Category Archives: Exploration

History Test: Renaissance & Reformation

WEEK 17:  Renaissance & Reformation History Test

NOTE: Following is the Renaissance & Reformation History Test.  7th and 8th graders should be able to do all of this test.  4th through 6th graders should be able to do most of the test.   K – 3rd graders will be able to do a lot of this test orally.   Each question is worth 1 point.  This test is OPTIONAL.   Please feel free to skip it, scale it, eliminate parts of it, use it merely as a review, or do whatever best suits your family!  If you choose to give your children this test, I would recommend reviewing the “Discussion Questions” from the last 16 weeks’ lesson plans the day before you give the test.

Following the test you will find a teachers’ answer key.

History Test: Renaissance & Reformation

 

Name: ______________________________________________ Date: _______________________________________

Directions:  Fill in the Blank.

  1. In what country did the Renaissance begin? ____________________________
  2. What does the word Renaissance mean? _________________________________

3 & 4.  Name the 2 most famous artists of the Renaissance? ____________________________   and _______________________.

  1. What was a patron? ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  2. Were apprentices and masters poor, middle, or upper class? ___________________
  3. What religion were most people during the Renaissance? _____________________
  4. What terrible practice did Prince Henry’s sailors begin in order to make money? ____________________
  5. How were books printed during Medieval times (The Dark & Middle Ages)? _________________________________________
  6. During the Middle Ages what was used for pens? ____________________________
  7. During the Middle Ages what food was used to thicken all of the paints? _______________
  8. During the Middle Ages what was used to create black ink? ________________________
  9. What does “illumination” mean? _____________________________________________
  10. Before Gutenberg, who first invented the idea of printing with a printing press? ______________________
  11. What was used for paper before the printing press was invented? ______________________
  12. During the Middle Ages book covers were made from? _____________________________
  13. What was Gutenberg’s most famous book? ______________________________________
  14. What unusual way did Leonardo Da Vinci write his notes? ___________________________

19 & 20.  Name Leonardo Da Vinci’s 2 most famous paintings? ____________________________  and ______________________________

  1. What was probably the hardest thing Michaelangelo ever painted? ______________________
  2. Who was often Michaelangelo’s patron? __________________________________________
  3. Why did Martin Luther promise God he would become a Monk? __________________________________________________________________
  4. What did Luther nail to the Wittenberg door? _____________________________
  5. What did the Catholic church call Luther? _____________________
  6. Who was Johann Tetzel? ________________________________________
  7. Ferdinand Magellan was the first man to do what? _____________________________
  8. Why did Queen Elizabeth’s father, King Henry, start the church of England?

___________________________________________________________________________

  1. How many children did Queen Elizabeth have? _________________________________
  2. What famous woman supported William Shakespeare and his theatre? ___________________________________
  3. What was the name of Shakespeare’s theatre? _______________________________
  4. How did Theatres let townspeople know when a play would be performed?

______________________________________________________________________

  1. In the play, MacBeth, how did Birnam Wood come to Dunsinone Hill?

______________________________________________________________________

  1. In the play, Romeo and Juliet, what good came at the end of the story?

_______________________________________________________________________

  1. “To be, or not to be. That is the question.” This is a famous line from what play?

_________________________________________________________________

  1. “Double, Double toil and trouble, fire burn and cauldron bubble.” Is a famous line from what play? ________________________________________________________________

