Category Archives: Reformation

History Test: Renaissance & Reformation

WEEK 17:  Renaissance & Reformation History Test

NOTE: Following is the Renaissance & Reformation History Test.  7th and 8th graders should be able to do all of this test.  4th through 6th graders should be able to do most of the test.   K – 3rd graders will be able to do a lot of this test orally.   Each question is worth 1 point.  This test is OPTIONAL.   Please feel free to skip it, scale it, eliminate parts of it, use it merely as a review, or do whatever best suits your family!  If you choose to give your children this test, I would recommend reviewing the “Discussion Questions” from the last 16 weeks’ lesson plans the day before you give the test.

Following the test you will find a teachers’ answer key.

History Test: Renaissance & Reformation

 

Name: ______________________________________________ Date: _______________________________________

Directions:  Fill in the Blank.

  1. In what country did the Renaissance begin? ____________________________
  2. What does the word Renaissance mean? _________________________________

3 & 4.  Name the 2 most famous artists of the Renaissance? ____________________________   and _______________________.

  1. What was a patron? ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  2. Were apprentices and masters poor, middle, or upper class? ___________________
  3. What religion were most people during the Renaissance? _____________________
  4. What terrible practice did Prince Henry’s sailors begin in order to make money? ____________________
  5. How were books printed during Medieval times (The Dark & Middle Ages)? _________________________________________
  6. During the Middle Ages what was used for pens? ____________________________
  7. During the Middle Ages what food was used to thicken all of the paints? _______________
  8. During the Middle Ages what was used to create black ink? ________________________
  9. What does “illumination” mean? _____________________________________________
  10. Before Gutenberg, who first invented the idea of printing with a printing press? ______________________
  11. What was used for paper before the printing press was invented? ______________________
  12. During the Middle Ages book covers were made from? _____________________________
  13. What was Gutenberg’s most famous book? ______________________________________
  14. What unusual way did Leonardo Da Vinci write his notes? ___________________________

19 & 20.  Name Leonardo Da Vinci’s 2 most famous paintings? ____________________________  and ______________________________

  1. What was probably the hardest thing Michaelangelo ever painted? ______________________
  2. Who was often Michaelangelo’s patron? __________________________________________
  3. Why did Martin Luther promise God he would become a Monk? __________________________________________________________________
  4. What did Luther nail to the Wittenberg door? _____________________________
  5. What did the Catholic church call Luther? _____________________
  6. Who was Johann Tetzel? ________________________________________
  7. Ferdinand Magellan was the first man to do what? _____________________________
  8. Why did Queen Elizabeth’s father, King Henry, start the church of England?

___________________________________________________________________________

  1. How many children did Queen Elizabeth have? _________________________________
  2. What famous woman supported William Shakespeare and his theatre? ___________________________________
  3. What was the name of Shakespeare’s theatre? _______________________________
  4. How did Theatres let townspeople know when a play would be performed?

______________________________________________________________________

  1. In the play, MacBeth, how did Birnam Wood come to Dunsinone Hill?

______________________________________________________________________

  1. In the play, Romeo and Juliet, what good came at the end of the story?

_______________________________________________________________________

  1. “To be, or not to be. That is the question.” This is a famous line from what play?

_________________________________________________________________

  1. “Double, Double toil and trouble, fire burn and cauldron bubble.” Is a famous line from what play? ________________________________________________________________

