Category Archives: Post Civil War Era

Post Civil War Test

WEEK 17:  Post Civil War American History Test

NOTE: Following is the Post Civil War American History Test.  7th and 8th graders should be able to do all of this test.  4th through 6th graders should be able to do most of the test.   K – 3rd graders will be able to do a lot of this test orally.   Each question is worth 2 points.  This test is OPTIONAL.   Please feel free to skip it, scale it, eliminate parts of it, use it merely as a review, or do whatever best suits your family!  If you choose to give your children this test, I would recommend reviewing the “Discussion Questions” from the last 16 weeks’ lesson plans the day before you give the test.

Following the test you will find a teachers’ answer key.

History Test: Post Civil War

Name: ________________________________                                                                Date: ________

 

Directions: Write “T” if the answer is true.  Write “F” if the answer is false.

  1. T/F Quakers believed in equality of the sexes. _________
  2. T/F Quakers believed in equality of races. _________
  3. T/F Rich and poor passenger’s rooms on the boat to America were the same. _________
  4. T/F The government sent supplies of food to Native Americans who lived on assigned lands. _______
  5. T/F When Americans fought against Indian tribes, they never killed women and children. _________

 

Directions: Circle the letter(s) of the correct answer(s).

  1. What was the “Reconstruction”?

A.) The rebuilding of the Transcontinental Railroad.

B.) The rebuilding of the South after the Civil War.

C.)  Building of schools for African Americans after the Civil War.

D.)  The fight for women’s right to vote after the Civil War.

 

  1. What did the Southern states have to do to rejoin the Union?

A.)  10% of voters in a Southern state had to take an oath to support the Union.

B.)  50% of voters in a Southern state had to take an oath to support the Union.

C.)  The state had to agree to make slavery illegal.

D.)  Both  A and  C are correct.

E.)  Both B and C are correct.

 

  1. What were “Black Codes?”

A.) Laws passed in the South that prevented blacks from voting.

B.) Laws passed in the South that prevented blacks from going to school.

C.) Laws  passed in the South that prevented blacks from owning land.

D.)  All of the above.

 

  1. Which Amendment outlawed slavery?

A.)  5th Amendment

B.)  9th Amendment

C.)  13th Amendment

D.)  19th Amendment

 

  1. Which southern president was nicknamed the “Veto President”?

A.) Abraham Lincoln                                       C.) Ulysses S. Grant

B.) Andrew Johnson                                       D.) Rutherford Hayes

 

  1. What did the Freedman’s Bureau do?

A.) It freed slaves.

B.)  It built sod houses for slaves in the Plains.

C.)  It gave out food, clothes, and medicine, & set up hospitals and schools for former slaves.

D.)  It provided food, clothes, and medicine, & set up hospitals and schools for Native Americans.

 

  1. Which amendment gave women the right to vote?

A.)  5th Amendment

B.)  9th Amendment

C.)  13th Amendment

D.)  19th Amendment

 

  1. Name some of the problems Chicago firefighters faced in trying to fight the great Chicago fire. (Circle all that apply.)

A.)  The houses were made of wood; sidewalks were made of wood and streets were paved with wood.

B.)  There had been a drought and they had had to battle many fires in the previous days; they were exhausted and hadn’t gotten enough sleep.

C.)  The firefighters hadn’t had enough practice in fighting fires.

D.)  The firefighters went to the wrong neighborhood by accident.

 

  1. Why was it unusual that Booker was asked to speak at the Exposition in Atlanta?

A.)  He was the first black person asked to speak to a white audience there.

B.)  He didn’t know how to give speeches.

C.)  He lived quite a distance from the Exposition.

D.)  None of the above.

 

  1. Which Act promised free land to families living in the Plains during the 1800’s.

A.)  Kansas Act

B.) Minnesota Act

C.)  Indian Reservation Act

D.)  The Homestead Act

 

  1. Why did many immigrants want to move to America? (circle all that apply)

A.)  Famine in homeland.

B.)  Persecution due to Race.

C.)  Persecution due to Religion.

D.)  Both A & C

E.)  All of the above.

