Category Archives: Ancient Greece

Book List: Ancient Greece & Ancient Rome

Book List: Ancient Greece & Ancient Rome

Greetings Fellow Homeschoolers!  Throughout the summer, in response to numerous requests, I will be posting book lists that correspond with each unit study on this U READ Thru History blog.   Following is a list of titles (organized by grade level) that will be used for the Year 2 unit study on Ancient Greece & Ancient Rome (see the tab at the top of this blog).  If your library does not carry these books, you may be able to obtain them through interlibrary loan.  Of course, all of these titles can also be purchased on Amazon.com or abebooks.com.

May God continue to bless your homeschool adventure!

– Gwen

Grades K – 2:

  1. The Greeks: Life in Ancient Greece by Michelle Levine (Chps 1 – 3)
  2. The Greeks: Life in Ancient Greece by Michelle Levine (Chps 4 – end)
  3. The Gods and Goddesses of Olympus by Aliki
  4. The Hero and the Minotaur by Robert Byrd
  5. The Trojan Horse by Emily Little
  6. Olympia: Warrior Athletes of Ancient Greece by Dyan Blacklock (Please note: In Ancient Greece men competed naked. This book contains numerous drawings of naked men.  They are tastefully done.)
  7. Aesop’s Fables by Michael Hague
  8. How We Learned the Earth Is Round by Patricia Lauber
  9. The Great Alexander the Great by Joe Lasker
  10. The Romans: Life in Ancient Rome by Liz Sonneborn (Chps 1 – 3)
  11. The Romans: Life in Ancient Rome by Liz Sonneborn (Chps 4 – end)
  12. This article from online: http://rome.mrdonn.org/caesar.html
  13. This article from online: http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_do_the_months’_names_mean And Fun with Roman Numerals or Roman Numerals both by David Adler
  14. The Miracle Maker (The Story of Jesus) DVD
  15. Spend the Day in Ancient Rome by Linda Honan (Chps 8 – 10)
  16. Pompeii… Buried Alive! by Edith Kunhardt

Grade 3:

  1.  The Greeks: Life in Ancient Greece by Michelle Levine (Chps 1 – 3)
  2. The Greeks: Life in Ancient Greece by Michelle Levine (Chps 4 – end)
  3. The Gods and Goddesses of Olympus by Aliki
  4. The Hero and the Minotaur by Robert Byrd & Medusa by Deborah Lattimore
  5. The Trojan Horse by Emily Little
  6. Ancient Greece and the Olympics by Mary Pope Osborne (chps 5 – 8 only)
  7. Aesop’s Fables by Michael Hague
  8. How We Learned the Earth Is Round by Patricia Lauber
  9. The Great Alexander the Great by Joe Lasker
  10. The Romans: Life in Ancient Rome by Liz Sonneborn (Chps 1 – 3)
  11. The Romans: Life in Ancient Rome by Liz Sonneborn (Chps 4 – end)
  12. This article from online: http://rome.mrdonn.org/caesar.html
  13. This article from online http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_do_the_months’_names_mean And Fun with Roman Numerals or Roman Numerals both by David Adler
  14. The Miracle Maker (The Story of Jesus) DVD
  15. Spend the Day in Ancient Rome by Linda Honan (Chps 8 – 10)
  16. Pompeii… Buried Alive! by Edith Kunhardt

Grade 4:

  1. The Greeks: Life in Ancient Greece by Michelle Levine (Chps 1 – 3)
  2. The Greeks: Life in Ancient Greece by Michelle Levine (Chps 4 – end)
  3. The Gods and Goddesses of Olympus by Aliki
  4. The Hero and the Minotaur by Robert Byrd & Medusa by Deborah Lattimore
  5. The Trojan Horse by Emily Little
  6. Ancient Greece and the Olympics by Mary Pope Osborne (chps 5 – 8 only)
  7. Aesop’s Fables by Michael Hague
  8. Ancient Greece! (40 Hands-On Activities to Experience this Wondrous Age) by Avery Hart & Paul Mantell (Read pgs 72 – 79 “Think For Yourself: Philosophy”)
  9. The Great Alexander the Great by Joe Lasker
  10. The Romans: Life in Ancient Rome by Liz Sonneborn (Chps 1 – 3)
  11. The Romans: Life in Ancient Rome by Liz Sonneborn (Chps 4 – end)
  12. This article from online: http://rome.mrdonn.org/caesar.html
  13.   This article from online: http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_do_the_months’_names_mean And Fun with Roman Numerals or Roman Numerals both by David Adler
  14. The Miracle Maker (The Story of Jesus) DVD
  15. Spend the Day in Ancient Rome by Linda Honan (Chps 8 – 10)
  16. Pompeii… Buried Alive! by Edith Kunhardt

Grade 5:

  1. The Greeks: Life in Ancient Greece by Michelle Levine (Chps 1 – 3)
  2. The Greeks: Life in Ancient Greece by Michelle Levine (Chps 4 – end)
  3. The Gods and Goddesses of Olympus by Aliki
  4. The Hero and the Minotaur by Robert Byrd & Medusa by Deborah Lattimore & King Midas and the Golden Touch by Charlotte Craft
  5. Tales from the Odyssey (Book 1: The One-Eyed Giant) by Mary Pope Osborne
  6. Ancient Greece and the Olympics by Mary Pope Osborne (chps 5 – 8 only)
  7. Aesop’s Fables by Michael Hague
  8. Ancient Greece! (40 Hands-On Activities to Experience this Wondrous Age) by Avery Hart & Paul Mantell (Read pgs 72 – 79 “Think For Yourself: Philosophy”)
  9. The Great Alexander the Great by Joe Lasker
  10. The Romans: Life in Ancient Rome by Liz Sonneborn (Chps 1 – 3)
  11. The Romans: Life in Ancient Rome by Liz Sonneborn (Chps 4 – end)
  12. This article from online: http://rome.mrdonn.org/caesar.html
  13. This article from online: http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_do_the_months’_names_mean And Fun with Roman Numerals or Roman Numerals both by David Adler
  14. The Miracle Maker (The Story of Jesus) DVD
  15. The Roman Gladiators by Louise Park and Timothy Love
  16. Pompeii… Buried Alive! by Edith Kunhardt

Grade 6:

  1.  Your Travel Guide to Ancient Greece by Nancy Day (pgs 1 – 41)
  2. Your Travel Guide to Ancient Greece by Nancy Day (pgs 42 – end)
  3. The Gods and Goddesses of Olympus by Aliki
  4. The Hero and the Minotaur by Robert Byrd & Medusa by Deborah Lattimore & King Midas and the Golden Touch by Charlotte Craft
  5. Tales from the Odyssey (Book 1: The One-Eyed Giant) by Mary Pope Osborne
  6. Ancient Greece and the Olympics by Mary Pope Osborne (chps 5 – 8 only)
  7. Aesop’s Fables by Michael Hague
  8. Ancient Greece! (40 Hands-On Activities to Experience this Wondrous Age) by Avery Hart & Paul Mantell (Read pgs 72 – 79 “Think For Yourself: Philosophy”)
  9. Alexander: The Boy Soldier Who Conquered the World by Simon Adams
  10. Your Travel Guide to Ancient Rome by Rita J. Markel (pgs 1 – 51)
  11. Your Travel Guide to Ancient Rome by Rita J. Markel (pgs 52 – end)
  12. Julius Caesar: The Boy Who Conquered an Empire by Ellen Galford & view you tube video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rFAblvgTGzw
  13. This article: http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_do_the_months’_names_mean And Fun with Roman Numerals or Roman Numerals both by David Adler
  14. The Miracle Maker (The Story of Jesus) DVD
  15. The Roman Gladiators by Louise Park and Timothy Love
  16. Pompeii by Richard Platt

Grade 7:

  1. Your Travel Guide to Ancient Greece by Nancy Day (pgs 1 – 41)
  2. Your Travel Guide to Ancient Greece by Nancy Day (pgs 42 – end)
  3. D’Aulaires’ Book of Greek Myths by Ingri & Edgar Parin D’Aulaire (pgs 1 – 70 only)
  4. D’Aulaires’ Book of Greek Myths by Ingri & Edgar Parin D’Aulaire (stories of Danaus, Perseus, and the Gorgon pg 114; King Midas pg 124; & Theseus pg 148) OR Greek Myths by Olivia Coolidge (Midas pg 90; Medusa’s head pg 150; & Theseus pg 187)
  5. Tales from the Odyssey (Book 1: The One-Eyed Giant, Book 2: The Land of the Dead, & Book 3: Sirens and Sea Monsters) by Mary Pope Osborne  Note: The book, Black Ships Before Troy by Rosemary Sutcliff and illustrated by Alan Lee is a re-telling of The Iliad and has incredibly beautiful illustrations, but I did not list it because it is very long. However, viewing/reading this book with a talented 7th or 8th grade artist might be a fun idea. For an art project the student could try to draw one of the illustrations of Odysseus’s adventure.
  6.  Ancient Greece and the Olympics by Mary Pope Osborne (chps 5 – 8 only)
  7. Aesop’s Fables by Ann McGovern
  8. Ancient Greece! (40 Hands-On Activities to Experience this Wondrous Age) by Avery Hart & Paul Mantell (Read pgs 72 – 79 “Think For Yourself: Philosophy”)
  9. Alexander: The Boy Soldier Who Conquered the World by Simon Adams
  10. Your Travel Guide to Ancient Rome by Rita J. Markel (pgs 1 – 51)
  11. Your Travel Guide to Ancient Rome by Rita J. Markel (pgs 52 – end)
  12. Julius Caesar: The Boy Who Conquered an Empire by Ellen Galford & view you tube video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rFAblvgTGzw
  13. This article: http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_do_the_months’_names_mean And Ancient Computing (Chp 7 only) by Michael Woods
  14. The Miracle Maker (The Story of Jesus) DVD
  15. Gladiator by Richard Watkins (Chps 1 – 8 only)
  16. Pompeii by Richard Platt

Grade 8:

  1. Your Travel Guide to Ancient Greece by Nancy Day (pgs 1 – 41)
  2. Your Travel Guide to Ancient Greece by Nancy Day (pgs 42 – end)
  3. D’Aulaires’ Book of Greek Myths by Ingri & Edgar Parin D’Aulaire (pgs 1 – 70 only)
  4. D’Aulaires’ Book of Greek Myths by Ingri & Edgar Parin D’Aulaire (stories of Danaus, Perseus, and the Gorgon pg 114; King Midas pg 124; & Theseus pg 148) OR Greek Myths by Olivia Coolidge (Midas pg 90; Medusa’s head pg 150; & Theseus pg 187)
  5. Tales from the Odyssey (Book 1: The One-Eyed Giant, Book 2: The Land of the Dead, & Book 3: Sirens and Sea Monsters) by Mary Pope Osborne Note: The book, Black Ships Before Troy by Rosemary Sutcliff and illustrated by Alan Lee is a re-telling of The Iliad and has incredibly beautiful illustrations, but I did not list it because it is very long. However, viewing/reading this book with a talented 7th or 8th grade artist might be a fun idea. For an art project the student could try to draw one of the illustrations of Odysseus’s adventure.
  6. The Ancient Greek Olympics by Richard Woff (Please note: This book contains numerous drawings of naked men and some drawings of scantily clad women)
  7. Aesop’s Fables by Ann McGovern
  8. Ancient Greece! (40 Hands-On Activities to Experience this Wondrous Age) by Avery Hart & Paul Mantell (Read pgs 72 – 79 “Think For Yourself: Philosophy”)
  9. Alexander: The Boy Soldier Who Conquered the World by Simon Adams
  10. Your Travel Guide to Ancient Rome by Rita J. Markel (pgs 1 – 51)
  11. Your Travel Guide to Ancient Rome by Rita J. Markel (pgs 52 – end)
  12. Julius Caesar: The Boy Who Conquered an Empire by Ellen Galford & view you tube video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rFAblvgTGzw
  13. This article: http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_do_the_months’_names_mean And Ancient Computing (Chp 7 only) by Michael Woods
  14. The Miracle Maker (The Story of Jesus) DVD
  15. Gladiator by Richard Watkins (Chps 1 – 8 only)
  16. Bodies from the Ash by James Deem