Multiple Choice

37.  During the Renaissance there was a great change in all of the following (compared to the Middle Ages) except:

  • A.  Books
  • B. The Church
  • C. Exploration
  • D.  Life of Peasants

38.  Which of the following was NOT one of the most important cities of the Renaissance?

  • A.  Paris
  • B.  Rome
  • C. Venice
  • D. Florence

39.  During the time of the Renaissance the majority of people were:

  • A.  Artisans
  • B. Merchants
  • C. Peasants
  • D. Apprentices

40.  Which of the following was NOT a form entertainment during the Renaissance?

  • A.  Theatre
  • B.  Olympics
  • C. Chess
  • D.  Tournaments

41.  Which of the following was NOT something merchants sold during the Renaissance?

  • A.  Spices
  • B.  Silk, fabric
  • C.  Jewelry
  • D.  Water

42.  Prince Henry want to find a fast, simple way to _____________

  • A.  India
  • B.  America
  • C.  China
  • D.  Africa

43.  Which of the following was NOT a type of expert Prince Henry had at his school of Navigation?

  • A.  Ship Captains
  • B.  Map Makers
  • C.  Interpreters
  • D.  Astronomers

44.  Which of the following was NOT a device Prince Henry improved so sailors could find their way at sea?

  • A.  Astrolabe
  • B.  Radar
  • C.  Quadrant
  • D.  Compass

45.  During the Middle Ages about how long did it take to make a book?

  • A.  Days
  • B.  Weeks
  • C.  Months
  • D.  Years

46.  Who were the 3 main people involved in the creation of illuminations? (Circle 3)

  • A.  The scribe
  • B.  The merchant
  • C.  The parchmenter
  • D.  The illuminator

47.  Gutenberg invented all of the following EXCEPT:

  • A.  Metal type
  • B.  Indulgences
  • C. New ink that would stick to the type
  • D.  A press that would push paper onto the type.

48.  Which of the following was/were not invented or created by Leonardo Da Vinci?

  • A.  Weapons
  • B.  A bicycle
  • C.  The Statue, “David”
  • D.  A flying machine

49.  Leonardo Da Vinci’s horse sculpture was special because?

  • A.  It was 24 feet high.
  • B.  It was made of bronze
  • C.  He made it with Michelangelo
  • D.  It was the king’s favorite statue.

50.  Which of the following was NOT created by Michelangelo?

  • A.  The Last Supper
  • B.  The Pieta
  • C.  The Statue, “David”
  • D.  A statue of Moses

51.  Which country did Columbus sail for?

  • A.  Italy
  • B.  Spain
  • C. France
  • D.  England

52.  What were the names of Columbus’s three ships?

  • A.  Nina, Maravel, & Santa Maria
  • B.  Nina, Pinta, & Santa Maria
  • C.  Nina, Pinta, & Maravel
  • D.  Pinta, Maravel, & Santa Maria

53.  What was NOT a talent of Amerigo Vespuci?

  • A.  He was able to determine latitude & longitude.
  • B.  He was able to navigate by stars and planets.
  • C.  He was able to make accurate maps and determine (within 50 miles) the size of the earth.
  • D.  He was able to start a successful colony in America.

54.  During the Renaissance what was NOT something the Catholic church encouraged people to do?

  • A.  Buy indulgences
  • B.  Look at relics
  • C.  Read the Bible themselves
  •  D.  Listen to their Pope

55.  How was Martin Luther’s life saved?

  • A.  The Pope realized he was wrong.
  • B.  Prince Frederick kidnapped him.
  • C.  Prince Frederick traded him for a relic.
  • D.  Martin Luther was protected by the college at Witenberg.

56.  Which of the following was NOT something Martin Luther did?

  • A.  Translated the Bible into German.
  • B.  Became a professor of Theology.
  • C.  Spoke against indulgences and relics.
  • D.  Supported the 30 Year War.

57.  What was the Spanish Inquisition?

  • A.  A group of judges who investigated heretics.
  • B.  A group who determined which sailors could do exploration.
  • C.  Prince Henry’s sailors.
  • D.  None of the above.

58.  How did Farel urge John Calvin into staying in Geneva?

  • A.  He promised to protect him from the Catholic church.
  • B.  Told him that God would curse his peace if he left in such a time of great need.
  • C.  He promised him a good salary.
  • D.  He promised to help him start a college.

59.  Which of the following was NOT a problem Magellan had during his voyage?

  • A.  Some of his sailors didn’t trust him because he was Portuguese.
  • B.  One of the ship captains wanted to be in charge and lead a rebellion against him with other captains.
  • C.  Many of his sailors got scurvy.
  • D.  All of his ships were destroyed.

60.  What made Elizabeth a good queen?

  • A.  She was tolerant of people’s religious views.
  • B.  She made wise decisions to keep her country out of war.
  • C.  She visited the common people, listened to her advisors, and encouraged the theatre.
  • D.  All of the above.