 

  1. Name 2 Indian chiefs that strove for peace and didn’t fight? (Circle Two)

A.) Black Kettle                                 C.) Geronimo

B.) Crazy Horse                                                 D.) White Antelope

 

  1. Which of the following is NOT true of Thomas Edison.

A.)  He invented visible speech.

B.)  He was hard of hearing.

C.)  He worked long hours, with very little sleep.

D.)  When he was young he set up a laboratory in a train.

 

  1. What was the name of the man who designed the Statue of Liberty?

A.) Bartholdi

B.) Lamboulaye

C.) Eiffel

D.) Bedloe

E.) Pulitzer

 

  1. Who helped raise money to build the pedestal for the Statue of Liberty?

A.) Bartholdi

B.) Lamboulaye

C.) Eiffel

D.) Bedloe

E.) Pulitzer

 

  1. What is the name of the famous poem written on a plaque in the statue’s museum?

A.)  Hope to Immigrants

B.)  The New Colossus

C.)  Give Me Your Tired, Your Poor

D.)  American Liberty

 

  1. In what ways was George Washington Carver gifted? (Circle all that apply.)

A.) Artistic

B.)  Skilled with plants

C.) Created many products from peanuts.

D.)  Well known for his poetry.

 

  1. What famous inventors offered Carver positions at their businesses? (Circle all that apply.)

A.) Thomas Edison

B.) Alexander Graham Bell

C.)  Henry Ford

D.)  Andrew Pulitzer

 

Directions: Fill in the blank with the correct answer(s).

  1. What was the name of the group that dressed in white robes and declared white supremacy. They traveled at night attacking and killing blacks and black supporters? ____________________________________________________________________________________

 

  1. Name the 2 railroad companies that built the Transcontinental Railroad AND name the nationality of the majority of the workers for each group.

1.) _____________________________________  Workers: _________________________________

2.) _____________________________________  Workers: _________________________________

 

  1. Which company had to dig tunnels through the Sierra Mountains?

__________________________________________________

  1. Which company had trouble with Indian attacks?

__________________________________________________

  1. How did the U.S. hear the good news that the tracks were finished?

__________________________________________________

  1. Name the woman who traveled the country fighting for women’s right to vote. _______________________________________________
  2. Where did the Chicago fire start? (be specific!)

__________________________________________________

  1. What was the name of the school Booker T. Washington became principal of? ________________________________________________
  2. What famous black man was a teacher at the Booker’s school for many years? ________________________________________________
  3. When families first moved to the Plains during the 1800’s, many had to live in what type of houses? ____________________________________________
  4. What were the “clouds of terror?” that filled the Plains in the 1800’s? ___________________________________________________
  5. What unnerving sound came from these “clouds of terror”? _______________________________________________
  6. Why did doctors check the immigrants?

____________________________________________________

  1. What was the name of the Island thousands of immigrants passed through to come to America? _________________________________________
  2. What was the most dangerous thing that could happen to a cowboy rounding up cattle? ______________________________________________
  3. Cattle were eventually boarded onto what vehicle?

____________________________________________________

  1. What animal did the Indians of the plains hunt?

____________________________________________________

  1. What famous American general was killed against his battle with Sitting Bull (& Crazy Horse) at the battle of Little Bighorn? __________________________________________________
  2. What was the name of the assigned land many Native Americans were forced to live on? ___________________________________________
  3. What was Alexander Graham Bell’s most famous invention? ___________________________________________
  4. Who was Alexander Graham Bell’s assistant?

____________________________________________________

  1. What did Alexander Graham Bell believe was his most important work? __________________________________________
  2. What was Thomas Edison’s most famous invention?