Posted by Gwen Fredette on July 22nd, 2015

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Test: Ancient Greece & Ancient Rome

Week 17: Ancient Greek & Ancient Rome Test

NOTE: Following is the Test on Ancient Greece & Ancient Rome.  7th and 8th graders should be able to do all of this test.  4th through 6th graders should be able to do most of the test.   K – 3rd graders will be able to do a lot of this test orally.   Each question is worth 2 points.  This test is OPTIONAL.   Please feel free to skip it; scale it; eliminate parts of it; use it merely as a review, or do whatever best suits your family!  If you choose to give your children this test, I would recommend reviewing the “Discussion Questions” from the last 16 weeks’ lesson plans the day before you give the test.

Following the test you will find a teachers’ answer key.

Name: _____________________________________________         Date: __________________________

Ancient Greece/Ancient Rome Test

Fill in the Blank:

 

1) Name a sea near Ancient Greece? _______________________

2) Name two famous city-states?  ___________________ and  _____________________

3) What was Zeus the god of? _______________________________________________

4) What Poseidon the god of? _______________________________________________

5) What was Hades the god of? ______________________________________________

6) What was Hephaestus the god of? __________________________________________

7) What was Aphrodite the goddess of? ________________________________________

8) What was Ares the god of? _______________________________________________

9) What was Athena the goddess of? __________________________________________

10) What was Hermes the god of?  ___________________________________________

11) What was Artemis the goddess of? _________________________________________

12) What was Apollo the god of? _____________________________________________

13) What was Dionysus the god of? ___________________________________________

14) What was Zeus’s Roman name? ___________________________________________

15) What was Poseidon’s Roman name? ________________________________________

16) What was Aphrodite’s Roman name? _______________________________________

17) What was Hades’s Roman name? __________________________________________

18) Which God in particular did the Olympics honor? _______________________________

19) What was Bucephalus?  _________________________________________________

20) Who was the most successful leader of the Ancient Greek world?  ___________________

21) What language did the Romans speak? ______________________________________

22) What is the Roman Numeral for 4? _________________________________________

23) What is the Roman Numeral for 11? ________________________________________

24) Name the most famous Ancient Roman political leader? __________________________

 

Circle the Correct Answer:

25) Which of the following was NOT a common food in Ancient Greece?

A     A) Beans                                      C) Pasta

O    B) Olive Oil                                  D) Wine

 

26) Which of the following was NOT a famous philosopher in Ancient Greece?

            A) Plato                                   C) Aristotle

B               B) Pliny                                    D) Socrates

 

27) Which of the following was NOT a famous story from Ancient Greece?

A)  The Iliad                                         C) Aesops’ Fables

B) The Odyssey                                   D) Apostle Paul’s letters

 

28) Which of the following was NOT a famous Greek Myth?

A)  Story of Pompeii                            C) Medusa

B)  Theseus & the Minotaur               D) King Midas & the Golden Touch

 

29) Which of the following was NOT an event in the Ancient Olympics?

A) Running                                          C) Gymnastics

B) Pentathlon                                      D) Pankration

 

30) Which of the following was NOT true of the story of the Trojan War?

A) Odysseus fought in it.

B) Pliny wrote about it.

C) The Trojan horse was a part of it.

D) It lasted 10 years.

 

31) Who was the teacher of Alexander the Great?

A) Homer                                C) Plato

B) Aristotle                              D) Socrates

 

32) Why weren’t Alexander and his army able to defeat India?

A) People of India used elephants in warfare.

B) Alexander and his army arrived during monsoon season (extremely rainy).

C) Alexander’s army was tired of fighting.

D)  All of the above.

