Category Archives: Dark & Middle Ages

Book List: Dark & Middle Ages

Book List: Dark & Middle Ages

Greetings Fellow Homeschoolers!  Throughout the summer, in response to numerous requests, I will be posting book lists that correspond with each unit study on this U READ Thru History blog.   Following is a list of titles (organized by grade level) that will be used for the Year 3 unit study on The Dark & Middle Ages (see the tab at the top of this blog).  If your library does not carry these books, you may be able to obtain them through interlibrary loan.  Of course, all of these titles can also be purchased on Amazon.com or abebooks.com.

May God continue to bless your homeschool adventure!

– Gwen

Grades K – 2:

  1. None!
  2. The Scandinavian Vikings by Louise Park & Timothy Love
  3. The Adventures of Thor the Thunder God by Lise Lunge-Larsen (pgs 1 – 34)
  4. Saint Patrick by Ann Tompert
  5. Watch: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3Riz5HdoHRE
  6. Ms. Frizzle’s Adventures Medieval Castle by Joanna Cole
  7. Knights in Shining Armor by Gail Gibbons
  8. King Arthur: The Sword in the Stone by Hudson Talbot
  9. Looking at Glass Through the Ages by Bruce Koscielniak
  10. Muhammad by Demi & read info on this site: http://www.thereligionofpeace.com/Pages/Jesus-Muhammad.htm and
    http://christiananswers.net/islam.html
  11. Watch: Youtube video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xSi0lfl-31U About the start of numbers. It’s fictional but it gives kids a good idea as to why we need numbers and why the Arabic numbers are so much easier to use. Please also watch this youtube video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Na0xc1SiFJk explaining the origin of Arabic numbers. Unfortunately, the last bit of the video is cut off.
  12. The Tale of Aladdin and the Wonderful Lamp by Eric Kimmel
  13. The Golden City by Neil Waldman
  14. Robin Hood (Disney Movie)
  15. Marco Polo Animated Hero Classics by Nest Entertainment
  16. Read the following articles from the internet: http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/science/medicine/plague.htm, http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/medieval/history/highmiddle/plague.htm, and http://medievaleurope.mrdonn.org/plague.html. Please also have kids view this interactive map showing how the plague spread: http://wadsworth.cengage.com/history_d/templates/student_resources/0534600069_spielvogel/InteractiveMaps/swfs/map11_1.html

Grade 3:

  1. None!
  2. The Scandinavian Vikings by Louise Park & Timothy Love
  3. The Adventures of Thor the Thunder God by Lise Lunge-Larsen (entire book)
  4. Saint Patrick by Ann Tompert
  5. Watch: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3Riz5HdoHRE
  6. Ms. Frizzle’s Adventures Medieval Castle by Joanna Cole
  7. Knights in Shining Armor by Gail Gibbons
  8. King Arthur: The Sword in the Stone by Hudson Talbot & Excalibur by Hudson Talbot
  9. Looking at Glass Through the Ages by Bruce Koscielniak
  10. Muhammad by Demi & read info on this site: http://www.thereligionofpeace.com/Pages/Jesus-Muhammad.htm and
    http://christiananswers.net/islam.html
  11. Watch: Youtube video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xSi0lfl-31U About the start of numbers. It’s fictional but it gives kids a good idea as to why we need numbers and why the Arabic numbers are so much easier to use. Please also watch this youtube video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Na0xc1SiFJk explaining the origin of Arabic numbers. Unfortunately, the last bit of the video is cut off.
  12. The Tale of Aladdin and the Wonderful Lamp by Eric Kimmel
  13. The Golden City by Neil Waldman
  14. Robin Hood (Disney Movie)
  15. Marco Polo Animated Hero Classics by Nest Entertainment
  16. Read the following articles from the internet: http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/science/medicine/plague.htm, http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/medieval/history/highmiddle/plague.htm, and http://medievaleurope.mrdonn.org/plague.html. Please also have kids view this interactive map showing how the plague spread: http://wadsworth.cengage.com/history_d/templates/student_resources/0534600069_spielvogel/InteractiveMaps/swfs/map11_1.html

Grade 4:

  1. Watch: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Tr2oj9hxszY&feature=c4-overview&list=UUgo_JRKFa39Tr3D-fbOqoWw & Read “Note”
  2. The Scandinavian Vikings by Louise Park & Timothy Love
  3. The Adventures of Thor the Thunder God by Lise Lunge-Larsen (entire book)
  4. Saint Patrick by Ann Tompert
  5. Watch: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3Riz5HdoHRE
  6. Knights & Castles by Will Osborne & Mary Pope Osborne (Chps 1 – 5; 9 – 10)
  7. Knights & Castles by Will Osborne & Mary Pope Osborne (Chps 6 – 8)
  8. King Arthur: The Sword in the Stone by Hudson Talbot & Excalibur by Hudson Talbot
  9. Looking at Glass Through the Ages by Bruce Koscielniak
  10. Muhammad by Demi & read info on this site: http://www.thereligionofpeace.com/Pages/Jesus-Muhammad.htm and
    http://christiananswers.net/islam.html
  11. The Story of Our Numbers by Zelda King
  12. The Tale of Aladdin and the Wonderful Lamp by Eric Kimmel
  13. The Golden City by Neil Waldman
  14. Robin Hood by Annie Ingle
  15. Marco Polo Animated Hero Classics by Nest Entertainment
  16. Read the following articles from the internet: http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/science/medicine/plague.htm, http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/medieval/history/highmiddle/plague.htm, and http://medievaleurope.mrdonn.org/plague.html. Please also have kids view this interactive map showing how the plague spread: http://wadsworth.cengage.com/history_d/templates/student_resources/0534600069_spielvogel/InteractiveMaps/swfs/map11_1.html