____________________________________________________

  1. What country was the Statue of Liberty a gift from?

____________________________________________________

  1. What 2 things does the statue hold? (be specific!) ____________________________________

And ________________________________________________

  1. How did Hellen Keller become deaf and blind?

____________________________________________________

  1. What was the name of Hellen Keller’s teacher?

____________________________________________________

Extra Credit:

Grades K – 3: What city does the Statue of Liberty sit in? ________________________________

Name another invention of Thomas Edison. ___________________________________________

Grades 4 – 6: What insect was destroying the cotton plants? ______________________________

What does suffrage mean? _________________________________________________

Grades 7 – 8: What speech by Booker T. Washington has been regarded as one of the most famous and important speeches in U.S. history? ________________________________________

Name two things displayed at the Centennial Exposition? ________________________ and ____________________________

 

Answer Key:

  • 1.  T
  • 2.  T
  • 3. F
  • 4.  T
  • 5.  F
  • 6.  B
  • 7.  D
  • 8.  D
  • 9.  C
  • 10.  B
  • 11.  C
  • 12.  D
  • 13.  A, B, & D
  • 14.  A
  • 15.  D
  • 16.  E
  • 17.  A & D
  • 18.  A
  • 19. A
  • 20.  E
  • 21.  B
  • 22.  A, B, & C
  • 23.  A & C
  • 24.  Ku Klux Klan
  • 25.  UP – Union Pacific: Irish, CP – Central Pacific – Chinese
  • 26.  CP Central Pacific
  • 27. UP Union Pacific
  • 28.  Telegraph
  • 29. Susan B. Anthony
  • 30.  O’Leary’s barn
  • 31.  Tuskegee Institute
  • 32.  George Washington Carver
  • 33.  sod houses
  • 34.  grasshoppers
  • 35.  chomping
  • 36.  Checked for diseases
  • 37.  Ellis Island
  • 38.  stampede
  • 39.  train
  • 40.  buffalo
  • 41.  General Custard
  • 42.  reservations
  • 43.  telephone
  • 44.  Thomas Watson
  • 45.  teaching the deaf
  • 46.  lightbulb
  • 47.  France
  • 48.  torch, Declaration of Independence
  • 49.  from an illness
  • 50.  Annie Sullivan

Extra Credit K – 3:  New York; phonograph, movie camera, microphone, cement mixer, storage battery, improved telegraph, etc.

Extra Credit 4 – 6:  Boll Weevil; right to vote

Extra Credit: 7 – 8:  Atlanta Compromise; telephone, multiple telegraph, torch from Statue of Liberty

Copyright June 12th, 2016 by Gwen Fredette

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Post Civil War Review & Presidents

Week 16: Post Civil War Review

(& Presidents from Johnson to McKinley)

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View K – 8:  America: The Story of Us (Disc 2: Chapters Heartland & Cities (Just to end of Statue of Liberty)

Discuss:

  • No discussion questions.

Activities:  Review Presidents from Johnson to McKinley

K – 2: None.

 3 – 8:   Print out the following poster: http://www.kidsdiscover.com/infographics/infographic-u-s-presidents/

Then, make a posterboard  chart with 4 rows and 11 columns .

In Row 1:  At the top of the first column write the word “President”.  In row 1,  in columns 2 – 11 write the following names of our presidents from the historical period we just studied:

  1. Abraham Lincoln
  2. Andrew Johnson
  3. Ulysses S. Grant
  4.  Rutherford B. Hayes
  5. James Garfield
  6. Chester A. Arthur
  7.  Grover Cleveland
  8. Benjamin Harrison
  9.  Grover Cleveland
  10. William McKinley

Then do the following

In Row 2: Write the years that each president served. (you can find this info by clicking on the names of the presidents listed above.)

Row 3:  Cut out pictures of the presidents from the poster you printed and put the correct picture under each correct name.  (Note: you will not be using all the pictures.)

Row 4: Put the following events in the appropriate columns under the appropriate president’s years served:

  • Lincoln Assassinated: 1865
  • 13th Amendment Abolished Slavery 1865
  • Johnson Impeached: 1868
  • 14th Amendment Defined U.S. citizens 1868
  • Transcontinental Railroad completed: 1869
  • 15th Amendment Gave all men right to vote regardless of race: 1870
  • Great Chicago Fire: 1871
  • Grasshopper Plagues: 1873 – 1874
  • Bell invented telephone: 1876
  • Edison invented lightbulb: 1879
  • Garfield assassinated: 1881
  • Statue of Liberty unveiled: 1886
  • McKinley assassinated: 1901

