Category Archives: Ancient Rome

Book List: Ancient Greece & Ancient Rome

Book List: Ancient Greece & Ancient Rome

Greetings Fellow Homeschoolers!  Throughout the summer, in response to numerous requests, I will be posting book lists that correspond with each unit study on this U READ Thru History blog.   Following is a list of titles (organized by grade level) that will be used for the Year 2 unit study on Ancient Greece & Ancient Rome (see the tab at the top of this blog).  If your library does not carry these books, you may be able to obtain them through interlibrary loan.  Of course, all of these titles can also be purchased on Amazon.com or abebooks.com.

May God continue to bless your homeschool adventure!

– Gwen

Grades K – 2:

  1. The Greeks: Life in Ancient Greece by Michelle Levine (Chps 1 – 3)
  2. The Greeks: Life in Ancient Greece by Michelle Levine (Chps 4 – end)
  3. The Gods and Goddesses of Olympus by Aliki
  4. The Hero and the Minotaur by Robert Byrd
  5. The Trojan Horse by Emily Little
  6. Olympia: Warrior Athletes of Ancient Greece by Dyan Blacklock (Please note: In Ancient Greece men competed naked. This book contains numerous drawings of naked men.  They are tastefully done.)
  7. Aesop’s Fables by Michael Hague
  8. How We Learned the Earth Is Round by Patricia Lauber
  9. The Great Alexander the Great by Joe Lasker
  10. The Romans: Life in Ancient Rome by Liz Sonneborn (Chps 1 – 3)
  11. The Romans: Life in Ancient Rome by Liz Sonneborn (Chps 4 – end)
  12. This article from online: http://rome.mrdonn.org/caesar.html
  13. This article from online: http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_do_the_months’_names_mean And Fun with Roman Numerals or Roman Numerals both by David Adler
  14. The Miracle Maker (The Story of Jesus) DVD
  15. Spend the Day in Ancient Rome by Linda Honan (Chps 8 – 10)
  16. Pompeii… Buried Alive! by Edith Kunhardt

Grade 3:

  1.  The Greeks: Life in Ancient Greece by Michelle Levine (Chps 1 – 3)
  2. The Greeks: Life in Ancient Greece by Michelle Levine (Chps 4 – end)
  3. The Gods and Goddesses of Olympus by Aliki
  4. The Hero and the Minotaur by Robert Byrd & Medusa by Deborah Lattimore
  5. The Trojan Horse by Emily Little
  6. Ancient Greece and the Olympics by Mary Pope Osborne (chps 5 – 8 only)
  7. Aesop’s Fables by Michael Hague
  8. How We Learned the Earth Is Round by Patricia Lauber
  9. The Great Alexander the Great by Joe Lasker
  10. The Romans: Life in Ancient Rome by Liz Sonneborn (Chps 1 – 3)
  11. The Romans: Life in Ancient Rome by Liz Sonneborn (Chps 4 – end)
  12. This article from online: http://rome.mrdonn.org/caesar.html
  13. This article from online http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_do_the_months’_names_mean And Fun with Roman Numerals or Roman Numerals both by David Adler
  14. The Miracle Maker (The Story of Jesus) DVD
  15. Spend the Day in Ancient Rome by Linda Honan (Chps 8 – 10)
  16. Pompeii… Buried Alive! by Edith Kunhardt

Grade 4:

  1. The Greeks: Life in Ancient Greece by Michelle Levine (Chps 1 – 3)
  2. The Greeks: Life in Ancient Greece by Michelle Levine (Chps 4 – end)
  3. The Gods and Goddesses of Olympus by Aliki
  4. The Hero and the Minotaur by Robert Byrd & Medusa by Deborah Lattimore
  5. The Trojan Horse by Emily Little
  6. Ancient Greece and the Olympics by Mary Pope Osborne (chps 5 – 8 only)
  7. Aesop’s Fables by Michael Hague
  8. Ancient Greece! (40 Hands-On Activities to Experience this Wondrous Age) by Avery Hart & Paul Mantell (Read pgs 72 – 79 “Think For Yourself: Philosophy”)
  9. The Great Alexander the Great by Joe Lasker
  10. The Romans: Life in Ancient Rome by Liz Sonneborn (Chps 1 – 3)
  11. The Romans: Life in Ancient Rome by Liz Sonneborn (Chps 4 – end)
  12. This article from online: http://rome.mrdonn.org/caesar.html
  13.   This article from online: http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_do_the_months’_names_mean And Fun with Roman Numerals or Roman Numerals both by David Adler
  14. The Miracle Maker (The Story of Jesus) DVD
  15. Spend the Day in Ancient Rome by Linda Honan (Chps 8 – 10)
  16. Pompeii… Buried Alive! by Edith Kunhardt

Grade 5:

  1. The Greeks: Life in Ancient Greece by Michelle Levine (Chps 1 – 3)
  2. The Greeks: Life in Ancient Greece by Michelle Levine (Chps 4 – end)
  3. The Gods and Goddesses of Olympus by Aliki
  4. The Hero and the Minotaur by Robert Byrd & Medusa by Deborah Lattimore & King Midas and the Golden Touch by Charlotte Craft
  5. Tales from the Odyssey (Book 1: The One-Eyed Giant) by Mary Pope Osborne
  6. Ancient Greece and the Olympics by Mary Pope Osborne (chps 5 – 8 only)
  7. Aesop’s Fables by Michael Hague
  8. Ancient Greece! (40 Hands-On Activities to Experience this Wondrous Age) by Avery Hart & Paul Mantell (Read pgs 72 – 79 “Think For Yourself: Philosophy”)
  9. The Great Alexander the Great by Joe Lasker
  10. The Romans: Life in Ancient Rome by Liz Sonneborn (Chps 1 – 3)
  11. The Romans: Life in Ancient Rome by Liz Sonneborn (Chps 4 – end)
  12. This article from online: http://rome.mrdonn.org/caesar.html
  13. This article from online: http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_do_the_months’_names_mean And Fun with Roman Numerals or Roman Numerals both by David Adler
  14. The Miracle Maker (The Story of Jesus) DVD
  15. The Roman Gladiators by Louise Park and Timothy Love
  16. Pompeii… Buried Alive! by Edith Kunhardt

Grade 6:

  1.  Your Travel Guide to Ancient Greece by Nancy Day (pgs 1 – 41)
  2. Your Travel Guide to Ancient Greece by Nancy Day (pgs 42 – end)
  3. The Gods and Goddesses of Olympus by Aliki
  4. The Hero and the Minotaur by Robert Byrd & Medusa by Deborah Lattimore & King Midas and the Golden Touch by Charlotte Craft
  5. Tales from the Odyssey (Book 1: The One-Eyed Giant) by Mary Pope Osborne
  6. Ancient Greece and the Olympics by Mary Pope Osborne (chps 5 – 8 only)
  7. Aesop’s Fables by Michael Hague
  8. Ancient Greece! (40 Hands-On Activities to Experience this Wondrous Age) by Avery Hart & Paul Mantell (Read pgs 72 – 79 “Think For Yourself: Philosophy”)
  9. Alexander: The Boy Soldier Who Conquered the World by Simon Adams
  10. Your Travel Guide to Ancient Rome by Rita J. Markel (pgs 1 – 51)
  11. Your Travel Guide to Ancient Rome by Rita J. Markel (pgs 52 – end)
  12. Julius Caesar: The Boy Who Conquered an Empire by Ellen Galford & view you tube video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rFAblvgTGzw
  13. This article: http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_do_the_months’_names_mean And Fun with Roman Numerals or Roman Numerals both by David Adler
  14. The Miracle Maker (The Story of Jesus) DVD
  15. The Roman Gladiators by Louise Park and Timothy Love
  16. Pompeii by Richard Platt

Grade 7:

  1. Your Travel Guide to Ancient Greece by Nancy Day (pgs 1 – 41)
  2. Your Travel Guide to Ancient Greece by Nancy Day (pgs 42 – end)
  3. D’Aulaires’ Book of Greek Myths by Ingri & Edgar Parin D’Aulaire (pgs 1 – 70 only)
  4. D’Aulaires’ Book of Greek Myths by Ingri & Edgar Parin D’Aulaire (stories of Danaus, Perseus, and the Gorgon pg 114; King Midas pg 124; & Theseus pg 148) OR Greek Myths by Olivia Coolidge (Midas pg 90; Medusa’s head pg 150; & Theseus pg 187)
  5. Tales from the Odyssey (Book 1: The One-Eyed Giant, Book 2: The Land of the Dead, & Book 3: Sirens and Sea Monsters) by Mary Pope Osborne  Note: The book, Black Ships Before Troy by Rosemary Sutcliff and illustrated by Alan Lee is a re-telling of The Iliad and has incredibly beautiful illustrations, but I did not list it because it is very long. However, viewing/reading this book with a talented 7th or 8th grade artist might be a fun idea. For an art project the student could try to draw one of the illustrations of Odysseus’s adventure.
  6.  Ancient Greece and the Olympics by Mary Pope Osborne (chps 5 – 8 only)
  7. Aesop’s Fables by Ann McGovern
  8. Ancient Greece! (40 Hands-On Activities to Experience this Wondrous Age) by Avery Hart & Paul Mantell (Read pgs 72 – 79 “Think For Yourself: Philosophy”)
  9. Alexander: The Boy Soldier Who Conquered the World by Simon Adams
  10. Your Travel Guide to Ancient Rome by Rita J. Markel (pgs 1 – 51)
  11. Your Travel Guide to Ancient Rome by Rita J. Markel (pgs 52 – end)
  12. Julius Caesar: The Boy Who Conquered an Empire by Ellen Galford & view you tube video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rFAblvgTGzw
  13. This article: http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_do_the_months’_names_mean And Ancient Computing (Chp 7 only) by Michael Woods
  14. The Miracle Maker (The Story of Jesus) DVD
  15. Gladiator by Richard Watkins (Chps 1 – 8 only)
  16. Pompeii by Richard Platt