Grade 5:

  1. Watch: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Tr2oj9hxszY&feature=c4-overview&list=UUgo_JRKFa39Tr3D-fbOqoWw & Read “Note”
  2. The Scandinavian Vikings by Louise Park & Timothy Love
  3. The Adventures of Thor the Thunder God by Lise Lunge-Larsen (entire book)
  4. Saint Patrick by Ann Tompert
  5. Watch: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3Riz5HdoHRE
  6. Knights & Castles by Will Osborne & Mary Pope Osborne (Chps 1 – 5; 9 – 10)
  7. Knights & Castles by Will Osborne & Mary Pope Osborne (Chps 6 – 8)
  8. King Arthur: The Sword in the Stone by Hudson Talbot & Excalibur by Hudson Talbot & King Arthur and the Round Table by Hudson Talbot & Lancelot by Hudson Talbot
  9. Looking at Glass Through the Ages by Bruce Koscielniak
  10. Muhammad by Demi & read info on this site: http://www.thereligionofpeace.com/Pages/Jesus-Muhammad.htm and
    http://christiananswers.net/islam.html
  11. The Story of Our Numbers by Zelda King
  12. Aladdin and the Enchanted Lamp by Marianna Mayer
  13. The Golden City by Neil Waldman
  14. Robin Hood by Annie Ingle
  15. Marco Polo Animated Hero Classics by Nest Entertainment
  16. Read the following articles from the internet: http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/science/medicine/plague.htm, http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/medieval/history/highmiddle/plague.htm, and http://medievaleurope.mrdonn.org/plague.html. Please also have kids view this interactive map showing how the plague spread: http://wadsworth.cengage.com/history_d/templates/student_resources/0534600069_spielvogel/InteractiveMaps/swfs/map11_1.html

Grade 6:

  1. Watch: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Tr2oj9hxszY&feature=c4-overview&list=UUgo_JRKFa39Tr3D-fbOqoWw & Read “Note”
  2. The Scandinavian Vikings by Louise Park & Timothy Love
  3. The Adventures of Thor the Thunder God by Lise Lunge-Larsen (entire book)
  4. Saint Patrick by Ann Tompert
  5. View/Read:
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3Riz5HdoHRE
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BncxSWIBxAE
    http://www.ducksters.com/history/middle_ages/daily_life_in_the_middle_ages.php
  6. Knights & Castles by Will Osborne & Mary Pope Osborne (Chps 1 – 5; 9 – 10)
  7. Knights & Castles by Will Osborne & Mary Pope Osborne (Chps 6 – 8)
  8. King Arthur: The Sword in the Stone by Hudson Talbot & Excalibur by Hudson Talbot & King Arthur and the Round Table by Hudson Talbot & Lancelot by Hudson Talbot
  9. Looking at Glass Through the Ages by Bruce Koscielniak AND Cathedral by David Macaulay
  10. Muhammad by Demi & read info on this site: http://www.thereligionofpeace.com/Pages/Jesus-Muhammad.htm and
    http://christiananswers.net/islam.html
  11. The Story of Our Numbers by Zelda King
  12. Aladdin and the Enchanted Lamp by Marianna Mayer
  13. The Golden City by Neil Waldman
  14. Robin Hood by Paul Creswick
  15. Marco Polo Animated Hero Classics by Nest Entertainment
  16. View: (These Youtube videos from the History channel are very well done but have some disturbing images. You may want to view them first before showing them to your children) “The Black Death: Worst Plague in History: Part I” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kScxc9DPrnY
    And “The Black Death: Worst Plague in History: Part II” http://www.youtube.com/watch?annotation_id=annotation_575666&feature=iv&src_vid=kScxc9DPrnY&v=sFUQCWghjWc

Grades 7 & 8:

  1. Watch: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Tr2oj9hxszY&feature=c4-overview&list=UUgo_JRKFa39Tr3D-fbOqoWw & Read “Note”
  2. The Real Vikings by Melvin Berger & Gilda Berger
  3. Odin’s Family: Myths of the Vikings by Neil Philip (entire book; be sure to also read afterward on page 119)
  4. Saint Patrick by Ann Tompert
  5. View/Read:
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3Riz5HdoHRE
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BncxSWIBxAE
    http://www.ducksters.com/history/middle_ages/daily_life_in_the_middle_ages.php
  6. Knights & Castles by Will Osborne & Mary Pope Osborne (entire book)
  7. In the Time of Knights by Shelley Tanaka
  8. Arthur: High King of Britain* by Michael Morpurgo OR Books listed for Grades 5 – 6 (see above)
    * Note: Arthur: High King of Britain by Michael Morpurgo gives a more complete version of the tales of King Arthur. Consequently, it tells the tales of many of King Arthur’s knights. It tells of the relationship (adultery) between King Arthur’s queen, Guinievere, and his knight, Lancelot, and it tells of the sorceress, Morgan Le Fay, and the illegitimate birth of King Arthur’s son, Mordred. This book is beautifully and tastefully written, and it is written for junior high school students. However, the subject matter is for more mature students. If you are uncomfortable with this reading material, please have your 7th or 8th grader read the books listed for 5th and 6th graders.
  9. Looking at Glass Through the Ages by Bruce Koscielniak AND Cathedral by David Macaulay
  10. Muhammad of Mecca, Prophet of Islam & read info on this site: http://www.thereligionofpeace.com/Pages/Jesus-Muhammad.htm and
    http://christiananswers.net/islam.html
    http://www.thereligionofpeace.com/Muhammad/myths-mu-home.htm
  11. Science, Medicine, & Math in the Early Islamic World by Trudee Romanek
  12. One Thousand and One Arabian Nights by Geraldine McCaughrean (Chps 1 – 5; 23 – 26; 33 – 35)
  13. The Golden City by Neil Waldman
  14. Robin Hood by Paul Creswick
  15. The Adventures of Marco Polo by Russell Freedman
  16. View: (These Youtube videos from the History channel are very well done but have some disturbing images. You may want to view them first before showing them to your children) “The Black Death: Worst Plague in History: Part I” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kScxc9DPrnY
    And “The Black Death: Worst Plague in History: Part II” http://www.youtube.com/watch?annotation_id=annotation_575666&feature=iv&src_vid=kScxc9DPrnY&v=sFUQCWghjWc

 

Posted by Gwen Fredette on August 10th, 2015

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Filed under Book List, Charlotte Mason, Dark & Middle Ages

History Test: Dark & Middle Ages

WEEK 17:  Dark & Middle Ages History Test

NOTE: Following is the Dark & Middle Ages History Test.  7th and 8th graders should be able to do all of this test.  4th through 6th graders should be able to do most of the test.   K – 3rd graders will be able to do a lot of this test orally.   Each question is worth 2 points.  This test is OPTIONAL.   Please feel free to skip it; scale it; eliminate parts of it; use it merely as a review, or do whatever best suits your family!  If you choose to give your children this test, I would recommend reviewing the “Discussion Questions” from the last 16 weeks’ lesson plans the day before you give the test.

Following the test you will find a teachers’ answer key.

History Test: Dark & Middle Ages

 

Name: ____________________________________________________ Date: _______________________________________

Fill in the Blank with the correct answer(s):

1. Who changed the official religion of the Roman Empire to Christianity? ____________________________________
2. Name the two most popular Viking gods: _______________________________________________________
3. Where does the word “Thursday” come from? _____________________________________________________
4. What trickster caused many problems for Thor and his family? __________________________________________
5. What happened to Saint Patrick when he was 16?
_______________________________________________________________________________________
6. Why did Patrick decide to travel back to Ireland many years later?
_______________________________________________________________________________________
7. The bones of a saint, a piece of Jesus’s cross, or other religious items that were said to have powers to heal and perform miracles were called ….
___________________________________
8. What did peasants do for their Lord? What did Lords do for the peasants?
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
9. When an enemy army surrounds a castle, the castle is said to be under …. ________________________________
10. The symbol on a knight’s shield and armor was called the … _________________________________________
11. What was a knight’s most valuable possession? _________________________________________________
12. How did Arthur become king?
___________________________________________________________________________________
13. What two great gifts did Arthur receive from Leodegrance?
___________________________________________________________________________________
14. Clear glass was used in the Middle Ages to invent …?
___________________________________________________________________________________

15. How was colored glass used in the Middle Ages? _______________________________________________
16. What musical instruments did many cathedrals contain during the Middle Ages?_________________________
17. What did Muhammad say he saw in the cave just outside of Mecca? __________________________________
18. What is considered to be the holy book of Islam? _______________________________________________

19. What are the 5 pillars of Islam?
1.) ____________________________________________________
2.) ____________________________________________________
3.) ____________________________________________________
4.) ____________________________________________________
5.) ____________________________________________________

20. How many genies are in the original Aladdin story? _____________________________________________
21. What “Golden City” is the city of great significance to 3 major religions? _______________________________
22. What did Pope Urban II promise to all men who fought in the Crusades?
_______________________________________________________________________________
23. What does the word “Crusade” mean? _____________________________________________________
24. What country did Marco Polo travel to? ____________________________________________________
25. Name two creatures that carried and spread the Black Plague all over Europe?
_______________________________________________________________________________
26. How many people died from the Black Plague in Europe? ________________________________________

Multiple Choice:  Circle the correct answer(s):

27. The period of time from 500 AD to 1500 is known as the “Dark” or “Middle Ages”. Why?
A.) Few cultural advancements, time of many invasions
B.) Fewer people were educated at this time
C.) This age is located in the “middle” of the Roman Empire & the Renaissance.
D.) All of the above.