 

 33) Which of the following was NOT a job of Ancient Roman Soldiers?

A) To fight when needed

B) Build roads

C) Crucify criminals

D) Create pottery

 

34) Which of the following was NOT true of Julius Caesar?

A) The army loved and followed him.

B) He was a great speaker.

C) The month of June is named after him.

D) He was murdered by members of the Senate.

 

35) What important religious figure was crucified in Ancient Rome?

A) Jesus Christ                         C) Pliny

B) Jupiter                                 D) Mohammad

 

36) Which of the following was NOT true of Jesus?

A)  He died to take away our sins.

B)  His parables are still famous today.

C) All of the Pharisees hated him.

D) He rose from the dead.

 

37) Gladiators did NOT fight:

A) Jesus                       C) Other Gladiators

B) Animals                   D) In sea battles

 

Write “T” if the answer is true; Write “F” if the answer is false.

38) T/F The Ancient Greeks always built small, simple buildings. _____

39) T/F Ancient Greeks studied math, science, medicine & astronomy. _____

40) T/F Athens was the world’s first communist city. _____

41) T/F The Trojan War was a war between Troy and Olympia. _____

42) T/F At one time Aesop was a slave. _____

43) T/F Alexander the Great claimed to be a son of the gods. _____

44) T/F Alexander the Great was killed by one of his generals. _____

45) T/F Ancient Rome’s army was the best in the world. _____

46) T/F Gladiators were trained at schools. _____

47) T/F Many Christians were killed by wild animals at the Coliseum. _____

48) T/F It was expensive to watch Gladiator fights. _____

49) T/F Mount Olympus buried Pompeii in ash. _____

50) T/F Hundreds of years later a new city/town was built over the top of Pompeii. _____

  

Extra Credit:

 

For Grades K – 3:  What did men wear during the Ancient Greek Olympics? _____________

Name one of Aesop’s Fables? _________________________________________________

 

For Grades 4 – 6:   According to the Ancient Greeks, what are the names of the two women responsible for the seasons Winter, Spring, Summer, and Fall? _________________________ and _______________

 

For Grades 7 – 8: Who wrote the Iliad and the Odyssey? _______________________________

Who was Hephaestion? ________________________

 

 Answer Key:

  • 1.  Mediterranean, Adriatic, Aegean, OR Ionian Sea
  • 2.  Athens & Sparta
  • 3.  Thunder & Sky
  • 4.  Water & Seas
  • 5.  The Underworld
  • 6.  Metalworking
  • 7.  Love & Beauty
  • 8.  War
  • 9.  Wisdom & Battle Strategy
  • 10.  Thieves & Messengers
  • 11.  Moon & Hunting
  • 12.  Sun & Music
  • 13.  Wine
  • 14.  Jupiter
  • 15.  Neptune
  • 16.  Venus
  • 17.  Pluto
  • 18.  Zeus
  • 19.  Alexander the Great’s horse
  • 20.  Alexander the Great
  • 21.  Latin
  • 22.  IV
  • 23.  XI
  • 24.  Julius Ceasar
  • 25.  C.
  • 26.  B.
  • 27.  D.
  • 28.  A.
  • 29.  C.
  • 30.  B.
  • 31.  B.
  • 32.  D.
  • 33.  D.
  • 34.  C.
  • 35.  A.
  • 36.  C.
  • 37.  A.
  • 38.  F
  • 39.  T
  • 40.  F
  • 41.  F
  • 42.  T
  • 43.  T
  • 44.  F
  • 45.  T
  • 46.  T
  • 47.  T
  • 48.  F
  • 49.  F
  • 50.  T

Extra Credit:  K – 3 – The Ancient Greeks wore nothing.  Answers will vary for Aesop’s Fables.  May include:  Tortoise & the Hare, Fox & Grapes, Boy Who Cried Wolf, etc.

