Week 8: James Madison
READ K – 3: A Picture Book of Dolley and James Madison by David Adler and Michael Adler
4 – 6: Father of the Constitution: A Story About James Madison by Barbara Mitchell
7 – 8: James Madison (Revolutionary War Leaders) by Brent Kelley
- James Madison became our country’s _________ president? (4th)
- What war did Americans fight during James Madison’s presidency? (War of 1812)
- What did the British do to Washington D.C. and the White House while James Madison was president? (burned it)
- When James was young was the United States its own country? (No, it was 13 colonies that belonged to the British)
- What important document did James Madison help write? (Constitution)
- What was the name of James’ wife? (Dolley)
- How did Dolley’s first husband die? (Yellow fever)
Questions for Grades 4 – 8:
- Describe what James Madison was like as a child? (shy, loved to read, sickly, quiet, “Falling Disease” – might have had epilepsy)
- T/F As a child, James had slaves. (True)
- What important political figure did James have a strong friendship with? (Thomas Jefferson)
- What important political figure did James not get along with? (Patrick Henry)
- What problems were the states having under the Articles of Confederation? (each state had own money, no strong central government, states argued over border problems, central government couldn’t pay soldiers)
- How many branches of government were in James Madison’s plan for the Constitution? (3: Executive, Legislative, & Judicial)
- What was Montpelier? (James Madison’s home)
- What important Bill did James work on after the Constitution? (Bill of Rights)
ACTIVITIES: K – 3: James Madison coloring page: http://www.usa-printables.com/Presidents/04-James-Madison/04-james-madison-03.htm
4 – 8: Print and complete the James Madison Timeline worksheet by clicking here: James Madison Timeline Questions (pdf) or here: James Madison Timeline Questions (word document)
Copyright February 21st, 2014 by Gwen Fredette
Week 11: Daily Life (1776) Part I
Note: We will be studying Thomas Jefferson in great detail next year when we study the great expansion of America and the Louisiana Purchase.
READ: K – 5: If you Lived at the Time of the American Revolution by Kay Moore (pgs 1 – 40)
6 – 8: If You Were There in 1776 by Barbara Brenner (pgs 1 – 63)
- How did colonial people dress? (Men & boys – knickers & hats, rich men wore wigs; women & girls wore bonnets and skirts down to their ankles; rich women wore wigs, hoop skirts. Typical townsfolk wore linen & wool, Wealthy citizens wore silk, satin, & lace.)
- Who were the loyalists? (people who sided with the king; wanted to remain British citizens.)
- What were some other names for loyalists? (Royalists, King’s friends, Tories)
- Who were the Patriots? (people who wanted to be independent)
- What were some other names for patriots? (Rebels, Sons of Liberty, Whigs)
- Some loyalists and tax collectors were tarred and feathered. What does this mean? (They were stripped naked, had hot tar poured over them, and then had feathers poured all over them. It was extremely humiliating.)
- T/F The decision to be independent or not divided many families. (True)
K – 3: Go to these sites from usa-printables.com by clicking HERE and HERE and have fun coloring the pages.
4 – 8: Pretend you are Ben Franklin’s brother, running the newspaper in Boston, Massachusetts. Write an article about the Boston Tea Party or about a tax collector you saw that was tarred and feathered.
Copyright June 29th, 2013 by Gwen Fredette
Week 15: Salem Witch Trials (1692)
READ: K – 3: The Salem Witch Trials by Jane Yolen & Heidi Stemple
4 – 5: The Salem Witch Trials by Edward Dolan
6 – 8: The Salem Witchcraft Trials by Karen Zeinert
- Where did the Salem witch trials take place? (Massachusetts)
- What religious group was involved with the trials? (Puritans)
- T/F Puritan children were able to play games and have free time to have fun. (F)
- What happened to Betty & Abigail? (they got sick, rolled, convulsed, & shouted bizarre unintelligible words)
- Why did Reverend Parris think a witch did that to them? (He had no other good explanation)
- After the girls first accused the 3 women, were others accused? (yes)
- What happened to them? (some were hung, one man was pressed to death, others were put in jail)
- If people confessed to being witches were they hung? (no)
- What was Spectral Evidence? (girls claimed to see ghosts during the trial to prove that suspects were guilty)
- Who put an end to the trials? (Sir William Phips, the governor of Massachusetts)
- Why do you think the girls accused so many people? (to get attention, etc.)
- How did Phips change our court system? (said that “spectral evidence” could no longer be used in court)
K – 3: Draw your own picture of a Salem witch trial or color in this page from Unmusuem.org. Click HERE.
4 – 6: Do the Salem Witchcraft trials wordsearch from Wordsearch fun. Click HERE.
7 – 8: Do wordsearch above and write out the answers to the following questions: Why do you think the girls involved in the Salem Witch Trials originally began shaking? Explain your answer. Did the governor of Massachusetts wait too long to get involved? Explain your answer. Should the father of the daughters involved and the daughters themselves have been punished for their actions? Explain your answer.