28. Name 3 great societies of the Middle Ages? (Circle all that apply.)
A.)The Ancient Greeks
B.) The Vikings
C.) European Feudal Society
D.) The Arab Empire

29. The Vikings were experts at building what?
A.) Castles
B.) Ships (longboats)
C.) Stained glass
D.) Roads

30. Vikings raided because they wanted (Circle all that apply.)
A.) Land
B.) Money
C.) Books
D.) Slaves

31. What group of Christian men spent much of their time making copies of the Bible?
A.) Priests                                            C.) Popes
B.) Monks                                            D.) Friars

32. What group of Christian men spent much of their time traveling from place to place, preaching the gospel?
A.) Priests
B.) Monks
C.) Popes
D.) Friars

33. Bishops and Archbishops often said mass in magnificent large churches called ….
A.) Temples
B.) Cathedrals
C.) Mosques
D.) Castles

34. When was someone a “Lord”?
A.) If he gave land.
B.) If he received land.
C.) If he had 100 knights.
D.) If he fought in the Crusades.

35. When was someone a “vassal”?
A.) If he gave land.
B.) If he received land.
C.) If he had 100 knights.
D.) If he fought in the Crusades.

36. What important things were located on a Manor? (Circle all that apply.)
A.) Manor house or castle
B.) University
C.) Village for the peasants
D.) Church
E.) Land to farm

37. The great look-out tower in the middle of the castle was called the …
A.) Portcullis
B.) Moat
C.) Keep
D.) Drawbridge

38. How could people defend their castle if it was under attack? (Circle all that apply.)
A.) By dropping boiling oil
B.) By shooting arrows
C.) By shooting cannonballs and explosives
D.) By sending messages to call for help

39. Place the following in chronological order:
A.) Knight, Page, Squire
B.) Squire, Page, Knight
C.) Page, Squire, Knight
D.) Page, Knight, Squire

40. Which of the following was NOT part of the “Code of Chivalry”?
A.) Promise to be generous to the poor
B.) Promise to fight in the Crusades
C.) Promise to defend the helpless
D.) Promise to honor their lady

41. Who was Arthur’s real father?
A.) Uther Pendragon
B.) Merlin Pendragon
C.) Mordred Pendragon
D.) No one knows.

42. What ingredients are needed to make glass? (Circle all that apply.)
A.) Sand
B.) Crystal
C.) Soda ash [which is made by burning plants or hardwood]
D.) Fire & Heat

43. The square structure with a meteorite set into the corner located in Mecca where many Arabs worship is called the ….
A.) Khadijah
B.) Kabah
C.) Quraysh
D.) Jihad

44. A Holy War: Muslims must fight to protect, defend & advance the Muslim community.
This is called …
A.) Khadijah
B.) Kabah
C.) Quraysh
D.) Jihad

45. The numbers we use today (0 – 9) are called Arabic numerals, but where did they originally come from?
A.) The ancient Greeks
B.) The ancient Romans
C.) The Vikings
D.) Hindu mathematicians in India

46. Name two important commanders during the Crusades. (Circle Two)
A.) Shahrazad                           C.) King Richard
B.) Saladin                                 D.) Prince John

47. What famous story began around the time of the Crusades?
A.) Robin Hood
B.) King Arthur
C.) Aladdin
D.) 1001 Arabian Nights

48. What was NOT something Marco Polo said he saw in China?
A.) Giant snakes that walked on squat legs with jaws big enough to swallow a man.
B.) Paper money
C.) Black stones that burned.
D.) Wooly Mammoths

49. During the Middle Ages, what did many people believe was the cause of the Black Plague?
A.) Germs
B.) Punishment of God
C.) Dirty Towns
D.) The Crusades

 

Write “T” if the answer is true.  Write “F” if the answer is false.

50. T/F Mom loves her kids very much and is very proud of them. ________________________

 

Extra Credit:

Grades K – 3:
What was the name of the sword King Arthur received from the Lady in the Lake?
________________________________________
What numbers were used for math before Arabic numerals?
_______________________________________
What great leader did Marco Polo work for in China?
_______________________________________

Grades 4 – 6:
About how long did the Middle Ages last?
________________________________________
What were Viking letters called?
________________________________________
Why did the Crusades begin?
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Grades 7 – 8:

What was the name of King Arthur’s son?
_________________________________________
Explain how Shayryar came to distrust all women?
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Who were the flagellants?
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

Answer Key:

  • 1.  Constantine
  • 2.  Thor & Oden
  • 3.  Thor’s Day
  • 4.  Loki
  • 5.  Captured by pirates
  • 6.  Patrick received a dream in which the people of Ireland were calling him to walk among them again.  He determined that God wanted him to preach the gospel there.
  • 7.  relics
  • 8.  Peasants farmed the land; Lord provided them with protection
  • 9.  siege
  • 10.  Coat of Arms
  • 11.  his horse
  • 12.  pulled a sword from a stone
  • 13.  His daughter, Guinevere, in marriage & Round Table
  • 14.  glasses, magnifying glasses, mirrors
  • 15.  stained glass windows
  • 16.  bells
  • 17.  the angel Gabriel
  • 18.  the Qur’an (Koran)
  • 19.  No God but Allah and Muhammad is his prophet,  Pray facing Mecca five times a day,  Give to the poor, Fast during the month of Ramadan, Make a pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in your life
  • 20.  two
  • 21.  Jerusalem
  • 22.  All their sins would be forgiven
  • 23.  Cross
  • 24.  China
  • 25.  Rats, Fleas
  • 26.  over 20 million; one out of every 3 people died
  • 27.  D
  • 28.  B, C, & D
  • 29.  B
  • 30.  A, B, & D
  • 31.  B
  • 32.  D
  • 33.  B
  • 34.  A
  • 35.  B
  • 36.  A, C, D, & E
  • 37.  C
  • 38.  A, B, & D
  • 39.  C
  • 40.  B
  • 41.  A
  • 42.  A, C, & D
  • 43.  B
  • 44.  D
  • 45.  D
  • 46.  B & C
  • 47.  A
  • 48.  D
  • 49.  B
  • 50.  T

Extra Credit K – 3:  Excalibur, Roman Numerals, Kublai Khan

Extra Credit 4 – 6:  1000 years, Runes, Muslims blocked Christians from visiting Jerusalem; Christians wanted to gain control of Jerusalem and take it out of Muslim hands.

Extra Credit: 7 – 8:  Mordred. His first wife and his brother’s wife were unfaithful to them.  Monks who whipped themselves.  They hoped by doing so God would end the Black plague.

Copyright October 10th, 2014 by Gwen Fredette

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Bubonic Plague

Week 16: The Bubonic Plague (The Black Death)

Read K – 5: Read the following articles from the internet:

View 6 – 8: These YouTube videos from the History Channel.  They are very well done, but have some disturbing images.  You may want to view them first before showing them to your children.

Discuss:

  • What creatures carried and spread the disease all over Europe? (bacteria in fleas travelling on rats)
  • How did the rats travel along the trade routes? (by merchant ships)
  • What were the symptoms of the plague? (fever, black ugly swellings in armpits and tops of the legs)
  • What happened to most people who got the disease? (they died)
  • How did it affect Europe? (over 1/3 of the population died: over 20 million people)
  • Were people able to bury their dead? (no; so many people died so quickly, bodies were burned; people left sick to die because of fear they would catch it themselves.)
  • What did people believe was the cause of the disease? (punishment of God)
  • Do people usually die from the disease today? (No, we have vaccines to prevent it and medicine to cure it.)
    Questions for grades 6 – 8:
  • How many days did people live after they caught the disease? (2 – 5 days)
  • How did conditions in Medieval towns encourage the spread of rats? (people rarely took baths, threw trash out their windows, did not keep their towns clean)
  • How did the Pope avoid getting the plague? (surrounded himself with fire)
  • Who were the flagellants? (people who injured themselves in the name of God to atone for mankind’s sin and appease God.)
  • What group of people did many Europeans blame for the disease? (the Jews)

Activities:  K – 3: “Ring Around the Rosy” is a nursery rhyme that actually is about the Black Death. “Ring Around the Rosy” refers to the red/black sores located on the victims. “A Pocket Full of Posies” refers to how people would hold flowers (posies) to their noses because the smell of death was so prevalent. “Ashes, Ashes” refers to the cremation of all the bodies. “We All Fall Down” means “we all die”. (For more on this topic, Google “Ring Around the Rosy, Black Plague.) Fold a piece of paper in half; then fold it again. In each of the four sections draw a picture concerning the four parts of this nursery rhyme.
4 – 8:   Complete ONE of the following writing activities:

  1. Pretend you are a newspaper reporter living during the Middle Ages. Write an article about the Black Plague. OR
  2. Pretend you are a sailor on a Medieval ship. Your best friend, another sailor, has just come down with the Black Plague. Write a story about your 3 day voyage to the next port. OR
  3. Look up one or more of the following Bible passages.  (See below.)  Compare and contrast these plagues with the Bubonic plague.

* 2 Kings 18: 28 – 19:19 & 19:32 – 19:37  (Powerful passage!)