Multiple Choice

37.  During the Renaissance there was a great change in all of the following (compared to the Middle Ages) except:

  • A.  Books
  • B. The Church
  • C. Exploration
  • D.  Life of Peasants

38.  Which of the following was NOT one of the most important cities of the Renaissance?

  • A.  Paris
  • B.  Rome
  • C. Venice
  • D. Florence

39.  During the time of the Renaissance the majority of people were:

  • A.  Artisans
  • B. Merchants
  • C. Peasants
  • D. Apprentices

40.  Which of the following was NOT a form entertainment during the Renaissance?

  • A.  Theatre
  • B.  Olympics
  • C. Chess
  • D.  Tournaments

41.  Which of the following was NOT something merchants sold during the Renaissance?

  • A.  Spices
  • B.  Silk, fabric
  • C.  Jewelry
  • D.  Water

42.  Prince Henry want to find a fast, simple way to _____________

  • A.  India
  • B.  America
  • C.  China
  • D.  Africa

43.  Which of the following was NOT a type of expert Prince Henry had at his school of Navigation?

  • A.  Ship Captains
  • B.  Map Makers
  • C.  Interpreters
  • D.  Astronomers

44.  Which of the following was NOT a device Prince Henry improved so sailors could find their way at sea?

  • A.  Astrolabe
  • B.  Radar
  • C.  Quadrant
  • D.  Compass

45.  During the Middle Ages about how long did it take to make a book?

  • A.  Days
  • B.  Weeks
  • C.  Months
  • D.  Years

46.  Who were the 3 main people involved in the creation of illuminations? (Circle 3)

  • A.  The scribe
  • B.  The merchant
  • C.  The parchmenter
  • D.  The illuminator

47.  Gutenberg invented all of the following EXCEPT:

  • A.  Metal type
  • B.  Indulgences
  • C. New ink that would stick to the type
  • D.  A press that would push paper onto the type.

48.  Which of the following was/were not invented or created by Leonardo Da Vinci?

  • A.  Weapons
  • B.  A bicycle
  • C.  The Statue, “David”
  • D.  A flying machine

49.  Leonardo Da Vinci’s horse sculpture was special because?

  • A.  It was 24 feet high.
  • B.  It was made of bronze
  • C.  He made it with Michelangelo
  • D.  It was the king’s favorite statue.

50.  Which of the following was NOT created by Michelangelo?

  • A.  The Last Supper
  • B.  The Pieta
  • C.  The Statue, “David”
  • D.  A statue of Moses

51.  Which country did Columbus sail for?

  • A.  Italy
  • B.  Spain
  • C. France
  • D.  England

52.  What were the names of Columbus’s three ships?

  • A.  Nina, Maravel, & Santa Maria
  • B.  Nina, Pinta, & Santa Maria
  • C.  Nina, Pinta, & Maravel
  • D.  Pinta, Maravel, & Santa Maria

53.  What was NOT a talent of Amerigo Vespuci?

  • A.  He was able to determine latitude & longitude.
  • B.  He was able to navigate by stars and planets.
  • C.  He was able to make accurate maps and determine (within 50 miles) the size of the earth.
  • D.  He was able to start a successful colony in America.

54.  During the Renaissance what was NOT something the Catholic church encouraged people to do?

  • A.  Buy indulgences
  • B.  Look at relics
  • C.  Read the Bible themselves
  •  D.  Listen to their Pope

55.  How was Martin Luther’s life saved?

  • A.  The Pope realized he was wrong.
  • B.  Prince Frederick kidnapped him.
  • C.  Prince Frederick traded him for a relic.
  • D.  Martin Luther was protected by the college at Witenberg.

56.  Which of the following was NOT something Martin Luther did?

  • A.  Translated the Bible into German.
  • B.  Became a professor of Theology.
  • C.  Spoke against indulgences and relics.
  • D.  Supported the 30 Year War.

57.  What was the Spanish Inquisition?

  • A.  A group of judges who investigated heretics.
  • B.  A group who determined which sailors could do exploration.
  • C.  Prince Henry’s sailors.
  • D.  None of the above.

58.  How did Farel urge John Calvin into staying in Geneva?

  • A.  He promised to protect him from the Catholic church.
  • B.  Told him that God would curse his peace if he left in such a time of great need.
  • C.  He promised him a good salary.
  • D.  He promised to help him start a college.

59.  Which of the following was NOT a problem Magellan had during his voyage?

  • A.  Some of his sailors didn’t trust him because he was Portuguese.
  • B.  One of the ship captains wanted to be in charge and lead a rebellion against him with other captains.
  • C.  Many of his sailors got scurvy.
  • D.  All of his ships were destroyed.

