Category Archives: Early American History

Christopher Columbus

Week 7: Christopher Columbus

.

View K – 3: Animated Hero Classics: Christopher Columbus  by  NEST Entertainment OR  Read: Christopher Columbus by Stephen Krensky

Read 4 – 6:  Christopher Columbus: The Discovery of the New World  by Carole Gallagher

7 – 8:  Christopher Columbus by Peter & Connie Roop

Discuss:

  • Where was Columbus from? (Italy)
  • When Columbus first presented his plan to look for a new trade route to the Indies, it was rejected.  Why?  (People believed it couldn’t be done; people thought his calculations were wrong, expensive trip, etc.)
  • Which country did Columbus sail for? (Spain)
  • What were the names of the ships that went with him? (Nina, Pinta, & Santa Maria)
  • Besides sailors, who went with Columbus on his voyage? (Arabic translator, secretary)
  • After they had been at sea for many days, the sailors grew frightened.  Why? (Superstitious, Sea Monsters, etc.)
  • How long did it take them to reach land? (33 days; over a month)
  • Why was Columbus surprised by the natives?  (very poor, no gold)
  • Why do you think Columbus forced some Natives to go back with him? (to prove where he had been)
  • How many ships made it back to Spain? (2)

Questions for Grades 4 & up:

  • Describe Columbus’s 2nd voyage to America? (Found Spaniards left behind had been murdered by Indians (for stealing gold, women, etc.  Indians were now unfriendly to them.  Mosquitoes were causing Malaria, sailors out of control, terrorizing Indians, etc.)
  • Was Columbus a good leader and truthful person? (no. lied to the King & Queen about the wealth he had found)
  • Did Columbus ever realize he hadn’t found the Indies? (no)

Activities: All ages: Make a map of Columbus’s voyages using theses blank maps:

K – 2: Christopher Columbus coloring page: http://www.usa-printables.com/Events/Colony/colony-pics/colony-002.gif

3 – 5: Christopher Columbus crossword puzzle http://gardenofpraise.com/ibdpuz9.htm 

6 – 8: Write an essay:  If you were a sailor on one of Columbus’s ships, would Columbus be the kind of man you would respect?  Why or why not?

.

Copyright October 16th, 2015 by Gwen Fredette

Leave a comment

Filed under Charlotte Mason, Colonial America, Early American History, Exploration, Reformation, Renaissance

Book List: Early American History

Book List: Early American History

Greetings Fellow Homeschoolers!  Throughout the summer, in response to numerous requests, I will be posting book lists that correspond with each unit study on this U READ Thru History blog.   Following is a list of titles (organized by grade level) that will be used for the Year 1 unit study on Early American History  (see the tab at the top of this blog).  If your library does not carry these books, you may be able to obtain them through interlibrary loan.  Of course, all of these titles can also be purchased on Amazon.com or abebooks.com.

May God continue to bless your homeschool adventure!

– Gwen

Grades K – 2:

  1. Leif Ericson: Explorer of Vinland by Matthew Grant OR The Age of Leif Eriksson by Richard Humble pgs 12-13 and 16 –end
  2. WATCH Animated Hero Classics: Christopher Columbus by NEST Entertainment OR READ: Christopher Columbus by Stephen Krensky
  3. Land Ho!: by Nancy Parker
  4. Our Strange New Land: Elizabeth’s Diary Jamestown, Virginia, 1609 by Patricia Hermes (pgs 99 – end only)
  5. WATCH Animated Hero Classics: Pocahontas by Nest Entertainment OR READ: The True Story of Pocahontas by Lucille Penner
  6. Samuel de Champlain by Elizabeth MacLeod
  7.  The First Thanksgiving by Linda Hayward
  8. Small Wolf by Nathaniel Benchley
  9. Little Runner of the Longhouse by Betty Baker AND American Indian Crafts Kids Can Do by Carol Griojewski (pg 12; see Activities section of lesson plan)
  10. William Penn: A Life of Tolerance by Jennifer Boothroyd
  11. Songs of the Chippewa by John Bierhorst (Choose a few of the songs written in Indian to read or sing to your kids) AND The Boy Who Lived With the Bears and Other Iroquois Stories by Joseph Bruchac (read only Chapter on “Boy Who Lived with the Bears” ) AND On The Trail Made of Dawn (Native American Creation Stories) by M.L. Webster “The Earth Diver” pg 10
  12. Colonial Life (A True Book) by Brendan January pgs 1 – 30 AND Projects About Colonial Life by Morian Broida
  13. Colonial Life (A True Book) by Brendan January pgs 31 – end
  14. Read “Note” on lesson plan and look at pictures of smallpox victims on the internet.
  15. The Salem Witch Trials by Jane Yolen & Heidi Stemple
  16. 500 Nations A Jack Leustig Film Hosted by Kevin Costner. View only the following scenes:
    • Disc 2 Episode 4: Scene 17 “Decades of Peace”; Watch from King Philip to the end of disc.
    • Disc 3 Episode 5: Watch from Scene 1 “Credits” to Scene 8 “Pontiac”
    This documentary is excellent but may be a bit hard for kids in grades K – 3 to understand. Unfortunately, I have not been able to find any age-appropriate resources on this topic for K-3.