* 2 Samuel Chapter 24

* Exodus 9:8 – 12

Copyright October 3rd, 2014 by Gwen Fredette

 

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Marco Polo

Week 15: Marco Polo (1271)

View K – 6: Marco Polo Animated Hero Classics by Nest Entertainment

7 – 8: The Adventures of Marco Polo by Russell Freedman



Discuss:

  • What country did Marco Polo travel to? (China)
  • What city and country was he born in? (Venice, Italy)
  • What great leader did Marco work for in China? (Kublai Khan)
  • Who did he travel with? (his father & uncle)
  • How old was he when he left Venice? (17)
  • What was his profession (job) in Italy? (merchant)
  • According to Marco, why was traveling through the desert so terrifying? (traveled more than a day without water, nothing to eat, easy to get lost, people hear “ghostly voices” from wind blowing across the dunes)
  • At one point in his travels, Marco became very sick. How was he healed? (carried up into the mountains – the pure air made him feel healthy again)
  • Describe the Khan’s palace. Was he a “rude barbarian” as the Europeans believed? (No, lived in riches & splendor. He also tried to be generous to those around him.)
  • What did the Khan have for entertainment? (acrobats, musicians, actors, jugglers)
  • What did the Khan use to help him hunt? (falcons, eagles, tigers, leopards, lynxes, & archers)
  • How did the Khan act towards the poor? (provided them with food, clothing, & free education)
  • What type of work did Marco do for the Khan? (envoy to different parts of the Khan’s empire)
  • What were the “giant snakes that walked on squat legs with jaws big enough to swallow a man” that Marco saw? (crocodiles)
  • Who wrote down Marco’s story travels? (fellow prisoner and writer, Rustichello)
  • What was his book called? (The Description of the World or The Travels of Marco Polo)
  • T/F The book became very popular. (T)
  • T/F Everyone believed his story. (F – many people thought he was lying)
  • How many years was he in China? (17)
    Questions for Grades 7 & 8:
  • What was the last mission the Polos did for the Khan? (escorted princess to her new husband.)
  • The Khan originally sent a message to the Pope requesting that he send Christians monks (friars) with the Polos to teach him about Christianity. Why didn’t the Polos fulfill the Khan’s request? (at first only two friars were willing to go; then the monks were frightened by bandits and turned back)
  • What great explorer did Marco inspire with his travels? (Christopher Columbus)
  • What type of money was used in the Khan’s empire? (paper)
  • Describe their postal system? (riders prepared at numerous stations to ride on horseback to deliver messages)
  • How often did the Chinese bathe? (at least 3 times a week – sometimes every day)
  • What were the “black stones that burned” the Chinese used to heat their homes? (coal)
  • How did people use the “fountain of gushing oil from the ground” that Marco saw near the Caspian Sea? (good for burning)
  • What gift did the Polos bring the Khan from the Pope? (Holy Oil)

Activities: K – 2: Fold a white piece of paper in half; then fold it again. Open it up and in each of the four squares draw a picture of something Marco Polo saw during his travels.
3 – 6: Marco Polo Word Placement worksheet: Marco Polo worksheet
7 – 8: Kublai Khan wanted to hear more about Christianity, but the two friars who accompanied Marco, his father, and his uncle became frightened and decided to return home. Do you believe they were following God’s calling or their own? Write your answer in paragraph form.
Then, write an essay discussing many of the things Marco Polo saw that were hard for Europeans to believe at the time.

Copyright September 25th, 2014 by Gwen Fredette

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Great Literature: Robin Hood

Week 14: Great Literature: Robin Hood

View K – 3:  Robin Hood (Disney Movie)

4– 5:  Robin Hood by Annie Ingle

6 – 8:  Robin Hood by Paul Creswick

Discuss:

  • Name each of the major characters in the Robin Hood story and tell a little about each one.                                                                                                                                   1.  Robin Hood: Young, Brave, excellent archer, steals from the rich to give to the poor, lives in Sherwood forest, loves Marian
    2.  Prince John: Rich, spoiled, rules unjustly, dishonest,wants Robin Hood dead
    3.  Sheriff of Nottingham: Works for Prince John, unfair to the poor, wants Robin Hood dead, tries unsuccessfully to catch him, greedy
    4.  Prince (King) Richard: true heir to throne; away fighting the Crusades
    5.  Maid Marian: beautiful, sweet, good with a sword, in love with Robin Hood
    6.  Friar Tuck: Monk, fat but strong, fond of eating and drinking, wants to serve God
    7.  Little John: Huge man, part of Robin Hood’s band of men living in the forest, excellent fighter
    8.  Will Stuteley (Scarlett): Part of Robin Hood’s band of men living in the forest, excellent wrestler
  • Who is the greatest archer in the land? (Robin Hood)
  • Why does Robin Hood steal from the rich? (to give to the poor)
  • Why does the Sheriff hate Robin so much? (because he is unable to catch him)
  • How was Robin able to enter the archery tournament? (disguised himself)
  • Stories about Robin Hood have been popular for about 500 years (since the 14th & 15 centuries). Why do you think this story has remained so popular for so long? (Answers will vary.)
  • Some people believe the stories of Robin Hood were based on a real person. Do you believe this story was based on real-life events or do you think it was fictional (made-up)? (Answers will vary.)
  • Which character in the story is your favorite? Why? (Answers will vary.)

