Enlightenment Thinkers & Scientific Revolution

Week 1: Enlightenment Thinkers & Scientific Revolution

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Read K – 3:    This topic is a bit complicated and heavy for this age group.  I recommend skipping this lesson and moving on to “Week 2”.

4 – 5:    Read these online worksheets: http://fliphtml5.com/eedw/hsij

6 – 8:   View these two Youtube videos and take notes along with Mr. Byrd:

Discuss: 

  • The period of time during the a 16th, 17th & 18th centuries when there was a huge change in the way people thought of science (and mathematics) is called the …. ? ( The Scientific Revolution )
  • Prior to the scientific revolution people found answers to questions about nature from where? (The Church, Bible Ancient Greece & Ancient Rome, Aristotle)
  • During the Scientific Revolution people found these answers based on what? (Reason & Observation)
  • Name 2 major figures during the Scientific Revolution? (Galileo, Isaac Newton)
  • The period of time during the 17th & 18th centuries when there was a huge change in the way people thought of politics is called the …. ? ( The Enlightenment )
  • Name at least 1 country where a revolution started based on the idea of Constitutionalism versus Absolutism? (United States or France)

Questions for grades 6 – 8 only:

  • Name 5 new theories of scientific thought and who was responsible for each (answers given below):
  1. Copernicus – Heliocentric Theory – Sun center of Solar System
  2. Kepler – Planetary Motion – Planets move in elipses
  3. Galileo – Invented Telescope that could see the heavens – proved that what Copernicus & Kepler said was true (although people still didn’t believe him)
  4. Newton – Law of Gravity – Governs earth & space
  5. Harvey – Circulation of Blood – Blood circulates through body bringing oxygen to the rest of the body
  • What were three results of the Scientific Revolution? (Reason & Observation rather than faith, scientific method [approach to looking at things], & tremendous growth in scientific knowledge)
  • Name 5 Enlightenment thinkers and tell what each believed (answers given below):
  1. Hobbs – People are evil and selfish and need Monarchs to tell them what to do.
  2. Locke – People are born with 3 rights: Life, Liberty & property. Government should protect these three rights.
  3. Montesquieu – Believed in separation of powers, Executive, Legislative, & Judicial so no government had too much power.
  4. Rousseau – Government should be contract between leaders and people; if government fails to protect 3 basic rights, people have the right to back out of the contract and start their own government.
  5. Voltaire – Government should be separate from the church so there is greater tolerance and no religious bias from leaders.
  • When people read the writings of these famous philosophers __________ were set off around the world? (Revolutions)
  • In what 2 countries were there successful revolutions during the Enlightenment? (United States & France)

Activities: 

K – 3:   None

4 – 5:   On a separate sheet of paper answer the following questions:

  • How did the Scientific Revolution change the way people think?
  • What did people use instead of relying solely on the Bible?
  • Name 2 major figures during the Scientific Revolution?
  • The period of time during the 17th & 18th centuries when there was a huge change in the way people thought of politics is called the …. ?
  • What is the difference between Absolutism and Constitutionalism?
  • Look up the following Enlightenment values and write a definition for each: Reason, Progress Individualism, Secularism, Humanism, Freedom, & Equality

6 – 8: Complete these enlightenment worksheets: http://www.marion.kyschools.us/userfiles/457/Classes/15218/enlightenmentthinkersgallery.pdf?id=462925

 

Copyright September 11th, 2016 by Gwen Fredette

 

 

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