Grade 3

  1. Leif Ericson: Explorer of Vinland by Matthew Grant OR The Age of Leif Eriksson by Richard Humble pgs 12-13 and 16 –end
  2. WATCH Animated Hero Classics: Christopher Columbus by NEST Entertainment OR READ: Christopher Columbus by Stephen Krensky
  3. Land Ho!: by Nancy Parker
  4. Our Strange New Land: Elizabeth’s Diary Jamestown, Virginia, 1609 by Patricia Hermes (pgs 99 – end only)
  5. WATCH Animated Hero Classics: Pocahontas by Nest Entertainment OR READ: The True Story of Pocahontas by Lucille Penner
  6. Samuel de Champlain by Elizabeth MacLeod
  7. The First Thanksgiving by Linda Hayward
  8. Small Wolf by Nathaniel Benchley
  9. Little Runner of the Longhouse by Betty Baker AND American Indian Crafts Kids Can Do by Carol Griojewski (pg 12; see Activities section of lesson plan)
  10. The Story of William Penn by Aliki
  11. Songs of the Chippewa by John Bierhorst (Choose a few of the songs written in Indian to read or sing to your kids) AND The Boy Who Lived With the Bears and Other Iroquois Stories by Joseph Bruchac (read only Chapter on “Boy Who Lived with the Bears” ) AND On The Trail Made of Dawn (Native American Creation Stories) by M.L. Webster “The Earth Diver” pg 10
  12.  Colonial Life (A True Book) by Brendan January pgs 1 – 30 AND Projects About Colonial Life by Morian Broida
  13. Colonial Life (A True Book) by Brendan January pgs 31 – end
  14. Read “Note” on lesson plan and look at pictures of smallpox victims on the internet.
  15.  The Salem Witch Trials by Jane Yolen & Heidi Stemple
  16.  500 Nations A Jack Leustig Film Hosted by Kevin Costner. View only the following scenes:
    • Disc 2 Episode 4: Scene 17 “Decades of Peace”; Watch from King Philip to the end of disc.
    • Disc 3 Episode 5: Watch from Scene 1 “Credits” to Scene 8 “Pontiac”
    This documentary is excellent but may be a bit hard for kids in grades K – 3 to understand. Unfortunately, I have not been able to find any age-appropriate resources on this topic for K-3.

Grade 4

  1. Leif Ericson: Explorer of Vinland by Matthew Grant OR The Age of Leif Eriksson by Richard Humble pgs 12-13 and 16 –end
  2.  Christopher Columbus: The Discovery of the New World by Carole Gallagher
  3. The Story of Amerigo Vespucci, Forgotten Voyager by Ann Alper (Chps 4 – end)
  4. Our Strange New Land: Elizabeth’s Diary Jamestown, Virginia, 1609 by Patricia Hermes (whole book)
  5. Pocahontas: The True Story of the Powhatan Princess by Catherine Iannone
  6. Samuel de Champlain by Elizabeth MacLeod
  7. Squanto and the First Thanksgiving by Joyce Kessel
  8. Small Wolf by Nathaniel Benchley
  9. Little Runner of the Longhouse by Betty Baker AND American Indian Crafts Kids Can Do by Carol Griojewski (pg 12; see Activities Below)
  10. The Story of William Penn by Aliki
  11. Songs of the Chippewa by John Bierhorst (Choose a few of the songs written in Indian to read or sing to your kids) AND The Boy Who Lived With the Bears and Other Iroquois Stories by Joseph Bruchac (read only Chapter on “Boy Who Lived with the Bears” ) AND On The Trail Made of Dawn (Native American Creation Stories) by M.L. Webster “The Earth Diver” pg 10 Read Stories above and also the following from On The Trail Made of Dawn: “Spring Defeats Winter” pg 38, “The Theft of Fire” pg 43
  12. Colonial Life (A True Book) by Brendan January pgs 1 – 30 AND Projects About Colonial Life by Morian Broida
  13. Colonial Life (A True Book) by Brendan January pgs 31 – end
  14. Read “Note” on lesson plan and look at pictures of smallpox victims on the internet.
  15. The Salem Witch Trials by Edward Dolan
  16. 500 Nations A Jack Leustig Film Hosted by Kevin Costner. View only the following scenes:
    • Disc 2 Episode 4: Scene 17 “Decades of Peace”; Watch from King Philip to the end of disc. And Disc 3 Episode 5: Watch from Scene 1 “Credits” to Scene 8 “Pontiac”