61.  12th Night was a

  • A.  Comedy
  • B.  Adventure
  • C.  Tragedy
  • D.  History

62.  What was NOT a part of Twelfth Night?

  • A.  Death
  • B.  Love
  • C.  A funny character
  • D.  Mistaken Identities

63.  Romeo and Juliet was a …

  • A.  Comedy
  • B.  Adventure
  • C.  Tragedy
  • D.  History

64.  What was NOT a part of Romeo & Juliet?

  • A.  Death
  • B.  Love
  • C.  A funny character
  • D.  Swordplay (swordfights)

65.  A MidSummer Night’s Dream was a …

  • A.  Comedy
  • B.  Adventure
  • C.  Tragedy
  • D.  History

66.  What was NOT a part of A MidSummer Night’s Dream?

  • A.  Death
  • B.  Love
  • C.  A funny character
  • D.  Magic

67.  Hamlet was a …

  • A.  Comedy
  • B.  Adventure
  • C.  Tragedy
  • D.  History

68.  What was NOT a part of Hamlet?

  • A.  Death
  • B.  A funny character
  • C.  Swordplay
  • D.  A Ghost

69.  The Tempest was a …

  • A.  Comedy
  • B.  Adventure
  • C.  Tragedy
  • D.  History

70.  What was NOT a part of the Tempest?

  • A.  Death
  • B.  Love
  • C.  Betrayal
  • D.  Magic

71.  MacBeth was a …

  • A.  Comedy
  • B.  Adventure
  • C.  Tragedy
  • D.  History

72.  What was NOT a part of MacBeth?

  • A.  Death
  • B.  A funny character
  • C.  Betrayal
  • D.  Witches

True or False.

  1. T/F The Renaissance occurred in Asia. ____________________
  2. T/F Spices were very valuable during the Renaissance. ______________
  3. T/F During the Renaissance, maps were pretty accurate. ______________
  4. T/F Clothes during the Renaissance were bright and colorful. ______________
  5. T/F During the Renaissance, most girls learned to read and write. ______________
  6. T/F Renaissance Europe was a peaceful place. ______________
  7. T/F In Renaissance Europe, people bathed often. ______________
  8. T/F Gutenberg printed Indulgences, which were papers sold by the Catholic church that promised people forgiveness of sins. ______________
  9. T/F Leonardo Da Vinci was an inventor. ______________
  10. T/F Leonardo also had wonderful musical abilities. ______________
  11. T/F John Calvin often had poor health. ______________
  12. T/F Ferdinand Magellan died of starvation. ______________
  13. T/F Queen Elizabeth’s life was threatened several times. ______________
  14. T/F Queen Elizabeth was well educated. ______________
  15. T/F Queen Elizabeth received many marriage proposals. ______________
  16. T/F Theatres had fantastic props at that time. ______________
  17. T/F Actors wore elegant costumes. ______________
  18. T/F Shakespeare got to see plays as a child. ______________
  19. T/F Students read and recited from plays by Greek & Roman writers at school. __________
  20. T/F Before Shakespeare began writing plays, he was an actor. ______________
  21. T/F Romeo and Juliet were teenagers. ______________
  22. T/F Most peasants owned one illuminated manuscript. ______________
  23. T/F More people were able to read after Gutenberg’s invention. ______________
  24. T/F Leonardo Da Vinci & Michelangelo were good friends. ______________
  25. T/F Leonardo & Michelangelo both dissected and studied corpses. ______________
  26. T/F Before Columbus died he realized he hadn’t found the Indies. ______________
  27. T/F Martin Luther and John Calvin and their supporters called themselves “Protestants” because they were protesting many of the Catholic church’s teachings. ______________
  28. T/F Mom loves her kids very much and is very proud of them. ______________

Extra Credit:

For Grades K – 3:

What was an apprentice? A master?  ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

For Grades 4 – 6: 

Why did Magellan name the new ocean the “Pacific”?