Grade 8:

  1. Your Travel Guide to Ancient Greece by Nancy Day (pgs 1 – 41)
  2. Your Travel Guide to Ancient Greece by Nancy Day (pgs 42 – end)
  3. D’Aulaires’ Book of Greek Myths by Ingri & Edgar Parin D’Aulaire (pgs 1 – 70 only)
  4. D’Aulaires’ Book of Greek Myths by Ingri & Edgar Parin D’Aulaire (stories of Danaus, Perseus, and the Gorgon pg 114; King Midas pg 124; & Theseus pg 148) OR Greek Myths by Olivia Coolidge (Midas pg 90; Medusa’s head pg 150; & Theseus pg 187)
  5. Tales from the Odyssey (Book 1: The One-Eyed Giant, Book 2: The Land of the Dead, & Book 3: Sirens and Sea Monsters) by Mary Pope Osborne Note: The book, Black Ships Before Troy by Rosemary Sutcliff and illustrated by Alan Lee is a re-telling of The Iliad and has incredibly beautiful illustrations, but I did not list it because it is very long. However, viewing/reading this book with a talented 7th or 8th grade artist might be a fun idea. For an art project the student could try to draw one of the illustrations of Odysseus’s adventure.
  6. The Ancient Greek Olympics by Richard Woff (Please note: This book contains numerous drawings of naked men and some drawings of scantily clad women)
  7. Aesop’s Fables by Ann McGovern
  8. Ancient Greece! (40 Hands-On Activities to Experience this Wondrous Age) by Avery Hart & Paul Mantell (Read pgs 72 – 79 “Think For Yourself: Philosophy”)
  9. Alexander: The Boy Soldier Who Conquered the World by Simon Adams
  10. Your Travel Guide to Ancient Rome by Rita J. Markel (pgs 1 – 51)
  11. Your Travel Guide to Ancient Rome by Rita J. Markel (pgs 52 – end)
  12. Julius Caesar: The Boy Who Conquered an Empire by Ellen Galford & view you tube video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rFAblvgTGzw
  13. This article: http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_do_the_months’_names_mean And Ancient Computing (Chp 7 only) by Michael Woods
  14. The Miracle Maker (The Story of Jesus) DVD
  15. Gladiator by Richard Watkins (Chps 1 – 8 only)
  16. Bodies from the Ash by James Deem

Posted by Gwen Fredette on July 22nd, 2015

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Fall of Rome

Week 1: The Fall of Rome & Beginning of Dark/Middle Ages

K – 3: The fall of Rome and the beginning of the Dark Ages is a concept that may be a bit complicated for this age group. I would recommend skipping this lesson for students in these grade levels, and moving on to next week’s lesson about the Vikings.

View 4 – 8: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Tr2oj9hxszY&feature=c4-overview&list=UUgo_JRKFa39Tr3D-fbOqoWw  AND download this chart to fill in while watching the Youtube video: Compare Roman Empire & Dark Ages Worksheet (doc) or Compare Roman Empire & Dark Ages Worksheet (pdf).

Read: NOTE (see below)

Note:  This semester we will be studying the Dark & Middle Ages. It is also sometimes called the Medieval Era. It is called the Middle Ages because this time period lies between two great periods of cultural advancement: the Roman Empire and the Renaissance. (You will learn why it is called the “Dark” Ages from the youtube video above.)

The youtube video listed above gives an excellent, concise history of the fall of the Roman Empire and an overview of the Dark Ages. However, it should be noted that for many, many years Roman citizens worshiped Roman gods and goddesses. When Jesus brought the message of the gospel, he was crucified under the authority of Roman leaders. Later many of his disciples were also persecuted or killed for preaching the gospel of Jesus Christ and promoting Christianity. The Roman Empire began in approximately 30 B.C. with the rule of Augustus Caesar. Christianity didn’t become the official religion of ancient Rome until 312 AD.  This was during the reign of the emperor Constantine, when he himself became a Christian. That means for almost 350 years, Christianity was NOT the official religion of Rome.

The Roman Empire fell in approximately 476 A.D when the Emperor Romulus Augustus was deposed by a Germanic King. The time of the Middle Ages began when the Roman Empire fell and lasted about 1000 years. We will be studying three cultures that prospered during the Middle Ages: the Vikings, the European Feudal society, & the Arab Empire.

