • Which country won most of the battles in the Mexican War? (US)
  • What U.S. general was responsible for these battles? (Zachary Taylor)
  • What city did the U.S army capture to end the war? (Mexico City)
  • What did the U.S. give Mexico to compensate for the vast amount of land they took? ($15 million)
  • Who was dictator of Mexico during the Mexican War? (Santa Anna) Who was president of the U.S.? (Polk)
  • Are the U.S. and Mexico on friendly terms now? (yes)

Activities: All grades: Using this blank map: http://www.eduplace.com/ss/maps/pdf/us_nl.pdf and this map for help: http://www.historyofwar.org/Maps/maps_mexican_war.html, Color a map of U.S. & Mexico before and after the Mexican war.

K – 3: Coloring page: http://www.texasstudies.com/ColoringBook/SantaAnnaHoustonWithCaptions.pdf

4 – 6: Texas Independence worksheet (Read first page and answer questions on the second page.): http://avkmyer.weebly.com/uploads/1/1/2/7/11274583/texasindependenceworksheet.pdf

7 – 8: Write  a 5 paragraph 3 proof essay discussing the issues that lead many Texans to want independence from Mexico. Would you have agreed with most Texans and wanted independence? Why or why not?

Copyright January 12th, 2015 by Gwen Fredette

 

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Book List: Civil War Era

Book List: Civil War Era

Greetings Fellow Homeschoolers!  Following is a list of titles (organized by grade level) that will be used for this semester’s unit study on the Civil War.  If your library does not carry these books, you may be able to obtain them through interlibrary loan.  Of course, all of these titles can also be purchased on Amazon.com or abebooks.com.

May God continue to bless your homeschool adventure!

– Gwen

Grades K – 3:

  1. A Picture Book of Sam Houston by David Adler
  2. Gold Fever by Catherine McMorrow
  3. Harriet Tubman (Nest Animated Hero Classics) OR Read: A Picture Book of Harriet Tubman by David Adler
  4. The Drinking Gourd by F.N. Monjo
  5. Abraham Lincoln by Nest Animated Hero Classics OR A Picture Book of Abraham Lincoln by David Adler OR Abe’s Honest Words by Doreen Rappaport OR Abraham Lincoln by Pamela Hill Nettleton
  6. A Picture Book of Frederick Douglass by David Adler OR Frederick Douglass by Suzanne Slade
  7. Samuel F. B. Morse by Jean Lee Latham
  8. Runaway Balloon by Burke Davis
  9. The Monitor by Gare Thompson
  10. Juneteenth by Vaunda Nelson & Drew Nelson
  11. If You Lived at the Time of the Civil War (Read only pgs 20 – 37; & 50 – 58) by Kay Moore
  12. Just A Few Words Mr. Lincoln by Jean Fritz
  13. Clara Barton: Spirit of the American Red Cross by Patricia Lakin
  14. The Code of the Drum by L.L. Owens
  15. Buffalo Bill and the Pony Express (read also “Author’s Note” on the last page) by Eleanor Coerr
  16. A Picture Book of Sitting Bull by David Adler

Grade 4:

  1. A Picture Book of Sam Houston by David Adler
  2. Gold Fever by Catherine McMorrow
  3. Go Free Or Die by Jeri Ferris
  4. Meet Addy by Connie Porter (Please also read “A Peek Into the Past” at the end of the book)
  5. Meet Abraham Lincoln by Barbara Cary
  6. Frederick Douglass by Catherine Welch
  7. Samuel F. B. Morse by Jean Lee Latham
  8. Runaway Balloon by Burke Davis
  9. The Monitor by Gare Thompson
  10. Juneteenth by Vaunda Nelson & Drew Nelson
  11. If You Lived at the Time of the Civil War (whole book) by Kay Moore
  12. Gettysburg: The Graphic Novel by C.M. Butzer
  13. Civil War on Sunday by Mary Pope Osborne AND Clara Barton’s biography from this site: http://www.ducksters.com/biography/women_leaders/clara_barton.php
  14. The Code of the Drum by L.L. Owens
  15. Buffalo Bill and the Pony Express (read also “Author’s Note” on the last page) by Eleanor Coerr
  16. Sitting Bull by Susan Aller