______________________________________________________________________________

What happened to Bottom in A MidSummer Night’s Dream?  ______________________________________________________________________________

For Grades 7 – 8: 

What was used to create blue ink for illuminated manuscripts?  ______________________________________________________________________________

What play is this line from? “Some are born great, some achieve greatness, and some have greatness thrust upon them.”  ______________________________________________________________________________

 

Answer Key:

  • 1.  Italy
  • 2.  Rebirth
  • 3. & 4.  Leonardo Da Vinci & Michelangelo
  • 5.  A wealthy person who paid someone with a special skill to work for him.
  • 6.  Middle
  • 7.  Catholic
  • 8.  Kidnapping African people and selling them as slaves.
  • 9.  Written by hand; copied by scribes
  • 10.  feathers
  • 11.  egg
  • 12.  soot
  • 13.  to light up
  • 14.  the Chinese
  • 15.  animal skins (parchment)
  • 16.  leather
  • 17.  the Gutenberg Bible
  • 18.  backwards
  • 19. & 20.   The Last Supper & The Mona Lisa
  • 21.  The Sistine Chapel
  • 22.  The Pope (Catholic Church)
  • 23.  He was almost killed by lightning.
  • 24.  95 Theses
  • 25.  a heretic
  • 26.  a monk who sold indulgences for the Catholic church
  • 27. sail around the world
  • 28.  The Catholic church wouldn’t let him divorce his wives.
  • 29. none
  • 30.  Queen Elizabeth
  • 31.  The Globe
  • 32.  They flew a flag
  • 33.  Soldiers cut branches off the trees from the wood and carried them up the hill.
  • 34.  The two families were united in their grief.
  • 35.  Hamlet
  • 36.  MacBeth
  • 37.  D
  • 38.  A
  • 39.  C
  • 40.  B
  • 41.  D
  • 42.  A
  • 43.  C
  • 44.  B
  • 45.  C
  • 46.  A, C, & D
  • 47.  B
  • 48.  C
  • 49.  A
  • 50.  A
  • 51.  B
  • 52.  B
  • 53.  D
  • 54.  C
  • 55.  B
  • 56.  D
  • 57.  A
  • 58.  B
  • 59.  D
  • 60.  D
  • 61.  A
  • 62.  A
  • 63.  C
  • 64.  C
  • 65.  A
  • 66.  A
  • 67.  C
  • 68.  B
  • 69.  A
  • 70.  A
  • 71.  C
  • 72.  B
  • 73.  F
  • 74.  T
  • 75.  F
  • 76.  T
  • 77.  F
  • 78.  F
  • 79.  F
  • 80.  T
  • 81.  T
  • 82.  T
  • 83.  T
  • 84.  F
  • 85.  T
  • 86.  T
  • 87.  T
  • 88.  F
  • 89.  T
  • 90.  T
  • 91.  T
  • 92.  T
  • 93.  T
  • 94.  F
  • 95.  T
  • 96.  F
  • 97.  T
  • 98.  F
  • 99.  T
  • 100.  T

Extra Credit K – 3:  An apprentice was someone learning a trade.  A master was someone highly skilled at a trade who trained others.

Extra Credit 4 – 6:  “Pacific” means peaceful.  He felt the ocean seemed very peaceful compared to the Atlantic Ocean.  Bottom’s head was turned into a Donkey’s head.

Extra Credit: 7 – 8:  The blue stone, Lapis Lazuli.  12th Night.

Copyright December 27th, 2015 by Gwen Fredette

 

 

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Great Literature: The Tempest & MacBeth

Week 16: Great Literature: Shakespeare’s The Tempest & MacBeth

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Read K – 5: The Tempest by Bruce Coville

6 – 8: The Tempest AND MacBeth both by Bruce Coville

Discuss:

  • Shakespeare was famous for his comedies (funny stories), tragedies (sad stories) and histories.  Is the Tempest a comedy, tragedy, or history? (comedy)
  • How did Prospero and his daughter, Miranda, end up on an isolated island?  (His brother and a nearby king wanted control of the city of Milan and plotted against him.)
  • Who do Prospero and his daughter share the island with? (a spirit and a monster)
  • Who does Miranda fall in love with? (king’s son Ferdinand)
  • Which 3 characters provide the comedy for the play? (Caliban the monster, the jester, and the butler)
  • Why does Prospero choose to forgive his brother and the king? (He could tell they were truly sorry for the wrongs they had committed.)
  • What is a tempest? (a great storm)
  • Why do you think the play is called “The Tempest”? (A storm brings a ship to the island carrying those who had originally betrayed Prospero.)

