Monthly Archives: November 2016

Beethoven

Week 11: Beethoven

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Read K – 5:  Beethoven Lives Upstairs by Barbara Nichol

6 – 8:   View this Beethoven biography on youtube: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=28Jc8qVYu-0

 

 Discuss: 

  • Why was Beethoven famous? (wrote beautiful music)
  • What handicap did he have? (He was deaf; his eyes were weak also)
  • In what ways was Beethoven strange? (very loud, messy, stood in front of a window naked, poured water over his head, wrote on walls)
  • Why was Beethoven an unhappy child? ( Father was often drunk, would make him practice piano all night)
  • T/F Beethoven had a bad temper.  (T)
  • Why was he so angry? (he loved music, but couldn’t hear it, he was lonely, bad family life as a boy)
  • How many pianos did Beethoven have? (at least 4)
  • Why were his pianos on the floor? (so he could feel vibrations)
  • Name a famous symphony Beethoven wrote? (Ninth symphony)
  • How did people communicate with Beethoven? (by writing questions in a little book)
  • At the end of Beethoven’s 9th symphony debut, did he know the people loved it? (not right away, his back was turned to the audience – he couldn’t see or hear the applause.)

Questions for Grades 5 – 8:

  • T/F Beethoven’s father was also an excellent musician.  (F)
  • How did Beethoven’s father punish him if he felt he didn’t play well? (beat him, locked him in the basement)
  • At what age did Beethoven quit school? (10)
  • Beethoven didn’t just want his music to entertain but to transform people.  (T)
  • What did Mozart think of Beethoven’s music?  (amazed by it)
  • How did Beethoven’s mother die? (Tuberculosis)
  • T/F Professional musicians often found Beethoven’s music too difficult to play.  (T)
  • What famous composer became Beethoven’s tutor? (Haydn)
  • T/F Beethoven did not become famous until he was in his 30’s (F)
  • What contests did Beethoven begin? (Improvisation contests on piano)
  • Who won? (Beethoven)
  • Why did Beethoven write the “Moonlight Sonata”? ( to woo a pupil he was in love with.)
  • When did Beethoven begin losing his hearing? (late 20’s)
  • After Beethoven lost his hearing was he still able to compose great works? (Yes)
  • At first Beethoven considered Napoleon a great hero and even dedicated one of his pieces to him.  What made him change his mind? (Napoleon declared himself emperor of France)
  • Name some of Beethoven’s most famous works? (Moonlight sonata, pastoral symphony, 5th symphony, 9th symphony)
  • Why did Beethoven have to quit playing the piano and devote himself full-time to composing? (He couldn’t hear himself play anymore)
  • What child did Beethoven win custody of? (his brother’s; after his brother passed away)
  • Did the boy want to live with Beethoven or his mother? (his mother)
  • How did Beethoven often dress? (like a hobo, wore same clothes for several weeks, didn’t bathe, hair was wild, etc)
  • How many people came to Beethoven’s funeral? (20,000)

Activities: 

K – 1: Listen to the Beethoven’s 5th https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fOk8Tm815lE and 9th symphonies https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t3217H8JppI  as you do this Beethoven coloring page: http://makingmusicfun.net/htm/f_printit_free_printable_worksheets/beethoven-coloring-page.htm

2 – 3:  Listen to the Beethoven’s 5th https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fOk8Tm815lE and 9th symphonies https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t3217H8JppI as you do this Beethoven word find: http://makingmusicfun.net/htm/f_printit_free_printable_worksheets/ludwig-van-beethoven-word-search-worksheet.htm

4 – 5:  Listen to the Beethoven’s 5th https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fOk8Tm815lE and 9th symphonies https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t3217H8JppI as you write an essay describing Beethoven’s strengths and weaknesses.

6 – 8:  Listen to the Beethoven’s 5th https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fOk8Tm815lE and 9th symphonies https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t3217H8JppI as you write an essay on one of the following:

  1. Compare and contrast Beethoven & Mozart.
  2. Describe the role Beethoven’s father played in his life. Do you believe his father contributed to his son’s genius, inhibited it, or both?
  3. Write an essay describing Beethoven’s strengths and weaknesses.
  4. Many people would describe Beethoven’s music as passionate and intense. Write a 5 paragraph 3 proof essay describing how Beethoven’s personal life was passionate and/or intense.

 

Copyright November 19th, 2016 by Gwen Fredette

 

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The Rosetta Stone

Week 10: The Rosetta Stone

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View K – 3:  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fg4K8nQzvio

4 – 5:  Do BOTH of the following: 

6 – 8:   Read Mystery of the Hieroglyphs by Carol Donoughue (Whole book)

 Discuss: 

  • What famous stone did Napoleon’s army find? (Rosetta stone)
  • How many scripts were on the stone? (3)
  • Why were scholars excited about the stone? (The wanted to find out what the Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphs meant.)
  • Who finally was able to translate the Egyptian in the stone? (Jean Francois Champollion)

Questions for Grades 4 & up:

  • What famous stone did Napoleon’s army find? (Rosetta stone)
  • Why was it named that? (Found in a town called Rosetta)
  • Why did Napoleon and the English want it? (wanted to be the 1st to discover the meaning of ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs)
  • Why did they believe this stone would help them find out what the hieroglyphs meant? (It was written in 3 languages: Ancient Egyptian, Demotic, & Greek.   Scholars could read the Greek.)
  • Who finally was able to translate the Egyptian in the stone? (Jean Francois Champollion)
  • What was a cartouche? (Symbol put around Egyptian hieroglyph names)
  • Why did he start translating names first? (easy to find because of cartouches)
  • Once Champollion was able to read the Rosetta stone, what did people want to use the knowledge of Ancient Egyptian to do? (read the words written all over the statues and remains of Egypt – to find out all about ancient Egypt’s history, which is why we know it today!)

