Week 1: Enlightenment Thinkers & Scientific Revolution
Read K – 3: This topic is a bit complicated and heavy for this age group. I recommend skipping this lesson and moving on to “Week 2”.
4 – 5: Read these online worksheets: http://fliphtml5.com/eedw/hsij
6 – 8: View these two Youtube videos and take notes along with Mr. Byrd:
- The period of time during the a 16th, 17th & 18th centuries when there was a huge change in the way people thought of science (and mathematics) is called the …. ? ( The Scientific Revolution )
- Prior to the scientific revolution people found answers to questions about nature from where? (The Church, Bible Ancient Greece & Ancient Rome, Aristotle)
- During the Scientific Revolution people found these answers based on what? (Reason & Observation)
- Name 2 major figures during the Scientific Revolution? (Galileo, Isaac Newton)
- The period of time during the 17th & 18th centuries when there was a huge change in the way people thought of politics is called the …. ? ( The Enlightenment )
- Name at least 1 country where a revolution started based on the idea of Constitutionalism versus Absolutism? (United States or France)
Questions for grades 6 – 8 only:
- Name 5 new theories of scientific thought and who was responsible for each (answers given below):
- Copernicus – Heliocentric Theory – Sun center of Solar System
- Kepler – Planetary Motion – Planets move in elipses
- Galileo – Invented Telescope that could see the heavens – proved that what Copernicus & Kepler said was true (although people still didn’t believe him)
- Newton – Law of Gravity – Governs earth & space
- Harvey – Circulation of Blood – Blood circulates through body bringing oxygen to the rest of the body
- What were three results of the Scientific Revolution? (Reason & Observation rather than faith, scientific method [approach to looking at things], & tremendous growth in scientific knowledge)
- Name 5 Enlightenment thinkers and tell what each believed (answers given below):
- Hobbs – People are evil and selfish and need Monarchs to tell them what to do.
- Locke – People are born with 3 rights: Life, Liberty & property. Government should protect these three rights.
- Montesquieu – Believed in separation of powers, Executive, Legislative, & Judicial so no government had too much power.
- Rousseau – Government should be contract between leaders and people; if government fails to protect 3 basic rights, people have the right to back out of the contract and start their own government.
- Voltaire – Government should be separate from the church so there is greater tolerance and no religious bias from leaders.
- When people read the writings of these famous philosophers __________ were set off around the world? (Revolutions)
- In what 2 countries were there successful revolutions during the Enlightenment? (United States & France)
K – 3: None
4 – 5: On a separate sheet of paper answer the following questions:
- How did the Scientific Revolution change the way people think?
- What did people use instead of relying solely on the Bible?
- Name 2 major figures during the Scientific Revolution?
- The period of time during the 17th & 18th centuries when there was a huge change in the way people thought of politics is called the …. ?
- What is the difference between Absolutism and Constitutionalism?
- Look up the following Enlightenment values and write a definition for each: Reason, Progress Individualism, Secularism, Humanism, Freedom, & Equality
6 – 8: Complete these enlightenment worksheets: http://www.marion.kyschools.us/userfiles/457/Classes/15218/enlightenmentthinkersgallery.pdf?id=462925
Copyright September 11th, 2016 by Gwen Fredette