Monthly Archives: June 2016

PHB Homeschool Art Contest Winners (2016)

The winners of the 2016 PHB Homeschool Art Contest have been chosen!PHBART

Special thanks to all the students who participated!  You did a fantastic job!  We can tell that you all worked very hard.  I hope more art contests can be hosted on this blog in the future.  Please try again!  The winners have been notified and will be receiving their prizes from the sponsors shortly.  You can see their winning artwork displayed below.

Special thanks to the following Sponsors who helped make this contest possible:

Special thanks also to the panel of judges who worked to select the winners:

  • Georgia Franchetti
  • Abigail Fredette
  • Sarah Klein
  • Anne Macha
  • Julia Melone
  • Delmalyn Vaughn
  • Kelly Wong

Art Contest participants were judged based on the following criteria:

  1. Artwork portrayed theme of “Science & Technology”
  2. Design/Composition
  3. Craftmanship/Skill
  4. Creativity & Originality
  5. Aesthetically Pleasing 

As promised, following are reprints of the winners’ fantastic artwork.

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Category 6th – 8th grades:

1st Place: Naomi, a traditional homeschooler in Grade 6 from Flemington, WV, for her artwork entitled “Trapped in Technology”.

Phenomenal artwork for a 6th grade student!


2nd Place: Sarah, a traditional homeschooler in Grade 6 from Lumberton, NJ, for her artwork entitled “A Scientist at Work”.  

The judges loved her bold colors and simple design.


3rd Place: Faith, a traditional homeschooler in Grade 6 from Milford, MI for her artwork entitled “Mad Scientist”.  

The judges loved her attention to detail.


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Category 3rd – 5th grades:

1st Place: Sophia, a traditional homeschooler in Grade 3 from Collinsville, IL, for her artwork entitled “Man on the Moon”.  

The judges loved her wonderful use of water color paints.


2nd Place: Grace, a traditional homeschooler in Grade 5 from Cypress, Texas, for her artwork entitled “Researching the Past”.  

The judges loved her creative use of scientific images.  Check out the test-tube burning through the table!


3rd Place: Noah, a traditional homeschooler in Grade 5 from Romeoville, IL for his artwork entitled “Solar System Tour Fleet — Passing Jupiter”.  

The judges loved his bold colors.


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Category K – 2nd grades:

1st Place: Alex, a traditional homeschooler in Grade K from Philadelphia, PA, for his artwork entitled “Teslas Go Driving with No Pollution”.  

Teslas are electric cars that create no pollution.  Creative image of modern technology!


2nd Place: Norah, a traditional homeschooler in Grade 2 from Portage, MI for her artwork entitled “Portals into the World”.  

Creative way to show the power of a simple scientific tool — the magnifying glass.


3rd Place: Elizabeth, a  traditional homeschooler in Grade 1 from Park Falls, WI for her artwork titled “Exploding Experiments”.  

Fantastic artwork for a 1st grade student! Check out the baseball picture in the background.

exploding experiments1

Posted by Gwen Fredette on June 29th, 2016.

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Post Civil War Test

WEEK 17:  Post Civil War American History Test

NOTE: Following is the Post Civil War American History Test.  7th and 8th graders should be able to do all of this test.  4th through 6th graders should be able to do most of the test.   K – 3rd graders will be able to do a lot of this test orally.   Each question is worth 2 points.  This test is OPTIONAL.   Please feel free to skip it, scale it, eliminate parts of it, use it merely as a review, or do whatever best suits your family!  If you choose to give your children this test, I would recommend reviewing the “Discussion Questions” from the last 16 weeks’ lesson plans the day before you give the test.

Following the test you will find a teachers’ answer key.

History Test: Post Civil War

Name: ________________________________                                                                Date: ________


Directions: Write “T” if the answer is true.  Write “F” if the answer is false.

  1. T/F Quakers believed in equality of the sexes. _________
  2. T/F Quakers believed in equality of races. _________
  3. T/F Rich and poor passenger’s rooms on the boat to America were the same. _________
  4. T/F The government sent supplies of food to Native Americans who lived on assigned lands. _______
  5. T/F When Americans fought against Indian tribes, they never killed women and children. _________


Directions: Circle the letter(s) of the correct answer(s).

  1. What was the “Reconstruction”?

A.) The rebuilding of the Transcontinental Railroad.

B.) The rebuilding of the South after the Civil War.

C.)  Building of schools for African Americans after the Civil War.

D.)  The fight for women’s right to vote after the Civil War.


  1. What did the Southern states have to do to rejoin the Union?

A.)  10% of voters in a Southern state had to take an oath to support the Union.

B.)  50% of voters in a Southern state had to take an oath to support the Union.

C.)  The state had to agree to make slavery illegal.

D.)  Both  A and  C are correct.

E.)  Both B and C are correct.


  1. What were “Black Codes?”

A.) Laws passed in the South that prevented blacks from voting.

B.) Laws passed in the South that prevented blacks from going to school.

C.) Laws  passed in the South that prevented blacks from owning land.