Discuss:

  • Why is this time period known as “The Dark & Middle Ages”? (Few cultural advancements, time of many invasions, fewer people were educated at this time, fewer historical documents remain from this time period. This age is located in the “middle” of the Roman Empire & the Renaissance.
  • Why did the Roman Empire fall? (Overrun by invading outsiders)
  • How do the Roman Empire and the Dark Ages compare in terms of culture? (Roman empire had created great works of architecture, poets, writers of great literature; Dark ages had very few of these “cultural advances”.)
  • How did the Roman Empire and the Dark Ages compare in terms of education? (Roman Empire: many citizens could read and write; Dark Ages: only very wealthy or certain members of the church could read & write)
  • How did these two time periods compare in terms of trade? (Roman Empire: bustling trade, great network of roads; Dark Ages: very little trade)
  • How did these two time periods compare in terms of religion? (Roman Empire initially worshiped many, many gods and goddesses. These deities were similar to those of the ancient Greeks. During the latter part of the Roman Empire, Christianity became official religion. Dark Ages: Christianity.)
  • Why did the Roman Empire change its official religion? (The emperor Constantine became a Christian and then changed the religion of the empire.)
  • Were the Ancient Romans always kind to Christians? (No, Jesus himself was crucified under the authority of Roman rule; many Christians were killed or persecuted for their beliefs in Jesus until the time of Constantine.)
  • Who were the protectors of the citizens of Ancient Rome? (Roman Army)
  • How did people living in the Dark Ages find protection? (from Feudal Lords)
  • About how long did the Middle Ages last? (1000 years)
  • Name 3 great cultures of the Middle Ages? (The Vikings, & European Feudal Society, & The Arab Empire.)

Activities – 4 – 8: Complete the attached chart (Compare Roman Empire & Dark Ages worksheet) as you follow along with the Youtube video  (see above): Compare Roman Empire & Dark Ages Worksheet (doc) or Compare Roman Empire & Dark Ages Worksheet (pdf).

Copyright June 12th, 2014 by Gwen Fredette

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Test: Ancient Greece & Ancient Rome

Week 17: Ancient Greek & Ancient Rome Test

NOTE: Following is the Test on Ancient Greece & Ancient Rome.  7th and 8th graders should be able to do all of this test.  4th through 6th graders should be able to do most of the test.   K – 3rd graders will be able to do a lot of this test orally.   Each question is worth 2 points.  This test is OPTIONAL.   Please feel free to skip it; scale it; eliminate parts of it; use it merely as a review, or do whatever best suits your family!  If you choose to give your children this test, I would recommend reviewing the “Discussion Questions” from the last 16 weeks’ lesson plans the day before you give the test.

Following the test you will find a teachers’ answer key.

Name: _____________________________________________         Date: __________________________

Ancient Greece/Ancient Rome Test

Fill in the Blank:

 

1) Name a sea near Ancient Greece? _______________________

2) Name two famous city-states?  ___________________ and  _____________________

3) What was Zeus the god of? _______________________________________________

4) What Poseidon the god of? _______________________________________________

5) What was Hades the god of? ______________________________________________

6) What was Hephaestus the god of? __________________________________________

7) What was Aphrodite the goddess of? ________________________________________

8) What was Ares the god of? _______________________________________________

9) What was Athena the goddess of? __________________________________________

10) What was Hermes the god of?  ___________________________________________

11) What was Artemis the goddess of? _________________________________________

12) What was Apollo the god of? _____________________________________________

13) What was Dionysus the god of? ___________________________________________

14) What was Zeus’s Roman name? ___________________________________________

15) What was Poseidon’s Roman name? ________________________________________

16) What was Aphrodite’s Roman name? _______________________________________

17) What was Hades’s Roman name? __________________________________________

18) Which God in particular did the Olympics honor? _______________________________

19) What was Bucephalus?  _________________________________________________

20) Who was the most successful leader of the Ancient Greek world?  ___________________

21) What language did the Romans speak? ______________________________________

22) What is the Roman Numeral for 4? _________________________________________

23) What is the Roman Numeral for 11? ________________________________________

24) Name the most famous Ancient Roman political leader? __________________________

 

Circle the Correct Answer:

25) Which of the following was NOT a common food in Ancient Greece?

A     A) Beans                                      C) Pasta

O    B) Olive Oil                                  D) Wine

 

26) Which of the following was NOT a famous philosopher in Ancient Greece?

            A) Plato                                   C) Aristotle

B               B) Pliny                                    D) Socrates

 

27) Which of the following was NOT a famous story from Ancient Greece?

A)  The Iliad                                         C) Aesops’ Fables

B) The Odyssey                                   D) Apostle Paul’s letters

 

28) Which of the following was NOT a famous Greek Myth?