Questions for grades 6 – 8: 

  • Is MacBeth a comedy, tragedy, or history? (tragedy)
  • Witches inform MacBeth that he will be king.  Why does this news seem to be both good and bad? (Good to be king, bad because ugly witches delivered the news.)
  • How did MacBeth become King? What part did his wife play in him becoming king? (MacBeth killed Duncan; his wife urged him on.)
  • Was MacBeth a happy king?  Why? (no; tormented with guilt)
  • Why did he want Banquo and Banquo’s son, Fleance, killed? (Prophecy said that Branquo’s children would be kings;  he didn’t want his throne to pass to their line.)
  • What happened to Fleance? (escaped)
  • How did Lady MacBeth change after becoming queen? (sleep walking; muttered strange words, complained of blood on her hands; eventually died)
  • How did Birnam Wood come to Dunsinone Hill? (men marched with cut branches to hide their true numbers)
  • MacBeth was told no one born of woman could kill him. How was he defeated by MacDuff? (cesarian section)
  • Did any lines in this play sound familiar to you? (answers will vary)
  • What do you think may be a famous rhyme from this play? (Double, Double, toil and trouble, fire burn and cauldron bubble.)
  • Why do you think this is such a popular play? (Temptation to do evil can cause more evil; twisted words make story exciting.)

Activities:  

K – 2:  Art: Draw your own picture from The Tempest.

3 – 5: Of the three Shakespeare stories you’ve read over the past three weeks, which one do you like the best?  Why?  Write a paragraph.

6 – 8: Choose one of the following essay topics:

  • Of the six Shakespeare stories you’ve read, which is your favorite? Why?  Write a 5 paragraph, three proof essay.
  • Compare and contrast MacBeth and his wife to Judas Iscariot, who betrayed Jesus.
  • How can the witches MacBeth encounters be compared to the devil?
  • Who is the greater villain in the play, MacBeth or his wife? Defend your answer.

Copyright December 23rd, 2015 by Gwen Fredette

 

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Great Literature: A MidSummer Night’s Dream & Hamlet

Week 15: Great Literature: A MidSummer Night’s Dream & Hamlet

.

Read K – 5: A MidSummer Night’s Dream by Bruce Coville

6 – 8: A MidSummer Night’s Dream AND Hamlet both by Bruce Coville

Discuss:

  • Shakespeare was famous for his comedies (funny stories), tragedies (sad stories) and histories.  Is A MidSummer Night’s Dream a comedy, tragedy, or history? (comedy)
  • What problem are Hermia & Lysander faced with at the beginning of the story? (They love each other but Hermia’s father wants her to marry Demetrius.)
  • Who loves Demetrius? (Hermia’s friend, Helena.)
  • Who is the comedy figure in this story? (Bottom)
  • What happens to him? (Given the head of a donkey.)
  • What magical creatures cause mischief throughout the play? (Fairies; a hobgoblin)
  • Why do you think the play is called “A Mid Summer Night’s Dream?” (Problems begin after the characters go to sleep, and end after they awaken a second time believing the night’s adventures to be a dream.)

Questions for grades 6 – 8:

  • Is Hamlet a comedy, tragedy, or history? (tragedy)
  • What problem does Hamlet face in the story? (His father is dead and his mother quickly married his father’s brother. A ghost of his father tells him that he was murdered by his brother, Claudius.)
  • This line, “To be, or not to be. That is the question.” Is a famous line from Hamlet. What does it mean? (He is thinking about killing himself.)
  • How does Hamlet plan to find out if the ghost spoke the truth? (He has actors act out a scene similar to how his father died to see if Claudius would react with shame and guilt.)
  • Was Claudius guilty of murder? (Yes)
  • Did Hamlet’s plan help matters or cause more trouble? (More trouble: He killed the father of the woman he loved by accident (thinking it was Claudius), then the woman he loved, Ophelia, went mad with grief; later she drowned.)
  • How does the play end? (Queen mistakenly drinks poison. Ophelia’s brother was stabbed with a poisoned sword. Hamlet too was stabbed with a poisoned sword. Finally the king also was stabbed with a poisoned sword and forced to drink poison.)
  • Did listening to the ghost end Hamlet’s grief or make it worse? Explain. (answers will vary)
  • What makes this such a popular story? (ghosts, swordplay, murder, revenge)