Activities: K – 8: 

  1. Watch this video about Long bows and cross bows. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HagCuGXJgUs
  2. Note: Read the following information to your students: Both Long bows and cross bows were weapons during the Middle Ages. The Longbow was faster to load. Many arrows could be shot in a short period of time. They were used by skilled archers.
    Crossbows were easy to operate and could be used by unskilled archers. Because they were easier to aim, old men and young boys could easily shoot with them. Crossbows’ arrows could often penetrate armor.
    Hunting was a popular sport for the nobility during the Middle Ages. Wealthy families often used dogs and/or falcons to help them catch their prey. Many rode on horseback to chase and corner the desired animal. Bows and arrows were typically the weapon of choice, although spears were also used. Hunted animals included deer, boars, rabbit, geese, ducks, and pheasants. Medieval hunting laws forbade peasants from hunting on land they did not own. If peasants were caught hunting on land owned by a king or nobleman, they could be killed or tortured.

K – 4: Create your own bow and arrows! You will need: A large stick (slightly curved) about 3 feet long (from a tree). Elastic Cord about 3 and ¼ feet long. Plastic straws. Feathers, Aluminum foil. Tape.
Tie one end of the cord to your stick. Tie the other end of the cord to the other end of the stick. Shape small pieces of tin foil into arrowheads and tape them to one end of your straws. Tape plastic feathers onto the other end of your straws. Pull your arrows back on the cord attached to your “bow” and release!
5 – 8: Write your own story about a starving peasant living near a nobleman’s forest, OR pretend you are a newspaper reporter. Write an article about a peasant caught hunting within a nobleman’s forest.

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Copyright September 19th, 2014 by Gwen Fredette

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Saladin, King Richard, & The Crusades

Week 13: Saladin, King Richard, & The Crusades

Read K – 8: The Golden City by Neil Waldman & NOTE (see below)

NOTE:

The Crusades were a series of religious wars in which Christians fought to free the land of Israel and city of Jerusalem from Muslim rule. During the 600’s armies of Muslim Arabs captured the Holy Land and made it part of their Arab Empire. Jerusalem was a Holy City to them, believing that Muhammad had ascended to heaven from Mount Moriah. However, knowing that the city was also Holy to both Jews and Christians, they continued to allow pilgrims from both religions to visit the city.
However, in the 1000’s Muslim Turks blocked pilgrimage routes and attacked the Byzantine Empire. The leader of the Byzantine Empire, Alexius I Comnenus asked the Pope, Urban II, to raise an army to defend his empire.
Pope Urban promised forgiveness of all sins for all knights and warriors who sought to free the Holy Land from Muslim rule. He called the war a “Holy War”, but the wars eventually came to be called “The Crusades”. (Crusade is Latin for the word “cross”.) Those knights who participated in The Crusades wore the symbol of a red cross on their shields. They also carried a religious relic with them on their conquests, a fragment of wood which they believed was a part of the cross on which Jesus was crucified.
There were 4 major Crusades:
1st Crusade: Christian Crusaders captured Jerusalem and killed all who lived there, including Muslims, Jews, and even other Christians. The Holy Land was divided into 4 regions. (Edessa, Antioch, Jerusalem, & Tripoli.) These lands remained under Christian control for almost 100 years.
2nd Crusade: Muslims took control of the area of Edessa. Christian Crusaders fought against them to regain control but were unsuccessful.
3rd Crusade: Muslim leader Saladin fought against Crusaders to recapture the city of Jerusalem. His chief opponent from Europe was King Richard “The Lionhearted.” Both were brilliant military commanders and leaders. In the end, after much bloodshed, Saladin gained control of Jerusalem but allowed Christians to make pilgrimages to the Holy City.
4th Crusade: Christian Crusaders tried once again to recapture Jerusalem, but were unsuccessful.

The stories of Robin Hood came from the Crusades. King Richard taxed the people heavily in order to pay for the war. His brother, John, ruled in his place while he fought in the Holy Land. From a military perspective, the Crusades were not a success for Christian Europe. The Holy Lands stayed in Muslim hands, and many, many lives were lost. But from a commercial perspective, the Crusades brought about the exchange of many new goods and ideas.

Discuss:

  • What “Golden City” is the city of great significance to 3 major religions? (Jerusalem)
  • Name the three religious groups that have wanted possession of it? (Jews, Christians, & Muslims)
  • Why is the city important to Jews? (city of David, location of Mount Moriah where God had commanded Abraham to sacrifice his son, Isaac, city of Solomon and the first magnificent temple.)
  • Why is the city important to Christians? (Jesus, the Messiah, taught there and was crucified there.)
  • Why is the city important to Muslims? (Muslims believe the prophet Muhammad had ascended to heaven from Mount Moriah, located within the city.)
  • Who had control of Jerusalem during Jesus’s time? (The Romans)
  • After Christianity became the official religion of the Roman Empire, what did Christians build in the city? (churches at places where Jesus had walked)
  • What Islamic group conquered a huge territory of land from Spain to India after the collapse of the Roman Empire? (The Arabs)
  • What buildings of prayer did the Muslims build in Jerusalem? (mosques)
  • Who were the Crusaders? (Knights and common people who fought to free the Holy City from Muslim rule)
  • Who sent the Crusaders? (Pope Urban II)
  • Were the Crusaders successful? (yes, for about 100 years)
  • Later, what powerful Arab ruler restored Muslim rule to the city? (Saladin)
  • What religious group currently controls Jerusalem? (The Jews)
  • What religious pilgrims currently come to visit Jerusalem each year? (Jews, Christians, & Muslims)
    Questions on Note:
  • Why did the Crusades begin? (Muslim Turks stopped allowing pilgrims to visit the Holy Lands and attacked the Byzantine Empire.)
  • What did Pope Urban promise to all men who fought in the Crusades? (forgiveness of all sins)
  • What does the word “Crusade” mean? (cross)
  • What was the symbol of the Crusades? (red cross)
  • Were any of the Crusades successful for European Christians? (yes)  Which one? (the first)
  • What powerful Muslim leader fought against the Crusaders and gained control of Jerusalem in the 3rd Crusade? (Saladin)
  • What “Lion-hearted” general was his chief rival? (King Richard)
  • What popular story began around the time of the Crusades? (Robin Hood)
  • Overall, were the Crusades successful wars for the Europeans? (no)
  • Did any good come from the Crusades? (exchange of many new goods and ideas)

Activities: K – 3: Coloring page: http://www.catholickingdom.com/Marketplace/Games%20and%20Activities/Coloring/pictures/picture_03.html
4 – 8: Crusades Crossword puzzle.  Click here: CRUSADES Crossword  (This crossword puzzle is two pages; please scroll down to find the crossword clues.)

Teachers, click here for the answer key: CRUSADES ANSWER KEY

Copyright September 11, 2014 by Gwen Fredette

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Great Literature: Aladdin

Week 12: Great Literature: Aladdin

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Read K – 4:  The Tale of Aladdin and the Wonderful Lamp by Eric Kimmel

5 – 6: Aladdin and the Enchanted Lamp by Marianna Mayer

7 – 8: One Thousand and One Arabian Nights by Geraldine McCaughrean (Chps 1 – 5; 23 – 26; 33 – 35)

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Discuss:

  •  Describe Aladdin’s character at the beginning of the story? (clever, lazy, poor)
  • Why did the magician claim to be Aladdin’s uncle? (wanted him to get him a lamp with a genie inside)
  • How many genies are in the original Aladdin story? (2)
  • What did each genie inhabit? (ring, & lamp)
  • How did the genies help Aladdin and his mother? (gave them food)
  • Who did Aladdin fall in love with? (Sultan’s daughter)
  • How was he able to obtain her as his wife? (by asking the genie to provide him with rich gifts to give her father.)
  • How did the wicked magician get back his lamp? (by telling the princess he’d trade new lamps for old)
  • What did the magician do when he got the lamp? (wished for princess & her castle to be whisked away to his own native land)
  • Describe how Aladdin & the princess outwitted the magician? (Aladdin used his magic ring to find the princess; the princess dined with the magician; she got him drunk/drugged him with a sleeping potion; she grabbed the lamp and wished for the castle and all within to be taken home.)
  • If you’ve seen the Disney version of Aladdin, compare and contrast that version with this original story? (2 genies instead of one, flying carpet, different name of princess, etc.)
    Questions for Grades 7 – 8:
  • Explain how Shayryar came to distrust all women? (found his wife with another man)
  • What did Shayryar do each night? (married another woman)
  • What happened each morning? (she was killed)
  • Why was the king’s advisor, the wazir, so worried? (had 2 beautiful daughters)
  • Explain how his daughter, Shahrazad saved her own life and the lives of many women in the kingdom? (told a different story every night but always ended the story on a cliff-hanger; the sultan always wanted to know how the story would end so he always allowed her to live “one more day.”)
  • What is probably the most famous story from 1001 Arabian Nights? (Aladdin)
  • Why did the king finally agree not to have Shahrazad killed after 1001 nights? (he loved her; she loved him and was carrying his child)
  • Of the stories you read in 1001 Arabian Nights, which did you like the best? Why? (answers will vary)

Activities:
K – 3: Draw your own picture of a scene from Aladdin.
4 – 6: In paragraph form answer ONE of the following questions:

  • Compare and contrast this story of Aladdin with the Disney version of Aladdin (if you’ve seen it)
  • Do you think Aladdin deserved to marry the princess? Why or why not?

7 – 8: Write a 5 paragraph, 3 proof essay on ONE of the following topics:

  • Your favorite story from 1001 Arabian Nights (which one and why)
  • Shayryar didn’t deserve to be married to Shahrazad. Do you agree or disagree? Why?
  • Shahrazad lied when she told Shahrazad she loved him? Do you agree or disagree? Why?
  • Shahrazad was a powerful woman. Do you agree or disagree? Why?

Copyright September 4th, 2014 by Gwen Fredette

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