Extra Credit: 4 – 6 –  Demeter & Persephone

Extra Credit: 7 – 8:  Homer; Alexander the Great’s friend

Copyright December 6th, 2013 by Gwen Fredette

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Alexander the Great

Week 9: Alexander the Great

 

READ:  K – 5:  The Great Alexander the Great by Joe Lasker

6 – 8:  Alexander: The Boy Soldier Who Conquered the World by Simon Adams

 


  OR
DISCUSS:

  • What was Bucephalus?  (Alexander’s horse)
  • How did Alexander win him? (as a child he made a bet with his father that he could ride him after others couldn’t)
  • Why was Bucephalus important? (always rode him into battle)
  • At what age did Alexander become king? (20)
  • T/F Alexander claimed to be a son of the gods. (true)
  • Why do you think Alexander claimed to be a son of the gods? (answers will vary; he believed it because he had conquered so much, he wanted others to believe it so they would be afraid of him; he wanted his soldiers to follow him, etc.)
  • What name did Alexander give to the cities he conquered? (Alexandria)
  • Why did Alexander originally begin to fight? (to unite different regions of Greece)
  • What group of people did he then wish to conquer? (The Persians)
  • Why was the city of Tyre hard to conquer? (it was on an island; he had no navy)
  • Why did Alexander want to conquer India? (he believed then he would have conquered the whole world)
  • Why did his soldiers want to go home? (tired of fighting)
  • What beast did the people of India use to fight against Alexander and his army? (elephants)
  • Why did the army commit mutiny in India? (monsoon downpour, tired, etc.)
  • How did Alexander die? (from disease)

Questions for Grades 6 – 8:

  • Why did Alexander lead his army through a desert? (perhaps to say he did, perhaps to discover, perhaps revenge for mutiny)
  • How did the trek through the desert affect his men? (maybe as many as half died)
  • Who was Hephaestion and how did his death affect Alexander? (best friend  for many years; grief –stricken; killed the doctor for not saving him)
  • What great power eventually conquered his lands after his death? (Ancient Rome)
  • Why was Alexander such an important figure in history? (conquered much of the then-known world, spread Greek language and culture throughout his conquered territories, this unity eventually enabled Christianity to spread throughout the region)
  • Is it fair to say that Alexander was cruel? (yes, crucified many, killed ¾ of a million people, did not listen to complaints of army)
  • Romans 8:37 “No, in all these things we are more than conquerors through him who loved us.”  Reflect on Alexander the conqueror and this verse.  What does this mean to you?

ACTIVITIES:

All Grades: Using this link: http://www.mrsaustin.net/ancient-greece.html, or this link for help: http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/media/54536/Alexander-the-Greats-conquests-freed-the-West-from-the-menace.  Create a map of Alexander’s empire at its height.  This blank map can be used by students: http://www.eduplace.com/ss/maps/pdf/cent_swasia_nl.pdf

 K – 2: Color in this picture of Alexander and Bucephalus: http://softshack.blogspot.com/2010/05/megalomaniac.html

3 – 5: Why do you think Alexander claimed to be a son of the gods?  Do you think he really believed that or do you think he just wanted others to believe that?  Write a paragraph.

6 – 8:  Write an essay discussing the positive and negative effects of Alexander the Great’s conquests.

.

Copyright October 11, 2013 by Gwen Fredette

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Ancient Greek Philosophers

Week 8: Greek Philosophers

 

READ:  K – 3:  How We Learned the Earth Is Round by Patricia Lauber

4 – 8:  Ancient Greece! :40 Hands-On Activities to Experience this Wondrous Age by Avery Hart & Paul Mantell (Read only pgs 72 – 79 “Think For Yourself: Philosophy”)


NOTE:  There are 4 important Great Greek Thinkers you need to remember:

  1. Pythagoras:  A great mathematician & philosopher
  2. Socrates: Great Philosopher.  Urged people to take a deeper look at their beliefs and spoke out against the gods.  This outraged many and he was given the option to drink poison or to leave Athens.  He drank the poison. 
  3. Plato: Great Philosopher.  Socrates’ student.  Wrote down many of Socrates’ teachings.  He also wrote about the existence of Atlantis.
  4. Aristotle: Great Philosopher.  Plato’s star student.  He eventually became the teacher of Alexander the Great.  He developed a classification system for science.