60.  What made Elizabeth a good queen?

  • A.  She was tolerant of people’s religious views.
  • B.  She made wise decisions to keep her country out of war.
  • C.  She visited the common people, listened to her advisors, and encouraged the theatre.
  • D.  All of the above.

61.  12th Night was a

  • A.  Comedy
  • B.  Adventure
  • C.  Tragedy
  • D.  History

62.  What was NOT a part of Twelfth Night?

  • A.  Death
  • B.  Love
  • C.  A funny character
  • D.  Mistaken Identities

63.  Romeo and Juliet was a …

  • A.  Comedy
  • B.  Adventure
  • C.  Tragedy
  • D.  History

64.  What was NOT a part of Romeo & Juliet?

  • A.  Death
  • B.  Love
  • C.  A funny character
  • D.  Swordplay (swordfights)

65.  A MidSummer Night’s Dream was a …

  • A.  Comedy
  • B.  Adventure
  • C.  Tragedy
  • D.  History

66.  What was NOT a part of A MidSummer Night’s Dream?

  • A.  Death
  • B.  Love
  • C.  A funny character
  • D.  Magic

67.  Hamlet was a …

  • A.  Comedy
  • B.  Adventure
  • C.  Tragedy
  • D.  History

68.  What was NOT a part of Hamlet?

  • A.  Death
  • B.  A funny character
  • C.  Swordplay
  • D.  A Ghost

69.  The Tempest was a …

  • A.  Comedy
  • B.  Adventure
  • C.  Tragedy
  • D.  History

70.  What was NOT a part of the Tempest?

  • A.  Death
  • B.  Love
  • C.  Betrayal
  • D.  Magic

71.  MacBeth was a …

  • A.  Comedy
  • B.  Adventure
  • C.  Tragedy
  • D.  History

72.  What was NOT a part of MacBeth?

  • A.  Death
  • B.  A funny character
  • C.  Betrayal
  • D.  Witches

True or False.

  1. T/F The Renaissance occurred in Asia. ____________________
  2. T/F Spices were very valuable during the Renaissance. ______________
  3. T/F During the Renaissance, maps were pretty accurate. ______________
  4. T/F Clothes during the Renaissance were bright and colorful. ______________
  5. T/F During the Renaissance, most girls learned to read and write. ______________
  6. T/F Renaissance Europe was a peaceful place. ______________
  7. T/F In Renaissance Europe, people bathed often. ______________
  8. T/F Gutenberg printed Indulgences, which were papers sold by the Catholic church that promised people forgiveness of sins. ______________
  9. T/F Leonardo Da Vinci was an inventor. ______________
  10. T/F Leonardo also had wonderful musical abilities. ______________
  11. T/F John Calvin often had poor health. ______________
  12. T/F Ferdinand Magellan died of starvation. ______________
  13. T/F Queen Elizabeth’s life was threatened several times. ______________
  14. T/F Queen Elizabeth was well educated. ______________
  15. T/F Queen Elizabeth received many marriage proposals. ______________
  16. T/F Theatres had fantastic props at that time. ______________
  17. T/F Actors wore elegant costumes. ______________
  18. T/F Shakespeare got to see plays as a child. ______________
  19. T/F Students read and recited from plays by Greek & Roman writers at school. __________
  20. T/F Before Shakespeare began writing plays, he was an actor. ______________
  21. T/F Romeo and Juliet were teenagers. ______________
  22. T/F Most peasants owned one illuminated manuscript. ______________
  23. T/F More people were able to read after Gutenberg’s invention. ______________
  24. T/F Leonardo Da Vinci & Michelangelo were good friends. ______________
  25. T/F Leonardo & Michelangelo both dissected and studied corpses. ______________
  26. T/F Before Columbus died he realized he hadn’t found the Indies. ______________
  27. T/F Martin Luther and John Calvin and their supporters called themselves “Protestants” because they were protesting many of the Catholic church’s teachings. ______________
  28. T/F Mom loves her kids very much and is very proud of them. ______________

Extra Credit:

For Grades K – 3:

What was an apprentice? A master?  ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

For Grades 4 – 6: 

Why did Magellan name the new ocean the “Pacific”?