Questions for Grades 6 & up:

  • What did Ancient Egyptians use for paper? (papyrus)
  • Name the 3 different scripts on the Rosetta stone? (Hieroglyphs, demotic script, & Greek)
  • T/F Hieroglyphs used punctuation marks?( F)
  • T/F Hieroglyphs could be written in any direction. (T)

 Activities: 

 K – 3:  Write your name in Egyptian Hieroglyphs worksheet: http://www.kidspuzzlesandgames.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2013/09/Hieroglyphics.pdf

 4 – 6: Write your name in Egyptian Hieroglyphs worksheet: http://www.kidspuzzlesandgames.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2013/09/Hieroglyphics.pdf  AND Rosetta stone worksheet: http://www.montgomery.k12.nc.us/cms/lib07/NC01000976/Centricity/Domain/634/the-rosetta-stone-worksheet.pdf

 7 – 8:  Complete all of the following:

  1. Write your name in Egyptian Hieroglyphs worksheet: http://www.kidspuzzlesandgames.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2013/09/Hieroglyphics.pdf AND
  2. Rosetta stone worksheet: http://www.montgomery.k12.nc.us/cms/lib07/NC01000976/Centricity/Domain/634/the-rosetta-stone-worksheet.pdf AND
  3. There were many great discoveries made during the Enlightenment:
  • Copernicus — Heliocentric Theory – Sun center of Solar System.
  • Kepler – Planetary Motion – Planets move in elipses.
  • Galileo – Invented Telescope that could see the heavens – proved that what Copernicus & Kepler said was true (although people still didn’t believe him).
  • Newton – Law of Gravity  – Governs earth & space.
  • Harvey – Circulation of Blood – Blood circulates through body bringing oxygen to the rest of the body.
  • Rosetta Stone – enabled us to discover the history of Ancient Egyptians.

Which of these do you consider the most important discovery of the Enlightenment?  Why?  Explain your answer.

 

Copyright November 11th, 2016 by Gwen Fredette

 

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Napoleon

Week 9: Napoleon

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View K – 3:  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kZQLAxEe5wk

4 – 5:  Do ALL of the following: 

6 – 8:   Read Napoleon:  The Story of the Little Corporal by Robert Burleigh  

 Discuss: 

  • What island was Napoleon from? (Corsica)
  • T/F As a young boy Napoleon was well-liked by his classmates. (F)
  • What type of school did Napoleon go to? (military school)
  • T/F Napoleon became a brilliant army commander by his mid-twenties.  (T)
  • When he became French consul, did the French people like him? (yes, loved him)
  • T/F Napoleon eventually became emperor, in control of all of France. (T)
  • In what country was Napoleon’s army finally defeated? (Russia)
  • Where was Napoleon exiled? (Island of Elba)
  • Who then took control of France? (Louis XVIII)
  • How did Napoleon regain control? (escaped the island with a small band of soldiers, then sailed to the south of France and march North, gaining supporters and troops as he went.  The king fled and he was once again ruler of France.)
  • T/F Napoleon was exiled a 2nd time.  (T)

Questions for grades 6 – 8:

  • What were some results of the French Revolution? (Leaders were overthrown, reduced power of Catholic church, introduced voting, abolished slavery in French colonies, resold lands belonging to wealthy)
  • Who became Napoleon’s wife? (Josephine)
  • What made Napoleon a good leader? (brilliant general, won loyalty of troops, made decisions quickly, worked side by side with low-ranking soldiers, won many battles)
  • Why did Napoleon lead his troops to Egypt? (block England’s trade route to India)
  • What important artifact did he find there? (Rosetta stone)
  • How did Napoleon become first consul? (voted in by people after seizing unstable French government)
  • How did Napoleon change the country for the better? (national bank, encouraged religious tolerance, expanded education, rewarded soldiers & private citizens)
  • Who crowned Napoleon emperor? (himself)
  • What was Napoleon’s special military tactic? (identify weak spot and attack there)
  • Why did Napoleon divorce Josephine? (no children)
  • Who was his 2nd wife? (Marie Louise, daughter of Austrian emperor)
  • What 2 countries remained outside of his control? (England & Russia)
  • How was most of Napoleon’s army killed? (tried to invade Russia – unprepared for cold winter, could not live off the land because the Russian people destroyed goods and food so that soldiers couldn’t get them)
  • After Napoleon escaped Elba, the island where he was exiled, he returned to France and once again took control.  Were the English and Prussians happy to see him regain power? (no)
  • What did they do? (Brought troops against the French army and defeated them; Napoleon was again exiled.)
  • How did Napoleon spend his time during his 2nd exile? (wrote memoirs )
  • How did Napoleon die? (of an illness)

Activities:

All Grades:  Using these maps for help: http://teacherweb.ftl.pinecrest.edu/snyderd/MWH/Projects/cov/Maps.htm And this blank map: https://www.eduplace.com/ss/maps/pdf/eur_countrynl.pdf create your own Map of Napoleon’s empire.

K – 3: Napoleon coloring page:  http://www.crayola.com/free-coloring-pages/print/napoleon-bonaparte-coloring-page/

4 – 6: Complete one (Grade 4) or both (Grade 6) of these worksheets:

7 – 8: Do the following:

Copyright November 4th by Gwen Fredette

 

 

 

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