Monthly Archives: November 2015

Queen Elizabeth

Week 12: Queen Elizabeth

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Read K – 5: Good Queen Bess by Diane Stanley

6 – 8:  Who Was Queen Elizabeth by June Eding OR Elizabeth I by Simon Adams  

Note:  The name of Elizabeth’s family line was “The Tudors”.  People call the time of Queen Elizabeth’s rule, when there was peace and prosperity, as “The Elizabethan Age.”

Discuss:

  • Why did Elizabeth’s father, King Henry, start the church of England? (Wanted to divorce his wife, Catholic church wouldn’t allow it.)
  • Why did Henry want a son so badly? (felt kingdom should go to a son; believed a woman couldn’t rule the kingdom)
  • Was King Henry happy when Elizabeth was born? (no; wanted a son)
  • Did Elizabeth expect to be queen someday? (no)  Why? (Father married third wife, who bore him a son.)
  • Why wasn’t Elizabeth’s brother Edward king for long? (died, bad health)
  • Who became queen after Edward’s death? (Elizabeth’s older sister, Mary)
  • Why weren’t the English people happy with Mary as their queen? (she married the future king of Spain, she changed the religion of England to Catholicism)
  • Why did Elizabeth become queen? (Mary died)
  • What made Elizabeth a good queen? (tolerant of people’s religious views, made wise decisions to keep country out of war, visited the common people, listened to advisors, encouraged the theatre)
  • Did Queen Elizabeth ever marry? (no)

Questions for Grades 6 – 8:

  • What was the name of Elizabeth’s family line? (The Tudors)
  • T/F Elizabeth’s life was threatened several times. (T)
  • T/F Elizabeth was well educated. (T)
  • T/F Elizabeth received many marriage proposals. (T)
  • Who was Mary, Queen of Scots? (Elizabeth’s Catholic cousin who wanted the throne of England, plotted to kill Elizabeth)
  • What was the Elizabethan Age? (Time of Elizabeth’s rule, time of peace and prosperity)
  • Did Elizabeth have any children? (no)
  • Who became king when Elizabeth died? (Mary, Queen of Scot’s son, James)

Activities:

K – 1: Coloring page: http://www.activityvillage.co.uk/sites/default/files/downloads/elizabeth_i_colouring_page.pdf

2 – 3: Complete one of the following 2 worksheets:

4 – 6:Elizabeth’s family line was called “The Tudors”.  Complete the following worksheets about “The Tudors”:  http://www.activityvillage.co.uk/sites/default/files/downloads/rich_and_poor_food_tudor_workheet.pdf

Then, write a few paragraphs on ONE of the following topics:

  1. In what ways was Elizabeth a great Queen?
  2. Many people have desired to be part of the nobility or royal families.  What were some advantages of being part of this class?  What were the disadvantages?

7 – 8: Fill in the following worksheet, listing the reasons why King Henry ended the marriages to each of his 6 wives: http://www.activityvillage.co.uk/sites/default/files/downloads/wives_henry_viii_booklet_3_blank.pdf

Then, write a short essay on ONE of the following topics:

  1. In what ways was Elizabeth a great Queen?
  2. Many people have desired to be part of the nobility or royal families.  What were some advantages of being part of this class?  What were the disadvantages?

Copyright November 20th, 2015 by Gwen Fredette

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Ferdinand Magellan

Week 11: Ferdinand Magellan

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Read K – 3: Land Ho! By Nancy Winslow Parker (pages 14 & 15 only) & watch this youtube video about Ferdinand Magellan: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ijSk7uv4nbI

4 – 6:  Magellan’s World by Stuart Waldman

7 – 8:  Ferdinand Magellan by Betty Burnett

Discuss:

  •  Ferdinand Magellan was the first man to do what? (sail around the world)
  • Which country did he sail for? (Spain)
  • Why was the voyage so difficult? (long, ran out of food)
  • How many ships did he start with? (5)
  • Did Magellan survive the trip? (no)
  • How many ships made it back to Spain after sailing around the world? (1)

Questions for Grades 4 and Up:

  • Where was Magellan from? (Portugal)
  • Why didn’t he sail for the King of Portugal? (King Manuel didn’t like him)
  • Describe some of the problems Magellan had with his captains? (Didn’t trust Magellan because he was Portuguese; Cartagena wanted to be in charge and lead a rebellion against him with other captains)
  • What did Magellan do to these men? (one captain sentenced to death; left Cartagena on an island to die)
  • Where was the “strait” through the “New World” located? (tip of South America)
  • Why did Magellan name the new ocean the “Pacific”? (Pacific means peaceful)
  • What did the sailors eat when they ran out of food? (sawdust & leather)
  • What was scurvy? (disease caused by lack of vitamin C)
  • What important group of islands in the Pacific did he find? (Philippines)
  • What religion did Magellan preach to the Cebuans? (Christianity)
  • What terrible mistake did Magellan make? (should have left while things were good, but instead decided to do battle with the nearby island of Mactan; many sailors were killed, including Magellan)
  • How was Magellan killed? (with poisoned arrow)

Questions for grades 7 & up:

  • Why did countries want to find an easy route to the East? (wanted Spices)
  • Who kept a diary of Magellan’s voyage? (Pigafetta)
  • Did all of Magellan’s ships sail to the Pacific Ocean? (no; one turned around and went back to Spain)
  • Why didn’t Magellan get scurvy? (He ate quince jelly which had vitamin C in it.)
  • How many men made it back to Spain? (18)
  • How long did the journey take? (almost 3 years)

 

Activities: All Ages:  Make a map of Magellan’s journey using this blank map: http://www.eduplace.com/ss/maps/pdf/world_country.pdf

and this map: http://www.ducksters.com/biography/explorers/magellan_route_around_the_world.jpg

or this map for help: http://mrnussbaum.com/explorers/routemaps/

K – 6: Create a voyage in a bottle craft similar to this idea from Crayola.com: http://www.crayola.com/lesson-plans/voyages-in-a-bottle-lesson-plan/

Except, create 5 ships instead of 3 and label the bottle Ferdinand Magellan.   The ship hulls can be made with playdough.  The ship masts can be made with toothpicks.  The ships were named the Trinidad, the Santiago, the Victoria, the Concepcion, and the San Antonio.   Be sure to include a Spanish Flag on each ship to show that Magellan sailed for Spain.  http://www.enchantedlearning.com/europe/spain/flag/

Draw a large red arrow on mast of the San Antonio to show that it secretly sailed back to Spain.  Color the mast of the Santiago black to show that it sunk near South America.  Put a star on the mast of the Victoria, which is the only ship that made it back to Spain after sailing around the world.

7 – 8: Choose one of the following essay prompts:

  • In what ways was Ferdinand Magellan a good leader and captain? In what ways was Magellan a poor one?
  • King Manuel did not think highly of Magellan. Was he correct in his views?  Why or why not?
  • Pretend you are going on a voyage around the world with the same crew and ships Magellan had. What would you have done differently regarding the following problems he encountered: 1) mutiny  2) scurvy  3) starvation  4) battle with Cebuans

Copyright November 13th, 2015 by Gwen Fredette

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John Calvin

Week 10: John Calvin

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Read K – 3: Take the week off! (This subject is a bit advanced for children this age.)

4 – 8:  John Calvin by Simonetta Carr (Christian Biographies for Young Readers)

 

Discuss:

  • What does the word “Reformation” mean? (To change for the better)
  • Why did Reformers like John Calvin often have to flee from one town to another? (Catholic church did not like their teachings.)
  • What famous book did John Calvin write? (Institutes of the Christian Religion)
  • How did Calvin prefer to use his time? (Study in peace & quiet)
  • How did Farel urge Calvin into staying in Geneva? (Told him that God would curse his peace if he left in such a time of great need.)
  • Did Calvin listen to him? (yes)
  • How did Calvin work in Geneva? (Pastor & preacher)
  • Why was Calvin asked to leave Geneva? (Disagreements with city council over rules in church)
  • Who did Calvin marry? (Idelette, a widow)
  • What began killing a lot of Calvin’s friends and church members? (the plague)
  • What city was he called back to? (Geneva)
  • What new college did Calvin begin? (Protestant college: Geneva Academy)
  • T/F Calvin often had poor health. (T)
  • How did Calvin feel about relics? ( spoke against them)

Activities:

4 – 6:  Write a short essay comparing and contrasting Martin Luther and John Calvin.

7 – 8:   Read this worksheet and answer the questions on a separate piece of paper: http://slevineqhs.weebly.com/uploads/2/3/6/7/23673199/john_calvin_reading.pdf

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Copyright November 5th, 2015 by Gwen Fredette

 

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Filed under Charlotte Mason, Reformation, Renaissance