______________________________________________________________________________

What happened to Bottom in A MidSummer Night’s Dream?  ______________________________________________________________________________

For Grades 7 – 8: 

What was used to create blue ink for illuminated manuscripts?  ______________________________________________________________________________

What play is this line from? “Some are born great, some achieve greatness, and some have greatness thrust upon them.”  ______________________________________________________________________________

 

Answer Key:

  • 1.  Italy
  • 2.  Rebirth
  • 3. & 4.  Leonardo Da Vinci & Michelangelo
  • 5.  A wealthy person who paid someone with a special skill to work for him.
  • 6.  Middle
  • 7.  Catholic
  • 8.  Kidnapping African people and selling them as slaves.
  • 9.  Written by hand; copied by scribes
  • 10.  feathers
  • 11.  egg
  • 12.  soot
  • 13.  to light up
  • 14.  the Chinese
  • 15.  animal skins (parchment)
  • 16.  leather
  • 17.  the Gutenberg Bible
  • 18.  backwards
  • 19. & 20.   The Last Supper & The Mona Lisa
  • 21.  The Sistine Chapel
  • 22.  The Pope (Catholic Church)
  • 23.  He was almost killed by lightning.
  • 24.  95 Theses
  • 25.  a heretic
  • 26.  a monk who sold indulgences for the Catholic church
  • 27. sail around the world
  • 28.  The Catholic church wouldn’t let him divorce his wives.
  • 29. none
  • 30.  Queen Elizabeth
  • 31.  The Globe
  • 32.  They flew a flag
  • 33.  Soldiers cut branches off the trees from the wood and carried them up the hill.
  • 34.  The two families were united in their grief.
  • 35.  Hamlet
  • 36.  MacBeth
  • 37.  D
  • 38.  A
  • 39.  C
  • 40.  B
  • 41.  D
  • 42.  A
  • 43.  C
  • 44.  B
  • 45.  C
  • 46.  A, C, & D
  • 47.  B
  • 48.  C
  • 49.  A
  • 50.  A
  • 51.  B
  • 52.  B
  • 53.  D
  • 54.  C
  • 55.  B
  • 56.  D
  • 57.  A
  • 58.  B
  • 59.  D
  • 60.  D
  • 61.  A
  • 62.  A
  • 63.  C
  • 64.  C
  • 65.  A
  • 66.  A
  • 67.  C
  • 68.  B
  • 69.  A
  • 70.  A
  • 71.  C
  • 72.  B
  • 73.  F
  • 74.  T
  • 75.  F
  • 76.  T
  • 77.  F
  • 78.  F
  • 79.  F
  • 80.  T
  • 81.  T
  • 82.  T
  • 83.  T
  • 84.  F
  • 85.  T
  • 86.  T
  • 87.  T
  • 88.  F
  • 89.  T
  • 90.  T
  • 91.  T
  • 92.  T
  • 93.  T
  • 94.  F
  • 95.  T
  • 96.  F
  • 97.  T
  • 98.  F
  • 99.  T
  • 100.  T

Extra Credit K – 3:  An apprentice was someone learning a trade.  A master was someone highly skilled at a trade who trained others.

Extra Credit 4 – 6:  “Pacific” means peaceful.  He felt the ocean seemed very peaceful compared to the Atlantic Ocean.  Bottom’s head was turned into a Donkey’s head.

Extra Credit: 7 – 8:  The blue stone, Lapis Lazuli.  12th Night.