Grade 5

  1. The Viking Explorers by Jim Gallagher Chp 1 and Chp 4 – end
  2. Christopher Columbus: The Discovery of the New World by Carole Gallagher
  3.  The Story of Amerigo Vespucci, Forgotten Voyager by Ann Alper (Chps 4 – end)
  4. Our Strange New Land: Elizabeth’s Diary Jamestown, Virginia, 1609 by Patricia Hermes (whole book)
  5.  Pocahontas: The True Story of the Powhatan Princess by Catherine Iannone
  6. Samuel de Champlain by Liz Sonneborn
  7. Squanto and the First Thanksgiving by Joyce Kessel
  8. Indians of the Woodland (Before and After the Pilgrims) by Beatrice Siegel (read up to page 49 “What were the children like?”) OR Indians of the Northeast Woodlands by Beatrice Siegel (Note: Parents, this book contains drawings of Native American men and women wearing very little clothing. You may want to flip through the book first, before assigning it to your child.)
  9. Indians of the Woodland (Before and After the Pilgrims) by Beatrice Siegel (page 49 to the end) OR Indians of the Northeast Woodlands by Beatrice Siegel (Note: Parents, this book contains drawings of Native American men and women wearing very little clothing. You may want to flip through the book first, before assigning it to your child.)
  10. William Penn: Founder of Democracy by Arthur Schlesinger and by Norma Jean Lutz OR William Penn: Founder of Pennsylvania by Ronald Syme
  11. Songs of the Chippewa by John Bierhorst (Choose a few of the songs written in Indian to read or sing to your kids) AND The Boy Who Lived With the Bears and Other Iroquois Stories by Joseph Bruchac (read only Chapter on “Boy Who Lived with the Bears” ) AND On The Trail Made of Dawn (Native American Creation Stories) by M.L. Webster “The Earth Diver” pg 10 Read Stories above and also the following from On The Trail Made of Dawn: “Spring Defeats Winter” pg 38, “The Theft of Fire” pg 43
  12. Your Travel Guide to Colonial America by Nancy Day pgs 1 – 49
  13. Your Travel Guide to Colonial America by Nancy Day pgs 50 – end
  14. Read “Note” on lesson plan and look at pictures of smallpox victims on the internet.
  15. The Salem Witch Trials by Edward Dolan
  16. 500 Nations A Jack Leustig Film Hosted by Kevin Costner. View only the following scenes:
    • Disc 2 Episode 4: Scene 17 “Decades of Peace”; Watch from King Philip to the end of disc.
    • Disc 3 Episode 5: Watch from Scene 1 “Credits” to Scene 8 “Pontiac”