A)  Story of Pompeii                            C) Medusa

B)  Theseus & the Minotaur               D) King Midas & the Golden Touch

 

29) Which of the following was NOT an event in the Ancient Olympics?

A) Running                                          C) Gymnastics

B) Pentathlon                                      D) Pankration

 

30) Which of the following was NOT true of the story of the Trojan War?

A) Odysseus fought in it.

B) Pliny wrote about it.

C) The Trojan horse was a part of it.

D) It lasted 10 years.

 

31) Who was the teacher of Alexander the Great?

A) Homer                                C) Plato

B) Aristotle                              D) Socrates

 

32) Why weren’t Alexander and his army able to defeat India?

A) People of India used elephants in warfare.

B) Alexander and his army arrived during monsoon season (extremely rainy).

C) Alexander’s army was tired of fighting.

D)  All of the above.

 

 33) Which of the following was NOT a job of Ancient Roman Soldiers?

A) To fight when needed

B) Build roads

C) Crucify criminals

D) Create pottery

 

34) Which of the following was NOT true of Julius Caesar?

A) The army loved and followed him.

B) He was a great speaker.

C) The month of June is named after him.

D) He was murdered by members of the Senate.

 

35) What important religious figure was crucified in Ancient Rome?

A) Jesus Christ                         C) Pliny

B) Jupiter                                 D) Mohammad

 

36) Which of the following was NOT true of Jesus?

A)  He died to take away our sins.

B)  His parables are still famous today.

C) All of the Pharisees hated him.

D) He rose from the dead.

 

37) Gladiators did NOT fight:

A) Jesus                       C) Other Gladiators

B) Animals                   D) In sea battles

 

Write “T” if the answer is true; Write “F” if the answer is false.

38) T/F The Ancient Greeks always built small, simple buildings. _____

39) T/F Ancient Greeks studied math, science, medicine & astronomy. _____

40) T/F Athens was the world’s first communist city. _____

41) T/F The Trojan War was a war between Troy and Olympia. _____

42) T/F At one time Aesop was a slave. _____

43) T/F Alexander the Great claimed to be a son of the gods. _____

44) T/F Alexander the Great was killed by one of his generals. _____

45) T/F Ancient Rome’s army was the best in the world. _____

46) T/F Gladiators were trained at schools. _____

47) T/F Many Christians were killed by wild animals at the Coliseum. _____

48) T/F It was expensive to watch Gladiator fights. _____

49) T/F Mount Olympus buried Pompeii in ash. _____

50) T/F Hundreds of years later a new city/town was built over the top of Pompeii. _____

  

Extra Credit:

 

For Grades K – 3:  What did men wear during the Ancient Greek Olympics? _____________

Name one of Aesop’s Fables? _________________________________________________

 

For Grades 4 – 6:   According to the Ancient Greeks, what are the names of the two women responsible for the seasons Winter, Spring, Summer, and Fall? _________________________ and _______________

 

For Grades 7 – 8: Who wrote the Iliad and the Odyssey? _______________________________

Who was Hephaestion? ________________________

 

 Answer Key:

  • 1.  Mediterranean, Adriatic, Aegean, OR Ionian Sea
  • 2.  Athens & Sparta
  • 3.  Thunder & Sky
  • 4.  Water & Seas
  • 5.  The Underworld
  • 6.  Metalworking
  • 7.  Love & Beauty
  • 8.  War
  • 9.  Wisdom & Battle Strategy
  • 10.  Thieves & Messengers
  • 11.  Moon & Hunting
  • 12.  Sun & Music
  • 13.  Wine
  • 14.  Jupiter
  • 15.  Neptune
  • 16.  Venus
  • 17.  Pluto
  • 18.  Zeus
  • 19.  Alexander the Great’s horse
  • 20.  Alexander the Great
  • 21.  Latin
  • 22.  IV
  • 23.  XI
  • 24.  Julius Ceasar
  • 25.  C.
  • 26.  B.
  • 27.  D.
  • 28.  A.
  • 29.  C.
  • 30.  B.
  • 31.  B.
  • 32.  D.
  • 33.  D.
  • 34.  C.
  • 35.  A.
  • 36.  C.
  • 37.  A.
  • 38.  F
  • 39.  T
  • 40.  F
  • 41.  F
  • 42.  T
  • 43.  T
  • 44.  F
  • 45.  T
  • 46.  T
  • 47.  T
  • 48.  F
  • 49.  F
  • 50.  T

Extra Credit:  K – 3 – The Ancient Greeks wore nothing.  Answers will vary for Aesop’s Fables.  May include:  Tortoise & the Hare, Fox & Grapes, Boy Who Cried Wolf, etc.