Activities:
K – 2: Art: Draw picture from the story or color this coloring page: http://www.grandmasgraphics.com/graphics/golden/golden191.jpg
3 – 5: Complete the MidSummer Night’s Dream Crossword puzzle: Midsummer Night’s Dream Crossword
6 – 8: Choose one of the following essay topics:

  1. All of the characters in Hamlet had major flaws. Who do you believe is the greatest villain of the story? Why?
  2. Do you believe Hamlet is a madman? Why or why not?
  3. Taken from a Christian perspective, how does this play show the destructiveness of sin and sinful decisions? Could the ghost in the beginning of the play be the devil? Why or why not?

Copyright December 18th, 2015 by Gwen Fredette

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William Shakespeare

Week 13: William Shakespeare

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Read K – 2: William Shakespeare and the Globe by Aliki

3 – 4: Bard of Avon: The Story of William Shakespeare by Diane Stanley (read also the “Postscript” at the end of the book)

5 – 8:  The Play’s the Thing by Ruth Turk

Discuss:

  • Why is William Shakespeare so famous? (for writing plays)
  • Why were plays so popular in the 1500’s? (form of entertainment)
  • What famous woman supported William Shakespeare and his theatre? (Queen Elizabeth)
  • What 3 kinds of plays did Shakespeare write? (tragedies, comedies, & histories)
  • What was the name of Shakespeare’s theatre? (the Globe)

Questions for Grades 3 & up: 

  • T/F Theatres had fantastic props at that time. (F)
  • T/F Actors wore elegant costumes.  (T)
  • How did actors make death scenes look realistic? (pouch of pig’s or sheep’s blood worn under the shirt; it would burst open when someone was stabbed)
  • Were there women actors at that time? (no)
  • Name at least 3 of Shakespeare’s most famous plays? (Romeo & Juliet,  Hamlet, MacBeth, The Tempest, Richard III, etc.)
  • Did Shakespeare write his plays to be printed in books? (no, for actors to act)
  • Name some of the new words and phrases Shakespeare invented (majestic, countless, leapfrog, dead as a doornail, flesh and blood, etc.)

Questions for Grades 5 – 8:

  • T/F Shakespeare got to see plays as a child.  (T)
  • T/F Students read and recited from plays by Greek & Roman writers at school. (T)
  • How did Theatres let townspeople know when a play would be performed? (flew flag from the roof)
  • T/F Before Shakespeare began writing plays, he was an actor. (T)
  • How did the Plague affect Shakespeare’s theatre? (Had to be closed for a while; all public meetings & entertainment were banned)
  • What was the name of Shakespeare’s son? (Hamnet)
  • Describe the plot to overthrow Queen Elizabeth and why Shakespeare and his actors were accused? (Shakespeare’s theatre was paid to do a special performance of Richard II, a play in which an unfit king was forced to surrender his throne;  Essex, the man aspiring for Queen Elizabeth’s throne, hoped that when the people saw the play they would want to overthrow Queen Elizabeth.  The Queen questioned the acting company and decided that the actors were innocent.)
  • How were Shakespeare’s plays published? (friends gathered them and had them published after his death)

Activities:

Copyright December 4th, 2015 by Gwen Fredette

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Queen Elizabeth

Week 12: Queen Elizabeth

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Read K – 5: Good Queen Bess by Diane Stanley

6 – 8:  Who Was Queen Elizabeth by June Eding OR Elizabeth I by Simon Adams  

Note:  The name of Elizabeth’s family line was “The Tudors”.  People call the time of Queen Elizabeth’s rule, when there was peace and prosperity, as “The Elizabethan Age.”