Copyright December 27th, 2015 by Gwen Fredette

 

 

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William Shakespeare

Week 13: William Shakespeare

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Read K – 2: William Shakespeare and the Globe by Aliki

3 – 4: Bard of Avon: The Story of William Shakespeare by Diane Stanley (read also the “Postscript” at the end of the book)

5 – 8:  The Play’s the Thing by Ruth Turk

Discuss:

  • Why is William Shakespeare so famous? (for writing plays)
  • Why were plays so popular in the 1500’s? (form of entertainment)
  • What famous woman supported William Shakespeare and his theatre? (Queen Elizabeth)
  • What 3 kinds of plays did Shakespeare write? (tragedies, comedies, & histories)
  • What was the name of Shakespeare’s theatre? (the Globe)

Questions for Grades 3 & up: 

  • T/F Theatres had fantastic props at that time. (F)
  • T/F Actors wore elegant costumes.  (T)
  • How did actors make death scenes look realistic? (pouch of pig’s or sheep’s blood worn under the shirt; it would burst open when someone was stabbed)
  • Were there women actors at that time? (no)
  • Name at least 3 of Shakespeare’s most famous plays? (Romeo & Juliet,  Hamlet, MacBeth, The Tempest, Richard III, etc.)
  • Did Shakespeare write his plays to be printed in books? (no, for actors to act)
  • Name some of the new words and phrases Shakespeare invented (majestic, countless, leapfrog, dead as a doornail, flesh and blood, etc.)

Questions for Grades 5 – 8:

  • T/F Shakespeare got to see plays as a child.  (T)
  • T/F Students read and recited from plays by Greek & Roman writers at school. (T)
  • How did Theatres let townspeople know when a play would be performed? (flew flag from the roof)
  • T/F Before Shakespeare began writing plays, he was an actor. (T)
  • How did the Plague affect Shakespeare’s theatre? (Had to be closed for a while; all public meetings & entertainment were banned)
  • What was the name of Shakespeare’s son? (Hamnet)
  • Describe the plot to overthrow Queen Elizabeth and why Shakespeare and his actors were accused? (Shakespeare’s theatre was paid to do a special performance of Richard II, a play in which an unfit king was forced to surrender his throne;  Essex, the man aspiring for Queen Elizabeth’s throne, hoped that when the people saw the play they would want to overthrow Queen Elizabeth.  The Queen questioned the acting company and decided that the actors were innocent.)
  • How were Shakespeare’s plays published? (friends gathered them and had them published after his death)

Activities:

Copyright December 4th, 2015 by Gwen Fredette

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Queen Elizabeth

Week 12: Queen Elizabeth

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Read K – 5: Good Queen Bess by Diane Stanley

6 – 8:  Who Was Queen Elizabeth by June Eding OR Elizabeth I by Simon Adams  

Note:  The name of Elizabeth’s family line was “The Tudors”.  People call the time of Queen Elizabeth’s rule, when there was peace and prosperity, as “The Elizabethan Age.”

Discuss:

  • Why did Elizabeth’s father, King Henry, start the church of England? (Wanted to divorce his wife, Catholic church wouldn’t allow it.)
  • Why did Henry want a son so badly? (felt kingdom should go to a son; believed a woman couldn’t rule the kingdom)
  • Was King Henry happy when Elizabeth was born? (no; wanted a son)
  • Did Elizabeth expect to be queen someday? (no)  Why? (Father married third wife, who bore him a son.)
  • Why wasn’t Elizabeth’s brother Edward king for long? (died, bad health)
  • Who became queen after Edward’s death? (Elizabeth’s older sister, Mary)
  • Why weren’t the English people happy with Mary as their queen? (she married the future king of Spain, she changed the religion of England to Catholicism)
  • Why did Elizabeth become queen? (Mary died)
  • What made Elizabeth a good queen? (tolerant of people’s religious views, made wise decisions to keep country out of war, visited the common people, listened to advisors, encouraged the theatre)
  • Did Queen Elizabeth ever marry? (no)

Questions for Grades 6 – 8:

  • What was the name of Elizabeth’s family line? (The Tudors)
  • T/F Elizabeth’s life was threatened several times. (T)
  • T/F Elizabeth was well educated. (T)
  • T/F Elizabeth received many marriage proposals. (T)
  • Who was Mary, Queen of Scots? (Elizabeth’s Catholic cousin who wanted the throne of England, plotted to kill Elizabeth)
  • What was the Elizabethan Age? (Time of Elizabeth’s rule, time of peace and prosperity)
  • Did Elizabeth have any children? (no)
  • Who became king when Elizabeth died? (Mary, Queen of Scot’s son, James)