Grade 6

  1.  The Viking Explorers by Jim Gallagher Chp 1 and Chp 4 – end
  2.  Christopher Columbus: The Discovery of the New World by Carole Gallagher
  3.  The Story of Amerigo Vespucci, Forgotten Voyager by Ann Alper (Chps 4 – end)
  4.  Our Strange New Land: Elizabeth’s Diary Jamestown, Virginia, 1609 by Patricia Hermes (whole book)
  5. Pocahontas: The True Story of the Powhatan Princess by Catherine Iannone
  6.  Samuel de Champlain by Liz Sonneborn
  7. Squanto and the first Thanksgiving by Joyce Kessel
  8. Indians of the Woodland (Before and After the Pilgrims) by Beatrice Siegel (read up to page 49 “What were the children like?”) OR Indians of the Northeast Woodlands by Beatrice Siegel (Note: Parents, this book contains drawings of Native American men and women wearing very little clothing. You may want to flip through the book first, before assigning it to your child.)
  9. Indians of the Woodland (Before and After the Pilgrims) by Beatrice Siegel (page 49 to the end) OR Indians of the Northeast Woodlands by Beatrice Siegel (Note: Parents, this book contains drawings of Native American men and women wearing very little clothing. You may want to flip through the book first, before assigning it to your child.)
  10. William Penn: Founder of Democracy by Arthur Schlesinger and by Norma Jean Lutz OR William Penn: Founder of Pennsylvania by Ronald Syme
  11. Songs of the Chippewa by John Bierhorst (Choose a few of the songs written in Indian to read or sing to your kids) AND The Boy Who Lived With the Bears and Other Iroquois Stories by Joseph Bruchac (read only Chapter on “Boy Who Lived with the Bears” ) AND On The Trail Made of Dawn (Native American Creation Stories) by M.L. Webster “The Earth Diver” pg 10 Read Stories above and also the following from On The Trail Made of Dawn: “Spring Defeats Winter” pg 38, “The Theft of Fire” pg 43
  12. Your Travel Guide to Colonial America by Nancy Day pgs 1 – 49
  13.  Your Travel Guide to Colonial America by Nancy Day pgs 50 – end
  14. Small Pox in the New World (Epidemic!) by Stephanie True Peters (Read Chps 1, 3, and Chapter 4 pgs 33-40)
  15. The Salem Witchcraft Trials by Karen Zeinert
  16.  500 Nations A Jack Leustig Film Hosted by Kevin Costner. View only the following scenes:
    • Disc 2 Episode 4: Scene 17 “Decades of Peace”; Watch from King Philip to the end of disc.
    • Disc 3 Episode 5: Watch from Scene 1 “Credits” to Scene 8 “Pontiac”

Grades 7 & 8

  1. The Viking Explorers by Jim Gallagher Chp 1 and Chp 4 – end
  2. Christopher Columbus by Peter & Connie Roop
  3. The Story of Amerigo Vespucci, Forgotten Voyager by Ann Alper (the whole book)
  4. A New Look at Jamestown by Karen Lange
  5.  “In Their Own Words: Pocahontas” by George Sullivan
  6. Samuel de Champlain: Explorer of the Great Lakes Region and Founder of Quebec by Joseph Sherman
  7. Squanto: Friend of the Pilgrims by Clyde Robert Bulla
  8. The Wigwam and the Longhouse by Charlotte and David Yue (Chps 1 – 4 only)
  9.  The Wigwam and the Longhouse by Charlotte and David Yue (Read Chp 5 to the end)
  10. William Penn: Founder of Democracy by Arthur Schlesinger and by Norma Jean Lutz OR William Penn: Founder of Pennsylvania by Ronald Syme
  11. Songs of the Chippewa by John Bierhorst (Choose a few of the songs written in Indian to read or sing to your kids) AND The Boy Who Lived With the Bears and Other Iroquois Stories by Joseph Bruchac (read only Chapter on “Boy Who Lived with the Bears” ) AND On The Trail Made of Dawn (Native American Creation Stories) by M.L. Webster “The Earth Diver” pg 10 Read Stories above and also the following from On The Trail Made of Dawn: “Spring Defeats Winter” pg 38, “The Theft of Fire” pg 43 Read all stories above and read the following speeches from The Book of Great American Speeches for Young People by Suzanne McIntire: “Powhatan” pg 5, “Big Mouth” pg 7, “Canasatego” pg 12, & “Logan” pg 16
  12. Your Travel Guide to Colonial America by Nancy Day pgs 1 – 49
  13. Your Travel Guide to Colonial America by Nancy Day pgs 50 – end
  14. Small Pox in the New World (Epidemic!) by Stephanie True Peters (Read Chps 1, 3, and Chapter 4 pgs 33-40)
  15. The Salem Witchcraft Trials by Karen Zeinert
  16. 500 Nations A Jack Leustig Film Hosted by Kevin Costner. View only the following scenes:
    • Disc 2 Episode 4: Scene 17 “Decades of Peace”; Watch from King Philip to the end of disc.
    • Disc 3 Episode 5: Watch from Scene 1 “Credits” to Scene 8 “Pontiac”

Copyright June 29th, 2015 by Gwen Fredette

Leave a comment

Filed under Book List, Charlotte Mason, Early American History

James Madison

Week 8: James Madison

.