Copyright June 1st, 2016 by Gwen Fredette

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George Washington Carver

Week 15: George Washington Carver

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Read K – 2:  A Picture Book of George Washington Carver by David Adler

3 – 4:  George Washington Carver by Andy Carter

5 – 8: A Pocketful of Goobers by Barbara Mitchell

Discuss:

  • When was George W. Carver born? (around the end of the Civil War)
  • Why didn’t he know his birthday? (slaves never knew their birthdays)
  • What happened to George’s mother? (disappeared after Ku Klux  Klan took her.)
  • Who raised George? (his white owners)
  • Who first taught George how to read and write? (his owners)
  • In what ways was George Carver gifted? (artistically, in working with plants, very smart)
  • Who asked George to come to work for him at the Tuskegee Institute? (Booker T. Washington)
  • How did George help his people in the south? (found new plants that would grow well, land enriched the soil)
  • Name some of the new plants he had them use? (peanuts, sweet potatoes)
  • What insect was destroying the cotton plants? (boll weevils)

Questions for Grades  5- 8:  

  • What are goobers? (peanuts)
  • Where did goobers originally come from? (Africa)
  • Why was it important to rotate crops? (so soil wouldn’t be worn out;  this puts nutrients back in the soil)
  • T/F Carver had a strong faith in God. (T)
  • What were some of the things people could use goobers for? (milk, oil, cosmetics, cream, cheese, pickles, shoe polish, stains, dyes, and linoleum)
  • T/F Carter was often treated poorly because of his skin color. (T)
  • What famous inventors offered Carver positions at their businesses? (Thomas Edison & Henry Ford [automobiles])
  • T/F Carver had a wife and family. (F)

Activities:

K – 1: Boll Weevils were the insects that were destroying the cotton plants.  Type in “boll weevils” on this google images site: https://images.google.com/?gws_rd=ssl  Then use these pictures to create a boll weevil out of playdough.   Next, choose a few worksheets from this book for your student to complete: http://www.dm.usda.gov/oo/img/gwccb/GWC-ColoringBook.pdf

2 – 4:   Complete this worksheet: http://www.themailbox.com/magazines/editorial/more-than-peanuts  Then choose a few worksheets from this book for your student to complete: http://www.dm.usda.gov/oo/img/gwccb/GWC-ColoringBook.pdf

5 – 8:    Write an essay on the following: Compare and contrast George Washington Carver and Thomas Edison.  In what ways were they both inventors?  What obstacles did they both have to overcome?  In what other ways were they similar?  Why do you think Edison asked Carver to work for him?

 

Copyright May 24th, 2016 by Gwen Fredette

 

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Helen Keller

Week 14: Helen Keller

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Read K – 3:  Annie and Helen by Deborah Hopkinson & Raul Colon OR  A Picture Book of Hellen Keller by David Adler OR View Helen Keller by Nest Entertainment

4 – 8: Disney’s The Miracle Worker (actress Hallie Kate Eisenberg)

 

Discuss:

  • How did Hellen Keller become deaf and blind? (from illness as a baby)
  • When Helen was young, why was she so angry all the time? (couldn’t communicate very well)
  • In what ways was Annie Sullivan a great teacher? (didn’t give up even when Helen was mean to her; taught her how to talk, read, and even speak; was there for her for almost 50 years)
  • Why was Helen Keller so famous? (writer; 1st deaf/blind person to graduate from college)
  • What disability did Annie have? (difficulty seeing)

Questions for Grades 4 – 8: 

  • What were some poor ways Helen’s parents corrected her? (very spoiled; gave her candy to calm her down, let her throw tantrums to get her way)
  • Why did Annie want to take Helen off by herself to another house? (so she could be trained without her parents’ interference)
  • What happened to Annie Sullivan’s brother as a child? (he died)

Activities:

K – 1: Blindfold your child and have them walk around your house in a safe place.  Hand them various items and see if they can identify them by smell or touch.  Create vibrations on your table or floor by dropping things on them.  See if your child notices the vibrations.  Then have your child color in this worksheet: http://www.newchurchvineyard.org/lord/healing-our-blindness/activities/Coloring-Page_Helen-Keller-And-Annie-Sullivan-At-The-Water-Pump.pdf

2 – 3: Blindfold your child and have them walk around your house in a safe place.  Hand them various items and see if they can identify them by smell or touch.  Create vibrations on your table or floor by dropping things on them.  See if your child notices the vibrations.  Helen Keller had to read in Braille.  Next have your student write his/her name in Braille using this site for help: http://www.afb.org/beginbraille/book.asp?ch=appc  Then have your student try to figure out the riddles written in Braille on this same site. (Scroll down the site to find the riddles.)

4 – 6: Choose at least 2 worksheets from this pdf file for your student(s) to complete: http://www.famouspeoplelessons.com/h/helen_keller.pdf

7 – 8:  Complete the following worksheets: http://www.grammar-worksheets.com/essays/printable/helen.keller.pdf

Copyright May 18th, 2016 by Gwen Fredette

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Statue of Liberty

Week 13: Statue of Liberty

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Read K – 3:  Liberty! by Allan Drummond

4 – 6: Maiden Voyage: The Story of the Statue of Liberty by Stephen Krensky OR Lady Liberty: A Biography by Doreen Rappaport

7 – 8:  What is the Statue of Liberty? by Joan Holub

Discuss:

  • What  country was the Statue of Liberty a gift from? (France)
  • What city does the statue sit in? (New York)
  • What are immigrants? (people coming from other countries to live in America)
  • Was the statue simple to put together? (no, a pedestal had to be built, a skeleton of iron needed to be put in place, and it had to be lined with copper and installed with stairs)
  • Why was it built first in Paris? (Paris is in France where it was first created, then it was taken apart and put in pieces on a boat to take to America)
  • Why do you think France wanted to celebrate the freedom we have in America?  Does our country have something that many other countries do not? (At this time France had been ruled by Napoleon III and many people who lived there wished to have a government like ours ruled by the people and for the people)
  • Did much of the money for the base of the statue come from millionaires? (no, came from common people, even children)
  • What was the name of the man who designed the statue? (Bartholdi)

Question for Grades 4 – 6:

  • What 2 things does the statue hold? (torch-symbolized light of freedom; book – inscribed with date of the Declaration of Independence)

Questions for Grades 7 & 8:

  • Who first wanted  to create the statue? (Lamboulaye, a professor from France)
  • Why? (Loved American government, wanted to celebrate America’s ideas of freedom and friendship between the countries.  He also wanted to send a message to the French people and government that America’s system of government is what they should strive for in France.)
  • In which part of New York is the statue located? (New York harbor, Bedloe’s Island)
  • What is symbolically located at the statue’s feet? (broken chains)
  • What do these chains symbolize? (breaking from slavery)
  • Why did Bartholdi create the hand and torch to be established at the World’s Fair in Philly? (to generate public support for the statue)
  • Who designed the skeleton for the statue? (Gustave Eiffel)
  • What man in America helped generate funds for the pedestal with his newspaper, The World? (Pulitzer)
  • What famous poem in written on a plaque in the statue’s museum? (The New Colossus)
  • What did/does the statue symbolize to immigrants? (freedom)

Activities:

K – 1: Color in the following page: http://www.patrioticcoloringpages.com/statue-of-liberty/004-statue-of-liberty-poem.html

2 – 3: Color in the following page: http://www.patrioticcoloringpages.com/statue-of-liberty/004-statue-of-liberty-poem.html  and complete the following quiz: http://www.enchantedlearning.com/history/us/monuments/sol/quiz.shtml

4 – 6: Copy the poem “The New Colossus” from this website: http://www.libertystatepark.com/emma.htm

onto a blank sheet of paper.  Underneath the poem define the following terms: brazen, conquer, astride, beacon, exiles, huddle, masses, yearn, wretch, refuse, teeming, and tempest.