DISCUSS:

  • Who first discovered the earth was round? (The Greeks)
  • What does Philosophy mean? (love of wisdom)
  • T/F There were brilliant thinkers in Ancient Greece.  (true)
  • Name a famous Ancient Greek mathematician? (Pythagoras)
  • What great Philosopher spoke out against the gods and had to drink poison as a result? (Socrates)
  • What great Philosopher wrote down many of Socrates teachings? (Plato)
  • What great Philosopher taught Alexander the Great and organized a system of classification for science? (Aristotle)

Questions for Grades 4 – 8:

  • What lost city did Plato write about? (Atlantis)
  • What math theorem did Pythagoras conceive? (Pythagorean theorem:  A²+B²=C² for right triangle)
  • How did Aristotle feel about slavery? (thought some people were born to be slaves)
  • What was a Symposium? (meeting of Greeks who wanted to explore ideas)

ACTIVITIES: 

K – 3: Using a ball, a toothpick and an eraser, do the experiment with the “boat on the horizon” in your book.  Then take a sheet, a tie or sash, and some pins and try to design Ancient Greek clothing for yourself.

4 – 8:  Go to page 41 of your text.  Using the chart listed, write your first and last name in Greek.  (Students in Grades 6 – 8 can also try to write a short sentence in Greek.)  Then, according to pg 79 of your text, Socrates once asked this question at a Symposium: “What accomplishment or possession do you most value in yourself?”   Answer this question in paragraph form and then give reasons why you feel the way you do.

.

Copyright October 4th, 2013 by Gwen Fredette

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Aesop’s Fables

Week 7: Aesop’s Fables

 

READ:  K – 6:  Aesop’s Fables by Michael Hague

7 – 8:  Aesop’s Fables by Ann McGovern

.


NOTE:  Aesop was  a slave who lived in Ancient Greece.  It is said that his stories were so loved by his master that he was given his freedom.  His stories are so creative that they are still enjoyed by children today.

.

DISCUSS:

  • Who was Aesop? (a slave in Ancient Greece)
  • In your own words tell some of Aesop’s fables? (answers will vary)
  • Name some of the fables that you think are still popular today? (tortoise and the hare, the lion and the mouse, town mouse and the country mouse, the boy who cried “wolf”)
  • Which story did you like the best?  Why? (answers will vary)

 ACTIVITIES: 

K – 2: Draw your own illustration of one of Aesop’s fables.

3 – 6:  Write a paragraph describing your favorite one of  Aesop’s fables.  Then tell why it is your favorite.

7 – 8:  Write an essay doing the following:

  • in your own words tell your favorite story of Aesop’s fables
  • tell why it is your favorite
  • tell why you think some of Aesop’s fables are still popular today.

Copyright September 27th, 2013 by Gwen Fredette

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Ancient Olympics

Week 6: Ancient Olympics

 

READ:  K – 2:  Olympia: Warrior Athletes of Ancient Greece by Dyan Blacklock (Please note: In Ancient Greece men competed naked. This book contains numerous drawings of naked men.)

3 – 7: Ancient Greece and the Olympics by Mary Pope Osborne (chps 5 – 8 only)

8:  The Ancient Greek Olympics by Richard Woff (Please note:  This book contains numerous drawings of naked men and some drawings of scantily clad women.)



DISCUSS:

  • Where were the Ancient Greek Olympics held? (Olympia, city state Elis)
  • Which God in particular did the Olympics honor? (Zeus)
  • Could there be wars between city-states during the Olympics? (no)
  • Who could compete? (only men, citizens, not slaves)
  • Could murderers compete? (no)
  • Describe the temple of Zeus? (one of 7 wonders of the ancient world; HUGE gold statue)
  • What were some of the events? (running, hoplite race, javelin throwing, discus, long jump, wrestling, pentathlon, boxing, pankration,  horse racing, chariot racing)
  • What could happen to athletes who cheated? (beaten, whipped, or forced to leave games)
  • Describe the hoplite race? (running race while men wore armour)
  • Describe the pankration? (combination of wrestling & boxing – sometimes resulted in death)
  • What did the men wear while competing? (nothing at all!)
  • What did winners get? (wreath crown that symbolized long life,  favor of the gods, fame, etc.)
  • How did the Olympics help the city states of Ancient Greece? (brought unity & peace; less battles between city states)
  • Why did Olympics end? (other countries invaded Greece & destroyed temples; earthquakes & floods)
  • When did the modern Olympics start? (1896)
  • How were the Ancient Olympics different from the modern Olympics? (answers will vary)