Discuss:

  • Why did Elizabeth’s father, King Henry, start the church of England? (Wanted to divorce his wife, Catholic church wouldn’t allow it.)
  • Why did Henry want a son so badly? (felt kingdom should go to a son; believed a woman couldn’t rule the kingdom)
  • Was King Henry happy when Elizabeth was born? (no; wanted a son)
  • Did Elizabeth expect to be queen someday? (no)  Why? (Father married third wife, who bore him a son.)
  • Why wasn’t Elizabeth’s brother Edward king for long? (died, bad health)
  • Who became queen after Edward’s death? (Elizabeth’s older sister, Mary)
  • Why weren’t the English people happy with Mary as their queen? (she married the future king of Spain, she changed the religion of England to Catholicism)
  • Why did Elizabeth become queen? (Mary died)
  • What made Elizabeth a good queen? (tolerant of people’s religious views, made wise decisions to keep country out of war, visited the common people, listened to advisors, encouraged the theatre)
  • Did Queen Elizabeth ever marry? (no)

Questions for Grades 6 – 8:

  • What was the name of Elizabeth’s family line? (The Tudors)
  • T/F Elizabeth’s life was threatened several times. (T)
  • T/F Elizabeth was well educated. (T)
  • T/F Elizabeth received many marriage proposals. (T)
  • Who was Mary, Queen of Scots? (Elizabeth’s Catholic cousin who wanted the throne of England, plotted to kill Elizabeth)
  • What was the Elizabethan Age? (Time of Elizabeth’s rule, time of peace and prosperity)
  • Did Elizabeth have any children? (no)
  • Who became king when Elizabeth died? (Mary, Queen of Scot’s son, James)

Activities:

K – 1: Coloring page: http://www.activityvillage.co.uk/sites/default/files/downloads/elizabeth_i_colouring_page.pdf

2 – 3: Complete one of the following 2 worksheets:

4 – 6:Elizabeth’s family line was called “The Tudors”.  Complete the following worksheets about “The Tudors”:  http://www.activityvillage.co.uk/sites/default/files/downloads/rich_and_poor_food_tudor_workheet.pdf

Then, write a few paragraphs on ONE of the following topics:

  1. In what ways was Elizabeth a great Queen?
  2. Many people have desired to be part of the nobility or royal families.  What were some advantages of being part of this class?  What were the disadvantages?

7 – 8: Fill in the following worksheet, listing the reasons why King Henry ended the marriages to each of his 6 wives: http://www.activityvillage.co.uk/sites/default/files/downloads/wives_henry_viii_booklet_3_blank.pdf

Then, write a short essay on ONE of the following topics:

  1. In what ways was Elizabeth a great Queen?
  2. Many people have desired to be part of the nobility or royal families.  What were some advantages of being part of this class?  What were the disadvantages?

Copyright November 20th, 2015 by Gwen Fredette

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Ferdinand Magellan

Week 11: Ferdinand Magellan

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Read K – 3: Land Ho! By Nancy Winslow Parker (pages 14 & 15 only) & watch this youtube video about Ferdinand Magellan: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ijSk7uv4nbI

4 – 6:  Magellan’s World by Stuart Waldman

7 – 8:  Ferdinand Magellan by Betty Burnett

Discuss:

  •  Ferdinand Magellan was the first man to do what? (sail around the world)
  • Which country did he sail for? (Spain)
  • Why was the voyage so difficult? (long, ran out of food)
  • How many ships did he start with? (5)
  • Did Magellan survive the trip? (no)
  • How many ships made it back to Spain after sailing around the world? (1)

Questions for Grades 4 and Up:

  • Where was Magellan from? (Portugal)
  • Why didn’t he sail for the King of Portugal? (King Manuel didn’t like him)
  • Describe some of the problems Magellan had with his captains? (Didn’t trust Magellan because he was Portuguese; Cartagena wanted to be in charge and lead a rebellion against him with other captains)
  • What did Magellan do to these men? (one captain sentenced to death; left Cartagena on an island to die)
  • Where was the “strait” through the “New World” located? (tip of South America)
  • Why did Magellan name the new ocean the “Pacific”? (Pacific means peaceful)
  • What did the sailors eat when they ran out of food? (sawdust & leather)
  • What was scurvy? (disease caused by lack of vitamin C)
  • What important group of islands in the Pacific did he find? (Philippines)
  • What religion did Magellan preach to the Cebuans? (Christianity)
  • What terrible mistake did Magellan make? (should have left while things were good, but instead decided to do battle with the nearby island of Mactan; many sailors were killed, including Magellan)
  • How was Magellan killed? (with poisoned arrow)