Extra Credit: 4 – 6 –  Demeter & Persephone

Extra Credit: 7 – 8:  Homer; Alexander the Great’s friend

Copyright December 6th, 2013 by Gwen Fredette

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Pompeii

Week 16: Pompeii

 

READ:  K – 5:  Pompeii… Buried Alive!  by Edith Kunhardt

6 – 7:  Pompeii by Richard Platt

8: Bodies from the Ash by James Deem

 



DISCUSS:

  • Where was Pompeii? (Italy)
  • What volcano erupted onto this city? (Mt Vesuvius)
  • Did people know it was going to erupt? (no)
  • T/F Many people died in Pompeii. (T)
  • What did the city become buried under? (ashes)
  • What ancient writer wrote about the eruption? (Pliny)
  • Describe the plaster casts scientists found? (shapes of people who had died)
  • T/F Hundreds of years later a new city/town was built over the top of Pompeii.  (T)
  • Were people surprised to find that Pompeii was buried under their city? (Yes)

ACTIVITIES: 

K – 2: Draw a picture of ancient Pompeii as Vesuvius erupted.

3 – 8:  Write your own story of a family or shop keeper living in Pompeii during the eruption.

.

Copyright November 30th, 2013 by Gwen Fredette

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Gladiators

Week 15: Gladiators

 

Read:  K – 4:  Spend the Day in Ancient Rome by Linda Honan              (Chps 8 – 10 only)

5 – 6:  The Roman Gladiators by Louise Park and Timothy Love

7 – 8: Gladiator by Richard Watkins (Chps 1 – 8 only)

.



Note on Entertainment in Ancient Rome:

  • At the Circus Maximus, Chariot races were held.
  • Romans also liked to watch plays performed at the theatre.
  • For their faith, many Christians were sent to the Colosseum to be killed by wild animals.

 DISCUSS:

  • Name three types of entertainment for Ancient Romans? (Gladiator fights, Theatre, Chariot Races at Circus Maximus)
  • Where did the Gladiator games take place? (at the Colosseum)
  • Who did Gladiators fight? (other gladiators, animals)
  • Did many people come to watch? (yes, very popular)
  • Who were the Gladiators? Why were they chosen to fight? (many slaves or prisoners of war, men convicted of crimes)
  • T/F Gladiator games were bloody. (T)

Questions for Grades 7 & 8:

  • T/F Gladiators were trained at schools. (T)
  • What did Gladiators wear? (usually armor, shield and helmet)
  • Some people volunteered to be gladiators. (T)
  • Describe the sea battles that were gladiatorial combats? (man-made lakes dug to stage naval battles)
  • Name 2 famous leaders that staged sea battles? (Julius Caesar & Augustus Caesar)
  • T/F Many Christians were killed by wild animals at the Colosseum. (T)
  • T/F It was expensive to watch Gladiator fights.  (F)

ACTIVITIES: 

K – 3: Draw your own picture of a Gladiator fight at the Colosseum.

4 – 6:  How were trips to the Colosseum like going to the movies?  How were they different?  Why do you think the gladiator fights were so popular?  Write 3 paragraphs.

7 – 8: Pretend you are a reporter at a Gladiator fight.  Write a report on what you saw today.

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Copyright November 22nd, 2013 by Gwen Fredette

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Jesus in Rome

Week 14: Jesus in Rome

View:  All Grades:

The Miracle Maker DVD (This is one of the most biblically accurate DVDs I’ve ever seen of the life of Jesus.  It’s excellent!)

Discuss:

  • How do you think most Jews felt about the Romans? (didn’t like them)
  • How did most Romans feel about the Jews? (didn’t like them)
  • What kind of Messiah were the Jews look for? (military leader)
  • How was Jesus similar to what they were looking for?  How was he different? (had amazing power; wonderful teacher; performed many miracles; did not want to destroy the Romans; preached love and forgiveness; spoke of man’s sin and motives of man’s heart; spoke of heavenly kingdom — not earthly kingdom)
  • What miraculous signs did Jesus do? (healed many inside and out, drove out demons, people’s hearts changed)
  • Which of Jesus’s parables did you enjoy the most?  Why? (answers will vary)
  • Who betrayed him?  Why? (Judas, Jesus was not the man he hoped he would be; wanted money)
  • What did the Romans do to serious criminals? (crucified them)
  • Why were the Jewish priests jealous of Jesus? (he had such a great following and he exposed the wickedness of their hearts)
  • Why did Jesus really die? (to take away our sins)
  • How do we know Jesus rose from the dead? (empty tomb, cloths lying there)

 Activities: 

 K – 8: Optional Bible memory verses:

  • John 14:6 Jesus answered, “I am the way and the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me.”
  • John 3:16 “For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life.”
  • John 3:3 “Jesus replied, “Very truly I tell you, no one can see the kingdom of God unless they are born again.”