Copyright November 17th, 2012 by Gwen Fredette
Week 14: Small Pox Epidemic (1600’s)
READ: K – 5: Read “Note” and look at pictures of smallpox victims on the internet. (Parents: Some of these images may be disturbing! Please view these images first before showing them to your children! To see photos click HERE, HERE, and HERE. )
6 – 8: Small Pox in the New World (Epidemic!) by Stephanie True Peters (Read Chps 1, 3, and Chapter 4 pgs 33-40)
NOTE: Smallpox is a deadly disease. Symptoms include headache, backache, fever, nausea, and a terrible rash that spreads all over the body. The rash turns to blisters that fill with puss. The blisters itch terribly and then turn to oozing sores that give off a terrible odor. Survivors are permanently disfigured. It spreads by sneeze, cough, or even by touching the clothing or blankets of a victim. A person who survives the illness will never get it again. Native Americans had never been exposed to it before. 9 out of 10 Native Americans who caught it died. Widespread disease also caused starvation for people. With so many people sick, there were not enough people to tend the fields. People ran out of food and died. There were many Indian tribes who were almost completely wiped out because of the disease. Often colonists were able to take over land previously held by Native Americans when whole tribes died from the disease. Unfortunately, there were some incidences of “biological warfare” by the colonists. They deliberately sent blankets of smallpox victims to Native American settlements to kill tribes of people. Many puritans believed that people who contracted the illness were being punished by God.
People do not get the disease today because of immunizations people receive as children.
- What is Smallpox? (a deadly disease. )
- What are its symptoms? (headache, backache, fever, nausea, terrible rash that spreads all over the body. The rash turns to blisters that fill with puss. The blisters itch terribly, then turn to oozing sores that have a terrible odor. People who survive are disfigured.)
- How does it spread? (sneeze, cough, touching blankets or clothing of victim)
- Can a person who’s had it ever get it again? (no)
- How did it affect Native Americans? (Thousands and thousands died. 9 out of 10 died)
- Why did many people starve to death during Smallpox epidemics? (not enough people to tend fields)
- How did Smallpox give the colonists new land? (They were able to take over land previously held by Indians)
- Did Smallpox kill colonists too? (yes)
- What is biological warfare? (when people purposely send diseases to kill others)
- Were some colonists guilty of biological warfare? (yes)
- What were Puritan’s views of the illness? (believed it was a punishment sent by God)
- Do people get the illness today? (no – due to immunizations)
K – 3: Draw your own picture of a person suffering from Smallpox.
4 – 6: Write your own short story of a person getting Smallpox (1 page) OR pretend you are a newspaper reporter living in the 1600’s. Write a newspaper article about the smallpox epidemic in your town.
7 – 8: Write your own short story of a person getting Smallpox. (2 pages) OR pretend you are a newspaper reporter living in the 1600’s. Write a newspaper article about the smallpox epidemic in your town.
Copyright November 11, 2012 by Gwen Fredette
Week 13: Colonial Life (Part II)
READ: K – 4: Colonial Life (A True Book) by Brendan January pgs 31 – end
5 – 8: Your Travel Guide to Colonial America by Nancy Day pgs 50 – end
- What foods did the colonists eat? (turkeys, oysters, berries, apples, food from homeland, pork, bacon, beans, pumpkin, deer, & seafood)
- What did the colonists use for medicine? (doctors made them bleed, many believed in superstitious ways to cure themselves, such as: eating kidneys helped your kidneys. )
- Who had better medicines, the colonists or Native Americans? (Native Americans. Willow tree bark helped with headaches, black spruce needles helped with scurvy because they are rich in vitamin C)
- What did Colonists do for fun? (hide & seek, tag, hopscotch, dominoes, sledding, ice skating, ninepins, swimming)
Discuss: Grades 5 – 8 – What diseases did they suffer from? (small pox, scurvy, malaria, typhoid, dysentery)
K – 3: Coloring page from classroom clipart.com. Click HERE.
4 – 6: Make a chart listing the 13 colonies, the founder of each colony, and the year each colony was founded. Use one of these site pages for help:
- Americanhistory.about.com “Colony List” – Click HERE. OR
- Americanhistory.about.com “Bl Colonial 13” – Click HERE.
7 – 8: Do activity for grades 4 – 6, AND list the major religions and exports for each colony. You may use this page from Revive the Spirit.com for help. Click HERE.
Copyright November 4, 2012 by Gwen Fredette
To reach last week’s post, Colonial Life (Part I) click HERE.
Week 12: Colonial Life (Part I)
READ: K – 4: Colonial Life (A True Book) by Brendan January pgs 1 – 30 AND Projects About Colonial Life by Morian Broida (See Activities)
5 – 8: Your Travel Guide to Colonial America by Nancy Day pgs 1 – 49
These images were obtained from Amazon.com. No legal image is available to me for Projects About Colonial Life by Morian Broida.
- What were the original 13 colonies? (See pg 15 of Colonial Life or pg 18 of Your Travel Guide to Colonial America – MA, NH, NY, RI, CT, NJ, PA, VA, NC, SC, & GA)
- Describe early colonial houses? (small, dark, only one main room, usually no windows but paper smeared with grease, some similar to Indian wigwams, others were log cabins made with wood planks)
- What were some of the early cities and villages? (Jamestown, Plymouth, & Philadelphia, PA)
- What did colonists wear? (only one or 2 outfits)
- Where did they get their clothes? (most made their own, wealthy people could buy clothes from England and wore wigs)
- Why did people come to America? (religious freedom, some wanted land, some wanted to find gold, some people were orphans, slaves and convicts sent from Europe)
ACTIVITIES: All Grades: Label map of original 13 colonies using map from Eduplace.com.
K – 3: Do the “Hornbook” or “Quill Pen” project from Projects about Colonial Life. For Materials you’ll need: a large feather, some ink, cardboard, & sheet of clear plastic (like a report cover)
4 – 6: 13 colonies state capitals worksheet from WorksheetLibrary.com. You may use this map from Eduplace.com for help: MAP.
7 – 8: Write an essay: Pretend you had the opportunity to spend a week in Colonial America. What do you think you would like about living then? What do you think you wouldn’t like?
Copyright October 27, 2012 by Gwen Fredette
To reach next week’s post, Colonial Life (Part II) click HERE.