Questions for grades 7 & up:

  • Why did countries want to find an easy route to the East? (wanted Spices)
  • Who kept a diary of Magellan’s voyage? (Pigafetta)
  • Did all of Magellan’s ships sail to the Pacific Ocean? (no; one turned around and went back to Spain)
  • Why didn’t Magellan get scurvy? (He ate quince jelly which had vitamin C in it.)
  • How many men made it back to Spain? (18)
  • How long did the journey take? (almost 3 years)

 

Activities: All Ages:  Make a map of Magellan’s journey using this blank map: http://www.eduplace.com/ss/maps/pdf/world_country.pdf

and this map: http://www.ducksters.com/biography/explorers/magellan_route_around_the_world.jpg

or this map for help: http://mrnussbaum.com/explorers/routemaps/

K – 6: Create a voyage in a bottle craft similar to this idea from Crayola.com: http://www.crayola.com/lesson-plans/voyages-in-a-bottle-lesson-plan/

Except, create 5 ships instead of 3 and label the bottle Ferdinand Magellan.   The ship hulls can be made with playdough.  The ship masts can be made with toothpicks.  The ships were named the Trinidad, the Santiago, the Victoria, the Concepcion, and the San Antonio.   Be sure to include a Spanish Flag on each ship to show that Magellan sailed for Spain.  http://www.enchantedlearning.com/europe/spain/flag/

Draw a large red arrow on mast of the San Antonio to show that it secretly sailed back to Spain.  Color the mast of the Santiago black to show that it sunk near South America.  Put a star on the mast of the Victoria, which is the only ship that made it back to Spain after sailing around the world.

7 – 8: Choose one of the following essay prompts:

  • In what ways was Ferdinand Magellan a good leader and captain? In what ways was Magellan a poor one?
  • King Manuel did not think highly of Magellan. Was he correct in his views?  Why or why not?
  • Pretend you are going on a voyage around the world with the same crew and ships Magellan had. What would you have done differently regarding the following problems he encountered: 1) mutiny  2) scurvy  3) starvation  4) battle with Cebuans

Copyright November 13th, 2015 by Gwen Fredette

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John Calvin

Week 10: John Calvin

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Read K – 3: Take the week off! (This subject is a bit advanced for children this age.)

4 – 8:  John Calvin by Simonetta Carr (Christian Biographies for Young Readers)

 

Discuss:

  • What does the word “Reformation” mean? (To change for the better)
  • Why did Reformers like John Calvin often have to flee from one town to another? (Catholic church did not like their teachings.)
  • What famous book did John Calvin write? (Institutes of the Christian Religion)
  • How did Calvin prefer to use his time? (Study in peace & quiet)
  • How did Farel urge Calvin into staying in Geneva? (Told him that God would curse his peace if he left in such a time of great need.)
  • Did Calvin listen to him? (yes)
  • How did Calvin work in Geneva? (Pastor & preacher)
  • Why was Calvin asked to leave Geneva? (Disagreements with city council over rules in church)
  • Who did Calvin marry? (Idelette, a widow)
  • What began killing a lot of Calvin’s friends and church members? (the plague)
  • What city was he called back to? (Geneva)
  • What new college did Calvin begin? (Protestant college: Geneva Academy)
  • T/F Calvin often had poor health. (T)
  • How did Calvin feel about relics? ( spoke against them)

Activities:

4 – 6:  Write a short essay comparing and contrasting Martin Luther and John Calvin.

7 – 8:   Read this worksheet and answer the questions on a separate piece of paper: http://slevineqhs.weebly.com/uploads/2/3/6/7/23673199/john_calvin_reading.pdf

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Copyright November 5th, 2015 by Gwen Fredette

 

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