D.)  All of the above.


  1. Which Amendment outlawed slavery?

A.)  5th Amendment

B.)  9th Amendment

C.)  13th Amendment

D.)  19th Amendment


  1. Which southern president was nicknamed the “Veto President”?

A.) Abraham Lincoln                                       C.) Ulysses S. Grant

B.) Andrew Johnson                                       D.) Rutherford Hayes


  1. What did the Freedman’s Bureau do?

A.) It freed slaves.

B.)  It built sod houses for slaves in the Plains.

C.)  It gave out food, clothes, and medicine, & set up hospitals and schools for former slaves.

D.)  It provided food, clothes, and medicine, & set up hospitals and schools for Native Americans.


  1. Which amendment gave women the right to vote?

A.)  5th Amendment

B.)  9th Amendment

C.)  13th Amendment

D.)  19th Amendment


  1. Name some of the problems Chicago firefighters faced in trying to fight the great Chicago fire. (Circle all that apply.)

A.)  The houses were made of wood; sidewalks were made of wood and streets were paved with wood.

B.)  There had been a drought and they had had to battle many fires in the previous days; they were exhausted and hadn’t gotten enough sleep.

C.)  The firefighters hadn’t had enough practice in fighting fires.

D.)  The firefighters went to the wrong neighborhood by accident.


  1. Why was it unusual that Booker was asked to speak at the Exposition in Atlanta?

A.)  He was the first black person asked to speak to a white audience there.

B.)  He didn’t know how to give speeches.

C.)  He lived quite a distance from the Exposition.

D.)  None of the above.


  1. Which Act promised free land to families living in the Plains during the 1800’s.

A.)  Kansas Act

B.) Minnesota Act

C.)  Indian Reservation Act

D.)  The Homestead Act


  1. Why did many immigrants want to move to America? (circle all that apply)

A.)  Famine in homeland.

B.)  Persecution due to Race.

C.)  Persecution due to Religion.

D.)  Both A & C

E.)  All of the above.


  1. Name 2 Indian chiefs that strove for peace and didn’t fight? (Circle Two)

A.) Black Kettle                                 C.) Geronimo

B.) Crazy Horse                                                 D.) White Antelope


  1. Which of the following is NOT true of Thomas Edison.

A.)  He invented visible speech.

B.)  He was hard of hearing.

C.)  He worked long hours, with very little sleep.

D.)  When he was young he set up a laboratory in a train.


  1. What was the name of the man who designed the Statue of Liberty?

A.) Bartholdi

B.) Lamboulaye

C.) Eiffel

D.) Bedloe

E.) Pulitzer


  1. Who helped raise money to build the pedestal for the Statue of Liberty?

A.) Bartholdi

B.) Lamboulaye

C.) Eiffel

D.) Bedloe

E.) Pulitzer


  1. What is the name of the famous poem written on a plaque in the statue’s museum?

A.)  Hope to Immigrants

B.)  The New Colossus

C.)  Give Me Your Tired, Your Poor

D.)  American Liberty


  1. In what ways was George Washington Carver gifted? (Circle all that apply.)

A.) Artistic

B.)  Skilled with plants

C.) Created many products from peanuts.

D.)  Well known for his poetry.


  1. What famous inventors offered Carver positions at their businesses? (Circle all that apply.)

A.) Thomas Edison

B.) Alexander Graham Bell

C.)  Henry Ford

D.)  Andrew Pulitzer


Directions: Fill in the blank with the correct answer(s).

  1. What was the name of the group that dressed in white robes and declared white supremacy. They traveled at night attacking and killing blacks and black supporters? ____________________________________________________________________________________


  1. Name the 2 railroad companies that built the Transcontinental Railroad AND name the nationality of the majority of the workers for each group.

1.) _____________________________________  Workers: _________________________________

2.) _____________________________________  Workers: _________________________________


  1. Which company had to dig tunnels through the Sierra Mountains?


  1. Which company had trouble with Indian attacks?


  1. How did the U.S. hear the good news that the tracks were finished?


  1. Name the woman who traveled the country fighting for women’s right to vote. _______________________________________________
  2. Where did the Chicago fire start? (be specific!)


  1. What was the name of the school Booker T. Washington became principal of? ________________________________________________
  2. What famous black man was a teacher at the Booker’s school for many years? ________________________________________________
  3. When families first moved to the Plains during the 1800’s, many had to live in what type of houses? ____________________________________________
  4. What were the “clouds of terror?” that filled the Plains in the 1800’s? ___________________________________________________
  5. What unnerving sound came from these “clouds of terror”? _______________________________________________
  6. Why did doctors check the immigrants?


  1. What was the name of the Island thousands of immigrants passed through to come to America? _________________________________________
  2. What was the most dangerous thing that could happen to a cowboy rounding up cattle? ______________________________________________
  3. Cattle were eventually boarded onto what vehicle?