READ K – 3: A Picture Book of Dolley and James Madison by David Adler and Michael Adler

 4 – 6: Father of the Constitution: A Story About James Madison by Barbara Mitchell

7 – 8:  James Madison (Revolutionary War Leaders) by Brent Kelley

 


DISCUSS:

  • James Madison became our country’s _________ president? (4th)
  • What war did Americans fight during James Madison’s presidency? (War of 1812)
  • What did the British do to Washington D.C. and the White House while James Madison was president? (burned it)
  • When James was young was the United States its own country? (No, it was 13 colonies that belonged to the British)
  • What important document did James Madison help write? (Constitution)
  • What was the name of James’ wife? (Dolley)
  • How did Dolley’s first husband die? (Yellow fever)

Questions for Grades  4 – 8: 

  • Describe what James Madison was like as a child? (shy, loved to read, sickly, quiet, “Falling Disease” – might have had epilepsy)
  • T/F As a child, James had slaves.  (True)
  • What important political figure did James have a strong friendship with? (Thomas Jefferson)
  • What important political figure did James not get along with? (Patrick Henry)
  • What problems were the states having under the Articles of Confederation? (each state had own money, no strong central government, states argued over border problems, central government couldn’t pay soldiers)
  • How many branches of government were in James Madison’s plan for the Constitution? (3: Executive, Legislative, & Judicial)
  • What was Montpelier? (James Madison’s home)
  • What important Bill did James work on after the Constitution? (Bill of Rights)

 

ACTIVITIES: K – 3: James Madison coloring page: http://www.usa-printables.com/Presidents/04-James-Madison/04-james-madison-03.htm

4 – 8:  Print and complete the James Madison Timeline worksheet by clicking here: James Madison Timeline Questions (pdf) or here: James Madison Timeline Questions (word document)

.

Copyright February 21st, 2014 by Gwen Fredette

 

Leave a comment

Filed under Charlotte Mason, Early American History, Government, Westward Expansion

Early American History Test

Week 17: Early American History Test

NOTE: Following is the Early American History Test.  7th and 8th graders should be able to do all of this test.  4th through 6th graders should be able to do most of the test.   K – 3rd graders will be able to do a lot of this test orally.   Each question is worth 2 points.  This test is OPTIONAL.   Please feel free to skip it; scale it; eliminate parts of it; use it merely as a review, or do whatever best suits your family!  If you choose to give your children this test, I would recommend reviewing the “Discussion Questions” from the last 16 weeks’ lesson plans the day before you give the test.

Following the test you will find a teachers’ answer key.

EARLY AMERICAN HISTORY TEST

Name: ____________________________________________________ Date: ____________________

Fill in the blanks with the correct answers:
1.   Eric the Red and Leif the Lucky belonged to what group of people?
_________________________________________________________________________

2.   What were the names of Columbus’s three ships that sailed to America?
________________________________________________________________________

3.   What famous explorer is America named after? ____________________________________

4.   What Indian princess helped bring peace between Chief Powhatan’s tribe and the Jamestown settlers?
_____________________________________________________________________________

5.   Name two reasons why Native Americans wore paint on their faces: _____________________

_______________________________________________________________________________
6.   Name at least 2 kinds of Native American houses: __________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

7.   What special sweet did Native Americans like to eat? _________________________________

8.   Name the founder of Pennsylvania? ________________________________________________

9.   What was the original capital city of Pennsylvania? ____________________________________

10, 11 & 12.  Name 6 of the original 13 colonies.   ______________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________

13.  What terrible disease killed 9 out of every 10 Native Americans? ___________________________

Circle the letter of the correct answer:

14.  Why did Eric the Red have to leave Iceland?
A.  He killed some men
B.  There was not enough food there.
C.  It was too cold to live there.
D.  None of the above.

15.  Which of the following was NOT a reason why Leif wanted to explore the lands to the west of Greenland?
A.   He wanted to explore
B.   He wanted to move away from his father.
C.  His colony needed wood; there were very few trees in Greenland
D.  None of the above

16.  Why did the Vikings leave America?
A.   It became too cold.
B.   They were not able to live at peace with the Native American Indians.
C.  They were unable to find food there.
D.  The grapes there were bitter.

17.  After they had been at sea for many days, the sailors on Columbus’s ship grew frightened.  Why?
A.   They believed there may be sea monsters in the ocean.
B.  They were afraid they may not have enough food for the long voyage.
C.  Some were afraid the earth was flat and they may sail off the edge.
D.  All of the above.

18.  Which of the following was NOT one of Amerigo Vespucci’s accomplishments?
A.   He was able to determine latitude & longitude.
B.  He proved that America was part of the Indies.
C.  He was able to navigate by stars and planets.
D.  He was able to make accurate maps and determine within 50 miles the size of the earth.

19.  Which of the following were characteristics of most of the “gentlemen” who came to the Jamestown settlement?
A.   Most knew how to operate muskets and were in charge of protecting the community.
B.   Many were lazy and did not want to work.
C.  Both “A” & “B”
D.  None of the above.