Grade 5:

  1. The Mexican War by Carrie Nichols Cantor
  2. Gold Fever by Catherine McMorrow
  3. Go Free Or Die by Jeri Ferris
  4. Meet Addy by Connie Porter (Please also read “A Peek Into the Past” at the end of the book)
  5. Meet Abraham Lincoln by Barbara Cary
  6. Frederick Douglass by Catherine Welch
  7. Read Samuel F. B. Morse by Jean Lee Latham AND View this Youtube video about the telegraph: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oo0hSZ9R_Xk AND Read this article on “Early American Railroads” by clicking on this link: http://www.ushistory.org/us/25b.asp
  8. Runaway Balloon by Burke Davis
  9. The Monitor by Gare Thompson
  10. The Emancipation Proclamation by Charles Carey
  11. If You Lived at the Time of the Civil War (whole book) by Kay Moore
  12. Gettysburg: The Graphic Novel by C.M. Butzer
  13. Civil War on Sunday by Mary Pope Osborne AND Clara Barton’s biography from this site: http://www.ducksters.com/biography/women_leaders/clara_barton.php
  14. The Code of the Drum by L.L. Owens
  15. Buffalo Bill and the Pony Express (read also “Author’s Note” on the last page) by Eleanor Coerr
  16. Sitting Bull by Susan Aller

Grade 6:

  1. The Mexican War by Carrie Nichols Cantor
  2. The Journal of Wong Ming-Chung (My Name is America Series) by Laurence Yep Be sure to read Epilogue and “Historical Note” at the end of the book.
  3. Go Free Or Die by Jeri Ferris
  4. Uncle Tom’s Cabin (Young Folks’ Edition ISBN 9781617205163) by Harriet Beecher Stowe
    Note: This book is known as the book that started the Civil War. It is a very powerful book! However, the values and wording in the book reflect those of the times and would be very offensive to most people living in America today. Parents, please read this book prior to assigning it to your children so you can discuss it with them. Because it is a children’s version of the classic, it is a quick read. I also highly recommend reading the actual classic, Uncle Tom’s Cabin. It is beautifully written and full of Christian themes. AND READ THIS ARTICLE FROM THE INTERNET: https://www.harrietbeecherstowecenter.org/utc/impact.shtml
  5. Meet Abraham Lincoln by Barbara Cary
  6. Frederick Douglass by Catherine Welch
  7. Read Samuel F. B. Morse by Jean Lee Latham AND View this Youtube video about the telegraph: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oo0hSZ9R_Xk AND Read this article on “Early American Railroads” by clicking on this link: http://www.ushistory.org/us/25b.asp
  8. Runaway Balloon by Burke Davis
  9. The Monitor by Gare Thompson
  10. The Emancipation Proclamation by Charles Carey
  11. Growing Up in the Civil War by Duane Damon
  12. A Three-Minute Speech by Jennifer Armstrong
  13. Civil War on Sunday by Mary Pope Osborne AND Clara Barton’s biography from this site: http://www.ducksters.com/biography/women_leaders/clara_barton.php
  14. Civil war Youtube videos:


    Parents: The following videos are a bit bloody. I recommend viewing them first before showing them to your children.


    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BTsylumdKbU&list=PL1C37DAD5FB279D1C&index=5
  15. Buffalo Bill Cody by Charles Shields
  16. Sitting Bull by Susan Aller

Grades 7 & 8:

  1. The Mexican War by Carrie Nichols Cantor
  2. The Journal of Wong Ming-Chung (My Name is America Series) by Laurence Yep Be sure to read Epilogue and “Historical Note” at the end of the book.
  3.  Go Free Or Die by Jeri Ferris
  4. Uncle Tom’s Cabin (Young Folks’ Edition ISBN 9781617205163) by Harriet Beecher Stowe  Note: This book is known as the book that started the Civil War. It is a very powerful book! However, the values and wording in the book reflect those of the times and would be very offensive to most people living in America today. Parents, please read this book prior to assigning it to your children so you can discuss it with them. Because it is a children’s version of the classic, it is a quick read. I also highly recommend reading the actual classic, Uncle Tom’s Cabin. It is beautifully written and full of Christian themes. AND READ THIS ARTICLE FROM THE INTERNET: https://www.harrietbeecherstowecenter.org/utc/impact.shtml
  5. Don’t Know Much About Abraham Lincoln by Kenneth C. Davis
  6. Frederick Douglass: Abolitionist and Author by Norma Jean Lutz OR Voice of Freedom by Maryann N. Weidt
  7. View this Youtube video about Samuel Morse: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wGs57VQHt7M AND View this Youtube video about the telegraph: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oo0hSZ9R_Xk AND Read this article on “Early American Railroads” by clicking on this link: http://www.ushistory.org/us/25b.asp AND Read Mr. Lincoln’s High-Tech War by Thomas B. Allen & Roger MacBride Allen (Read only Prologue “The Spirit of Invention”, Chapter 1 “Lincoln’s Secret Train”, & chapter 11 “Rails & Wires at War”)
  8.  Mr. Lincoln’s High-Tech War by Thomas B. Allen & Roger MacBride Allen (Read only Chapter 5 “Riding the Wing of Battle”)
  9.  Mr. Lincoln’s High-Tech War by Thomas B. Allen & Roger MacBride Allen (Read only Chapter 6 “The Ironclads”)
  10.  The Emancipation Proclamation by Charles Carey
  11. Growing Up in the Civil War by Duane Damon
  12. A Three-Minute Speech by Jennifer Armstrong
  13. The Story of Clara Barton by Rachel A. Koestler-Grack AND http://www.jlrmedicalgroup.com/about-anesthesia/agony-to-anesthesia AND Medical Innovations of Civil War: http://mentalfloss.com/article/31326/5-medical-innovations-civil-war
  14. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ouay0wh27mU&list=PL1C37DAD5FB279D1C&index=3 AND https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ujRfsdAKR34&list=PL1C37DAD5FB279D1C&index=2 Parents: The following videos are a bit bloody. I recommend viewing them first before showing them to your children. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=savPIGOSIoo&list=PL1C37DAD5FB279D1C AND  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fbpQgz_yZiE&index=4&list=PL1C37DAD5FB279D1C AND https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BTsylumdKbU&list=PL1C37DAD5FB279D1C&index=5
  15. Buffalo Bill Cody by Charles Shields
  16. Sitting Bull by Kenneth Davis

Copyright January 7th, 2015 by Gwen Fredette

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Outline: Civil War Era

Greetings Fellow Homeschoolers!

Hope your school year has been joyful and productive thus far!  Beginning next week and through the Spring of 2015, I will be posting history lesson plans on the Civil War Era.  The lessons will be similar in format to lessons you’ve already seen and used from this “U Read Thru History” site.  Each week readings will be suggested for different grade levels, discussion questions will be listed, and activities will be suggested per grade level.    In response to numerous requests, I will also be posting a Unit Study book list for each grade level.  I hope and pray these lessons will be a blessing to you and your family!

Following is the outline for the Civil War Era Unit Study:

Winter & Spring 2015 (American History)

Civil War Era

  • Book List: Civil War Era
  • Week 1: Mexican War
  • Week 2: California Gold Rush
  • Week 3: Harriet Tubman
  • Week 4: Slavery & Underground Railroad
  • Week 5: Abraham Lincoln
  • Week 6: Frederick Douglass
  • Week 7: Civil War: The Telegraph & the Train
  • Week 8: Civil War: Hot Air Balloons
  • Week 9: Civil War: Ironclads
  • Week 10: Emancipation Proclamation
  • Week 11: Civil War: Daily Life
  • Week 12: Civil War: Gettysburg
  • Week 13: Civil War: Medical Advances
  • Week 14: Civil War: Soldier’s Life
  • Week 15: Buffalo Bill
  • Week 16: Sitting Bull
  • Week 17: Test: Civil War Era

If you have any questions about these History Lesson Plans, please feel free to email me.  My email is gwen.silverliningpress@juno.com.  If you’ve found great resources that might be a help to others using this curriculum, please feel free to write messages on the comments section of each post for others to see.  Thanks!  – Gwen

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