7 – 8:  Copy the poem “The New Colossus” from this website: http://www.libertystatepark.com/emma.htm

onto a blank sheet of paper.  Underneath the poem define the following terms: brazen, conquer, astride, beacon, exiles, huddle, masses, yearn, wretch, refuse, teeming, and tempest.  Many immigrants were moved to tears when they saw the Statue of Liberty for the first time as they sailed into the harbor.  Reflecting on the lives they left behind, as well as their voyage to America, and the hopes they might have had for the future, describe why you believe so many immigrants became so emotional as they saw the statue.

Copyright May 13th, 2016 by Gwen Fredette

 

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Thomas Edison

Week 12: Thomas Edison

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Read K – 3:  A Picture Book of Thomas Alva Edison by David Adler

4 – 6:  Thomas Edison (History Maker Bios) by Shannon Zemlicka

7 – 8:  Who Was Thomas Alva Edison?  by Margaret Firth  AND Read these famous quotes by Thomas Edison: http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/authors/t/thomas_a_edison.html

Discuss:

  • What disability did Thomas Edison have? (hard of hearing)
  • Why did his mom homeschool him? (frustrated with his teacher who felt Thomas was not smart enough to learn his lessons)
  • As a child what did he set up in the cellar? (laboratory)
  • When he was 12 he worked on a train.  What did he sell? (food & newspapers)
  • What did he set up in the baggage car? (a laboratory)
  • How did Thomas get free lessons in telegraphy? (saved the son of a telegraph operator from getting hit by a train)
  • Name some of the jobs Edison had? (printed & sold newspapers, sold candy, telegraphy operator, inventor)
  • What was the name of Thomas’s first wife? (Mary)
  • Did they spend much time together after their marriage? (no)
  • Why?  (loved his work too much)
  • What was Thomas’s nickname? (wizard of Menlo Park)
  • Name some of Thomas’s popular inventions? (improved transmitter on telephone, improved telegraph, invented phonograph, invented light bulb, movie camera, storage battery, cement mixer)
  • What was his most famous invention? (light bulb)
  • How did his first wife die? (sick, typhoid fever)
  • What was the name of his second wife? (Mina)

Questions for Grades 4 & up:

  • Besides working in his lab, what was another favorite hobby he had as a boy? (reading)
  • T/F Edison worked for long hours on his inventions. (T)
  • When Edison died, what did Americans do to honor his memory? (turned off lights for 1 minute)

Questions for Grades 7 & up:

  • T/F Tom worked on his inventions with very little help. (F – hired a whole team to help him)
  • T/F Tom often got very little sleep because he was so busy. (T)
  • T/F  Tom’s wife, Mina, had a father who was also an inventor.  (T)
  • What was the Black Maria? (Edison’s first motion picture studio)

Activities:

K – 2: Color in the following page: http://www.crayola.com/free-coloring-pages/printedPage/thomas-edison-coloring-page/

Optional:  Kids would also enjoy watching Thomas Edison animated Hero classics by Nest Entertainment

3 – 4: Thomas Edison worksheets: http://gardenofpraise.com/pdf/ibdpuz11.pdf  and http://gardenofpraise.com/pdf/matchediso.pdf

Optional:  Kids would also enjoy watching Thomas Edison animated Hero classics by Nest Entertainment

5 – 6:Thomas Edison worksheets: http://gardenofpraise.com/pdf/ibdpuz11.pdf  and http://gardenofpraise.com/pdf/matchediso.pdf and http://gardenofpraise.com/pdf/testb15.pdf

7 – 8:    Write an essay on the one of the following:

Pick one quote and copy it on your paper.  Discuss how you believe Thomas Edison lived by that principle, citing examples from how he worked on a particular invention.  Then discuss how you can apply that principle to plans you have for your own future.

  • What experiences did Thomas Edison have as a child or young person that you believe made him a better inventor as an adult? Write a 5 paragraph, three proof essay.
  • Which of Thomas Edison’s inventions do you believe has had the greatest impact on society today? Why? Explain your answer.

Copyright May 6th, 2016 by Gwen Fredette

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Alexander Graham Bell

PHB  Homeschool Art Contest!!! (2016)PHBART

I’m thrilled to announce I’m hosting my third, annual, nation-wide Homeschool Art Contest!   Artwork must be postmarked by Saturday, April 30th!  Click HERE for contest details.

