The Telegraph & the Train

Week 7: The Telegraph & the Train

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Read K – 4:  Samuel F.B. Morse by Jean Lee Latham

5 – 6: 

  1. Read Samuel F. B. Morse by Jean Lee Latham AND
  2. View this Youtube video about the telegraph: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oo0hSZ9R_Xk AND
  3. Read this article on “Early American Railroads” by clicking on this link: http://www.ushistory.org/us/25b.asp

7 – 8: 

  1. Read Mr. Lincoln’s High-Tech War by Thomas B. Allen & Roger MacBride Allen (Read only: Prologue “The Spirit of Invention”, Chapter 1 “Lincoln’s Secret Train”, & Chapter 11 “Rails & Wires at War”) AND
  2. View this Youtube video about Samuel Morse: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wGs57VQHt7M AND
  3. View this Youtube video about the telegraph: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oo0hSZ9R_Xk AND
  4. Read this article on “Early American Railroads” by clicking on this link: http://www.ushistory.org/us/25b.asp

Discuss:

  • T/F Samuel Morse was a talented artist. (true)
  • T/F Samuel Morse was wealthy because of his artwork. (false)
  • When did Samuel Morse get the idea for inventing the telegraph? (on his way home on a ship from Europe)
  • What made electricity a good way to send messages? (Electricity travels on a wire instantaneously.)
  • Was the government excited about his telegraph at first? (no)
  • What was the first message sent by telegraph? (What hath God wrought?)
  • How did the telegraph change communication in the United States? (Telegraph wires eventually put all over the country; people could communicate instantaneously.)
  • Were people able to communicate from country to country during Samuel Morse’s lifetime? (yes)
  • How? (cables put under the ocean)
    Questions for Grades 4 – 8:
  • Who rebuilt Samuel Morse’s telegraph; provided the funds needed to pay for the invention (by his father) and invented the “Morse” code? (Alfred Vail)
  • Why didn’t Alfred Vail get credit for his contributions? (Samuel Morse’s name was on patent)
  • Where was the railroad first developed? (Great Britain)
  • Where was the first railroad chartered in the U.S.? (Baltimore, Maryland)
  • Why were some Americans unhappy about the new railroads? (put canal workers, inn keepers, & other businesses out of work)
    Questions for Grades 7 – 8:
  • As Commander-in-Chief during the Civil War, what two important inventions did Lincoln take control of after taking office? (telegraph lines, North’s railroads)
  • How did Lincoln find out he had won the election? (by telegraph)
  • How did Lincoln travel to his Inauguration? (by train)

Activities: K – 2: Write your first and last name in Morse Code using this key for help: http://morsecodealphabet.org/pdf/morse_code_alphabet.pdf
3 – 5: Complete this Morse Code worksheet: http://morsecodealphabet.org/quiz-worksheets-decode/morse_code_quiz.pdf by using this key: http://morsecodealphabet.org/pdf/morse_code_alphabet.pdf
6 – 8:

  1. Complete this Morse Code worksheet: http://morsecodealphabet.org/quiz-worksheets-decode/morse_code_quiz.pdf by using this key: http://morsecodealphabet.org/pdf/morse_code_alphabet.pdf
  2. Then answer the following question in paragraph form: What do you believe was the more important invention during 1800’s, the train or the telegraph? Give details to support your answer.

Copyright February 19th, 2015 by Gwen Fredette

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Filed under Charlotte Mason, Civil War Era

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