 ACTIVITIES: 

K – 2: Take a sheet of paper and fold it in half and then in half again.  In each of the four quadrants, draw a picture of an event from the Ancient Olympics.

3 – 5: Write a paragraph comparing and contrasting the Ancient Olympics with modern Olympics OR pretend you are a newspaper reporter.  Write about an event you saw at the ancient Olympics.

6 – 8:  Write an essay comparing and contrasting the Ancient Olympics with modern Olympics OR pretend you are a newspaper reporter.  Write about an event you saw at the ancient Olympics.

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Copyright September 20th, 2013 by Gwen Fredette

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Filed under Ancient Greece, Charlotte Mason

The Odyssey (The Trojan Horse)

Week 5: The Odyssey (The Trojan Horse)

 

READ:  K – 4:  The Trojan Horse by Emily Little

5 – 6: Tales from the Odyssey (Book 1: The One-Eyed Giant) by Mary Pope Osborne

7 – 8:  Tales from the Odyssey (Book 1: The One-Eyed Giant, Book 2: The Land of the Dead, & Book 3: Sirens and Sea Monsters) by Mary Pope Osborne

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NOTE:  The book, Black Ships Before Troy by Rosemary Sutcliff and illustrated by Alan Lee is a re-telling of The Iliad.  It has absolutely amazing illustrations!  However, the book is quite long.  Viewing/reading this book with a talented  7th or 8th grade artist might be a fun idea.  For an art project the student could try to draw one of the illustrations of Odysseus’s adventures.

I am not legally allowed to post an image of this book.  However, you can see a picture of the book cover by clicking on this website: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Black_Ships_Before_Troy_cover.jpg

 

DISCUSS:

  • Did the Trojans believe in the same gods as the Greeks? (yes)
  • Why did the Trojan War begin? (The Trojans captured King Manelaus’s wife (king of Sparta) because she was so beautiful; the Prince of Troy wanted to marry her.)
  • Why was Odysseus called to fight in the war? (strong brave leader, had sworn to defend her marriage)
  • How long did the war last? (10 years)
  • Which goddess did the Greeks believe helped them win the war? (Athena, goddess of wisdom)
  • How did the Greeks get in the city? (built the Trojan horse)
  • Describe the Trojan horse.  (Large wooden horse, big enough for soldiers to climb inside)
  • Why did the Trojans bring the horse into their city? (thought it was a gift for Athena)
  • Did the whole Greek army climb in the horse? (no)
  • Where did the rest of the army go? (pretended to leave in defeat; they sailed away)
  • Who was Simon and what did he tell the Trojans? (Greek  soldier; lied, said horse was gift for Athena)
  • How did the whole Greek army get into the city? (men hiding in the horse came out at night, let Greek army in the city)
  • How was the city destroyed? (fire)
  • Who wrote the story of Odysseus and the Trojan War? (Greek poet named Homer)

 ACTIVITIES: 

 K – 3: Build your own Trojan horse from construction paper and an empty tissue box (turned on its side).  If you like, you can use this link and print out this horse head to add to the top of your box by clicking HERE.

4 – 6: The city of Troy really existed.  Some people think parts of this story are true.  Write a paragraph describing what you think could be true in this story, OR write your own Greek adventure story.

7 – 8:  Write an essay describing the most exciting adventures of Odysseus, OR  write your own Greek adventure story.

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Copyright September 12th, 2013 by Gwen Fredette

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Filed under Ancient Greece