The Mexican War

Week 1: The Mexican War

Read K – 4: A Picture Book of Sam Houston by David Adler

5 – 8: The Mexican War by Carrie Nichols Cantor

Note for 5 – 8: The commander in chief of the Texas army and the first president of the Republic of Texas was Sam Houston.



  • What happened in the battle at the Alamo? (Texans fought for independence from Mexico; they were outnumbered by the Mexican army and killed at the Alamo.)
  • Who was commander-in-chief of the Texas army? (Sam Houston)
  • T/F Texas eventually won independence from Mexico by defeating the Mexican army. (True)
  • Who was the first president of the Republic of Texas? (Sam Houston)
  • Why did Texans want to become part of the United States? (safety from Mexico)
  • Was Texas a free state or slave state? (slave)

Questions for Grades 5 – 8:

  • T/F Before the Mexican War, California, Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, & parts of Colorado and Utah were part of Mexico. (True)
  • What type of government did Mexico have before the Mexican war? (dictatorship)
  • What were some of the issues of conflict between the Texans and the Mexican government? (taxes, slavery, religion, dictatorship vs. democracy; President of Mexico did not want any other Americans moving to Texas.)
  • What was the “manifest destiny”? (Belief that America was destined to stretch from one ocean to the other and have control of all the lands in between.)
  • Why did many Americans want to add Texas to the United States? (more land for America)
  • Why were many Northerners against Texas becoming a state? (Texas was a slave-holding country.)
  • Which country won most of the battles in the Mexican War? (US)
  • What U.S. general was responsible for these battles? (Zachary Taylor)
  • What city did the U.S army capture to end the war? (Mexico City)
  • What did the U.S. give Mexico to compensate for the vast amount of land they took? ($15 million)
  • Who was dictator of Mexico during the Mexican War? (Santa Anna) Who was president of the U.S.? (Polk)
  • Are the U.S. and Mexico on friendly terms now? (yes)

Activities: All grades: Using this blank map: and this map for help:, Color a map of U.S. & Mexico before and after the Mexican war.

K – 3: Coloring page:

4 – 6: Texas Independence worksheet (Read first page and answer questions on the second page.):

7 – 8: Write  a 5 paragraph 3 proof essay discussing the issues that lead many Texans to want independence from Mexico. Would you have agreed with most Texans and wanted independence? Why or why not?

Copyright January 12th, 2015 by Gwen Fredette



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Filed under Charlotte Mason, Civil War Era, Westward Expansion

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