  1. What animal did the Indians of the plains hunt?


  1. What famous American general was killed against his battle with Sitting Bull (& Crazy Horse) at the battle of Little Bighorn? __________________________________________________
  2. What was the name of the assigned land many Native Americans were forced to live on? ___________________________________________
  3. What was Alexander Graham Bell’s most famous invention? ___________________________________________
  4. Who was Alexander Graham Bell’s assistant?


  1. What did Alexander Graham Bell believe was his most important work? __________________________________________
  2. What was Thomas Edison’s most famous invention?


  1. What country was the Statue of Liberty a gift from?


  1. What 2 things does the statue hold? (be specific!) ____________________________________

And ________________________________________________

  1. How did Hellen Keller become deaf and blind?


  1. What was the name of Hellen Keller’s teacher?


Extra Credit:

Grades K – 3: What city does the Statue of Liberty sit in? ________________________________

Name another invention of Thomas Edison. ___________________________________________

Grades 4 – 6: What insect was destroying the cotton plants? ______________________________

What does suffrage mean? _________________________________________________

Grades 7 – 8: What speech by Booker T. Washington has been regarded as one of the most famous and important speeches in U.S. history? ________________________________________

Name two things displayed at the Centennial Exposition? ________________________ and ____________________________


Answer Key:

  • 1.  T
  • 2.  T
  • 3. F
  • 4.  T
  • 5.  F
  • 6.  B
  • 7.  D
  • 8.  D
  • 9.  C
  • 10.  B
  • 11.  C
  • 12.  D
  • 13.  A, B, & D
  • 14.  A
  • 15.  D
  • 16.  E
  • 17.  A & D
  • 18.  A
  • 19. A
  • 20.  E
  • 21.  B
  • 22.  A, B, & C
  • 23.  A & C
  • 24.  Ku Klux Klan
  • 25.  UP – Union Pacific: Irish, CP – Central Pacific – Chinese
  • 26.  CP Central Pacific
  • 27. UP Union Pacific
  • 28.  Telegraph
  • 29. Susan B. Anthony
  • 30.  O’Leary’s barn
  • 31.  Tuskegee Institute
  • 32.  George Washington Carver
  • 33.  sod houses
  • 34.  grasshoppers
  • 35.  chomping
  • 36.  Checked for diseases
  • 37.  Ellis Island
  • 38.  stampede
  • 39.  train
  • 40.  buffalo
  • 41.  General Custard
  • 42.  reservations
  • 43.  telephone
  • 44.  Thomas Watson
  • 45.  teaching the deaf
  • 46.  lightbulb
  • 47.  France
  • 48.  torch, Declaration of Independence
  • 49.  from an illness
  • 50.  Annie Sullivan

Extra Credit K – 3:  New York; phonograph, movie camera, microphone, cement mixer, storage battery, improved telegraph, etc.

Extra Credit 4 – 6:  Boll Weevil; right to vote

Extra Credit: 7 – 8:  Atlanta Compromise; telephone, multiple telegraph, torch from Statue of Liberty

Copyright June 12th, 2016 by Gwen Fredette

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Filed under Charlotte Mason, Post Civil War Era

Post Civil War Review & Presidents

Week 16: Post Civil War Review

(& Presidents from Johnson to McKinley)


View K – 8:  America: The Story of Us (Disc 2: Chapters Heartland & Cities (Just to end of Statue of Liberty)


  • No discussion questions.

Activities:  Review Presidents from Johnson to McKinley

K – 2: None.

 3 – 8:   Print out the following poster:

Then, make a posterboard  chart with 4 rows and 11 columns .

In Row 1:  At the top of the first column write the word “President”.  In row 1,  in columns 2 – 11 write the following names of our presidents from the historical period we just studied:

  1. Abraham Lincoln
  2. Andrew Johnson
  3. Ulysses S. Grant
  4.  Rutherford B. Hayes
  5. James Garfield
  6. Chester A. Arthur
  7.  Grover Cleveland
  8. Benjamin Harrison
  9.  Grover Cleveland
  10. William McKinley

Then do the following

In Row 2: Write the years that each president served. (you can find this info by clicking on the names of the presidents listed above.)

Row 3:  Cut out pictures of the presidents from the poster you printed and put the correct picture under each correct name.  (Note: you will not be using all the pictures.)

Row 4: Put the following events in the appropriate columns under the appropriate president’s years served:

  • Lincoln Assassinated: 1865
  • 13th Amendment Abolished Slavery 1865
  • Johnson Impeached: 1868
  • 14th Amendment Defined U.S. citizens 1868
  • Transcontinental Railroad completed: 1869
  • 15th Amendment Gave all men right to vote regardless of race: 1870
  • Great Chicago Fire: 1871
  • Grasshopper Plagues: 1873 – 1874
  • Bell invented telephone: 1876
  • Edison invented lightbulb: 1879
  • Garfield assassinated: 1881
  • Statue of Liberty unveiled: 1886
  • McKinley assassinated: 1901

Copyright June 1st, 2016 by Gwen Fredette

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Filed under Charlotte Mason, Post Civil War Era