Week 4: Johann Gutenberg
Note: Book covers were made from leather during the Renaissance. The Lettering used for books at this time was Gothic.
- Who first invented the idea of printing? (Chinese)
- How were books made before the printing press? (by hand)
- Who wrote them? (usually scribes, monks in monasteries)
- What was used for paper before the printing press was invented? (parchment: animal skins)
- What were book covers made from? (leather)
- How long did these books take to make? (months)
- Before the printing press, could most people read? (no)
- Name Gutenberg’s 3 important inventions?
- Metal type
- New ink that would stick to the type
- Press that would push paper onto the type
- What style lettering was used during the Renaissance? (Gothic style)
- Why were letters made in reverse? (printing always reverses the letters)
- What was Gutenberg’s most famous book? (Latin Bible or Gutenberg Bible)
Questions for Grades 7 & 8:
- Where did Gutenberg learn metal working skills? (At the mint where his father was an official)
- Why did Gutenberg want to keep his invention a secret? (So others would not steal his work until he had a good business going.)
- Why did Gutenberg have to invent a new metal alloy for his type? (Metal had to be hard enough to withstand the printing process but it also had to have a lower melting point so it could be easily cast into type.)
- What was the first book Gutenberg printed? (Schoolbook on Latin Grammar, Ars Grammatica)
- T/F Gutenberg printed Indulgences, papers that were sold by the Catholic church that promised people forgiveness of sins. (True)
- Why did Fust sue Gutenberg? (Gutenberg didn’t pay him the money he owed him in time.)
- How did Fust acquire Gutenberg’s printing press? (The court ordered that Gutenberg had to give Fust his printing press since he couldn’t pay him back.)
- How was Gutenberg able to start printing again? (The Town Clerk gave him money to start a new printing press.)
- Why were more people able to read after Gutenberg’s invention? (Books were printed cheaply, more became available, more people could buy them and wanted to learn; books were also printed in more languages people could understand and reading became easier.)
Activities: K – 2: Make your own potato stamp using directions from this site: http://www.fun-stuff-to-do.com/easy-crafts-for-kids-8.html Try to create a backwards letter on one half of the potato so kids can learn how letter stamps had to be created in reverse.
3 – 5: Write your favorite Bible verse or poem using this Gutenberg font: http://fontm.com/gutenberg-textura-font/ Then, write your first and last name in reverse as Gutenberg did. Next hold it up to a mirror to see if you’ve done it correctly (and of course, to read it!).
6 – 8: Read the article on this site about the printing press: http://teacher.scholastic.com/scholasticnews/magazines/junior/pdfs/JUNIOR-033009-REPRO-01.pdf then, complete the worksheet that follows it.
Copyright September 27th, 2015 by Gwen Fredette