The Industrial Revolution

Week 15: The Industrial Revolution

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View: K – 2:   Watch this video: http://www.watchknowlearn.org/Video.aspx?VideoID=43155&CategoryID=2561

 3 – 5:  Do the following:

6 – 8:  Do the following: 

Discuss: 

  • T/F During the Industrial Revolution goods were made cheaper and more quickly in factories.  (T)
  • In what country did the Industrial Revolution begin? (England)
  • What did the first factories in England make? (textiles; material)
  • Why did many people move from their homes in the country to the city? (to work in factories)
  • What were some negative effects of the Industrial Revolution? (polluted air; children had to work)

Questions for Grades 3 & Up:

  • How was clothing made before the 1800’s? (by hand)
  • Who was Samuel Slater and what did he do? (worker at a cotton mill with a fantastic memory; illegally left the country, and with help of a man named Moses Brown, started a water-powered cotton spinning mill in U.S.)
  • Who invented the cotton gin? (Eli Whitney)
  • What did it do? (separated seeds from cotton plants)
  • Why did the cotton gin create a greater need for slavery? (More workers needed to pick cotton)
  • Where in the U.S. were most textile factories built? (New England, North)
  • Where was cotton grown in the U.S.? (South)
  • Who did much of the work in textile factories? (women & children and many immigrants to America)
  • What made factory work so difficult? (long hours, sometimes dangerous around machinery, for children – no time for school, pollutants in air made people sick)
  • Name 2 inventions that made travel faster during the Industrial Revolution (1800’s)? (steamboats, railroad)

Questions for Grades 6 – 8:  

  • How many hours a day did people often work in factories? (12 hrs)
  • What was the flying shuttle? (machine that sped up the weaving process because the shuttle was attached to the loom; people didn’t have to weave in and out of threads by hand.)
  • What was the “spinning jenny”?  (machine that allowed workers to spin cotton into thread more quickly)
  • Who was famous for establishing cotton-spinning mills using water power? (Richard Arkwright)
  • Who invented the steam engine? (James Watt)
  • What types of machines and mills were the steam engine used for? (cotton mills, flour mills, water pump for mines, manufacturing iron, eventually trains)
  • Why did England’s air become so polluted? (steam engines used coal which sent massive amounts of black smoke into the air)
  • Samuel Slater is known as the father of …? (Father of the American Industrial Revolution)
  • What important canal helper further the Industrial Revolution? (Erie Canal)
  • During the Industrial Revolution, which city became the most important port on the East Coast? (New York)
  • What inventions sped up farming methods? (mechanical reaper & Deere’s plow)
  • What invention sped up the communication process? (telegraph)
  • What was the Cumberland Road? (1st national road)

Activities: 

K – 2:   Complete this coloring page: http://s138.photobucket.com/user/ParshallAE/media/cbsep1923-5.jpg.html

3 – 5: : Use the information from the above online site: http://www.newlanark.org/learningzone/clitp-ageofinvention.php   to make a chart matching the right inventor of the Industrial revolution with the right name and photo of his invention.  You may need to use a posterboard to complete this chart: http://www.newlanark.org/uploads/file/Activity%20-%20Match%20the%20Inventors.pdf

6 – 8: Read these primary documents on the effects of the Industrial Revolution: http://www.sfponline.org/uploads/84/IndustrialRevDBQ20001.pdf  then answer the questions that follow them.

 

Copyright January 6th, 2017 by Gwen Fredette

 

 

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Filed under Charlotte Mason, The Enlightenment & Scientific Revolution

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