Activities:

K – 1: Coloring page: http://www.activityvillage.co.uk/sites/default/files/downloads/elizabeth_i_colouring_page.pdf

2 – 3: Complete one of the following 2 worksheets:

4 – 6:Elizabeth’s family line was called “The Tudors”.  Complete the following worksheets about “The Tudors”:  http://www.activityvillage.co.uk/sites/default/files/downloads/rich_and_poor_food_tudor_workheet.pdf

Then, write a few paragraphs on ONE of the following topics:

  1. In what ways was Elizabeth a great Queen?
  2. Many people have desired to be part of the nobility or royal families.  What were some advantages of being part of this class?  What were the disadvantages?

7 – 8: Fill in the following worksheet, listing the reasons why King Henry ended the marriages to each of his 6 wives: http://www.activityvillage.co.uk/sites/default/files/downloads/wives_henry_viii_booklet_3_blank.pdf

Then, write a short essay on ONE of the following topics:

  1. In what ways was Elizabeth a great Queen?
  2. Many people have desired to be part of the nobility or royal families.  What were some advantages of being part of this class?  What were the disadvantages?

Copyright November 20th, 2015 by Gwen Fredette

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Ferdinand Magellan

Week 11: Ferdinand Magellan

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Read K – 3: Land Ho! By Nancy Winslow Parker (pages 14 & 15 only) & watch this youtube video about Ferdinand Magellan: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ijSk7uv4nbI

4 – 6:  Magellan’s World by Stuart Waldman

7 – 8:  Ferdinand Magellan by Betty Burnett

Discuss:

  •  Ferdinand Magellan was the first man to do what? (sail around the world)
  • Which country did he sail for? (Spain)
  • Why was the voyage so difficult? (long, ran out of food)
  • How many ships did he start with? (5)
  • Did Magellan survive the trip? (no)
  • How many ships made it back to Spain after sailing around the world? (1)

Questions for Grades 4 and Up:

  • Where was Magellan from? (Portugal)
  • Why didn’t he sail for the King of Portugal? (King Manuel didn’t like him)
  • Describe some of the problems Magellan had with his captains? (Didn’t trust Magellan because he was Portuguese; Cartagena wanted to be in charge and lead a rebellion against him with other captains)
  • What did Magellan do to these men? (one captain sentenced to death; left Cartagena on an island to die)
  • Where was the “strait” through the “New World” located? (tip of South America)
  • Why did Magellan name the new ocean the “Pacific”? (Pacific means peaceful)
  • What did the sailors eat when they ran out of food? (sawdust & leather)
  • What was scurvy? (disease caused by lack of vitamin C)
  • What important group of islands in the Pacific did he find? (Philippines)
  • What religion did Magellan preach to the Cebuans? (Christianity)
  • What terrible mistake did Magellan make? (should have left while things were good, but instead decided to do battle with the nearby island of Mactan; many sailors were killed, including Magellan)
  • How was Magellan killed? (with poisoned arrow)

Questions for grades 7 & up:

  • Why did countries want to find an easy route to the East? (wanted Spices)
  • Who kept a diary of Magellan’s voyage? (Pigafetta)
  • Did all of Magellan’s ships sail to the Pacific Ocean? (no; one turned around and went back to Spain)
  • Why didn’t Magellan get scurvy? (He ate quince jelly which had vitamin C in it.)
  • How many men made it back to Spain? (18)
  • How long did the journey take? (almost 3 years)

 

Activities: All Ages:  Make a map of Magellan’s journey using this blank map: http://www.eduplace.com/ss/maps/pdf/world_country.pdf

and this map: http://www.ducksters.com/biography/explorers/magellan_route_around_the_world.jpg

or this map for help: http://mrnussbaum.com/explorers/routemaps/

K – 6: Create a voyage in a bottle craft similar to this idea from Crayola.com: http://www.crayola.com/lesson-plans/voyages-in-a-bottle-lesson-plan/

