Week 16: Sitting Bull
Read K – 3: A Picture Book of Sitting Bull by David Adler
4 – 6: Sitting Bull by Susan Aller
- What were the many ways Indians used buffalo? (ate meat, used skin to make clothes, tepees, blankets, used horns to make spoons and cups, made ropes and belts from hair)
- Did Indians kill buffalo for fun? (no, only killed what they needed)
- What was Sitting Bull’s name as a child? Why? (Slow; never seemed to be in a hurry)
- How did he get the name Sitting Bull? (Hit a Crow Warrior and knocked the bow and arrow from his hand.)
- Why was Sitting Bull angry with white settlers? (They killed millions of buffalo for sport; they traveled through their lands and built houses, towns, and forts on their land; they broke peace treaties they had made with his people.)
- What were Reservations? (areas of land where Native Americans were being forced to relocate so white settlers could live in their land)
- Did Sitting Bull want to live on the reservation? (no)
- What happened to Native Americans who refused to move to reservations? (they had to face the U.S. military)
- Who won the Battle of Little Bighorn? (Sitting Bull & the Native Americans)
- What famous Colonel was killed? (Custer)
- Why did Sitting Bull lead the Sioux tribe to Canada? (thought they would be safe there)
- Why didn’t they stay in Canada? (not enough food; starving)
- What famous show did Sitting Bull become a part of? (Buffalo Bill’s Wild West Show)
- Why was Sitting Bull killed? (The Sioux tribe performed a wild dance in the hopes of bringing back dead family and to bring herds of buffalo and floods to drown white enemies; Whites thought it was a war dance and killed Sitting Bull, his son and others.)
Questions for Grades 4 – 8:
- How did the Lakota Sioux use Buffalo droppings? (fuel for fires)
- What was the Pacific Railroad Act? (law that gave millions of acres of land to railroad companies for railroads and telegraph wires)
- The Pacific Railroad act was signed into law in 1862. Who was president at this time? (Abraham Lincoln)
- Who did this land belong to? (Native American tribes)
- Why were whites hired to kill buffalo? (so Native Americans would not need to roam the plains any more and would have to live on the reservations; to feed the men working to build the railroad.)
- How did the railroad affect the buffalo? (they were scared of it)
- Why were the Black Hills important to the Lakota Sioux? (Holy Mountains; they believed sacred spirits of their people lived there.)
- Why were the Black Hills important to the government? (They believed gold was there.)
- Did the government honor their treaty to stay out of the Great Sioux Reservation? (no; thousands of gold seekers rushed to the Black Hills.)
- What happened to Native Americans who refused to move to reservations? (They were killed)
- Could Native Americans hunt buffalo on reservations? (No)
- How did they eat? (farmed; given food)
- Did the Native Americans like the schools for their children? (no, kids were taught English; had to live away from home at school; had to dress like white settlers.)
- What did Sitting Bull do with the money he earned from the Wild West Show? (used it to help his people and the poor)
- Does the Lakota tribe still live on reservations? (Many still do.)
Activities: K – 2: Draw your own picture of Sitting Bull. Underneath the picture write 3 sentences telling 3 things you learned about this great chief.
3 – 5: From this site: http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/authors/s/sitting_bull.html read many statements spoken by Sitting Bull. Choose 5 quotes and copy them onto a separate sheet of paper. Then, tell why you think they are famous.
6 – 8: Choose one of the following for a 5 paragraph, 3 proof essay topic:
- In what ways did the U.S. government wrong the Lakota Sioux tribe?
- In your opinion why was Sitting Bull such a great Indian chief?
- Describe how Indian reservations killed Native American culture.
Copyright April 29th, 2015 by Gwen Fredette