All Scripture taken from NIV (New International Version)

Copyright November 16th, 2013 by Gwen Fredette

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Roman Calendar/Roman Numerals

Week 13: Roman Calendar; Roman Numerals

 

READ: All Grades: http://www.almanac.com/content/origin-month-names

 K – 6:  Fun with Roman Numerals OR Roman Numerals both by David Adler

7 – 8:  Ancient Computing (Chp 7 only) by Michael Woods

 

OR

Note:  Julius Caesar instituted the 365 day calendar.  The original calendar only had 10 months, which is why “Decem” meaning “10” was fitting as the last month.  January and February were later added to the beginning of the calendar, which is why December is now the 12th month.

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DISCUSS:

  • What is the Roman Numeral for 1? For 5? For 10? (I, V, X)
  • How did the Ancient Romans write 4? 9? (IV, IX)
  • T/F Roman numerals are still used today. (T)
  • Who is July named after? (Julius Caesar)
  • Who is August named after? (Augustus)
  • What do the months September, October, November, & December stand for? (7,8,9,10)
  • Why don’t the numbers match the names of the months listed above? (original calendar was 2 months short.  It started with March and ended with December, the 10th month.  January & February were later added to the beginning of the calendar, pushing everything back.)
  • Who instituted the 365 day calendar? (Julius Caesar)
  • What do you think these three days of the week were named after: Sunday, Monday, Saturday? (Sun day, Moon day, Saturn day)

ACTIVITIES: 

 K – 8: Complete the Roman Calendar/Roman Numerals Chart;                           Click here to access the worksheet: Roman Calendar

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Copyright November 8th, 2013 by Gwen Fredette

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Julius Caesar

Week 12: Julius Caesar

READ:  K – 5:  This article from online: http://rome.mrdonn.org/caesar.html

Note for K – 5:  Julius Caesar was stabbed to death by many members of the Senate.

6 – 8:  Julius Caesar: The Boy Who Conquered an Empire  by Ellen Galford & VIEW excellent you tube video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rFAblvgTGzw

 

DISCUSS: 

  • What are some of the positions Julius Caesar had?  (army commander, worked in the Senate, worked as a priest, eventually became dictator)
  • How did the common people feel about Julius Caesar?  (they loved him, felt that he tried to help them)
  • How did Roman soldiers under his command feel about him? (they loved him and were ready to follow him)
  • How did the Roman Senate feel about Julius Caesar? (they were worried; Rome was supposed to be a Republic where members of the Senate voted for laws; they didn’t want Caesar to have so much power.)
  • What happened to Julius Caesar after he became dictator for life? (He was murdered by many members of the Senate.)

Questions for Grades 6 – 8:

  • How old was Julius Caesar when his father died? (16)
  • Describe the different views of the Populares and the Optimates? (Populares wanted more power for common people; Optimates wanted senators to have more power.)
  • What group did Caesar side with? (Populares)
  • Why did Caesar have to hurry out of Rome? (Sulla sided with the Optimates; told Caesar he had to divorce his wife; Caesar said no.)
  • Why did Caesar bring his army to Egypt? (to capture his enemy, Pompey, and to put Egypt under Rome’s control)
  • Describe Caesar’s relationship with Cleopatra? (fathered her child; left her in charge of Egypt)
  • What did Caesar do to show he behaved as a king rather than a “dictator”? (sat on golden throne; statues of himself were put in the temples next to Roman gods.)
  • Why did Caesar feel  betrayed when he died? (Brutus, who was his friend, helped kill him, )
  • Was there a Republic again after he died? (No, Octavian, his great-nephew became emperor)

ACTIVITIES: 

 K – 2: Take a blank piece of paper and fold it in half.  On one half draw a picture of Julius Caesar leading his army.  On the other half, draw a picture of Caesar on a throne in front of an unhappy Senate.

3 – 5: Write a paragraph describing the good and bad characteristics of Julius Caesar.

6 – 8:  Write a one-page summary of Julius Caesar’s life and death.  Be sure to discuss his many accomplishments, including how he was viewed by the army, the common people, and the Senate.

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Copyright November 1st, 2013 by Gwen Fredette

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Overview of Ancient Rome (Part II)

Week 11:  Overview of Ancient Rome (Part II)

 

READ:  K – 5:  The Romans: Life in Ancient Rome by Liz Sonneborn (Chps 4 – end)

6 – 8:  Your Travel Guide to Ancient Rome by Rita J. Markel (pgs 52 – end)

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NOTE: The books above cover the same material, but not in the same order.  All of the questions listed in today’s lesson are covered in chapters      4 – 6 of The Romans: Life in Ancient Rome.  Some of these questions are covered in today’s reading requirement for 6 – 8.  Some of these questions were covered in last week’s reading assignment for grades 6 through 8.  (Click here to get to last week’s post: https://ureadthru.wordpress.com/2013/10/18/overview-of-ancient-rome-part-i/)

 DISCUSS:

  • Describe Ancient Rome’s army? (best in the world, took over many foreign lands, completed many building projects)
  • Describe Ancient Rome’s aqueducts and sewer system? (aqueducts ran water into each building, sewer system carried dirty waste out of city)
  • For about 500 years Rome was a republic.  What was a republic? (system of government where people vote for others to govern them)
  • Name the most famous Roman leader? (Julius Caesar)
  • Who was Augustus Caesar? (first Roman emperor)
  • T/F There were famous poets, story writers, and good theaters in Ancient Rome. (true)
  • What language did the Romans speak? (Latin)

 

ACTIVITIES: 

 K – 2: Take a piece of paper and fold it in half and then in half again.  In the 4 quadrants draw 4 pictures representing famous people or places from Ancient Rome.

3 – 5: Write 4 – 6 sentences describing things you learned about Ancient Rome from today’s reading assignment.

6 – 8:  Write an essay describing life in Ancient Rome.  Include at least 4 characteristics of their culture or 4 of their achievements.

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Copyright October 24th, 2013 by Gwen Fredette

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Overview of Ancient Rome (Part I)

Week 10: Overview of Ancient Rome (Part I)

 

READ:  K – 5:  The Romans: Life in Ancient Rome by Liz Sonneborn (Chps 1 – 3)

6 – 8:  Your Travel Guide to Ancient Rome by Rita J. Markel (pgs 1 – 51)


NOTE:  The books above cover the same material, but not in the same order.  All of the questions listed in today’s lesson are covered in chapters       1 – 3 of The Romans: Life in Ancient Rome.  Some of these questions are covered in today’s reading requirement for 6 – 8.  Some of these questions a  6th – 8th grader won’t know the answers to until they finish the book next week.

 DISCUSS:

  • Name three classes of people who lived in Ancient Rome? (the very rich, the commoners, & slaves)
  • Did most kids in Ancient Rome go to school? (no, they learned at home; except for the very rich)
  • Did most girls learn to read and write? (no, learned to cook & sew)
  • What was a bathhouse? (a place where Romans went to take baths)
  • Did men and women go to bathhouses together? (no, bath times or houses were separate)
  • How often did they bathe? (once a day)
  • Did they use soap? (no, oil)
  • Describe the clothing of the Romans? (wore tunics with belts; women wore stolas over the tunics; rich women wore jewelry)
  • When did girls get married? (about age 14)
  • Get out your “Gods & Goddesses” chart from studying ancient Greece.  (See “Week 3: Greek & Roman Gods” from this site.) What is the same about the Roman gods? What is different?  Do some of these names sound familiar to you? Explain. (gods are the same; only their names have changed.  They have some of the same names as our planets.)
  • What was Saturnalia? (a holiday held to honor the god, Saturn, who was the god of farming)
  • What famous man preached to the Jews in Ancient Rome about salvation and was crucified? (Jesus)
  • At first how did the Romans feel about Christians? (didn’t like them; they had many of them killed)
  • What were the Romans famous for building? (roads, bridges, tunnels, monuments, temples, stores, baths, the Colosseum)
  • What building material were the Romans the first to use? (concrete)
  • How do you think the building of roads helped to spread Christianity? (made it easier for people to travel to various places, so it was easier for the gospel to spread)
  • What events were held at the Colosseum? (gladiator fights, prisoners forced to fight against animals or be eaten by them)
  • What events were held at the Circus Maximus? (chariot races)

ACTIVITIES: 

 K – 8: Create a map of Ancient Rome using this link for help: http://wps.ablongman.com/wps/media/objects/262/268312/art/figures/KISH106.jpg

Be sure to label the cities of Rome, Pompeii (ask your parent for help finding Pompeii), Athens, Alexandria, and Jerusalem.  Here is a blank map you can use: http://d-maps.com/carte.php?lib=the_roman_world_40_bc_map&num_car=1982&lang=en

K – 3: Roman soldier coloring page: http://www.edupics.com/coloring-page-roman-soldier-i4186.html

4 – 6: Think of and retell (in your own words) a Bible story that has a Roman soldier as one of the characters.  (For possibilities, see Luke 7:1-9, Matt 27:27-31, Acts 10:1- 7, John 19: 16 – 27, Luke 23:44- 49, Matt 27:62 – 15, Acts 22: 22-29)

7 – 8: Write about the following: Think of and retell (in your own words) a Bible story that has a Roman soldier as one of the characters.  (For possibilities, see Luke 7:1-9, Matt 27:27-31, Acts 10:1- 7, John 19: 16 – 27, Luke 23:44- 49, Matt 27:62 – 15, Acts 22: 22-29)  Then, write the answer to the following question in a short paragraph: The Ancient Roman soldiers were famous for building roads across the empire.  How might this have helped spread Christianity?  Explain.

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Copyright October 18, 2013 by Gwen Fredette

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