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 

Week 11: Alexander Graham Bell

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Read K – 1:  Alexander Graham Bell by Nest Entertainment 

2 – 3:  Ahoy, Ahoy! Are you there? – A Story of Alexander Graham Bell by Robert Quackenbush AND (Optional) Alexander Graham Bell by Nest Entertainment 

4 – 6:  Alexander Graham Bell and the Telephone by Christine Webster 

7 – 8:  Who Was Alexander Graham Bell? by Bonnie Bader

 

Discuss:

  • When he moved to Boston, what type of school did Bell teach at? (school for the deaf)
  • Who was Bell’s assistant? (Thomas Watson)
  • What were Bell and Watson trying to invent before inventing the telephone? (harmonic telegraph: able to send many messages over 1 wire) 

Questions for Grades 2 & up:

  • What did Alexander’s father invent? (visible speech)
  • What was visible speech? (pictures and symbols showing how words are spoken)
  • Where was Alexander Graham bell born? ( Scotland)
  • Where did he move to when he was 24? (Canada)
  • Why? (Brothers had died of Tuberculosis; Parents thought cleaner Canadian air would be good for Alexander)
  • What did he teach at the school for the deaf? (His father’s visible speech)
  • How did tutoring children actually help him? (He fell in love with a girl he was tutoring and the girl’s father and another child’s parent helped him pay for his experiments)
  • What was the 1st telephone company called? (Bell telephone company)
  • T/F Bell invented many other things besides the telephone. (T)
  • What was the name of Bell’s wife? (Mabel)

Questions for Grades 4 & up:

  • What handicap did Alexander’s mother have? (hearing impaired)
  • What special skills did Watson bring to their partnership? (experience working with electrical instruments)
  • What was the Centennial Exposition? (Great exhibit of new inventions to celebrate the 100th birthday of the United States)
  • Describe Alexander’s experience at the fair?(At first, no one noticed him.  Then the emperor of Brazil, who had met him at the Boston school for the deaf, noticed him.  He was impressed by his telephone and made sure the other judges saw his display.)
  • How did telephones become popular in England? (Bell showed Queen Victoria his telephone.  She was very impressed with it and ordered one.  Many others in England began to order telephones because of her.)

Questions for Grades 7 & up:

  • How did Alexander come up with the idea for the telephone? (By reading information about a German scientist’s experiments.  He didn’t understand German very well and thought that the scientist was sending sounds over wires.)
  • Did Mr. Hubbard & Mr. Sanders, Bell’s sponsors, like the idea of sending human voice over wires? (no)
  • How did Alex come to get the patent for the telephone? (Mr. Hubbard & Mr. Sanders filed for him and just in time.  Another inventor, Elisha Gray, tried to claim the same patent 2 hours later.)
  • Did Alexander want to go to the Centenial Exhibition? (no)
  • Why? (Busy, knew Gray would be showing off his multiple telegraph invention)
  • T/F Once the telephone became popular, many women became telephone operators. (T)
  • T/F  Bell had to go to court many times in order to defend his inventions. (T)
  • Name some of Bell’s other inventions.  (metal detector, breathing machine, kite that people could glide in)
  • What famous magazine did Alex’s father-in-law start that celebrated science & technology? (National Geographic)
  • What did Alex believe was his most important work? (working with the deaf)

Activities:

K – 3:

4 – 6: Do the following:

7 – 8:   Write an essay on the one of the following:

  • “Alexander Graham Bell’s telephone made the world a smaller place.” Do you agree with this statement?  Why or why not?  Write a short essay to defend your answer.
  • View this image of the evolution of the telephone. https://ureadthru.files.wordpress.com/2016/04/b4f0f-timeline-telephone-01.png Write an essay describing the look and features of early telephones, cell phones today, and what you imagine phones will be like in the year 2045.

Copyright April 29th, 2016 by Gwen Fredette

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Filed under Charlotte Mason, Post Civil War Era