**Week 3: Sir Isaac Newton**

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**Read K – 5:** * Isaac Newton and the Laws of Motion by Andrea Gianopoulos*

**6 – 8:** **Who was Isaac Newton by Janet Pascal ****OR**** Isaac Newton: The Scientist Who Changed Everything by Philip Steele ****OR**** Isaac Newton (Giants of Science) by Kathleen Krull (recommended for grades 7 & 8)**

**Discuss: **

- What did Isaac like to do with his free time when he was little? (invent mechanical toys, machines, contraptions; he also just liked to sit and think)
- Why did Isaac have to leave Cambridge University? (Bubonic Plague)
- Newton is well-known for his law of …? (gravity)
- Newton’s book described three laws of …. (motion)
- Newton’s 1
^{st}law: Objects in motion stay in motion unless what? (an outside force makes it change) - Newton’s 3
^{rd}law: When you push something, what happens? (it pushes you back) - T/F Newton invented a better telescope? (T)
- What new math did Newton invent? (Calculus)
- T/F Isaac Newton was knighted by Queen Anne. (T)

**Questions for Grades 6 – 8:**

- Why was Isaac angry with his mother? (married again and left him with his grandmother)
- Name some of Isaac’s early inventions as a boy? (sun dial, water clock)
- Newton’s 3
^{rd}law: Newton discovered that for every action there is an opposite ….? (reaction) - White sunlight is actually a mixture of what? (7 colors of the rainbow)
- T/F Isaac Newton was well-liked and popular most of his life? (F)
- T/F Isaac Newton liked farming. (F)
- Name some of Newton’s mathematical discoveries and inventions? (Calculus – compares rate of change using geometry and algebra – can be used to work out the length of curved lines; learned about atoms; discovered light was made of a range of colors; gravity governs the planets as well as objects on earth)
- Newton’s 2
^{nd}law: The rate of change in velocity of an object depends on what two things? (mass & force) - What was Alchemy? (early version of chemistry; Alchemists tried to turn one metal into another, even gold)
- Why did he keep his alchemy a secret? (Did not want to be accused of black magic or religious crimes)
- What was the name of Newton’s most famous book? (Principia Mathematica)
- T/F Newton was often irritable and angry. (T)
- T/F Newton worked for many years at a mint. (T)

**Activities: **

** K – 3: ** Isaac Newton coloring page:

**http://www.crayola.com/free-coloring-pages/print/isaac-newton–gravity-coloring-page/**

** 4 – 5: ** Complete the first worksheet on this pdf file:

**http://www.primaryresources.co.uk/science/pdfs/gravity.pdf**

** 6 – 8: ** Choose one of the following essay topics:

- Who do you believe was the more important scientist, Galileo or Isaac Newton? Why? Which would you prefer to have met at the time? Why? Explain your answers.
- Describe what you believe to be Isaac Newton’s strengths and weaknesses (in character as well as abilities). Why do you feel as you do?
- Discuss 3 of Newton’s inventions or discoveries. Which do you believe to be the most interesting? Why?

Copyright September 23rd, 2016 by Gwen Fredette