20.  Many people died in the Jamestown settlement.  What was NOT a major cause?
A.   Famine: many didn’t know how to farm or fish and didn’t want to try
B.  The Native American Indians infected them with Small Pox
C.   Leaders argued with each other.
D.   Salty, polluted river was their drinking water.

21.  What French explorer, mapmaker, and trader started the fur trade with Native American Indians in Canada?
A.   Champlain
B.  Columbus
C.  Vespucci
D.  Leif the Lucky

22.  Which of the following was NOT a kind of food Native Americans ate?
A.   Pork
B.  Corn
C.  Deer
D.  Fish

23.  What was NOT something Native Americans made?
A.   Canoes
B.  Brick houses
C.  Bows & arrows
D.  Baskets

24.  Which of the following was NOT a game played by Native American Indians?
A.  Snow snake
B.  Skiing
C.  Lacrosse
D.  Running races

25.  What was wampum?
A.   Mashed corn
B.  Beads made of shells; the Indians used them for belts and as money.
C.  An Indian home
D.  An Indian tribe

26.  What religious group was Penn a part of?
A.    The Puritans
B.  The Catholics
C.  The Quakers
D.  The Jews

27.  Which of the following was NOT one of the very first English settlements?
A.  Jamestown
B.  Hartford
C.  Plymouth
D.  Philadelphia

28.  Which of the following is NOT a reason why settlers first came to America?
A.  They wanted religious freedom
B.  Some wanted land or to find gold
C.  They wanted a president instead of a king.
D.  Some were convicts or criminals sent from Europe

29.  Which of the following was NOT a food the colonists ate?
A.   Turkey
B.  Pork & bacon
C.  Spruce Tree Needles
D.  Pumpkin

30.  Which of the following was NOT a game the colonists used to often play?
A.   Hide & seek
B.  Dominoes
C.  Lacrosse
D.   Ninepins (bowling)

31.  What important Native American leader unified Indian tribes that used to be enemies to make a united attack on the English?
A.  Massasoit
B.  Pontiac
C.  Pocahontas
D.  Squanto

Write “T” if the answer is true.  Write “F” if the answer is false.

32.  T/F Columbus a good leader and truthful person. ______________________________________

33.  T/F Columbus  realized he hadn’t found the Indies. ______________________________________

34.  T/F Native American Indians were able to move their houses.______________________________

35.  T/F Squanto knew English before he met the Pilgrims. ______________________________

36.  T/F Thanksgiving became an official holiday when George Washington was president. _______

37.  T/F Native Americans sometimes hung their babies in cradleboards on trees. ________

38.  T/F  Many Native American stories are about animals. ______________

39.  T/F  “The Earth Diver” is a Native American story that is about a great flood.______________

40.  T/F Champlain learned the language of the Huron tribe and traded with them.____________

41.  T/F  Puritan children were able to play games and have free time to have fun.____________

42.  T/F Many innocent people were killed or imprisoned during the Salem witch trials. ______

43.  T/F  During the Salem witch trials two girls accused only 3 women of being witches. ______

44.  T/F  Massasoit stopped the Salem witch trials. ________________

45.  T/F King Philip was angry with the colonists because they were trying to force their religion on them and because they were taking over their lands. ___________________________

46.  T/F King Philip was able to rescue his wife and son. ___________________

47.  T/F Some colonists sent Indian tribes blankets infected with Small Pox to kill the Indians.__________

48.  T/F Small Pox could also cause starvation in communities.____________

49.  T/F  The Sewee tribe died trying to sail to Europe. ______________

50.  T/F  Mom loves her kids very much and is very proud of them._________________

Extra Credit:
Extra Credit: Grades K – 3: What year did Columbus sail to America? ___________________

Extra Credit: Grades K – 6:  What did Leif the Lucky name the Island he discovered in America?
___________________________________________________________________________

Extra Credit: Grades K – 6:  What does the name Pennsylvania mean?
__________________________________________________________________
Extra Credit: Grades K – 8:  What Indian tribe was known for living in Longhouses?
____________________________________________________________________
Extra Credit: Grades K – 8: What crop became a huge money-maker for the colonists?
_________________________________________________________________________
Extra Credit: Grades K – 8: Name the rest of the 13 colonies from question # 10 on the test.
__________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________

ANSWER KEY:

  • 1.  The Vikings
  • 2.  Nina, Pinta, Santa Maria
  • 3.  Amerigo Vespucci
  • 4.  Pocahontas
  • 5.  Decoration/Celebration; Symbol of War
  • 6.  Any two: Wigwam, Longhouse, Teepee
  • 7.  Maple Sugar
  • 8.  William Penn
  • 9.  Philadelphia
  • 10.  11. & 12. Any 6: Connecticut, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Georgia, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Carolina, Delaware, New York, Virginia, Maryland
  • 13. Small Pox
  • 14.  A
  • 15.  B
  • 16.  B
  • 17.  D
  • 18.  B
  • 19.  C
  • 20.  B
  • 21. A
  • 22. A
  • 23.  B
  • 24.  B
  • 25.  B
  • 26.  C
  • 27.  B
  • 28.  C
  • 29. C
  • 30. C
  • 31. B
  • 32. F
  • 33. F
  • 34.  T
  • 35. T
  • 36. F
  • 37. T
  • 38. T
  • 39. T
  • 40. T
  • 41. F
  • 42. T
  • 43. F
  • 44. F
  • 45. T
  • 46. F
  • 47. T
  • 48. T
  • 49. T
  • 50. T

Extra Credit: Grades K – 3: 1492

Extra Credit: Grades K – 6: Vineland

Extra Credit: Grades K – 6: Penn’s Woods

Extra Credit: Grades K – 8: Iroquoi

Extra Credit: Grades K – 8: Tobacco

Extra Credit: Grades K – 8:  See question #10 answer key

Copyright December 1st, 2012 by Gwen Fredette

Leave a comment

Filed under Charlotte Mason, Colonial America, Early American History

Indian Wars (1600’s & Early 1700’s)

Week 16: Indian Wars (1600’s and Early 1700’s)

VIEW: K – 8:  500 Nations A Jack Leustig Film Hosted by Kevin Costner.  View only the following scenes:

  • Disc 2 Episode 4:  Scene 17 “Decades of Peace”; Watch from King Philip to the end of disc.
  • Disc 3 Episode 5:  Watch from Scene 1 “Credits” to Scene 8 “Pontiac”

Note: Many Native Americans at this time wore very little clothing.  Many drawings accompany this documentary showing men and women wearing their traditional clothing.  (i.e. There are many images of almost naked Male and Female Native Americans.  Parents may want to preview this movie.)  This documentary is excellent but may be a bit hard for kids in grades K – 3 to understand.  Unfortunately, I have not been able to find any age-appropriate resources on this topic for K-3.

DISCUSS:

  • Who was King Philip? (Massasoit’s son, Indian chief)
  • Why was King Philip angry with the colonists? (they were trying to force their religion on them; they were taking over their lands)
  • What was King Philip’s war? (Philip rallied many Native Americans to fight against the colonists.)
  • What happened to Philip’s wife and son? (sold into slavery)
  • Who won the war? (Colonists)
  • Name some good and bad consequences to the Native American’s way of life from the fur trade? (gained new weapons & tools; stopped farming; many Native Americans spent all their time hunting animals to be able to trade)
  • What happened to the Sewee tribe? (wanted to be able to trade directly with Europe; built large canoes to sail across the ocean; were unprepared for storms at sea;  all either died or were sold into slavery;  every able-bodied man and woman went on the canoes; only children, sick, & elderly were left behind – Sewee nation perished)
  • Why did the Native Americans side with the French during the French & Indian War? (French traded with them, but did not come to take over the land)
  • Why was Pontiac such an important leader? (unified Indian tribes that used to be enemies in order to make a united attack on the English)
  • How successful was he? (was able to take over many English forts, but could not succeed in the end without the help from the French;  French did not help him because they signed a peace treaty with the English)

ACTIVITIES: K – 3: Draw your own picture of the French & Indian War

4 – 6: Write an essay telling about 3 new things you learned about Native Americans from this film.

7 – 8: Write an essay (5 paragraph – 3 proof)  telling about 3 new things you learned about Native Americans from this film.

Copyright November 24, 2012 by Gwen Fredette

1 Comment

Filed under Charlotte Mason, Colonial America, Early American History

Salem Witch Trials

Week 15: Salem Witch Trials (1692)

READ: K – 3:  The Salem Witch Trials by Jane Yolen & Heidi  Stemple

4 – 5:  The Salem Witch Trials by Edward Dolan

6 – 8:  The Salem Witchcraft Trials by Karen Zeinert

DISCUSS:

  • Where did the Salem witch trials take place? (Massachusetts)
  • What religious group was involved with the trials? (Puritans)
  • T/F  Puritan children were able to play games and have free time to have fun. (F)
  • What happened to Betty & Abigail? (they got sick, rolled, convulsed, & shouted bizarre unintelligible words)
  • Why did Reverend Parris think a witch did that to them? (He had no other good explanation)
  • After the girls first accused the 3 women, were others accused? (yes)
  • What happened to them? (some were hung, one man was pressed to death, others were put in jail)
  • If people confessed to being witches were they hung? (no)
  • What was Spectral Evidence? (girls claimed to see ghosts during the trial to prove that suspects were guilty)
  • Who put an end to the trials? (Sir William Phips, the governor of Massachusetts)
  • Why do you think the girls accused so many people? (to get attention, etc.)
  • How did Phips change our court system? (said that “spectral evidence” could no longer be used in court)

ACTIVITIES:

K – 3: Draw your own picture of a Salem witch trial or color in this page from Unmusuem.org.  Click HERE.

4 – 6: Do the Salem Witchcraft trials wordsearch from Wordsearch fun.  Click HERE.

7 – 8: Do wordsearch above and write out the answers to the following questions:  Why do you think the girls involved in the Salem Witch Trials originally began shaking?  Explain your answer.  Did the governor of Massachusetts wait too long to get involved?  Explain your answer.  Should the father of the daughters involved and the daughters themselves have been punished for their actions?  Explain your answer.

Copyright November 17th, 2012 by Gwen Fredette

Leave a comment

Filed under Charlotte Mason, Colonial America, Early American History

Small Pox Epidemic

 Week 14: Small Pox Epidemic (1600’s)

READ: K – 5:  Read “Note” and look at pictures of smallpox victims on the internet. (Parents: Some of these images may be disturbing!  Please view these images first before showing them to your children!  To see photos click HERE,  HERE, and HERE. ) 

6 – 8:  Small Pox in the New World (Epidemic!) by Stephanie True Peters (Read Chps 1, 3, and Chapter 4 pgs 33-40)

NOTE:  Smallpox is a deadly disease.  Symptoms include headache, backache, fever, nausea, and a terrible rash that spreads all over the body.  The rash turns to blisters that fill with puss.  The blisters itch terribly and then turn to oozing sores that give off a terrible odor.  Survivors are permanently disfigured.  It spreads by sneeze, cough, or even by touching the clothing or blankets of a victim.  A person who survives the illness will never get it again.  Native Americans had never been exposed to it before.  9 out of 10 Native Americans who caught it died.  Widespread disease also caused starvation for people.  With so many people sick, there were not enough people to tend the fields.  People ran out of food and died.  There were many Indian tribes who were almost completely wiped out because of the disease.    Often colonists were able to take over land previously held by Native Americans when whole tribes died from the disease.  Unfortunately, there were some incidences of “biological warfare” by the colonists.  They deliberately sent blankets of smallpox victims to Native American settlements to kill tribes of people.    Many puritans believed that people who contracted the illness were being punished by God.

People do not get the disease today because of immunizations people receive as children.

DISCUSS:

  • What is Smallpox? (a deadly disease. )
  • What are its symptoms? (headache, backache, fever, nausea, terrible rash that spreads all over the body.  The rash turns to blisters that fill with puss.  The blisters itch terribly, then turn to oozing sores that have a terrible odor.  People who survive are disfigured.)
  • How does it spread? (sneeze, cough, touching blankets or clothing of victim)
  • Can a person who’s had it ever get it again? (no)
  • How did it affect Native Americans? (Thousands and thousands died.  9 out of 10 died)
  • Why did many people starve to death during Smallpox epidemics? (not enough people to tend fields)
  • How did Smallpox give the colonists new land? (They were able to take over land previously held by Indians)
  • Did Smallpox kill colonists too? (yes)
  • What is biological warfare? (when people purposely send diseases to kill others)
  • Were some colonists guilty of biological warfare? (yes)
  • What were Puritan’s views of the illness? (believed it was a punishment sent by God)
  • Do people get the illness today? (no – due to immunizations)

ACTIVITIES:

K – 3: Draw your own picture of a person suffering from Smallpox.

4 – 6: Write your own short story of a person getting Smallpox (1 page) OR pretend you are a newspaper reporter living in the 1600’s.  Write a newspaper article about the smallpox epidemic in your town.

7 – 8: Write your own short story of a person getting Smallpox. (2 pages) OR pretend you are a newspaper reporter living in the 1600’s.  Write a newspaper article about the smallpox epidemic in your town.

Copyright November 11, 2012 by Gwen Fredette

Leave a comment

Filed under Charlotte Mason, Colonial America, Early American History