Week 10: Emancipation Proclamation
- What was the order that freed slaves in confederate states called? (The Emancipation Proclamation)
- When was the order issued? (1863)
- Did all the slaves hear about the order right away? Why?(No; slave masters did not want to tell them.)
- How did slaves find out about the order? (Union troops told them as they moved through the South.)
- What did many slaves do when they heard the order? (Laughed, cried, joined the Union army, looked for loved ones, moved away; many stayed on plantations because they had nowhere to go.)
Question for grades K – 4 only:
- How long did it take Texan slaves to hear about the Emancipation Proclamation? (2 years)
- Why is Juneteenth a special holiday in many states? (June 19th is the day that slaves in Texas were finally set free. The special day eventually became known as Juneteenth, and as African American families moved to other states they began celebrating the special day other places. It is now a holiday in many states across the country.)
Questions for grades 5 – 8:
- Did the Emancipation Proclamation free all of the slaves? (No)
- Which slaves did the Emancipation Proclamation free? (slaves in rebellion against the Union: all states in the Confederacy except Tennessee)
- Why did Southerners want to keep slaves? (work on Plantations)
- How did most Northerners feel about slavery? (felt it was wrong)
- Which slave states stayed in the Union? (Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky, & Missouri)
- What was originally the purpose of the Civil War? (keep Union together)
- Why was Lincoln reluctant at first to free the slaves? (wanted to keep Union together; hoped Southern states would come back without battles; didn’t want to anger the Southern states or the border states that supported the Union)
- What changed Lincoln’s mind? (Southern slaves were being used to help build a Confederate fort.)
- Why did many slaves want to join the Union army? (to help bring freedom to the South)
- How did Great Britain and France feel about slavery? (were against it)
- In the beginning of the War Great Britain & France supported the South. Why? (needed cotton from the South)
- When the Civil War turned into a war about slavery, how did Great Britain & France react? (stopped helping the South)
- Why was it suggested that Lincoln wait to free the slaves? (North had not won any major battles; People might think Lincoln was freeing the slaves because he was afraid of losing the war.)
- What state rejoined the Union because of the Emancipation Proclamation? (Tennessee)
- How did Confederates react to the Emancipation? (hated it)
- How did Northerners in slave states react? (didn’t like it; afraid Lincoln would free their slaves next)
- How did Abolitionists react? (unhappy; wanted Lincoln to free ALL the slaves)
- How did most Northerners react? (in favor of it; believed Lincoln handled things as well as he could)
- How did Southern slaves react? ( very happy; thousands tried to escape)
- How did Lincoln respond when he was asked to give up the Emancipation Proclamation? (He said, “Should I do so, I should deserve to be damned through all eternity.)
- About how many former black slaves joined the army after the Emancipation? (200,000)
- Which Amendment to the Constitution made slavery illegal everywhere? (13th)
Activities: K – 2: Draw your own picture of slaves hearing of the Emancipation Proclamation by Union Soldiers.
3 – 4: View this famous Civil War drawing by Thomas Nast: http://www.civilwar.org/education/history/primarysources/cartoons-and-pics/emancipation.html
Then answer these questions on a separate sheet of paper:
- Not everyone in America was happy about Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation. How do you think the artist felt about it? Why?
- Do you think the artist thought Abraham Lincoln was a good president? Why or why not?
- This picture is really a collage of many pictures. Which one do you like the best? Why?
- What beings are in the clouds on the top left? What being is in the clouds on the top right? What do you think the artist is trying to communicate by showing these beings?
5 – 6: Read the information printed on this site about the Emancipation Proclamation: http://mrkash.com/activities/emancipation.html
Then answer questions 1- 10 from this site (see above) on a separate sheet of paper.
7 – 8: Emancipation Proclamation Analysis worksheet (pgs 4 – 6) & The Public Reacts Worksheet (pgs 11 – 14) on this site: http://telegraph.civilwar.org/education/curriculum/High/3%20Antietam%20&%20Emancipation/Antietam%20and%20Emancipation%20Lesson%20Package_High%20School.pdf
Copyright March 12, 2015 by Gwen Fredette