Except, create 5 ships instead of 3 and label the bottle Ferdinand Magellan.   The ship hulls can be made with playdough.  The ship masts can be made with toothpicks.  The ships were named the Trinidad, the Santiago, the Victoria, the Concepcion, and the San Antonio.   Be sure to include a Spanish Flag on each ship to show that Magellan sailed for Spain.  http://www.enchantedlearning.com/europe/spain/flag/

Draw a large red arrow on mast of the San Antonio to show that it secretly sailed back to Spain.  Color the mast of the Santiago black to show that it sunk near South America.  Put a star on the mast of the Victoria, which is the only ship that made it back to Spain after sailing around the world.

7 – 8: Choose one of the following essay prompts:

  • In what ways was Ferdinand Magellan a good leader and captain? In what ways was Magellan a poor one?
  • King Manuel did not think highly of Magellan. Was he correct in his views?  Why or why not?
  • Pretend you are going on a voyage around the world with the same crew and ships Magellan had. What would you have done differently regarding the following problems he encountered: 1) mutiny  2) scurvy  3) starvation  4) battle with Cebuans

Copyright November 13th, 2015 by Gwen Fredette

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Amerigo Vespucci

Week 8: Amerigo Vespucci

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Read K – 3: Land Ho! (Pages 8 & 9 only)  by Nancy Parker

4 – 6:  The Story of Amerigo Vespucci, Forgotten Voyager  by Ann Alper  Chps 4 – end 

7 – 8:  The Story of Amerigo Vespucci, Forgotten Voyager  by Ann Alper (the whole book) 

Discuss:

  • Why did the king of Spain send Vespucci out to explore Columbus’s lands? (He wanted him to find out what lands Columbus had discovered and to make maps of those lands.  He didn’t want to send Columbus because people from his new colonies were complaining about his leadership.)
  • When it came to maps and navigation, how did Amerigo contribute to the world?  (He was able to determine latitude & longitude, and navigate by stars and planets.  He was able to make accurate maps and determine within 50 miles the size of the earth.)
  • What important fact did Amerigo discover about the New World?  (It wasn’t the Indies.)
  • Name some of the problems Vespucci had at sea? (Storms destroyed some of the boats and shipworms were eating his boats.)
  • Why is America named America? ( A German mapmaker made the first accurate map of the New World from Vespucci’s letters.  He thought Amerigo had discovered the lands so he named them after him.)

Activities: All ages:  Make a map of Amerigo’s voyages using this blank map from eduplace.com.  You may use this site for help.

K – 2:  Using toothpicks, paper, and play dough, create the kind of ship Amerigo might have used to discover America.  (Use pictures of Amerigo Vespucci’s boat on the internet for help: click here.)

3 – 5:  Write a paragraph: which explorer do you think was more important?  Amerigo Vespucci or Christopher Columbus?  Why?  (Give 3 reasons.)

6 – 8:   Write an essay:  Which explorer was a more important historical figure, Christopher Columbus or Amerigo Vespucci.  Write a 5 paragraph, three proof essay.

 Copyright August 20, 2012 by Gwen Fredette

 

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Christopher Columbus

Week 7: Christopher Columbus

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View K – 3: Animated Hero Classics: Christopher Columbus  by  NEST Entertainment OR  Read: Christopher Columbus by Stephen Krensky

Read 4 – 6:  Christopher Columbus: The Discovery of the New World  by Carole Gallagher

7 – 8:  Christopher Columbus by Peter & Connie Roop

Discuss:

  • Where was Columbus from? (Italy)
  • When Columbus first presented his plan to look for a new trade route to the Indies, it was rejected.  Why?  (People believed it couldn’t be done; people thought his calculations were wrong, expensive trip, etc.)
  • Which country did Columbus sail for? (Spain)
  • What were the names of the ships that went with him? (Nina, Pinta, & Santa Maria)
  • Besides sailors, who went with Columbus on his voyage? (Arabic translator, secretary)
  • After they had been at sea for many days, the sailors grew frightened.  Why? (Superstitious, Sea Monsters, etc.)
  • How long did it take them to reach land? (33 days; over a month)
  • Why was Columbus surprised by the natives?  (very poor, no gold)
  • Why do you think Columbus forced some Natives to go back with him? (to prove where he had been)
  • How many ships made it back to Spain? (2)

