The Rosetta Stone

Week 10: The Rosetta Stone

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View K – 3:  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fg4K8nQzvio

4 – 5:  Do BOTH of the following: 

6 – 8:   Read Mystery of the Hieroglyphs by Carol Donoughue (Whole book)

 Discuss: 

  • What famous stone did Napoleon’s army find? (Rosetta stone)
  • How many scripts were on the stone? (3)
  • Why were scholars excited about the stone? (The wanted to find out what the Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphs meant.)
  • Who finally was able to translate the Egyptian in the stone? (Jean Francois Champollion)

Questions for Grades 4 & up:

  • What famous stone did Napoleon’s army find? (Rosetta stone)
  • Why was it named that? (Found in a town called Rosetta)
  • Why did Napoleon and the English want it? (wanted to be the 1st to discover the meaning of ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs)
  • Why did they believe this stone would help them find out what the hieroglyphs meant? (It was written in 3 languages: Ancient Egyptian, Demotic, & Greek.   Scholars could read the Greek.)
  • Who finally was able to translate the Egyptian in the stone? (Jean Francois Champollion)
  • What was a cartouche? (Symbol put around Egyptian hieroglyph names)
  • Why did he start translating names first? (easy to find because of cartouches)
  • Once Champollion was able to read the Rosetta stone, what did people want to use the knowledge of Ancient Egyptian to do? (read the words written all over the statues and remains of Egypt – to find out all about ancient Egypt’s history, which is why we know it today!)

Questions for Grades 6 & up:

  • What did Ancient Egyptians use for paper? (papyrus)
  • Name the 3 different scripts on the Rosetta stone? (Hieroglyphs, demotic script, & Greek)
  • T/F Hieroglyphs used punctuation marks?( F)
  • T/F Hieroglyphs could be written in any direction. (T)

 Activities: 

 K – 3:  Write your name in Egyptian Hieroglyphs worksheet: http://www.kidspuzzlesandgames.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2013/09/Hieroglyphics.pdf

 4 – 6: Write your name in Egyptian Hieroglyphs worksheet: http://www.kidspuzzlesandgames.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2013/09/Hieroglyphics.pdf  AND Rosetta stone worksheet: http://www.montgomery.k12.nc.us/cms/lib07/NC01000976/Centricity/Domain/634/the-rosetta-stone-worksheet.pdf

 7 – 8:  Complete all of the following:

  1. Write your name in Egyptian Hieroglyphs worksheet: http://www.kidspuzzlesandgames.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2013/09/Hieroglyphics.pdf AND
  2. Rosetta stone worksheet: http://www.montgomery.k12.nc.us/cms/lib07/NC01000976/Centricity/Domain/634/the-rosetta-stone-worksheet.pdf AND
  3. There were many great discoveries made during the Enlightenment:
  • Copernicus — Heliocentric Theory – Sun center of Solar System.
  • Kepler – Planetary Motion – Planets move in elipses.
  • Galileo – Invented Telescope that could see the heavens – proved that what Copernicus & Kepler said was true (although people still didn’t believe him).
  • Newton – Law of Gravity  – Governs earth & space.
  • Harvey – Circulation of Blood – Blood circulates through body bringing oxygen to the rest of the body.
  • Rosetta Stone – enabled us to discover the history of Ancient Egyptians.

Which of these do you consider the most important discovery of the Enlightenment?  Why?  Explain your answer.

 

Copyright November 11th, 2016 by Gwen Fredette

 

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Filed under Ancient Egypt, The Enlightenment & Scientific Revolution

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