Questions for Grades 4 & up:

  • Describe Columbus’s 2nd voyage to America? (Found Spaniards left behind had been murdered by Indians (for stealing gold, women, etc.  Indians were now unfriendly to them.  Mosquitoes were causing Malaria, sailors out of control, terrorizing Indians, etc.)
  • Was Columbus a good leader and truthful person? (no. lied to the King & Queen about the wealth he had found)
  • Did Columbus ever realize he hadn’t found the Indies? (no)

Activities: All ages: Make a map of Columbus’s voyages using theses blank maps:

K – 2: Christopher Columbus coloring page: http://www.usa-printables.com/Events/Colony/colony-pics/colony-002.gif

3 – 5: Christopher Columbus crossword puzzle http://gardenofpraise.com/ibdpuz9.htm 

6 – 8: Write an essay:  If you were a sailor on one of Columbus’s ships, would Columbus be the kind of man you would respect?  Why or why not?

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Copyright October 16th, 2015 by Gwen Fredette

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Leonardo Da Vinci

Week 5: Leonardo Da Vinci

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Read K – 4: Neo Leo by Gene Barretta & View these images of Leonardo’s most famous works:

5 – 6:  Leonardo: Beautiful Dreamer by Robert Byrd 

7 – 8:  Leonardo Da Vinci by John Phillips

Discuss:

  •  T/F Leonardo was an inventor.  (T)
  • What unusual way did Leo write his notes? (backwards)
  • Why? (No one knows.  Maybe to keep notes secret; maybe because he was left-handed.)
  • Name some of Leo’s inventions? (weapons, bicycle, flying machines, mechanical lion [robot])
  • What inspired many of his inventions? (nature)
  • Name his 2 most famous paintings? (Mona Lisa & Last Supper)
  • What was his most famous sculpture? (Giant horse)

Questions for Grades 5 – up:

  • Where was Leonardo born? (Italy)
  • Which family member was Leo especially close to? (Young Uncle Francesco)
  • What was an apprentice? (person who lived and studied with a master of a trade)
  • What did Leo learn from his master, Verrochio? (painting, sculpture, created furniture, costumes, musical instruments, tools, studied anatomy)
  • What bad habit did Leo often have when it came to his work? (didn’t finish)
  • Why was Leo’s horse special? (24 feet high; it was first made of clay and then was supposed to be cast in bronze.)
  • What happened to the horse? (Bronze was needed for weapons of war; invading soldiers shot arrows in the clay horse and destroyed it.)
  • How did Leo contribute to Renaissance architecture? (designed sturdy buildings)
  • Why did Leo dissect corpses? (to understand how the body worked and draw its parts)
  • What happened to many of Leo’s notes? (lost or destroyed)

Questions for grades 7 and 8:

  • Why was Leo’s family life awkward as a child? (His parents weren’t married.)
  • Who did he live with as a young boy? (grandparents)
  • Why couldn’t Leo inherit his father’s wealth? (illegitimate son)
  • Did Leo teach others his skills? (yes, ran a workshop in Florence; had several apprentices)
  • Did Leo and Michelangelo ever work together? (yes)
  • Did they get along? (no)
  • About how many pages of notes did Leo make? (7000)
  • T/F Leo also had wonderful musical abilities. (T)

Activities: K – 2:

3 – 5: Write three paragraphs describing three of Leonardo’s great achievements.

6  – 8: Write a 5 paragraph three proof essay on one of the following topics:

    • Leonardo Da Vinci was a genius.
    • Leonardo Da Vinci had a sad life.
    • Describe three things that Leo never had the chance to complete. Tell how these things might have benefitted society if they had been finished.
    • Describe 3 of your favorite pieces designed or created by Leo and tell why you like them.

Copyright October 2nd, 2015 by Gwen Fredette

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